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NAME

sd_event_get_fd - Obtain a file descriptor to poll for event loop events

SYNOPSIS

#include <systemd/sd-event.h>

int sd_event_get_fd(sd_event *event);

DESCRIPTION

sd_event_get_fd() returns the file descriptor that an event loop object returned by the sd_event_new(3) function uses to wait for events. This file descriptor may itself be polled for POLLIN/EPOLLIN events. This makes it possible to embed an sd-event(3) event loop into another, possibly foreign, event loop.

The returned file descriptor refers to an epoll(7) object. It is recommended not to alter it by invoking epoll_ctl(2) on it, in order to avoid interference with the event loop's inner logic and assumptions.

RETURN VALUE

On success, sd_event_get_fd() returns a non-negative file descriptor. On failure, it returns a negative errno-style error code.

Errors
Returned errors may indicate the following problems:

-EINVAL

event is not a valid pointer to an sd_event structure.

-ECHILD

The event loop has been created in a different process.

EXAMPLES

Example 1. Integration in the GLib event loop

/* SPDX-License-Identifier: CC0-1.0 */

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <glib.h>
#include <systemd/sd-event.h>

typedef struct SDEventSource {
GSource source;
GPollFD pollfd;
sd_event *event;
} SDEventSource;

static gboolean event_prepare(GSource *source, gint *timeout_) {
return sd_event_prepare(((SDEventSource *)source)->event) > 0;
}

static gboolean event_check(GSource *source) {
return sd_event_wait(((SDEventSource *)source)->event, 0) > 0;
}

static gboolean event_dispatch(GSource *source, GSourceFunc callback, gpointer user_data) {
return sd_event_dispatch(((SDEventSource *)source)->event) > 0;
}

static void event_finalize(GSource *source) {
sd_event_unref(((SDEventSource *)source)->event);
}

static GSourceFuncs event_funcs = {
.prepare = event_prepare,
.check = event_check,
.dispatch = event_dispatch,
.finalize = event_finalize,
};

GSource *g_sd_event_create_source(sd_event *event) {
SDEventSource *source;

source = (SDEventSource *)g_source_new(&event_funcs, sizeof(SDEventSource));

source->event = sd_event_ref(event);
source->pollfd.fd = sd_event_get_fd(event);
source->pollfd.events = G_IO_IN | G_IO_HUP | G_IO_ERR;

g_source_add_poll((GSource *)source, &source->pollfd);

return (GSource *)source;
}

NOTES

These APIs are implemented as a shared library, which can be compiled and linked to with the libsystemd pkg-config(1) file.

SEE ALSO

sd-event(3), sd_event_new(3), sd_event_wait(3), epoll_ctl(2), epoll(7)

COMMENTS