SAVECORE(8) BSD System Manager’s Manual SAVECORE(8)


savecore — save a core dump of the operating system


savecore −c
savecore −C
[−v] [directory device]
[−fkvz] [directory [device ...]]


The savecore utility copies a core dump into directory, or the current working directory if no directory argument is given, and enters a reboot message and information about the core dump into the system log.

The options are as follows:


Check to see if a dump exists, and display a brief message to indicate the status. An exit status of 0 indicates that a dump is there, 1 indicates that none exists. This option is compatible only with the [−v] option.


Clear the dump, so that future invocations of savecore will ignore it.


Force a dump to be taken even if the dump was cleared.


Do not clear the dump after saving it.


Print out some additional debugging information.


Compress the core dump and kernel (see gzip(1)).

The savecore utility looks for dumps on each device specified by the device argument(s), or on each device in /etc/fstab marked as ’’dump’’ or ’’swap’’. The savecore utility checks the core dump in various ways to make sure that it is complete. If it passes these checks, it saves the core image in directory/vmcore.# and information about the core in directory/info.# The ’’#’’ is the number from the first line of the file directory/bounds, and it is incremented and stored back into the file each time savecore successfully runs.

The savecore utility also checks the available disk space before attempting to make the copies. If there is insufficient disk space in the file system containing directory, or if the file directory/minfree exists and the number of free kilobytes (for non-superusers) in the file system after the copies were made would be less than the number in the first line of this file, the copies are not attempted.

If savecore successfully copies the kernel and the core dump, the core dump is cleared so that future invocations of savecore will ignore it.

The savecore utility is meant to be called near the end of the initialization file /etc/rc (see rc(8)).


The minfree code does not consider the effect of compression or sparse files.


gzip(1), getbootfile(3), dumpon(8), syslogd(8)


The savecore utility appeared in 4.1BSD.

BSD September 23, 1994 BSD