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NAME

tr − translate or delete characters

SYNOPSIS

tr [OPTION]... SET1 [SET2]

DESCRIPTION

Translate, squeeze, and/or delete characters from standard input, writing to standard output.
−c
, −C, −−complement

use the complement of SET1

−d, −−delete

delete characters in SET1, do not translate

−s, −−squeeze−repeats

replace each sequence of a repeated character that is listed in the last specified SET, with a single occurrence of that character

−t, −−truncate−set1

first truncate SET1 to length of SET2

−−help

display this help and exit

−−version

output version information and exit

SETs are specified as strings of characters. Most represent themselves. Interpreted sequences are:

\NNN

character with octal value NNN (1 to 3 octal digits)

\\

backslash

\a

audible BEL

\b

backspace

\f

form feed

\n

new line

\r

return

\t

horizontal tab

\v

vertical tab

CHAR1−CHAR2

all characters from CHAR1 to CHAR2 in ascending order

[CHAR*]

in SET2, copies of CHAR until length of SET1

[CHAR*REPEAT]

REPEAT copies of CHAR, REPEAT octal if starting with 0

[:alnum:]

all letters and digits

[:alpha:]

all letters

[:blank:]

all horizontal whitespace

[:cntrl:]

all control characters

[:digit:]

all digits

[:graph:]

all printable characters, not including space

[:lower:]

all lower case letters

[:print:]

all printable characters, including space

[:punct:]

all punctuation characters

[:space:]

all horizontal or vertical whitespace

[:upper:]

all upper case letters

[:xdigit:]

all hexadecimal digits

[=CHAR=]

all characters which are equivalent to CHAR

Translation occurs if −d is not given and both SET1 and SET2 appear. −t may be used only when translating. SET2 is extended to length of SET1 by repeating its last character as necessary. Excess characters of SET2 are ignored. Only [:lower:] and [:upper:] are guaranteed to expand in ascending order; used in SET2 while translating, they may only be used in pairs to specify case conversion. −s uses the last specified SET, and occurs after translation or deletion.

AUTHOR

Written by Jim Meyering.

REPORTING BUGS

GNU coreutils online help: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>;
Report tr translation bugs to <http://translationproject.org/team/>;

COPYRIGHT

Copyright © 2017 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>;.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO

Full documentation at: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/tr>;
or available locally via: info '(coreutils) tr invocation'

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