Manpages

NAME

setjmp

SYNOPSIS

Functions

int setjmp (jmp_buf __jmpb)
void longjmp (jmp_buf __jmpb, int __ret) __ATTR_NORETURN__

Detailed Description

While the C language has the dreaded goto statement, it can only be used to jump to a label in the same (local) function. In order to jump directly to another (non-local) function, the C library provides the setjmp() and longjmp() functions. setjmp() and longjmp() are useful for dealing with errors and interrupts encountered in a low-level subroutine of a program.

Note:

setjmp() and longjmp() make programs hard to understand and maintain. If possible, an alternative should be used.

longjmp() can destroy changes made to global register variables (see How to permanently bind a variable to a register?).

For a very detailed discussion of setjmp()/longjmp(), see Chapter 7 of Advanced Programming in the UNIX Environment, by W. Richard Stevens.

Example:

#include <setjmp.h>

jmp_buf env;

int main (void)
{
if (setjmp (env))
{
... handle error ...
}

while (1)
{
... main processing loop which calls foo() some where ...
}
}

...

void foo (void)
{
... blah, blah, blah ...

if (err)
{
longjmp (env, 1);
}
}

Function Documentation

void longjmp (jmp_buf __jmpb, int __ret)
Non-local jump to a saved stack context.

#include <setjmp.h>

longjmp() restores the environment saved by the last call of setjmp() with the corresponding __jmpb argument. After longjmp() is completed, program execution continues as if the corresponding call of setjmp() had just returned the value __ret.

Note:

longjmp() cannot cause 0 to be returned. If longjmp() is invoked with a second argument of 0, 1 will be returned instead.

Parameters:

__jmpb Information saved by a previous call to setjmp().
__ret
Value to return to the caller of setjmp().

Returns:

This function never returns.

int setjmp (jmp_buf __jmpb)
Save stack context for non-local goto.

#include <setjmp.h>

setjmp() saves the stack context/environment in __jmpb for later use by longjmp(). The stack context will be invalidated if the function which called setjmp() returns.

Parameters:

__jmpb Variable of type jmp_buf which holds the stack information such that the environment can be restored.

Returns:

setjmp() returns 0 if returning directly, and non-zero when returning from longjmp() using the saved context.

Author

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