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NAME

grep, g - search a file for a pattern

SYNOPSIS

grep [ option ... ] pattern [ file ... ]

g [ option ... ] pattern [ file ... ]

DESCRIPTION

Grep searches the input files (standard input default) for lines that match the pattern, a regular expression as defined in regexp(7) with the addition of a newline character as an alternative (substitute for |) with lowest precedence. Normally, each line matching the pattern is ’selected’, and each selected line is copied to the standard output. The options are

-c

Print only a count of matching lines.

-h

Do not print file name tags (headers) with output lines.

-e

The following argument is taken as a pattern. This option makes it easy to specify patterns that might confuse argument parsing, such as -n.

-i

Ignore alphabetic case distinctions. The implementation folds into lower case all letters in the pattern and input before interpretation. Matched lines are printed in their original form.

-l

(ell) Print the names of files with selected lines; don’t print the lines.

-L

Print the names of files with no selected lines; the converse of -l.

-n

Mark each printed line with its line number counted in its file.

-s

Produce no output, but return status.

-v

Reverse: print lines that do not match the pattern.

-f

The pattern argument is the name of a file containing regular expressions one per line.

-b

Don’t buffer the output: write each output line as soon as it is discovered.

Output lines are tagged by file name when there is more than one input file. (To force this tagging, include /dev/null as a file name argument.)

Care should be taken when using the shell metacharacters $*[^|()=\ and newline in pattern; it is safest to enclose the entire expression in single quotes .... An expression starting with ’*’ will treat the rest of the expression as literal characters.

G invokes grep with -n and forces tagging of output lines by file name. If no files are listed, it searches all files matching

*.C *.b *.c *.h *.m *.cc *.java *.cgi *.pl *.py *.tex *.ms

SOURCE

/src/cmd/grep
/bin/g

SEE ALSO

ed(1), awk(1), sed(1), sam(1), regexp(7)

DIAGNOSTICS

Exit status is null if any lines are selected, or non-null when no lines are selected or an error occurs.

COMMENTS