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NAME

vipw, vigr − edit the password, group, shadow−password or shadow−group file

SYNOPSIS

vipw [options]

vigr [options]

DESCRIPTION

The vipw and vigr commands edits the files /etc/passwd and /etc/group, respectively. With the −s flag, they will edit the shadow versions of those files, /etc/shadow and /etc/gshadow, respectively. The programs will set the appropriate locks to prevent file corruption. When looking for an editor, the programs will first try the environment variable $VISUAL, then the environment variable $EDITOR, and finally the default editor, vi(1).

OPTIONS

The options which apply to the vipw and vigr commands are:

−g, −−group

Edit group database.

−h, −−help

Display help message and exit.

−p, −−passwd

Edit passwd database.

−q, −−quiet

Quiet mode.

−R, −−root CHROOT_DIR

Apply changes in the CHROOT_DIR directory and use the configuration files from the CHROOT_DIR directory.

−s, −−shadow

Edit shadow or gshadow database.

ENVIRONMENT

VISUAL

Editor to be used.

EDITOR

Editor to be used if VISUAL is not set.

FILES

/etc/group

Group account information.

/etc/gshadow

Secure group account information.

/etc/passwd

User account information.

/etc/shadow

Secure user account information.

SEE ALSO

vi(1), group(5), gshadow(5) , passwd(5), , shadow(5).

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