RMD160(3) BSD Library Functions Manual RMD160(3)


RMD160Init, RMD160Update, RMD160Pad, RMD160Final, RMD160Transform, RMD160End, RMD160File, RMD160FileChunk, RMD160Data — calculate the ’’RIPEMD-160’’ message digest


Message Digest (MD4, MD5, etc.) Support Library (libmd, -lmd)


#include <sys/types.h>
#include <rmd160.h>


RMD160Init(RMD160_CTX *context);


RMD160Update(RMD160_CTX *context, const uint8_t *data, uint32_t nbytes);


RMD160Pad(RMD160_CTX *context);


RMD160Final(uint8_t digest[RMD160_DIGEST_LENGTH], RMD160_CTX *context);


RMD160Transform(uint32_t state[5], const uint8_t block[RMD160_BLOCK_LENGTH]);

char *

RMD160End(RMD160_CTX *context, char *buf);

char *

RMD160File(const char *filename, char *buf);

char *

RMD160FileChunk(const char *filename, char *buf, off_t offset, off_t length);

char *

RMD160Data(const uint8_t *data, size_t len, char *buf);


The RMD160 functions implement the 160-bit RIPE message digest hash algorithm (RMD-160). RMD-160 is used to generate a condensed representation of a message called a message digest. The algorithm takes a message less than 2^64 bits as input and produces a 160-bit digest suitable for use as a digital signature.

The RMD160 functions are considered to be more secure than the md4(3), md5(3) and sha1(3) functions. All share a similar interface.

The RMD160Init() function initializes a RMD160_CTX context for use with RMD160Update(), and RMD160Final(). The RMD160Update() function adds data of length nbytes to the RMD160_CTX specified by context. RMD160Final() is called when all data has been added via RMD160Update() and stores a message digest in the digest parameter.

The RMD160Pad() function can be used to apply padding to the message digest as in RMD160Final(), but the current context can still be used with RMD160Update().

The RMD160Transform() function is used by RMD160Update() to hash 512-bit blocks and forms the core of the algorithm. Most programs should use the interface provided by RMD160Init(), RMD160Update() and RMD160Final() instead of calling RMD160Transform() directly.

The RMD160End() function is a front end for RMD160Final() which converts the digest into an ASCII representation of the 160 bit digest in hexadecimal.

The RMD160File() function calculates the digest for a file and returns the result via RMD160End(). If RMD160File() is unable to open the file a NULL pointer is returned.

RMD160FileChunk() behaves like RMD160File() but calculates the digest only for that portion of the file starting at offset and continuing for length bytes or until end of file is reached, whichever comes first. A zero length can be specified to read until end of file. A negative length or offset will be ignored.

The RMD160Data() function calculates the digest of an arbitrary string and returns the result via RMD160End().

For each of the RMD160End(), RMD160File(), and RMD160Data() functions the buf parameter should either be a string of at least 41 characters in size or a NULL pointer. In the latter case, space will be dynamically allocated via malloc(3) and should be freed using free(3) when it is no longer needed.


The follow code fragment will calculate the digest for the string "abc" which is ’’0x8eb208f7e05d987a9b044a8e98c6b087f15a0bfc’’.

RMD160_CTX rmd;
uint8_t results[RMD160_DIGEST_LENGTH];
char *buf;
int n;

buf = "abc";
n = strlen(buf);
RMD160Update(&rmd, (uint8_t *)buf, n);
RMD160Final(results, &rmd);

/* Print the digest as one long hex value */
for (n = 0; n < RMD160_DIGEST_LENGTH; n++)

printf("%02x", results[n]);


Alternately, the helper functions could be used in the following way:

RMD160_CTX rmd;
uint8_t output[RMD160_DIGEST_STRING_LENGTH];
char *buf = "abc";

printf("0x%s\n", RMD160Data(buf, strlen(buf), output));


cksum(1), md4(3), md5(3), sha1(3), sha2(3)

H. Dobbertin, A. Bosselaers, B. Preneel


RIPEMD-160, a strengthened version of RIPEMD .

Information technology - Security techniques - Hash-functions - Part 3: Dedicated hash-functions


ISO/IEC 10118-3 .

H. Dobbertin, A. Bosselaers, B. Preneel

, “

The RIPEMD-160 cryptographic hash function ”,
Dr. Dobb’s Journal
Vol. 22, No. 1 ,
pp. 24-28 ,
January 1997 .


The RMD-160 functions appeared in OpenBSD 2.1.


This implementation of RMD-160 was written by Markus Friedl.

The RMD160End(), RMD160File(), RMD160FileChunk(), and RMD160Data() helper functions are derived from code written by Poul-Henning Kamp.


If a message digest is to be copied to a multi-byte type (ie: an array of five 32-bit integers) it will be necessary to perform byte swapping on little endian machines such as the i386, alpha, and vax.

BSD July 13, 2010 BSD