systemd-cryptsetup, systemd-cryptsetup@.service - Full disk decryption logic


systemd-cryptsetup [OPTIONS...] attach VOLUME SOURCE-DEVICE [KEY-FILE] [CONFIG]

systemd-cryptsetup [OPTIONS...] detach VOLUME




systemd-cryptsetup is used to set up (with attach) and tear down (with detach) access to an encrypted block device. It is primarily used via systemd-cryptsetup@.service during early boot, but may also be be called manually. The positional arguments VOLUME, SOURCEDEVICE, KEY-FILE, and CRYPTTAB-OPTIONS have the same meaning as the fields in crypttab(5).

systemd-cryptsetup@.service is a service responsible for providing access to encrypted block devices. It is instantiated for each device that requires decryption.

systemd-cryptsetup@.service instances are part of the system-systemd\x2dcryptsetup.slice slice, which is destroyed only very late in the shutdown procedure. This allows the encrypted devices to remain up until filesystems have been unmounted.

systemd-cryptsetup@.service will ask for hard disk passwords via the password agent logic [1] , in order to query the user for the password using the right mechanism at boot and during runtime.

At early boot and when the system manager configuration is reloaded, /etc/crypttab is translated into systemd-cryptsetup@.service units by systemd-cryptsetup-generator(8).

In order to unlock a volume a password or binary key is required. systemd-cryptsetup@.service tries to acquire a suitable password or binary key via the following mechanisms, tried in order:

1. If a key file is explicitly configured (via the third column in /etc/crypttab), a key read from it is used. If a PKCS#11 token, FIDO2 token or TPM2 device is configured (using the pkcs11-uri=, fido2-device=, tpm2-device= options) the key is decrypted before use.

2. If no key file is configured explicitly this way, a key file is automatically loaded from /etc/cryptsetup-keys.d/volume.key and /run/cryptsetup-keys.d/volume.key, if present. Here too, if a PKCS#11/FIDO2/TPM2 token/device is configured, any key found this way is decrypted before use.

3. If the try-empty-password option is specified then unlocking the volume with an empty password is attempted.

4. The kernel keyring is then checked for a suitable cached password from previous attempts.

5. Finally, the user is queried for a password, possibly multiple times, unless the headless option is set.

If no suitable key may be acquired via any of the mechanisms describes above, volume activation fails.


systemd(1), systemd-cryptsetup-generator(8), crypttab(5), systemd-cryptenroll(1), cryptsetup(8), TPM2 PCR Measurements Made by systemd [2]



password agent logic


TPM2 PCR Measurements Made by systemd