Manpages

NAME

perltoc - perl documentation table of contents

DESCRIPTION

This page provides a brief table of contents for the rest of the Perl documentation set. It is meant to be scanned quickly or grepped through to locate the proper section you’re looking for.

BASIC DOCUMENTATION

perl - The Perl 5 language interpreter
SYNOPSIS
GETTING HELP

Overview
Tutorials
Reference Manual
Internals and C Language Interface
Miscellaneous
Language-Specific
Platform-Specific
Stubs for Deleted Documents

DESCRIPTION
AVAILABILITY
ENVIRONMENT
AUTHOR
FILES
SEE ALSO
DIAGNOSTICS
BUGS
NOTES

perlintro -- a brief introduction and overview of Perl
DESCRIPTION

What is Perl?
Running Perl programs
Safety net
Basic syntax overview
Perl variable types

Scalars, Arrays, Hashes

Variable scoping
Conditional and looping constructs

if, while, for, foreach

Builtin operators and functions

Arithmetic, Numeric comparison, String comparison, Boolean logic, Miscellaneous

Files and I/O
Regular expressions

Simple matching, Simple substitution, More complex regular expressions, Parentheses for capturing, Other regexp features

Writing subroutines
OO
Perl
Using Perl modules

AUTHOR

perlrun - how to execute the Perl interpreter
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

#! and quoting on non-Unix systems

OS/2, MS-DOS, Win95/NT, VMS

Location of Perl
Command Switches

-0[octal/hexadecimal] , -a , -C [number/list] , -c , -d , -dt, -d:MOD[=bar,baz] , -dt:MOD[=bar,baz], -Dletters , -Dnumber, -e commandline , -E commandline , -f
, -Fpattern , -h , -i[extension] , -Idirectory , -l[octnum] , -m[-]module , -M[-]module, -M[-]’module ...’, -[mM][-]module=arg[,arg]..., -n , -p , -s , -S , -t , -T , -u , -U , -v , -V , -V:configvar, -w , -W , -X , -x , -xdirectory

ENVIRONMENT

HOME , LOGDIR , PATH , PERL5LIB , PERL5OPT , PERLIO , :crlf , :perlio , :stdio , :unix , :win32 , PERLIO_DEBUG , PERLLIB , PERL5DB , PERL5DB_THREADED , PERL5SHELL (specific to the Win32 port) , PERL_ALLOW_NON_IFS_LSP (specific to the Win32 port) , PERL_DEBUG_MSTATS , PERL_DESTRUCT_LEVEL , PERL_DL_NONLAZY , PERL_ENCODING , PERL_HASH_SEED , PERL_PERTURB_KEYS , PERL_HASH_SEED_DEBUG , PERL_MEM_LOG , PERL_ROOT (specific to the VMS port) , PERL_SIGNALS , PERL_UNICODE , PERL_USE_UNSAFE_INC , SYS$LOGIN (specific to the VMS port) , PERL_INTERNAL_RAND_SEED

ORDER OF APPLICATION

-I, -M, the PERL5LIB environment variable, combinations of -I, -M and PERL5LIB, the PERL5OPT environment variable, Other complications, arch and version subdirs, sitecustomize.pl

perlreftut - Mark’s very short tutorial about references
DESCRIPTION

Who Needs Complicated Data Structures?
The Solution
Syntax

Making References
Using References
An Example
Arrow Rule

Solution
The Rest
Summary
Credits

Distribution Conditions

perldsc - Perl Data Structures Cookbook
DESCRIPTION

arrays of arrays, hashes of arrays, arrays of hashes, hashes of hashes, more elaborate constructs

REFERENCES
COMMON MISTAKES
CAVEAT ON PRECEDENCE
WHY YOU SHOULD ALWAYS
"use strict"
DEBUGGING
CODE EXAMPLES
ARRAYS OF ARRAYS

Declaration of an ARRAY OF ARRAYS
Generation of an ARRAY OF ARRAYS
Access and Printing of an ARRAY OF ARRAYS

HASHES OF ARRAYS

Declaration of a HASH OF ARRAYS
Generation of a HASH OF ARRAYS
Access and Printing of a HASH OF ARRAYS

ARRAYS OF HASHES

Declaration of an ARRAY OF HASHES
Generation of an ARRAY OF HASHES
Access and Printing of an ARRAY OF HASHES

HASHES OF HASHES

Declaration of a HASH OF HASHES
Generation of a HASH OF HASHES
Access and Printing of a HASH OF HASHES

MORE ELABORATE RECORDS

Declaration of MORE ELABORATE RECORDS
Declaration of a HASH OF COMPLEX RECORDS
Generation of a HASH OF COMPLEX RECORDS

Database Ties
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR

perllol - Manipulating Arrays of Arrays in Perl
DESCRIPTION

Declaration and Access of Arrays of Arrays
Growing Your Own
Access and Printing
Slices

SEE ALSO
AUTHOR

perlrequick - Perl regular expressions quick start
DESCRIPTION

The Guide

Simple word matching
Using character classes
Matching this or that
Grouping things and hierarchical matching
Extracting matches
Matching repetitions
More matching
Search and replace
The split operator
"use re 'strict'"

BUGS
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

Acknowledgments

perlretut - Perl regular expressions tutorial
DESCRIPTION

Part 1: The basics

Simple word matching
Using character classes
Matching this or that
Grouping things and hierarchical matching

0. Start with the first letter in the string 'a', 1. Try the first alternative in the first group 'abd', 2.

Match 'a' followed by 'b'. So far so good, 3. 'd' in the regexp doesn’t match 'c' in the string - a dead end. So backtrack two characters and pick the second alternative in the first group 'abc', 4.

Match 'a' followed by 'b' followed by 'c'. We are on a roll and have satisfied the first group. Set $1 to 'abc', 5 Move on to the second group and pick the first alternative 'df', 6 Match the 'd', 7. 'f' in the regexp doesn’t match 'e' in the string, so a dead end. Backtrack one character and pick the second alternative in the second group 'd', 8.

'd' matches. The second grouping is satisfied, so set $2 to 'd', 9. We are at the end of the regexp, so we are done! We have matched 'abcd' out of the string "abcde"

Extracting matches
Backreferences
Relative backreferences
Named backreferences
Alternative capture group numbering
Position information
Non-capturing groupings
Matching repetitions

0. Start with the first letter in the string 't', 1.

The first quantifier '.*' starts out by matching the whole string ""the cat in the hat"", 2. 'a' in the regexp element 'at' doesn’t match the end of the string. Backtrack one character, 3. 'a' in the regexp element 'at' still doesn’t match the last letter of the string 't', so backtrack one more character, 4.

Now we can match the 'a' and the 't', 5. Move on to the third element '.*'. Since we are at the end of the string and '.*' can match 0 times, assign it the empty string, 6. We are done!

Possessive quantifiers
Building a regexp
Using regular expressions in Perl

Part 2: Power tools

More on characters, strings, and character classes
Compiling and saving regular expressions
Composing regular expressions at runtime
Embedding comments and modifiers in a regular expression
Looking ahead and looking behind
Using independent subexpressions to prevent backtracking
Conditional expressions
Defining named patterns
Recursive patterns
A bit of magic: executing Perl code in a regular expression
Backtracking control verbs
Pragmas and debugging

SEE ALSO
AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

Acknowledgments

perlootut - Object-Oriented Programming in Perl Tutorial
DATE
DESCRIPTION

OBJECT-ORIENTED FUNDAMENTALS

Object
Class
Methods
Attributes
Polymorphism
Inheritance
Encapsulation
Composition
Roles
When to Use OO

PERL OO SYSTEMS

Moose

Declarative sugar, Roles built-in, A miniature type system, Full introspection and manipulation, Self-hosted and extensible, Rich ecosystem, Many more features

Class::Accessor
Class::Tiny
Role::Tiny
OO
System Summary

Moose, Class::Accessor, Class::Tiny, Role::Tiny

Other OO Systems

CONCLUSION

perlperf - Perl Performance and Optimization Techniques
DESCRIPTION
OVERVIEW

ONE STEP SIDEWAYS
ONE STEP FORWARD
ANOTHER STEP SIDEWAYS

GENERAL GUIDELINES
BENCHMARKS

Assigning and Dereferencing Variables.
Search and replace or tr

PROFILING TOOLS

Devel::DProf
Devel::Profiler
Devel::SmallProf
Devel::FastProf
Devel::NYTProf

SORTING

Elapsed Real Time, User CPU Time, System CPU Time

LOGGING

Logging if DEBUG (constant)

POSTSCRIPT
SEE ALSO

PERLDOCS
MAN PAGES
MODULES
URLS

AUTHOR

perlstyle - Perl style guide
DESCRIPTION

perlcheat - Perl 5 Cheat Sheet
DESCRIPTION

The sheet

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

perltrap - Perl traps for the unwary
DESCRIPTION

Awk Traps
C/C ++ Traps
JavaScript Traps
Sed Traps
Shell Traps
Perl Traps

perldebtut - Perl debugging tutorial
DESCRIPTION

use strict
Looking at data and -w and v
help
Stepping through code
Placeholder for a, w, t, T
REGULAR EXPRESSIONS
OUTPUT TIPS

CGI

GUIs
SUMMARY
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
CONTRIBUTORS

perlfaq - Frequently asked questions about Perl
VERSION
DESCRIPTION

Where to find the perlfaq
How to use the perlfaq
How to contribute to the perlfaq
What if my question isn’t answered in the FAQ ?

TABLE OF CONTENTS

perlfaq1 - General Questions About Perl, perlfaq2 - Obtaining and Learning about Perl, perlfaq3 - Programming Tools, perlfaq4 - Data Manipulation, perlfaq5 - Files and Formats, perlfaq6 - Regular Expressions, perlfaq7 - General Perl Language Issues, perlfaq8 - System Interaction, perlfaq9 - Web, Email and Networking

THE QUESTIONS

perlfaq1: General Questions About Perl
perlfaq2: Obtaining and Learning about Perl
perlfaq3: Programming Tools
perlfaq4: Data Manipulation
perlfaq5: Files and Formats
perlfaq6: Regular Expressions
perlfaq7: General Perl Language Issues
perlfaq8: System Interaction
perlfaq9: Web, Email and Networking

CREDITS
AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

perlfaq1 - General Questions About Perl
VERSION
DESCRIPTION

What is Perl?
Who supports Perl? Who develops it? Why is it free?
Which version of Perl should I use?
What are Perl 4, Perl 5, or Raku (Perl 6)?
What is Raku (Perl 6)?
How stable is Perl?
How often are new versions of Perl released?
Is Perl difficult to learn?
How does Perl compare with other languages like Java, Python, REXX,
Scheme, or Tcl?
Can I do [task] in Perl?
When shouldn’t I program in Perl?
What’s the difference between "perl" and "Perl"?
What is a JAPH ?
How can I convince others to use Perl?

<http://www.perl.org/about.html>;, <http://perltraining.com.au/whyperl.html>;

AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

perlfaq2 - Obtaining and Learning about Perl
VERSION
DESCRIPTION

What machines support Perl? Where do I get it?
How can I get a binary version of Perl?
I don’t have a C compiler. How can I build my own Perl interpreter?
I copied the Perl binary from one machine to another, but scripts
don’t work.
I grabbed the sources and tried to compile but gdbm/dynamic
loading/malloc/linking/... failed. How do I make it work?
What modules and extensions are available for Perl? What is CPAN ?
Where can I get information on Perl?

<http://www.perl.org/>;, <http://perldoc.perl.org/>;, <http://learn.perl.org/>;

What is perl.com? Perl Mongers? pm.org? perl.org? cpan.org?

<http://www.perl.org/>;, <http://learn.perl.org/>;, <http://jobs.perl.org/>;, <http://lists.perl.org/>;

Where can I post questions?
Perl Books
Which magazines have Perl content?
Which Perl blogs should I read?
What mailing lists are there for Perl?
Where can I buy a commercial version of Perl?
Where do I send bug reports?

AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

perlfaq3 - Programming Tools
VERSION
DESCRIPTION

How do I do (anything)?

Basics, perldata - Perl data types, perlvar - Perl pre-defined variables, perlsyn - Perl syntax, perlop - Perl operators and precedence, perlsub - Perl subroutines, Execution, perlrun - how to execute the Perl interpreter, perldebug - Perl debugging, Functions, perlfunc - Perl builtin functions, Objects, perlref - Perl references and nested data structures, perlmod - Perl modules (packages and symbol tables), perlobj - Perl objects, perltie - how to hide an object class in a simple variable, Data Structures, perlref - Perl references and nested data structures, perllol - Manipulating arrays of arrays in Perl, perldsc - Perl Data Structures Cookbook, Modules, perlmod - Perl modules (packages and symbol tables), perlmodlib - constructing new Perl modules and finding existing ones, Regexes, perlre - Perl regular expressions, perlfunc - Perl builtin functions>, perlop - Perl operators and precedence, perllocale - Perl locale handling (internationalization and localization), Moving to perl5, perltrap - Perl traps for the unwary, perl, Linking with C, perlxstut - Tutorial for writing XSUBs, perlxs - XS language reference manual, perlcall - Perl calling conventions from C, perlguts - Introduction to the Perl API, perlembed - how to embed perl in your C program, Various

How can I use Perl interactively?
How do I find which modules are installed on my system?
How do I debug my Perl programs?
How do I profile my Perl programs?
How do I cross-reference my Perl programs?
Is there a pretty-printer (formatter) for Perl?
Is there an IDE or Windows Perl Editor?

Eclipse, Enginsite, IntelliJ IDEA, Kephra, Komodo, Notepad++, Open Perl IDE, OptiPerl, Padre, PerlBuilder, visiPerl+, Visual Perl, Zeus, GNU Emacs, MicroEMACS, XEmacs, Jed, Vim, Vile, MultiEdit, SlickEdit, ConTEXT, bash, zsh, BBEdit and TextWrangler

Where can I get Perl macros for vi?
Where can I get perl-mode or cperl-mode for emacs?
How can I use curses with Perl?
How can I write a GUI (X, Tk, Gtk, etc.) in Perl?

Tk, Wx, Gtk and Gtk2, Win32::GUI, CamelBones, Qt, Athena

How can I make my Perl program run faster?
How can I make my Perl program take less memory?

Don’t slurp!, Use map and grep selectively, Avoid unnecessary quotes and stringification, Pass by reference, Tie large variables to disk

Is it safe to return a reference to local or lexical data?
How can I free an array or hash so my program shrinks?
How can I make my CGI script more efficient?
How can I hide the source for my Perl program?
How can I compile my Perl program into byte code or C?
How can I get "#!perl" to work on [ MS-DOS,NT,... ]?
Can I write useful Perl programs on the command line?
Why don’t Perl one-liners work on my DOS/Mac/VMS system?
Where can I learn about CGI or Web programming in Perl?
Where can I learn about object-oriented Perl programming?
Where can I learn about linking C with Perl?
I’ve read perlembed, perlguts, etc., but I can’t embed perl in my C
program; what am I doing wrong?
When I tried to run my script, I got this message. What does it
mean?
What’s MakeMaker?

AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

perlfaq4 - Data Manipulation
VERSION
DESCRIPTION

Data: Numbers

Why am I getting long decimals (eg, 19.9499999999999) instead of
the numbers I should be getting (eg, 19.95)?
Why is int() broken?
Why isn’t my octal data interpreted correctly?
Does Perl have a round() function? What about ceil() and floor()?
Trig functions?
How do I convert between numeric representations/bases/radixes?

How do I convert hexadecimal into decimal, How do I convert from decimal to hexadecimal, How do I convert from octal to decimal, How do I convert from decimal to octal, How do I convert from binary to decimal, How do I convert from decimal to binary

Why doesn’t & work the way I want it to?
How do I multiply matrices?
How do I perform an operation on a series of integers?
How can I output Roman numerals?
Why aren’t my random numbers random?
How do I get a random number between X and Y?

Data: Dates

How do I find the day or week of the year?
How do I find the current century or millennium?
How can I compare two dates and find the difference?
How can I take a string and turn it into epoch seconds?
How can I find the Julian Day?
How do I find yesterday’s date?
Does Perl have a Year 2000 or 2038 problem? Is Perl Y2K compliant?

Data: Strings

How do I validate input?
How do I unescape a string?
How do I remove consecutive pairs of characters?
How do I expand function calls in a string?
How do I find matching/nesting anything?
How do I reverse a string?
How do I expand tabs in a string?
How do I reformat a paragraph?
How can I access or change N characters of a string?
How do I change the Nth occurrence of something?
How can I count the number of occurrences of a substring within a
string?
How do I capitalize all the words on one line?
How can I split a [character]-delimited string except when inside
[character]?
How do I strip blank space from the beginning/end of a string?
How do I pad a string with blanks or pad a number with zeroes?
How do I extract selected columns from a string?
How do I find the soundex value of a string?
How can I expand variables in text strings?
What’s wrong with always quoting "$vars"?
Why don’t my << HERE documents work?

There must be no space after the << part, There (probably) should be a semicolon at the end of the opening token, You can’t (easily) have any space in front of the tag, There needs to be at least a line separator after the end token

Data: Arrays

What is the difference between a list and an array?
What is the difference between $array[1] and @array[1]?
How can I remove duplicate elements from a list or array?
How can I tell whether a certain element is contained in a list or
array?
How do I compute the difference of two arrays? How do I compute the
intersection of two arrays?
How do I test whether two arrays or hashes are equal?
How do I find the first array element for which a condition is
true?
How do I handle linked lists?
How do I handle circular lists?
How do I shuffle an array randomly?
How do I process/modify each element of an array?
How do I select a random element from an array?
How do I permute N elements of a list?
How do I sort an array by (anything)?
How do I manipulate arrays of bits?
Why does defined() return true on empty arrays and hashes?

Data: Hashes (Associative Arrays)

How do I process an entire hash?
How do I merge two hashes?
What happens if I add or remove keys from a hash while iterating
over it?
How do I look up a hash element by value?
How can I know how many entries are in a hash?
How do I sort a hash (optionally by value instead of key)?
How can I always keep my hash sorted?
What’s the difference between "delete" and "undef" with hashes?
Why don’t my tied hashes make the defined/exists distinction?
How do I reset an each() operation part-way through?
How can I get the unique keys from two hashes?
How can I store a multidimensional array in a DBM file?
How can I make my hash remember the order I put elements into it?
Why does passing a subroutine an undefined element in a hash create
it?
How can I make the Perl equivalent of a C structure/C ++ class/hash
or array of hashes or arrays?
How can I use a reference as a hash key?
How can I check if a key exists in a multilevel hash?
How can I prevent addition of unwanted keys into a hash?

Data: Misc

How do I handle binary data correctly?
How do I determine whether a scalar is a
number/whole/integer/float?
How do I keep persistent data across program calls?
How do I print out or copy a recursive data structure?
How do I define methods for every class/object?
How do I verify a credit card checksum?
How do I pack arrays of doubles or floats for XS code?

AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

perlfaq5 - Files and Formats
VERSION
DESCRIPTION

How do I flush/unbuffer an output filehandle? Why must I do this?
How do I change, delete, or insert a line in a file, or append to
the beginning of a file?
How do I count the number of lines in a file?
How do I delete the last N lines from a file?
How can I use Perl’s "-i" option from within a program?
How can I copy a file?
How do I make a temporary file name?
How can I manipulate fixed-record-length files?
How can I make a filehandle local to a subroutine? How do I pass
filehandles between subroutines? How do I make an array of
filehandles?
How can I use a filehandle indirectly?
How can I open a filehandle to a string?
How can I set up a footer format to be used with write()?
How can I write() into a string?
How can I output my numbers with commas added?
How can I translate tildes (~) in a filename?
How come when I open a file read-write it wipes it out?
Why do I sometimes get an "Argument list too long" when I use <*>?
How can I open a file named with a leading ">" or trailing blanks?
How can I reliably rename a file?
How can I lock a file?
Why can’t I just open( FH, " >file.lock")?
I still don’t get locking. I just want to increment the number in
the file. How can I do this?
All I want to do is append a small amount of text to the end of a
file. Do I still have to use locking?
How do I randomly update a binary file?
How do I get a file’s timestamp in perl?
How do I set a file’s timestamp in perl?
How do I print to more than one file at once?
How can I read in an entire file all at once?
How can I read in a file by paragraphs?
How can I read a single character from a file? From the keyboard?
How can I tell whether there’s a character waiting on a filehandle?
How do I do a "tail -f" in perl?
How do I dup() a filehandle in Perl?
How do I close a file descriptor by number?
Why can’t I use "C:\temp\foo" in DOS paths? Why doesn’t
’C:\temp\foo.exe’ work?
Why doesn’t glob("*.*") get all the files?
Why does Perl let me delete read-only files? Why does "-i" clobber
protected files? Isn’t this a bug in Perl?
How do I select a random line from a file?
Why do I get weird spaces when I print an array of lines?
How do I traverse a directory tree?
How do I delete a directory tree?
How do I copy an entire directory?

AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

perlfaq6 - Regular Expressions
VERSION
DESCRIPTION

How can I hope to use regular expressions without creating
illegible and unmaintainable code?

Comments Outside the Regex, Comments Inside the Regex, Different Delimiters

I’m having trouble matching over more than one line. What’s wrong?
How can I pull out lines between two patterns that are themselves
on different lines?
How do I match XML, HTML, or other nasty, ugly things with a regex?
I put a regular expression into $/ but it didn’t work. What’s
wrong?
How do I substitute case-insensitively on the LHS while preserving
case on the RHS ?
How can I make "\w" match national character sets?
How can I match a locale-smart version of "/[a-zA-Z]/"?
How can I quote a variable to use in a regex?
What is "/o" really for?
How do I use a regular expression to strip C-style comments from a
file?
Can I use Perl regular expressions to match balanced text?
What does it mean that regexes are greedy? How can I get around it?
How do I process each word on each line?
How can I print out a word-frequency or line-frequency summary?
How can I do approximate matching?
How do I efficiently match many regular expressions at once?
Why don’t word-boundary searches with "\b" work for me?
Why does using $&, $’, or $’ slow my program down?
What good is "\G" in a regular expression?
Are Perl regexes DFAs or NFAs? Are they POSIX compliant?
What’s wrong with using grep in a void context?
How can I match strings with multibyte characters?
How do I match a regular expression that’s in a variable?

AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

perlfaq7 - General Perl Language Issues
VERSION
DESCRIPTION

Can I get a BNF/yacc/RE for the Perl language?
What are all these $@%&* punctuation signs, and how do I know when
to use them?
Do I always/never have to quote my strings or use semicolons and
commas?
How do I skip some return values?
How do I temporarily block warnings?
What’s an extension?
Why do Perl operators have different precedence than C operators?
How do I declare/create a structure?
How do I create a module?
How do I adopt or take over a module already on CPAN ?
How do I create a class?
How can I tell if a variable is tainted?
What’s a closure?
What is variable suicide and how can I prevent it?
How can I pass/return a {Function, FileHandle, Array, Hash, Method,
Regex}?

Passing Variables and Functions, Passing Filehandles, Passing Regexes, Passing Methods

How do I create a static variable?
What’s the difference between dynamic and lexical (static) scoping?
Between local() and my()?
How can I access a dynamic variable while a similarly named lexical
is in scope?
What’s the difference between deep and shallow binding?
Why doesn’t "my($foo) = <$fh>;" work right?
How do I redefine a builtin function, operator, or method?
What’s the difference between calling a function as &foo and foo()?
How do I create a switch or case statement?
How can I catch accesses to undefined variables, functions, or
methods?
Why can’t a method included in this same file be found?
How can I find out my current or calling package?
How can I comment out a large block of Perl code?
How do I clear a package?
How can I use a variable as a variable name?
What does "bad interpreter" mean?
Do I need to recompile XS modules when there is a change in the C
library?

AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

perlfaq8 - System Interaction
VERSION
DESCRIPTION

How do I find out which operating system I’m running under?
How come exec() doesn’t return?
How do I do fancy stuff with the keyboard/screen/mouse?

Keyboard, Screen, Mouse

How do I print something out in color?
How do I read just one key without waiting for a return key?
How do I check whether input is ready on the keyboard?
How do I clear the screen?
How do I get the screen size?
How do I ask the user for a password?
How do I read and write the serial port?

lockfiles, open mode, end of line, flushing output, non-blocking input

How do I decode encrypted password files?
How do I start a process in the background?

STDIN, STDOUT, and STDERR are shared, Signals, Zombies

How do I trap control characters/signals?
How do I modify the shadow password file on a Unix system?
How do I set the time and date?
How can I sleep() or alarm() for under a second?
How can I measure time under a second?
How can I do an atexit() or setjmp()/longjmp()? (Exception
handling)
Why doesn’t my sockets program work under System V (Solaris)? What
does the error message "Protocol not supported" mean?
How can I call my system’s unique C functions from Perl?
Where do I get the include files to do ioctl() or syscall()?
Why do setuid perl scripts complain about kernel problems?
How can I open a pipe both to and from a command?
Why can’t I get the output of a command with system()?
How can I capture STDERR from an external command?
Why doesn’t open() return an error when a pipe open fails?
What’s wrong with using backticks in a void context?
How can I call backticks without shell processing?
Why can’t my script read from STDIN after I gave it EOF (^D on
Unix, ^Z on MS-DOS)?
How can I convert my shell script to perl?
Can I use perl to run a telnet or ftp session?
How can I write expect in Perl?
Is there a way to hide perl’s command line from programs such as
"ps"?
I {changed directory, modified my environment} in a perl script.
How come the change disappeared when I exited the script? How do I
get my changes to be visible?

Unix

How do I close a process’s filehandle without waiting for it to
complete?
How do I fork a daemon process?
How do I find out if I’m running interactively or not?
How do I timeout a slow event?
How do I set CPU limits?
How do I avoid zombies on a Unix system?
How do I use an SQL database?
How do I make a system() exit on control-C?
How do I open a file without blocking?
How do I tell the difference between errors from the shell and
perl?
How do I install a module from CPAN ?
What’s the difference between require and use?
How do I keep my own module/library directory?
How do I add the directory my program lives in to the
module/library search path?
How do I add a directory to my include path (@INC) at runtime?

the "PERLLIB" environment variable, the "PERL5LIB" environment variable, the "perl -Idir" command line flag, the "lib" pragma:, the local::lib module:

Where are modules installed?
What is socket.ph and where do I get it?

AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

perlfaq9 - Web, Email and Networking
VERSION
DESCRIPTION

Should I use a web framework?
Which web framework should I use?

Catalyst, Dancer2, Mojolicious, Web::Simple

What is Plack and PSGI ?
How do I remove HTML from a string?
How do I extract URLs?
How do I fetch an HTML file?
How do I automate an HTML form submission?
How do I decode or create those %-encodings on the web?
How do I redirect to another page?
How do I put a password on my web pages?
How do I make sure users can’t enter values into a form that causes
my CGI script to do bad things?
How do I parse a mail header?
How do I check a valid mail address?
How do I decode a MIME/BASE64 string?
How do I find the user’s mail address?
How do I send email?

Email::Sender::Transport::Sendmail, Email::Sender::Transport::SMTP

How do I use MIME to make an attachment to a mail message?
How do I read email?
How do I find out my hostname, domainname, or IP address?
How do I fetch/put an (S)FTP file?
How can I do RPC in Perl?

AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

perlsyn - Perl syntax
DESCRIPTION

Declarations
Comments
Simple Statements
Statement Modifiers
Compound Statements
Loop Control
For Loops
Foreach Loops
Basic BLOCKs
Switch Statements
Goto
The Ellipsis Statement
PODs: Embedded Documentation
Plain Old Comments (Not!)
Experimental Details on given and when

1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10

perldata - Perl data types
DESCRIPTION

Variable names
Identifier parsing
Context
Scalar values
Scalar value constructors
List value constructors
Subscripts
Multi-dimensional array emulation
Slices
Typeglobs and Filehandles

SEE ALSO

perlop - Perl operators and precedence
DESCRIPTION

Operator Precedence and Associativity
Terms and List Operators (Leftward)
The Arrow Operator
Auto-increment and Auto-decrement
Exponentiation
Symbolic Unary Operators
Binding Operators
Multiplicative Operators
Additive Operators
Shift Operators
Named Unary Operators
Relational Operators
Equality Operators
Class Instance Operator
Smartmatch Operator

1. Empty hashes or arrays match, 2. That is, each element smartmatches the element of the same index in the other array.[3], 3. If a circular reference is found, fall back to referential equality, 4. Either an actual number, or a string that looks like one

Bitwise And
Bitwise Or and Exclusive Or
C-style Logical And
C-style Logical Or
Logical Defined-Or
Range Operators
Conditional Operator
Assignment Operators
Comma Operator
List Operators (Rightward)
Logical Not
Logical And
Logical or and Exclusive Or
C Operators Missing From Perl

unary &, unary *, ( TYPE )

Quote and Quote-like Operators

[1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7], [8]

Regexp Quote-Like Operators

"qr/STRING/msixpodualn" , "m/PATTERN/msixpodualngc"

, "/PATTERN/msixpodualngc", The empty pattern "//", Matching in list context, "\G assertion", "m?PATTERN?msixpodualngc"
, "s/PATTERN/REPLACEMENT/msixpodualngcer"

Quote-Like Operators

"q/STRING/" , 'STRING', "qq/STRING/" , "STRING", "qx/STRING/" , "`STRING`", "qw/STRING/" , "tr/SEARCHLIST/REPLACEMENTLIST/cdsr"
, "y/SEARCHLIST/REPLACEMENTLIST/cdsr", "<<EOF" , Double Quotes, Single Quotes, Backticks, Indented Here-docs

Gory details of parsing quoted constructs

Finding the end, Interpolation , "<<'EOF'", "m''", the pattern of "s'''", '', "q//", "tr'''", "y'''", the replacement of "s'''", "tr///", "y///", "", "``", "qq//", "qx//", "<file*glob>", "<<"EOF"", the replacement of "s///", "RE" in "m?RE?", "/RE/", "m/RE/", "s/RE/foo/",, parsing regular expressions , Optimization of regular expressions

I/O Operators
Constant Folding
No-ops
Bitwise String Operators
Integer Arithmetic
Floating-point Arithmetic
Bigger Numbers

perlsub - Perl subroutines
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

documented later in this document, documented in perlmod, documented in perlobj, documented in perltie, documented in PerlIO::via, documented in perlfunc, documented in UNIVERSAL , documented in perldebguts, undocumented, used internally by the overload feature
Signatures
Private Variables via my()
Persistent Private Variables
Temporary Values via local()
Lvalue subroutines
Lexical Subroutines
Passing Symbol Table Entries (typeglobs)
When to Still Use local()
Pass by Reference
Prototypes
Constant Functions
Overriding Built-in Functions
Autoloading
Subroutine Attributes

SEE ALSO

perlfunc - Perl builtin functions
DESCRIPTION

Perl Functions by Category

Functions for SCALARs or strings , Regular expressions and pattern matching , Numeric functions , Functions for real @ARRAYs , Functions for list data , Functions for real %HASHes , Input and output functions
, Functions for fixed-length data or records, Functions for filehandles, files, or directories
, Keywords related to the control flow of your Perl program , Keywords related to scoping, Miscellaneous functions, Functions for processes and process groups
, Keywords related to Perl modules , Keywords related to classes and object-orientation
, Low-level socket functions , System V interprocess communication functions
, Fetching user and group info
, Fetching network info , Time-related functions , Non-function keywords

Portability
Alphabetical Listing of Perl Functions

-X FILEHANDLE

, -X EXPR, -X DIRHANDLE, -X, abs VALUE , abs, accept NEWSOCKET,GENERICSOCKET , alarm SECONDS , alarm, atan2 Y,X , bind SOCKET,NAME , binmode FILEHANDLE, LAYER
, binmode FILEHANDLE, bless REF,CLASSNAME , bless REF, break, caller EXPR , caller, chdir EXPR , chdir FILEHANDLE, chdir DIRHANDLE, chdir, chmod LIST , chomp VARIABLE , chomp( LIST ), chomp, chop VARIABLE , chop( LIST ), chop, chown LIST
, chr NUMBER , chr, chroot FILENAME , chroot, close FILEHANDLE , close, closedir DIRHANDLE , connect SOCKET,NAME , continue BLOCK , continue, cos EXPR
, cos, crypt PLAINTEXT,SALT

, dbmclose HASH , dbmopen HASH,DBNAME,MASK , defined EXPR
, defined, delete EXPR , die LIST
, do BLOCK , do EXPR , dump LABEL , dump EXPR, dump, each HASH , each ARRAY , eof FILEHANDLE , eof (), eof, eval EXPR

, eval BLOCK, eval, String eval, Under the "unicode_eval" feature, Outside the "unicode_eval" feature, Block eval, evalbytes EXPR , evalbytes, exec LIST , exec PROGRAM LIST, exists EXPR , exit EXPR
, exit, exp EXPR
, exp, fc EXPR
, fc, fcntl FILEHANDLE,FUNCTION,SCALAR , __FILE__ , fileno FILEHANDLE , fileno DIRHANDLE, flock FILEHANDLE,OPERATION , fork , format , formline PICTURE,LIST , getc FILEHANDLE , getc, getlogin
, getpeername SOCKET , getpgrp PID , getppid , getpriority WHICH,WHO , getpwnam NAME

, getgrnam NAME, gethostbyname NAME, getnetbyname NAME, getprotobyname NAME, getpwuid UID, getgrgid GID, getservbyname NAME,PROTO, gethostbyaddr ADDR,ADDRTYPE, getnetbyaddr ADDR,ADDRTYPE, getprotobynumber NUMBER, getservbyport PORT,PROTO, getpwent, getgrent, gethostent, getnetent, getprotoent, getservent, setpwent, setgrent, sethostent STAYOPEN, setnetent STAYOPEN, setprotoent STAYOPEN, setservent STAYOPEN, endpwent, endgrent, endhostent, endnetent, endprotoent, endservent, getsockname SOCKET , getsockopt SOCKET,LEVEL,OPTNAME , glob EXPR
, glob, gmtime EXPR
, gmtime, goto LABEL , goto EXPR, goto &NAME, grep BLOCK LIST , grep EXPR,LIST, hex EXPR
, hex, import LIST , index STR,SUBSTR,POSITION , index STR,SUBSTR, int EXPR , int, ioctl FILEHANDLE,FUNCTION,SCALAR , join EXPR,LIST , keys HASH
, keys ARRAY, kill SIGNAL, LIST, kill SIGNAL , last LABEL , last EXPR, last, lc EXPR , lc, If "use bytes" is in effect:, Otherwise, if "use locale" for "LC_CTYPE" is in effect:, Otherwise, If EXPR has the UTF8 flag set:, Otherwise, if "use feature 'unicode_strings'" or "use locale ':not_characters'" is in effect:, Otherwise:, lcfirst EXPR , lcfirst, length EXPR , length, __LINE__ , link OLDFILE,NEWFILE , listen SOCKET,QUEUESIZE , local EXPR , localtime EXPR , localtime, lock THING , log EXPR , log, lstat FILEHANDLE , lstat EXPR, lstat DIRHANDLE, lstat, m//, map BLOCK LIST , map EXPR,LIST, mkdir FILENAME,MODE
, mkdir FILENAME, mkdir, msgctl ID,CMD,ARG , msgget KEY,FLAGS , msgrcv ID,VAR,SIZE,TYPE,FLAGS , msgsnd ID,MSG,FLAGS , my VARLIST , my TYPE VARLIST, my VARLIST : ATTRS, my TYPE VARLIST : ATTRS, next LABEL , next EXPR, next, no MODULE VERSION LIST , no MODULE VERSION, no MODULE LIST, no MODULE, no VERSION, oct EXPR , oct, open FILEHANDLE,MODE,EXPR , open FILEHANDLE,MODE,EXPR,LIST, open FILEHANDLE,MODE,REFERENCE, open FILEHANDLE,EXPR, open FILEHANDLE, Working with files, Simple examples, About filehandles, About modes, Checking the return value, Specifying I/O layers in MODE, Using "undef" for temporary files, Opening a filehandle into an in-memory scalar, Opening a filehandle into a command, Duping filehandles, Legacy usage, Specifying mode and filename as a single argument, Calling "open" with one argument via global variables, Assigning a filehandle to a bareword, Other considerations, Automatic filehandle closure, Automatic pipe flushing, Direct versus by-reference assignment of filehandles, Whitespace and special characters in the filename argument, Invoking C-style "open", Portability issues, opendir DIRHANDLE,EXPR , ord EXPR , ord, our VARLIST , our TYPE VARLIST, our VARLIST : ATTRS, our TYPE VARLIST : ATTRS, pack TEMPLATE,LIST , package NAMESPACE, package NAMESPACE VERSION
, package NAMESPACE BLOCK, package NAMESPACE VERSION BLOCK , __PACKAGE__ , pipe READHANDLE,WRITEHANDLE , pop ARRAY , pop, pos SCALAR , pos, print FILEHANDLE LIST , print FILEHANDLE, print LIST, print, printf FILEHANDLE FORMAT, LIST , printf FILEHANDLE, printf FORMAT, LIST, printf, prototype FUNCTION , prototype, push ARRAY,LIST , q/STRING/, qq/STRING/, qw/STRING/, qx/STRING/, qr/STRING/, quotemeta EXPR , quotemeta, rand EXPR , rand, read FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH,OFFSET , read FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH, readdir DIRHANDLE , readline EXPR, readline , readlink EXPR , readlink, readpipe EXPR, readpipe , recv SOCKET,SCALAR,LENGTH,FLAGS , redo LABEL , redo EXPR, redo, ref EXPR , ref, rename OLDNAME,NEWNAME , require VERSION , require EXPR, require, reset EXPR , reset, return EXPR , return, reverse LIST , rewinddir DIRHANDLE , rindex STR,SUBSTR,POSITION , rindex STR,SUBSTR, rmdir FILENAME , rmdir, s///, say FILEHANDLE LIST , say FILEHANDLE, say LIST, say, scalar EXPR , seek FILEHANDLE,POSITION,WHENCE , seekdir DIRHANDLE,POS , select FILEHANDLE , select, select RBITS,WBITS,EBITS,TIMEOUT , semctl ID,SEMNUM,CMD,ARG , semget KEY,NSEMS,FLAGS , semop KEY,OPSTRING , send SOCKET,MSG,FLAGS,TO , send SOCKET,MSG,FLAGS, setpgrp PID,PGRP
, setpriority WHICH,WHO,PRIORITY
, setsockopt SOCKET,LEVEL,OPTNAME,OPTVAL , shift ARRAY , shift, shmctl ID,CMD,ARG , shmget KEY,SIZE,FLAGS , shmread ID,VAR,POS,SIZE , shmwrite ID,STRING,POS,SIZE, shutdown SOCKET,HOW , sin EXPR , sin, sleep EXPR , sleep, socket SOCKET,DOMAIN,TYPE,PROTOCOL , socketpair SOCKET1,SOCKET2,DOMAIN,TYPE,PROTOCOL , sort SUBNAME LIST , sort BLOCK LIST, sort LIST, splice ARRAY,OFFSET,LENGTH,LIST , splice ARRAY,OFFSET,LENGTH, splice ARRAY,OFFSET, splice ARRAY, split /PATTERN/,EXPR,LIMIT , split /PATTERN/,EXPR, split /PATTERN/, split, sprintf FORMAT, LIST , format parameter index, flags, vector flag, (minimum) width, precision, or maximum width , size, order of arguments, sqrt EXPR , sqrt, srand EXPR , srand, stat FILEHANDLE
, stat EXPR, stat DIRHANDLE, stat, state VARLIST , state TYPE VARLIST, state VARLIST : ATTRS, state TYPE VARLIST : ATTRS, study SCALAR , study, sub NAME BLOCK , sub NAME ( PROTO ) BLOCK, sub NAME : ATTRS BLOCK, sub NAME ( PROTO ) : ATTRS BLOCK, __SUB__ , substr EXPR,OFFSET,LENGTH,REPLACEMENT
, substr EXPR,OFFSET,LENGTH, substr EXPR,OFFSET, symlink OLDFILE,NEWFILE , syscall NUMBER, LIST , sysopen FILEHANDLE,FILENAME,MODE , sysopen FILEHANDLE,FILENAME,MODE,PERMS, sysread FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH,OFFSET , sysread FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH, sysseek FILEHANDLE,POSITION,WHENCE , system LIST , system PROGRAM LIST, syswrite FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH,OFFSET , syswrite FILEHANDLE,SCALAR,LENGTH, syswrite FILEHANDLE,SCALAR, tell FILEHANDLE , tell, telldir DIRHANDLE , tie VARIABLE,CLASSNAME,LIST , tied VARIABLE , time , times , tr///, truncate FILEHANDLE,LENGTH , truncate EXPR,LENGTH, uc EXPR , uc, ucfirst EXPR , ucfirst, umask EXPR , umask, undef EXPR , undef, unlink LIST
, unlink, unpack TEMPLATE,EXPR , unpack TEMPLATE, unshift ARRAY,LIST , untie VARIABLE , use Module VERSION LIST , use Module VERSION, use Module LIST, use Module, use VERSION, utime LIST , values HASH , values ARRAY, vec EXPR,OFFSET,BITS , wait , waitpid PID,FLAGS , wantarray , warn LIST
, write FILEHANDLE , write EXPR, write, y///

Non-function Keywords by Cross-reference

__DATA__, __END__, BEGIN, CHECK, END, INIT, UNITCHECK, DESTROY, and, cmp, eq, ge, gt, le, lt, ne, not, or, x, xor, AUTOLOAD, else, elsif, for, foreach, if, unless, until, while, elseif, default, given, when

perlopentut - simple recipes for opening files and pipes in Perl
DESCRIPTION

OK , HANDLE , MODE , PATHNAME

Opening Text Files

Opening Text Files for Reading
Opening Text Files for Writing

Opening Binary Files
Opening Pipes

Opening a pipe for reading
Opening a pipe for writing
Expressing the command as a list

SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
and COPYRIGHT

perlpacktut - tutorial on "pack" and "unpack"
DESCRIPTION

The Basic Principle
Packing Text
Packing Numbers

Integers
Unpacking a Stack Frame
How to Eat an Egg on a Net
Byte-order modifiers
Floating point Numbers

Exotic Templates

Bit Strings
Uuencoding
Doing Sums
Unicode
Another Portable Binary Encoding

Template Grouping
Lengths and Widths

String Lengths
Dynamic Templates
Counting Repetitions
Intel HEX

Packing and Unpacking C Structures

The Alignment Pit
Dealing with Endian-ness
Alignment, Take 2
Alignment, Take 3
Pointers for How to Use Them

Pack Recipes
Funnies Section
Authors

perlpod - the Plain Old Documentation format
DESCRIPTION

Ordinary Paragraph
Verbatim Paragraph
Command Paragraph

"=head1 Heading Text"
, "=head2 Heading Text", "=head3 Heading Text", "=head4 Heading Text", "=over indentlevel"
, "=item stuff...", "=back", "=cut" , "=pod" , "=begin formatname"
, "=end formatname", "=for formatname text...", "=encoding encodingname"

Formatting Codes

"I<text>" -- italic text , "B<text>" -- bold text
, "C<code>" -- code text
, "L<name>" -- a hyperlink , "E<escape>" -- a character escape
, "F<filename>" -- used for filenames , "S<text>" -- text contains non-breaking spaces
, "X<topic name>" -- an index entry
, "Z<>" -- a null (zero-effect) formatting code

The Intent
Embedding Pods in Perl Modules
Hints for Writing Pod

SEE ALSO
AUTHOR

perlpodspec - Plain Old Documentation: format specification and notes
DESCRIPTION

Pod Definitions
Pod Commands

"=head1", "=head2", "=head3", "=head4", "=pod", "=cut", "=over", "=item", "=back", "=begin formatname", "=begin formatname parameter", "=end formatname", "=for formatname text...", "=encoding encodingname"

Pod Formatting Codes

"I<text>" -- italic text, "B<text>" -- bold text, "C<code>" -- code text, "F<filename>" -- style for filenames, "X<topic name>" -- an index entry, "Z<>" -- a null (zero-effect) formatting code, "L<name>" -- a hyperlink, "E<escape>" -- a character escape, "S<text>" -- text contains non-breaking spaces

Notes on Implementing Pod Processors
About L<...> Codes

First:, Second:, Third:, Fourth:, Fifth:, Sixth:

About =over...=back Regions
About Data Paragraphs and "=begin/=end" Regions
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR

perlpodstyle - Perl POD style guide
DESCRIPTION

NAME, SYNOPSIS, DESCRIPTION, OPTIONS, RETURN VALUE, ERRORS, DIAGNOSTICS, EXAMPLES, ENVIRONMENT, FILES, CAVEATS, BUGS, RESTRICTIONS, NOTES, AUTHOR, HISTORY, COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE, SEE ALSO

AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
SEE ALSO

perldiag - various Perl diagnostics
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO

perldeprecation - list Perl deprecations
DESCRIPTION

Perl 5.34
Perl 5.32
Perl 5.30
Perl 5.28
Perl 5.26
Perl 5.24
Perl 5.16

SEE ALSO

perllexwarn - Perl Lexical Warnings
DESCRIPTION

perldebug - Perl debugging
DESCRIPTION

The Perl Debugger

Calling the Debugger

perl -d program_name, perl -d -e 0, perl -d:ptkdb program_name, perl -dt threaded_program_name

Debugger Commands

h , h [command], h h, p expr , x [maxdepth] expr , V [pkg [vars]] , X [vars] , y [level [vars]] , T , s [expr] , n [expr] , r , < CR >, c [line|sub] , l , l min+incr, l min-max, l line, l subname, - , v [line] , . , f filename , /pattern/, ?pattern?, L [abw] , S [[!]regex] , t [n] , t [n] expr , b , b [line] [condition] , b [file]:[line] [condition] , b subname [condition] , b postpone subname [condition] , b load filename
, b compile subname , B line , B *
, disable [file]:[line]
, disable [line]
, enable [file]:[line]
, enable [line]
, a [line] command , A line , A * , w expr , W expr , W * , o , o booloption ... , o anyoption? ... , o option=value ... , < ? , < [ command ] , < * , << command , > ? , > command , > * , >> command , { ? , { [ command ], { * , {{ command , ! number , ! -number , ! pattern , !! cmd , source file , H -number , q or ^D , R , |dbcmd , ||dbcmd , command, m expr , M , man [manpage]

Configurable Options

"recallCommand", "ShellBang" , "pager" , "tkRunning" , "signalLevel", "warnLevel", "dieLevel"
, "AutoTrace" , "LineInfo" , "inhibit_exit" , "PrintRet" , "ornaments" , "frame" , "maxTraceLen" , "windowSize" , "arrayDepth", "hashDepth" , "dumpDepth" , "compactDump", "veryCompact" , "globPrint" , "DumpDBFiles" , "DumpPackages" , "DumpReused" , "quote", "HighBit", "undefPrint"
, "UsageOnly" , "HistFile" , "HistSize" , "TTY" , "noTTY" , "ReadLine" , "NonStop"

Debugger Input/Output

Prompt, Multiline commands, Stack backtrace , Line Listing Format, Frame listing

Debugging Compile-Time Statements
Debugger Customization
Readline Support / History in the Debugger
Editor Support for Debugging
The Perl Profiler

Debugging Regular Expressions
Debugging Memory Usage
SEE ALSO
BUGS

perlvar - Perl predefined variables
DESCRIPTION

The Syntax of Variable Names

SPECIAL VARIABLES

General Variables

$ARG, $_ , @ARG, @_ , $LIST_SEPARATOR, $" , $PROCESS_ID, $PID, $$ , $PROGRAM_NAME, $0 , $REAL_GROUP_ID, $GID, $(
, $EFFECTIVE_GROUP_ID, $EGID, $) , $REAL_USER_ID, $UID, $< , $EFFECTIVE_USER_ID, $EUID, $> , $SUBSCRIPT_SEPARATOR, $SUBSEP, $; , $a, $b , %ENV , $OLD_PERL_VERSION, $] , $SYSTEM_FD_MAX, $^F
, @F , @INC , %INC , $INPLACE_EDIT, $^I , @ISA , $^M , $OSNAME, $^O , %SIG , $BASETIME, $^T , $PERL_VERSION, $^V , ${^WIN32_SLOPPY_STAT} , $EXECUTABLE_NAME, $^X

Variables related to regular expressions

$<digits> ($1, $2, ...) , @{^CAPTURE}
, $MATCH, $& , ${^MATCH} , $PREMATCH, $’ , ${^PREMATCH} , $POSTMATCH, $’
, ${^POSTMATCH} , $LAST_PAREN_MATCH, $+ , $LAST_SUBMATCH_RESULT, $^N , @LAST_MATCH_END, @+ , %{^CAPTURE}, %LAST_PAREN_MATCH, %+
, @LAST_MATCH_START, @- , "$`" is the same as "substr($var, 0, $-[0])", $& is the same as "substr($var, $-[0], $+[0] - $-[0])", "$'" is the same as "substr($var, $+[0])", $1 is the same as "substr($var, $-[1], $+[1] - $-[1])", $2 is the same as "substr($var, $-[2], $+[2] - $-[2])", $3 is the same as "substr($var, $-[3], $+[3] - $-[3])", %{^CAPTURE_ALL} , %- , $LAST_REGEXP_CODE_RESULT, $^R , ${^RE_COMPILE_RECURSION_LIMIT} , ${^RE_DEBUG_FLAGS} , ${^RE_TRIE_MAXBUF}

Variables related to filehandles

$ARGV , @ARGV , ARGV , ARGVOUT , IO::Handle->output_field_separator( EXPR ), $OUTPUT_FIELD_SEPARATOR, $OFS, $, , HANDLE- >input_line_number( EXPR ), $INPUT_LINE_NUMBER, $NR, $. , IO::Handle->input_record_separator( EXPR ), $INPUT_RECORD_SEPARATOR, $RS, $/ , IO::Handle->output_record_separator( EXPR ), $OUTPUT_RECORD_SEPARATOR, $ORS, $\ , HANDLE- >autoflush( EXPR ), $OUTPUT_AUTOFLUSH, $| , ${^LAST_FH} , $ACCUMULATOR, $^A , IO::Handle->format_formfeed( EXPR ), $FORMAT_FORMFEED, $^L , HANDLE- >format_page_number( EXPR ), $FORMAT_PAGE_NUMBER, $% , HANDLE- >format_lines_left( EXPR ), $FORMAT_LINES_LEFT, $- , IO::Handle->format_line_break_characters EXPR, $FORMAT_LINE_BREAK_CHARACTERS, $: , HANDLE- >format_lines_per_page( EXPR ), $FORMAT_LINES_PER_PAGE, $= , HANDLE- >format_top_name( EXPR ), $FORMAT_TOP_NAME, $^ , HANDLE- >format_name( EXPR ), $FORMAT_NAME, $~

Error Variables

${^CHILD_ERROR_NATIVE} , $EXTENDED_OS_ERROR, $^E
, $EXCEPTIONS_BEING_CAUGHT, $^S , $WARNING, $^W , ${^WARNING_BITS} , $OS_ERROR, $ERRNO, $! , %OS_ERROR, %ERRNO, %! , $CHILD_ERROR, $? , $EVAL_ERROR, $@

Variables related to the interpreter state

$COMPILING, $^C , $DEBUGGING, $^D , ${^ENCODING} , ${^GLOBAL_PHASE} , CONSTRUCT, START, CHECK, INIT, RUN, END, DESTRUCT, $^H , %^H , ${^OPEN} , $PERLDB, $^P , 0x01, 0x02, 0x04, 0x08, 0x10, 0x20, 0x40, 0x80, 0x100, 0x200, 0x400, 0x800, 0x1000, ${^TAINT} , ${^SAFE_LOCALES} , ${^UNICODE} , ${^UTF8CACHE} , ${^UTF8LOCALE}

Deprecated and removed variables

$# , $* , $[

perlre - Perl regular expressions
DESCRIPTION

The Basics
Modifiers

"m" , "s" , "i" , "x" and "xx" , "p" , "a", "d", "l", and "u"
, "n" , Other Modifiers

Regular Expressions

[1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7], [8]

Quoting metacharacters
Extended Patterns

"(?#text)" , "(?adlupimnsx-imnsx)", "(?^alupimnsx)" , "(?:pattern)" , "(?adluimnsx-imnsx:pattern)", "(?^aluimnsx:pattern)" , "(?|pattern)" , Lookaround Assertions , "(?=pattern)", "(*pla:pattern)", "(*positive_lookahead:pattern)"
, "(?!pattern)", "(*nla:pattern)", "(*negative_lookahead:pattern)"
, "(?<=pattern)", "\K", "(*plb:pattern)", "(*positive_lookbehind:pattern)"

, "(?<!pattern)", "(*nlb:pattern)", "(*negative_lookbehind:pattern)"
, "(?<NAME>pattern)", "(?'NAME'pattern)"
, "\k<NAME>", "\k'NAME'", "(?{ code })" , "(??{ code })" , "(?PARNO)" "(?-PARNO)" "(?+PARNO)" "(?R)" "(?0)"

, "(?&NAME)" , "(?(condition)yes-pattern|no-pattern)" , "(?(condition)yes-pattern)", an integer in parentheses, a lookahead/lookbehind/evaluate zero-width assertion;, a name in angle brackets or single quotes, the special symbol "(R)", "(1)" "(2)" .., "(<NAME>)" "('NAME')", "(?=...)" "(?!...)" "(?<=...)" "(?<!...)", "(?{ CODE })", "(R)", "(R1)" "(R2)" .., "(R&NAME)", "(DEFINE)", "(?>pattern)", "(*atomic:pattern)"

, "(?[ ])"

Backtracking
Script Runs
Special Backtracking Control Verbs

Verbs, "(*PRUNE)" "(*PRUNE:NAME)" , "(*SKIP)" "(*SKIP:NAME)" , "(*MARK:NAME)" "(*:NAME)"
, "(*THEN)" "(*THEN:NAME)", "(*COMMIT)" "(*COMMIT:arg)" , "(*FAIL)" "(*F)" "(*FAIL:arg)" , "(*ACCEPT)" "(*ACCEPT:arg)"

Warning on "\1" Instead of $1
Repeated Patterns Matching a Zero-length Substring
Combining RE Pieces

"ST", "S|T", "S{REPEAT_COUNT}", "S{min,max}", "S{min,max}?", "S?", "S*", "S+", "S??", "S*?", "S+?", "(?>S)", "(?=S)", "(?<=S)", "(?!S)", "(?<!S)", "(??{ EXPR })", "(?PARNO)", "(?(condition)yes-pattern|no-pattern)"

Creating Custom RE Engines
Embedded Code Execution Frequency
PCRE/Python Support

"(?P<NAME>pattern)", "(?P=NAME)", "(?P>NAME)"

BUGS
SEE ALSO

perlrebackslash - Perl Regular Expression Backslash Sequences and Escapes
DESCRIPTION

The backslash

[1]

All the sequences and escapes
Character Escapes

[1], [2]

Modifiers
Character classes
Referencing
Assertions

\A, \z, \Z, \G, \b{}, \b, \B{}, \B, "\b{gcb}" or "\b{g}", "\b{lb}", "\b{sb}", "\b{wb}"

Misc

\K, \N, \R , \X

perlrecharclass - Perl Regular Expression Character Classes
DESCRIPTION

The dot
Backslash sequences

If the "/a" modifier is in effect .., otherwise .., For code points above 255 .., For code points below 256 .., if locale rules are in effect .., if, instead, Unicode rules are in effect .., otherwise .., If the "/a" modifier is in effect .., otherwise .., For code points above 255 .., For code points below 256 .., if locale rules are in effect .., if, instead, Unicode rules are in effect .., otherwise .., [1], [2]

Bracketed Character Classes

[1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7], If the "/a" modifier, is in effect .., otherwise .., For code points above 255 .., For code points below 256 .., if locale rules are in effect .., "word", "ascii", "blank", if, instead, Unicode rules are in effect .., otherwise ..

perlreref - Perl Regular Expressions Reference
DESCRIPTION

OPERATORS
SYNTAX
ESCAPE SEQUENCES
CHARACTER CLASSES
ANCHORS
QUANTIFIERS
EXTENDED CONSTRUCTS
VARIABLES
FUNCTIONS
TERMINOLOGY

AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
THANKS

perlref - Perl references and nested data structures
NOTE
DESCRIPTION

Making References
Using References
Circular References
Symbolic references
Not-so-symbolic references
Pseudo-hashes: Using an array as a hash
Function Templates

WARNING: Don’t use references as hash keys

Postfix Dereference Syntax
Postfix Reference Slicing
Assigning to References

Declaring a Reference to a Variable
SEE ALSO

perlform - Perl formats
DESCRIPTION

Text Fields
Numeric Fields
The Field @* for Variable-Width Multi-Line Text
The Field ^* for Variable-Width One-line-at-a-time Text
Specifying Values
Using Fill Mode
Suppressing Lines Where All Fields Are Void
Repeating Format Lines
Top of Form Processing
Format Variables

NOTES

Footers
Accessing Formatting Internals

WARNINGS

perlobj - Perl object reference
DESCRIPTION

An Object is Simply a Data Structure
A Class is Simply a Package
A Method is Simply a Subroutine
Method Invocation
Inheritance
Writing Constructors
Attributes
An Aside About Smarter and Safer Code
Method Call Variations
Invoking Class Methods
"bless", "blessed", and "ref"
The UNIVERSAL Class

isa($class) , DOES ($role) , can($method) , VERSION ($need)

AUTOLOAD
Destructors
Non-Hash Objects
Inside-Out objects
Pseudo-hashes

SEE ALSO

perltie - how to hide an object class in a simple variable
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Tying Scalars

TIESCALAR classname, LIST , FETCH this , STORE this, value , UNTIE this , DESTROY this

Tying Arrays

TIEARRAY classname, LIST , FETCH this, index , STORE this, index, value , FETCHSIZE this , STORESIZE this, count , EXTEND this, count , EXISTS this, key , DELETE this, key , CLEAR this , PUSH this, LIST
, POP this , SHIFT this , UNSHIFT this, LIST , SPLICE this, offset, length, LIST , UNTIE this , DESTROY this

Tying Hashes

USER, HOME, CLOBBER, LIST, TIEHASH classname, LIST , FETCH this, key , STORE this, key, value , DELETE this, key , CLEAR this , EXISTS this, key , FIRSTKEY this , NEXTKEY this, lastkey , SCALAR this , UNTIE this , DESTROY this

Tying FileHandles

TIEHANDLE classname, LIST , WRITE this, LIST , PRINT this, LIST , PRINTF this, LIST , READ this, LIST , READLINE this , GETC this , EOF this , CLOSE this , UNTIE this , DESTROY this

UNTIE this
The "untie" Gotcha

SEE ALSO
BUGS
AUTHOR

perldbmfilter - Perl DBM Filters
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

filter_store_key, filter_store_value, filter_fetch_key, filter_fetch_value
The Filter
An Example: the NULL termination problem.
Another Example: Key is a C int.

SEE ALSO
AUTHOR

perlipc - Perl interprocess communication (signals, fifos, pipes, safe subprocesses, sockets, and semaphores)
DESCRIPTION

Signals

Handling the SIGHUP Signal in Daemons
Deferred Signals (Safe Signals)

Long-running opcodes, Interrupting IO, Restartable system calls, Signals as "faults", Signals triggered by operating system state

Named Pipes
Using open() for IPC

Filehandles
Background Processes
Complete Dissociation of Child from Parent
Safe Pipe Opens
Avoiding Pipe Deadlocks
Bidirectional Communication with Another Process
Bidirectional Communication with Yourself

Sockets: Client/Server Communication

Internet Line Terminators
Internet TCP Clients and Servers
Unix-Domain TCP Clients and Servers

TCP Clients with IO::Socket

A Simple Client

"Proto", "PeerAddr", "PeerPort"

A Webget Client
Interactive Client with IO::Socket

TCP Servers with IO::Socket

Proto, LocalPort, Listen, Reuse

UDP: Message Passing
SysV IPC
NOTES
BUGS
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

perlfork - Perl’s fork() emulation
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Behavior of other Perl features in forked pseudo-processes

$$ or $PROCESS_ID, %ENV, chdir() and all other builtins that accept filenames, wait() and waitpid(), kill(), exec(), exit(), Open handles to files, directories and network sockets

Resource limits
Killing the parent process
Lifetime of the parent process and pseudo-processes

CAVEATS AND LIMITATIONS

BEGIN blocks, Open filehandles, Open directory handles, Forking pipe open() not yet implemented, Global state maintained by XSUBs, Interpreter embedded in larger application, Thread-safety of extensions

PORTABILITY CAVEATS
BUGS
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

perlnumber - semantics of numbers and numeric operations in Perl
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Storing numbers
Numeric operators and numeric conversions
Flavors of Perl numeric operations

Arithmetic operators, ++, Arithmetic operators during "use integer", Other mathematical operators, Bitwise operators, Bitwise operators during "use integer", Operators which expect an integer, Operators which expect a string

AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

perlthrtut - Tutorial on threads in Perl
DESCRIPTION

What Is A Thread Anyway?
Threaded Program Models

Boss/Worker
Work Crew
Pipeline

What kind of threads are Perl threads?
Thread-Safe Modules
Thread Basics

Basic Thread Support
A Note about the Examples
Creating Threads
Waiting For A Thread To Exit
Ignoring A Thread
Process and Thread Termination

Threads And Data

Shared And Unshared Data
Thread Pitfalls: Races

Synchronization and control

Controlling access: lock()
A Thread Pitfall: Deadlocks
Queues: Passing Data Around
Semaphores: Synchronizing Data Access
Basic semaphores
Advanced Semaphores
Waiting for a Condition
Giving up control

General Thread Utility Routines

What Thread Am I In?
Thread IDs
Are These Threads The Same?
What Threads Are Running?

A Complete Example
Different implementations of threads
Performance considerations
Process-scope Changes
Thread-Safety of System Libraries
Conclusion
SEE ALSO

Bibliography

Introductory Texts
OS-Related References
Other References

Acknowledgements
AUTHOR

Copyrights

perlport - Writing portable Perl
DESCRIPTION

Not all Perl programs have to be portable, Nearly all of Perl already is portable

ISSUES

Newlines
Numbers endianness and Width
Files and Filesystems
System Interaction
Command names versus file pathnames
Networking
Interprocess Communication ( IPC )
External Subroutines ( XS )
Standard Modules
Time and Date
Character sets and character encoding
Internationalisation
System Resources
Security
Style

CPAN Testers
PLATFORMS

Unix
DOS
and Derivatives

VMS

VOS

EBCDIC Platforms
Acorn RISC OS
Other perls

FUNCTION IMPLEMENTATIONS

Alphabetical Listing of Perl Functions

-X, alarm, atan2, binmode, chmod, chown, chroot, crypt, dbmclose, dbmopen, dump, exec, exit, fcntl, flock, fork, getlogin, getpgrp, getppid, getpriority, getpwnam, getgrnam, getnetbyname, getpwuid, getgrgid, getnetbyaddr, getprotobynumber, getpwent, getgrent, gethostbyname, gethostent, getnetent, getprotoent, getservent, seekdir, sethostent, setnetent, setprotoent, setservent, endpwent, endgrent, endhostent, endnetent, endprotoent, endservent, getsockopt, glob, gmtime, ioctl, kill, link, localtime, lstat, msgctl, msgget, msgsnd, msgrcv, open, readlink, rename, rewinddir, select, semctl, semget, semop, setgrent, setpgrp, setpriority, setpwent, setsockopt, shmctl, shmget, shmread, shmwrite, sleep, socketpair, stat, symlink, syscall, sysopen, system, telldir, times, truncate, umask, utime, wait, waitpid

Supported Platforms

Linux (x86, ARM, IA64 ), HP-UX, AIX, Win32, Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Server 2003, Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008, Windows 7, Cygwin, Solaris (x86, SPARC ), OpenVMS, Alpha (7.2 and later), I64 (8.2 and later), Symbian, NetBSD, FreeBSD, Debian GNU/kFreeBSD, Haiku, Irix (6.5. What else?), OpenBSD, Dragonfly BSD, Midnight BSD, QNX Neutrino RTOS (6.5.0), MirOS BSD, Stratus OpenVOS (17.0 or later), time_t issues that may or may not be fixed, Symbian (Series 60 v3, 3.2 and 5 - what else?), Stratus VOS / OpenVOS, AIX, Android, FreeMINT

EOL Platforms

(Perl 5.20)

AT&T 3b1

(Perl 5.14)

Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows ME, Windows NT4

(Perl 5.12)

Atari MiNT, Apollo Domain/OS, Apple Mac OS 8/9, Tenon Machten

Supported Platforms (Perl 5.8)
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS / CONTRIBUTORS

perllocale - Perl locale handling (internationalization and localization)
DESCRIPTION
WHAT IS A LOCALE

Category "LC_NUMERIC": Numeric formatting, Category "LC_MONETARY": Formatting of monetary amounts, Category "LC_TIME": Date/Time formatting, Category "LC_MESSAGES": Error and other messages, Category "LC_COLLATE": Collation, Category "LC_CTYPE": Character Types, Other categories

PREPARING TO USE LOCALES
USING LOCALES

The "use locale" pragma

Not within the scope of "use locale", Lingering effects of "use locale", Under ""use locale";"

The setlocale function
Multi-threaded operation
Finding locales
LOCALE PROBLEMS

Testing for broken locales
Temporarily fixing locale problems
Permanently fixing locale problems
Permanently fixing your system’s locale configuration
Fixing system locale configuration
The localeconv function
I18N::Langinfo

LOCALE CATEGORIES

Category "LC_COLLATE": Collation: Text Comparisons and Sorting
Category "LC_CTYPE": Character Types
Category "LC_NUMERIC": Numeric Formatting
Category "LC_MONETARY": Formatting of monetary amounts
Category "LC_TIME": Respresentation of time
Other categories

SECURITY
ENVIRONMENT

PERL_SKIP_LOCALE_INIT, PERL_BADLANG, DPKG_RUNNING_VERSION, "LC_ALL", "LANGUAGE", "LC_CTYPE", "LC_COLLATE", "LC_MONETARY", "LC_NUMERIC", "LC_TIME", "LANG"
Examples

NOTES

String "eval" and "LC_NUMERIC"
Backward compatibility
I18N:Collate obsolete
Sort speed and memory use impacts
Freely available locale definitions
I18n and l10n
An imperfect standard

Unicode and UTF-8
BUGS

Collation of strings containing embedded "NUL" characters
Multi-threaded
Broken systems

SEE ALSO
HISTORY

perluniintro - Perl Unicode introduction
DESCRIPTION

Unicode
Perl’s Unicode Support
Perl’s Unicode Model
Unicode and EBCDIC
Creating Unicode
Handling Unicode
Legacy Encodings
Unicode I/O
Displaying Unicode As Text
Special Cases
Advanced Topics
Miscellaneous
Questions With Answers
Hexadecimal Notation
Further Resources

UNICODE IN OLDER PERLS
SEE ALSO
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
AUTHOR, COPYRIGHT, AND LICENSE

perlunicode - Unicode support in Perl
DESCRIPTION

Important Caveats

Safest if you "use feature 'unicode_strings'", Input and Output Layers, You must convert your non-ASCII, non-UTF-8 Perl scripts to be UTF-8, "use utf8" still needed to enable UTF-8 in scripts, UTF-16 scripts autodetected

Byte and Character Semantics
ASCII
Rules versus Unicode Rules

When the string has been upgraded to UTF-8, There are additional methods for regular expression patterns

Extended Grapheme Clusters (Logical characters)
Unicode Character Properties

"\p{All}", "\p{Alnum}", "\p{Any}", "\p{ASCII}", "\p{Assigned}", "\p{Blank}", "\p{Decomposition_Type: Non_Canonical}" (Short: "\p{Dt=NonCanon}"), "\p{Graph}", "\p{HorizSpace}", "\p{In=*}", "\p{PerlSpace}", "\p{PerlWord}", "\p{Posix...}", "\p{Present_In: *}" (Short: "\p{In=*}"), "\p{Print}", "\p{SpacePerl}", "\p{Title}" and "\p{Titlecase}", "\p{Unicode}", "\p{VertSpace}", "\p{Word}", "\p{XPosix...}"

Comparison of "\N{...}" and "\p{name=...}"

[1], [2], [3], [4], [5]

Wildcards in Property Values
User-Defined Character Properties
User-Defined Case Mappings (for serious hackers only)
Character Encodings for Input and Output
Unicode Regular Expression Support Level

[1] "\N{U+...}" and "\x{...}", [2] "\p{...}" "\P{...}". This requirement is for a minimal list of properties. Perl supports these. See R2.7 for other properties, [3] Perl has "\d" "\D" "\s" "\S" "\w" "\W" "\X" "[:prop:]" "[:^prop:]", plus all the properties specified by <https://www.unicode.org/reports/tr18/#Compatibility_Properties>;. These are described above in "Other Properties", [4], Regular expression lookahead, [5] "\b" "\B" meet most, but not all, the details of this requirement, but "\b{wb}" and "\B{wb}" do, as well as the stricter R2.3, [6], [7], [8] UTF-8/UTF-EBDDIC used in Perl allows not only "U+10000" to "U+10FFFF" but also beyond "U+10FFFF", [9] Unicode has rewritten this portion of UTS#18 to say that getting canonical equivalence (see UAX#15 "Unicode Normalization Forms" <https://www.unicode.org/reports/tr15>;) is basically to be done at the programmer level. Use NFD to write both your regular expressions and text to match them against (you can use Unicode::Normalize), [10] Perl has "\X" and "\b{gcb}". Unicode has retracted their "Grapheme Cluster Mode", and recently added string properties, which Perl does not yet support, [11] see UAX#29 "Unicode Text Segmentation" <https://www.unicode.org/reports/tr29>;,, [12] see "Wildcards in Property Values" above, [13] Perl supports all the properties in the Unicode Character Database ( UCD ). It does not yet support the listed properties that come from other Unicode sources, [14] The only optional property that Perl supports is Named Sequence. None of these properties are in the UCD

Unicode Encodings
Noncharacter code points
Beyond Unicode code points
Security Implications of Unicode
Unicode in Perl on EBCDIC
Locales
When Unicode Does Not Happen
The "Unicode Bug"
Forcing Unicode in Perl (Or Unforcing Unicode in Perl)
Using Unicode in XS
Hacking Perl to work on earlier Unicode versions (for very serious
hackers only)
Porting code from perl-5.6.X

BUGS

Interaction with Extensions
Speed

SEE ALSO

perlunicook - cookbookish examples of handling Unicode in Perl
DESCRIPTION
EXAMPLES

℞ 0: Standard preamble
℞ 1: Generic Unicode-savvy filter
℞ 2: Fine-tuning Unicode warnings
℞ 3: Declare source in utf8 for identifiers and literals
℞ 4: Characters and their numbers
℞ 5: Unicode literals by character number
℞ 6: Get character name by number
℞ 7: Get character number by name
℞ 8: Unicode named characters
℞ 9: Unicode named sequences
℞ 10: Custom named characters
℞ 11: Names of CJK codepoints
℞ 12: Explicit encode/decode
℞ 13: Decode program arguments as utf8
℞ 14: Decode program arguments as locale encoding
℞ 15: Declare STD{ IN,OUT,ERR } to be utf8
℞ 16: Declare STD{ IN,OUT,ERR } to be in locale encoding
℞ 17: Make file I/O default to utf8
℞ 18: Make all I/O and args default to utf8
℞ 19: Open file with specific encoding
℞ 20: Unicode casing
℞ 21: Unicode case-insensitive comparisons
℞ 22: Match Unicode linebreak sequence in regex
℞ 23: Get character category
℞ 24: Disabling Unicode-awareness in builtin charclasses
℞ 25: Match Unicode properties in regex with \p, \P
℞ 26: Custom character properties
℞ 27: Unicode normalization
℞ 28: Convert non-ASCII Unicode numerics
℞ 29: Match Unicode grapheme cluster in regex
℞ 30: Extract by grapheme instead of by codepoint (regex)
℞ 31: Extract by grapheme instead of by codepoint (substr)
℞ 32: Reverse string by grapheme
℞ 33: String length in graphemes
℞ 34: Unicode column-width for printing
℞ 35: Unicode collation
℞ 36: Case- and accent-insensitive Unicode sort
℞ 37: Unicode locale collation
℞ 38: Making "cmp" work on text instead of codepoints
℞ 39: Case- and accent-insensitive comparisons
℞ 40: Case- and accent-insensitive locale comparisons
℞ 41: Unicode linebreaking
℞ 42: Unicode text in DBM hashes, the tedious way
℞ 43: Unicode text in DBM hashes, the easy way
℞ 44: PROGRAM: Demo of Unicode collation and printing

SEE ALSO

§3.13 Default Case Algorithms, page 113; §4.2 Case, pages 120–122; Case Mappings, page 166–172, especially Caseless Matching starting on page 170, UAX #44: Unicode Character Database, UTS #18: Unicode Regular Expressions, UAX #15: Unicode Normalization Forms, UTS #10: Unicode Collation Algorithm, UAX #29: Unicode Text Segmentation, UAX #14: Unicode Line Breaking Algorithm, UAX #11: East Asian Width

AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENCE
REVISION HISTORY

perlunifaq - Perl Unicode FAQ
Q and A

perlunitut isn’t really a Unicode tutorial, is it?
What character encodings does Perl support?
Which version of perl should I use?
What about binary data, like images?
When should I decode or encode?
What if I don’t decode?
What if I don’t encode?
Is there a way to automatically decode or encode?
What if I don’t know which encoding was used?
Can I use Unicode in my Perl sources?
Data::Dumper doesn’t restore the UTF8 flag; is it broken?
Why do regex character classes sometimes match only in the ASCII
range?
Why do some characters not uppercase or lowercase correctly?
How can I determine if a string is a text string or a binary
string?
How do I convert from encoding FOO to encoding BAR ?
What are "decode_utf8" and "encode_utf8"?
What is a "wide character"?

INTERNALS

What is "the UTF8 flag"?
What about the "use bytes" pragma?
What about the "use encoding" pragma?
What is the difference between ":encoding" and ":utf8"?
What’s the difference between "UTF-8" and "utf8"?
I lost track; what encoding is the internal format really?

AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

perluniprops - Index of Unicode Version 13.0.0 character properties in Perl
DESCRIPTION

Properties accessible through "\p{}" and "\P{}"

Single form ("\p{name}") tighter rules:, white space adjacent to a non-word character, underscores separating digits in numbers, Compound form ("\p{name=value}" or "\p{name:value}") tighter rules:, Stabilized, Deprecated, Obsolete, Discouraged, * is a wild-card, (\d+) in the info column gives the number of Unicode code points matched by this property, D means this is deprecated, O means this is obsolete, S means this is stabilized, T means tighter (stricter) name matching applies, X means use of this form is discouraged, and may not be stable
Legal "\p{}" and "\P{}" constructs that match no characters

\p{Canonical_Combining_Class=Attached_Below_Left}, \p{Canonical_Combining_Class=CCC133}, \p{Grapheme_Cluster_Break=E_Base}, \p{Grapheme_Cluster_Break=E_Base_GAZ}, \p{Grapheme_Cluster_Break=E_Modifier}, \p{Grapheme_Cluster_Break=Glue_After_Zwj}, \p{Word_Break=E_Base}, \p{Word_Break=E_Base_GAZ}, \p{Word_Break=E_Modifier}, \p{Word_Break=Glue_After_Zwj}

Properties accessible through Unicode::UCD
Properties accessible through other means
Unicode character properties that are NOT accepted by Perl

Expands_On_NFC ( XO_NFC ), Expands_On_NFD ( XO_NFD ), Expands_On_NFKC ( XO_NFKC ), Expands_On_NFKD ( XO_NFKD ), Grapheme_Link (Gr_Link), Jamo_Short_Name ( JSN ), Other_Alphabetic (OAlpha), Other_Default_Ignorable_Code_Point ( ODI ), Other_Grapheme_Extend (OGr_Ext), Other_ID_Continue ( OIDC ), Other_ID_Start ( OIDS ), Other_Lowercase (OLower), Other_Math (OMath), Other_Uppercase (OUpper), Script=Katakana_Or_Hiragana (sc=Hrkt), Script_Extensions=Katakana_Or_Hiragana (scx=Hrkt)

Other information in the Unicode data base

auxiliary/GraphemeBreakTest.html, auxiliary/LineBreakTest.html, auxiliary/SentenceBreakTest.html, auxiliary/WordBreakTest.html, BidiCharacterTest.txt, BidiTest.txt, NormTest.txt, CJKRadicals.txt, emoji/ReadMe.txt, ReadMe.txt, EmojiSources.txt, extracted/DName.txt, Index.txt, NamedSqProv.txt, NamesList.html, NamesList.txt, NormalizationCorrections.txt, NushuSources.txt, StandardizedVariants.html, StandardizedVariants.txt, TangutSources.txt, USourceData.txt, USourceGlyphs.pdf

SEE ALSO

perlunitut - Perl Unicode Tutorial
DESCRIPTION

Definitions
Your new toolkit
I/O flow (the actual 5 minute tutorial)

SUMMARY
Q and A (or FAQ )
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

perlebcdic - Considerations for running Perl on EBCDIC platforms
DESCRIPTION
COMMON CHARACTER CODE SETS

ASCII
ISO 8859

Latin 1 ( ISO 8859-1 )
EBCDIC

0037, 1047, POSIX-BC

Unicode code points versus EBCDIC code points
Unicode and UTF
Using Encode

SINGLE OCTET TABLES

recipe 0, recipe 1, recipe 2, recipe 3, recipe 4, recipe 5, recipe 6
Table in hex, sorted in 1047 order

IDENTIFYING CHARACTER CODE SETS
CONVERSIONS

"utf8::unicode_to_native()" and "utf8::native_to_unicode()"
tr///
iconv
C RTL

OPERATOR DIFFERENCES
FUNCTION DIFFERENCES

"chr()", "ord()", "pack()", "print()", "printf()", "sort()", "sprintf()", "unpack()"

REGULAR EXPRESSION DIFFERENCES
SOCKETS
SORTING

Ignore ASCII vs. EBCDIC sort differences.
Use a sort helper function
MONO CASE
then sort data (for non-digits, non-underscore)
Perform sorting on one type of platform only.

TRANSFORMATION FORMATS

URL decoding and encoding
uu encoding and decoding
Quoted-Printable encoding and decoding
Caesarean ciphers

Hashing order and checksums
I18N AND L10N
MULTI-OCTET CHARACTER SETS
OS ISSUES

OS/400

PASE, IFS access

OS/390, z/OS

"sigaction", "chcp", dataset access, "iconv", locales

POSIX-BC?

BUGS
SEE ALSO
REFERENCES
HISTORY
AUTHOR

perlsec - Perl security
DESCRIPTION
SECURITY VULNERABILITY CONTACT INFORMATION
SECURITY MECHANISMS AND CONCERNS

Taint mode
Laundering and Detecting Tainted Data
Switches On the "#!" Line
Taint mode and @INC
Cleaning Up Your Path
Shebang Race Condition
Protecting Your Programs
Unicode
Algorithmic Complexity Attacks

Hash Seed Randomization, Hash Traversal Randomization, Bucket Order Perturbance, New Default Hash Function, Alternative Hash Functions

Using Sudo

SEE ALSO

perlmod - Perl modules (packages and symbol tables)
DESCRIPTION

Is this the document you were after?

This doc, perlnewmod, perlmodstyle

Packages
Symbol Tables
BEGIN, UNITCHECK, CHECK, INIT
and END
Perl Classes
Perl Modules
Making your module threadsafe

SEE ALSO

perlmodlib - constructing new Perl modules and finding existing ones
THE PERL MODULE LIBRARY

Pragmatic Modules

attributes, autodie, autodie::exception, autodie::exception::system, autodie::hints, autodie::skip, autouse, base, bigint, bignum, bigrat, blib, bytes, charnames, constant, deprecate, diagnostics, encoding, encoding::warnings, experimental, feature, fields, filetest, if, integer, less, lib, locale, mro, ok, open, ops, overload, overloading, parent, re, sigtrap, sort, strict, subs, threads, threads::shared, utf8, vars, version, vmsish, warnings, warnings::register

Standard Modules

Amiga::ARexx, Amiga::Exec, AnyDBM_File, App::Cpan, App::Prove, App::Prove::State, App::Prove::State::Result, App::Prove::State::Result::Test, Archive::Tar, Archive::Tar::File, Attribute::Handlers, AutoLoader, AutoSplit, B, B::Concise, B::Deparse, B::Op_private, B::Showlex, B::Terse, B::Xref, Benchmark, "IO::Socket::IP", "Socket", CORE, CPAN, CPAN::API::HOWTO, CPAN::Debug, CPAN::Distroprefs, CPAN::FirstTime, CPAN::HandleConfig, CPAN::Kwalify, CPAN::Meta, CPAN::Meta::Converter, CPAN::Meta::Feature, CPAN::Meta::History, CPAN::Meta::History::Meta_1_0, CPAN::Meta::History::Meta_1_1, CPAN::Meta::History::Meta_1_2, CPAN::Meta::History::Meta_1_3, CPAN::Meta::History::Meta_1_4, CPAN::Meta::Merge, CPAN::Meta::Prereqs, CPAN::Meta::Requirements, CPAN::Meta::Spec, CPAN::Meta::Validator, CPAN::Meta::YAML, CPAN::Nox, CPAN::Plugin, CPAN::Plugin::Specfile, CPAN::Queue, CPAN::Tarzip, CPAN::Version, Carp, Class::Struct, Compress::Raw::Bzip2, Compress::Raw::Zlib, Compress::Zlib, Config, Config::Extensions, Config::Perl::V, Cwd, DB, DBM_Filter, DBM_Filter::compress, DBM_Filter::encode, DBM_Filter::int32, DBM_Filter::null, DBM_Filter::utf8, DB_File, Data::Dumper, Devel::PPPort, Devel::Peek, Devel::SelfStubber, Digest, Digest::MD5, Digest::SHA, Digest::base, Digest::file, DirHandle, Dumpvalue, DynaLoader, Encode, Encode::Alias, Encode::Byte, Encode::CJKConstants, Encode::CN, Encode::CN::HZ, Encode::Config, Encode::EBCDIC, Encode::Encoder, Encode::Encoding, Encode::GSM0338, Encode::Guess, Encode::JP, Encode::JP::H2Z, Encode::JP::JIS7, Encode::KR, Encode::KR::2022_KR, Encode::MIME::Header, Encode::MIME::Name, Encode::PerlIO, Encode::Supported, Encode::Symbol, Encode::TW, Encode::Unicode, Encode::Unicode::UTF7, English, Env, Errno, Exporter, Exporter::Heavy, ExtUtils::CBuilder, ExtUtils::CBuilder::Platform::Windows, ExtUtils::Command, ExtUtils::Command::MM, ExtUtils::Constant, ExtUtils::Constant::Base, ExtUtils::Constant::Utils, ExtUtils::Constant::XS, ExtUtils::Embed, ExtUtils::Install, ExtUtils::Installed, ExtUtils::Liblist, ExtUtils::MM, ExtUtils::MM_AIX, ExtUtils::MM_Any, ExtUtils::MM_BeOS, ExtUtils::MM_Cygwin, ExtUtils::MM_DOS, ExtUtils::MM_Darwin, ExtUtils::MM_MacOS, ExtUtils::MM_NW5, ExtUtils::MM_OS2, ExtUtils::MM_QNX, ExtUtils::MM_UWIN, ExtUtils::MM_Unix, ExtUtils::MM_VMS, ExtUtils::MM_VOS, ExtUtils::MM_Win32, ExtUtils::MM_Win95, ExtUtils::MY, ExtUtils::MakeMaker, ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Config, ExtUtils::MakeMaker::FAQ, ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Locale, ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Tutorial, ExtUtils::Manifest, ExtUtils::Miniperl, ExtUtils::Mkbootstrap, ExtUtils::Mksymlists, ExtUtils::Packlist, ExtUtils::ParseXS, ExtUtils::ParseXS::Constants, ExtUtils::ParseXS::Eval, ExtUtils::ParseXS::Utilities, ExtUtils::Typemaps, ExtUtils::Typemaps::Cmd, ExtUtils::Typemaps::InputMap, ExtUtils::Typemaps::OutputMap, ExtUtils::Typemaps::Type, ExtUtils::XSSymSet, ExtUtils::testlib, Fatal, Fcntl, File::Basename, File::Compare, File::Copy, File::DosGlob, File::Fetch, File::Find, File::Glob, File::GlobMapper, File::Path, File::Spec, File::Spec::AmigaOS, File::Spec::Cygwin, File::Spec::Epoc, File::Spec::Functions, File::Spec::Mac, File::Spec::OS2, File::Spec::Unix, File::Spec::VMS, File::Spec::Win32, File::Temp, File::stat, FileCache, FileHandle, Filter::Simple, Filter::Util::Call, FindBin, GDBM_File, Getopt::Long, Getopt::Std, HTTP::Tiny, Hash::Util, Hash::Util::FieldHash, I18N::Collate, I18N::LangTags, I18N::LangTags::Detect, I18N::LangTags::List, I18N::Langinfo, IO, IO::Compress::Base, IO::Compress::Bzip2, IO::Compress::Deflate, IO::Compress::FAQ, IO::Compress::Gzip, IO::Compress::RawDeflate, IO::Compress::Zip, IO::Dir, IO::File, IO::Handle, IO::Pipe, IO::Poll, IO::Seekable, IO::Select, IO::Socket, IO::Socket::INET, IO::Socket::UNIX, IO::Uncompress::AnyInflate, IO::Uncompress::AnyUncompress, IO::Uncompress::Base, IO::Uncompress::Bunzip2, IO::Uncompress::Gunzip, IO::Uncompress::Inflate, IO::Uncompress::RawInflate, IO::Uncompress::Unzip, IO::Zlib, IPC::Cmd, IPC::Msg, IPC::Open2, IPC::Open3, IPC::Semaphore, IPC::SharedMem, IPC::SysV, Internals, JSON::PP, JSON::PP::Boolean, List::Util, List::Util::XS, Locale::Maketext, Locale::Maketext::Cookbook, Locale::Maketext::Guts, Locale::Maketext::GutsLoader, Locale::Maketext::Simple, Locale::Maketext::TPJ13, MIME::Base64, MIME::QuotedPrint, Math::BigFloat, Math::BigInt, Math::BigInt::Calc, Math::BigInt::FastCalc, Math::BigInt::Lib, Math::BigRat, Math::Complex, Math::Trig, Memoize, Memoize::AnyDBM_File, Memoize::Expire, Memoize::ExpireFile, Memoize::ExpireTest, Memoize::NDBM_File, Memoize::SDBM_File, Memoize::Storable, Module::CoreList, Module::CoreList::Utils, Module::Load, Module::Load::Conditional, Module::Loaded, Module::Metadata, NDBM_File, NEXT, Net::Cmd, Net::Config, Net::Domain, Net::FTP, Net::FTP::dataconn, Net::NNTP, Net::Netrc, Net::POP3, Net::Ping, Net::SMTP, Net::Time, Net::hostent, Net::libnetFAQ, Net::netent, Net::protoent, Net::servent, O, ODBM_File, Opcode, POSIX, Params::Check, Parse::CPAN::Meta, Perl::OSType, PerlIO, PerlIO::encoding, PerlIO::mmap, PerlIO::scalar, PerlIO::via, PerlIO::via::QuotedPrint, Pod::Checker, Pod::Escapes, Pod::Functions, Pod::Html, Pod::Man, Pod::ParseLink, Pod::Perldoc, Pod::Perldoc::BaseTo, Pod::Perldoc::GetOptsOO, Pod::Perldoc::ToANSI, Pod::Perldoc::ToChecker, Pod::Perldoc::ToMan, Pod::Perldoc::ToNroff, Pod::Perldoc::ToPod, Pod::Perldoc::ToRtf, Pod::Perldoc::ToTerm, Pod::Perldoc::ToText, Pod::Perldoc::ToTk, Pod::Perldoc::ToXml, Pod::Simple, Pod::Simple::Checker, Pod::Simple::Debug, Pod::Simple::DumpAsText, Pod::Simple::DumpAsXML, Pod::Simple::HTML, Pod::Simple::HTMLBatch, Pod::Simple::JustPod, Pod::Simple::LinkSection, Pod::Simple::Methody, Pod::Simple::PullParser, Pod::Simple::PullParserEndToken, Pod::Simple::PullParserStartToken, Pod::Simple::PullParserTextToken, Pod::Simple::PullParserToken, Pod::Simple::RTF, Pod::Simple::Search, Pod::Simple::SimpleTree, Pod::Simple::Subclassing, Pod::Simple::Text, Pod::Simple::TextContent, Pod::Simple::XHTML, Pod::Simple::XMLOutStream, Pod::Text, Pod::Text::Color, Pod::Text::Overstrike, Pod::Text::Termcap, Pod::Usage, SDBM_File, Safe, Scalar::Util, Search::Dict, SelectSaver, SelfLoader, Storable, Sub::Util, Symbol, Sys::Hostname, Sys::Syslog, Sys::Syslog::Win32, TAP::Base, TAP::Formatter::Base, TAP::Formatter::Color, TAP::Formatter::Console, TAP::Formatter::Console::ParallelSession, TAP::Formatter::Console::Session, TAP::Formatter::File, TAP::Formatter::File::Session, TAP::Formatter::Session, TAP::Harness, TAP::Harness::Env, TAP::Object, TAP::Parser, TAP::Parser::Aggregator, TAP::Parser::Grammar, TAP::Parser::Iterator, TAP::Parser::Iterator::Array, TAP::Parser::Iterator::Process, TAP::Parser::Iterator::Stream, TAP::Parser::IteratorFactory, TAP::Parser::Multiplexer, TAP::Parser::Result, TAP::Parser::Result::Bailout, TAP::Parser::Result::Comment, TAP::Parser::Result::Plan, TAP::Parser::Result::Pragma, TAP::Parser::Result::Test, TAP::Parser::Result::Unknown, TAP::Parser::Result::Version, TAP::Parser::Result::YAML, TAP::Parser::ResultFactory, TAP::Parser::Scheduler, TAP::Parser::Scheduler::Job, TAP::Parser::Scheduler::Spinner, TAP::Parser::Source, TAP::Parser::SourceHandler, TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::Executable, TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::File, TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::Handle, TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::Perl, TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::RawTAP, TAP::Parser::YAMLish::Reader, TAP::Parser::YAMLish::Writer, Term::ANSIColor, Term::Cap, Term::Complete, Term::ReadLine, Test, Test2, Test2::API, Test2::API::Breakage, Test2::API::Context, Test2::API::Instance, Test2::API::Stack, Test2::Event, Test2::Event::Bail, Test2::Event::Diag, Test2::Event::Encoding, Test2::Event::Exception, Test2::Event::Fail, Test2::Event::Generic, Test2::Event::Note, Test2::Event::Ok, Test2::Event::Pass, Test2::Event::Plan, Test2::Event::Skip, Test2::Event::Subtest, Test2::Event::TAP::Version, Test2::Event::V2, Test2::Event::Waiting, Test2::EventFacet, Test2::EventFacet::About, Test2::EventFacet::Amnesty, Test2::EventFacet::Assert, Test2::EventFacet::Control, Test2::EventFacet::Error, Test2::EventFacet::Hub, Test2::EventFacet::Info, Test2::EventFacet::Info::Table, Test2::EventFacet::Meta, Test2::EventFacet::Parent, Test2::EventFacet::Plan, Test2::EventFacet::Render, Test2::EventFacet::Trace, Test2::Formatter, Test2::Formatter::TAP, Test2::Hub, Test2::Hub::Interceptor, Test2::Hub::Interceptor::Terminator, Test2::Hub::Subtest, Test2::IPC, Test2::IPC::Driver, Test2::IPC::Driver::Files, Test2::Tools::Tiny, Test2::Transition, Test2::Util, Test2::Util::ExternalMeta, Test2::Util::Facets2Legacy, Test2::Util::HashBase, Test2::Util::Trace, Test::Builder, Test::Builder::Formatter, Test::Builder::IO::Scalar, Test::Builder::Module, Test::Builder::Tester, Test::Builder::Tester::Color, Test::Builder::TodoDiag, Test::Harness, Test::Harness::Beyond, Test::More, Test::Simple, Test::Tester, Test::Tester::Capture, Test::Tester::CaptureRunner, Test::Tutorial, Test::use::ok, Text::Abbrev, Text::Balanced, Text::ParseWords, Text::Tabs, Text::Wrap, Thread, Thread::Queue, Thread::Semaphore, Tie::Array, Tie::File, Tie::Handle, Tie::Hash, Tie::Hash::NamedCapture, Tie::Memoize, Tie::RefHash, Tie::Scalar, Tie::StdHandle, Tie::SubstrHash, Time::HiRes, Time::Local, Time::Piece, Time::Seconds, Time::gmtime, Time::localtime, Time::tm, UNIVERSAL, Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Collate::CJK::Big5, Unicode::Collate::CJK::GB2312, Unicode::Collate::CJK::JISX0208, Unicode::Collate::CJK::Korean, Unicode::Collate::CJK::Pinyin, Unicode::Collate::CJK::Stroke, Unicode::Collate::CJK::Zhuyin, Unicode::Collate::Locale, Unicode::Normalize, Unicode::UCD, User::grent, User::pwent, VMS::DCLsym, VMS::Filespec, VMS::Stdio, Win32, Win32API::File, Win32CORE, XS::APItest, XS::Typemap, XSLoader, autodie::Scope::Guard, autodie::Scope::GuardStack, autodie::Util, version::Internals

Extension Modules

CPAN

Africa

South Africa, Uganda, Zimbabwe

Asia

Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Iran, Israel, Japan, Kazakhstan, Philippines, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, Turkey, Viet Nam

Europe

Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom

North America

Canada, Costa Rica, Mexico, United States, Alabama, Arizona, California, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin

Oceania

Australia, New Caledonia, New Zealand

South America

Argentina, Brazil, Chile

RSYNC Mirrors

Modules: Creation, Use, and Abuse

Guidelines for Module Creation
Guidelines for Converting Perl 4 Library Scripts into Modules
Guidelines for Reusing Application Code

NOTE

perlmodstyle - Perl module style guide
INTRODUCTION
QUICK CHECKLIST

Before you start
The API
Stability
Documentation
Release considerations

BEFORE YOU START WRITING A MODULE

Has it been done before?
Do one thing and do it well
What’s in a name?
Get feedback before publishing

DESIGNING AND WRITING YOUR MODULE

To OO or not to OO ?
Designing your API

Write simple routines to do simple things, Separate functionality from output, Provide sensible shortcuts and defaults, Naming conventions, Parameter passing

Strictness and warnings
Backwards compatibility
Error handling and messages

DOCUMENTING YOUR MODULE

POD

README, INSTALL, release notes, changelogs

perl Makefile.PL, make, make test, make install, perl Build.PL, perl Build, perl Build test, perl Build install

RELEASE CONSIDERATIONS

Version numbering
Pre-requisites
Testing
Packaging
Licensing

COMMON PITFALLS

Reinventing the wheel
Trying to do too much
Inappropriate documentation

SEE ALSO

perlstyle, perlnewmod, perlpod, podchecker, Packaging Tools, Testing tools, <https://pause.perl.org/>;, Any good book on software engineering

AUTHOR

perlmodinstall - Installing CPAN Modules
DESCRIPTION

PREAMBLE

DECOMPRESS the file, UNPACK the file into a directory, BUILD the module (sometimes unnecessary), INSTALL the module

PORTABILITY

HEY

AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT

perlnewmod - preparing a new module for distribution
DESCRIPTION

Warning
What should I make into a module?
Step-by-step: Preparing the ground

Look around, Check it’s new, Discuss the need, Choose a name, Check again

Step-by-step: Making the module

Start with module-starter or h2xs, Use strict and warnings, Use Carp, Use Exporter - wisely!, Use plain old documentation, Write tests, Write the README , Write Changes

Step-by-step: Distributing your module

Get a CPAN user ID, "perl Makefile.PL; make test; make distcheck; make dist", Upload the tarball, Fix bugs!

AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

perlpragma - how to write a user pragma
DESCRIPTION

A basic example
Key naming
Implementation details

perlutil - utilities packaged with the Perl distribution
DESCRIPTION
LIST OF UTILITIES

Documentation

perldoc, pod2man and pod2text, pod2html, pod2usage, podchecker, splain, "roffitall"

Converters
Administration

libnetcfg, perlivp

Development

perlbug, perlthanks, h2ph, h2xs, enc2xs, xsubpp, prove, corelist

General tools

piconv, ptar, ptardiff, ptargrep, shasum, zipdetails

Installation

cpan, instmodsh

SEE ALSO

perlfilter - Source Filters
DESCRIPTION
CONCEPTS
USING FILTERS
WRITING A SOURCE FILTER
WRITING A SOURCE FILTER IN C

Decryption Filters

CREATING A SOURCE FILTER AS A SEPARATE EXECUTABLE
WRITING A SOURCE FILTER IN PERL
USING CONTEXT: THE DEBUG FILTER
CONCLUSION
LIMITATIONS
THINGS TO LOOK OUT FOR

Some Filters Clobber the "DATA" Handle

REQUIREMENTS
AUTHOR

Copyrights

perldtrace - Perl’s support for DTrace
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
HISTORY
PROBES

sub-entry( SUBNAME, FILE, LINE, PACKAGE ), sub-return( SUBNAME, FILE, LINE, PACKAGE ), phase-change( NEWPHASE, OLDPHASE ), op-entry( OPNAME ), loading-file( FILENAME ), loaded-file( FILENAME )

EXAMPLES

Most frequently called functions, Trace function calls, Function calls during interpreter cleanup, System calls at compile time, Perl functions that execute the most opcodes

REFERENCES

DTrace Dynamic Tracing Guide, DTrace: Dynamic Tracing in Oracle Solaris, Mac OS X and FreeBSD

SEE ALSO

Devel::DTrace::Provider

AUTHORS

perlglossary - Perl Glossary
VERSION
DESCRIPTION

A

accessor methods, actual arguments, address operator, algorithm, alias, alphabetic, alternatives, anonymous, application, architecture, argument, ARGV, arithmetical operator, array, array context, Artistic License, ASCII, assertion, assignment, assignment operator, associative array, associativity, asynchronous, atom, atomic operation, attribute, autogeneration, autoincrement, autoload, autosplit, autovivification, AV, awk

B

backreference, backtracking, backward compatibility, bareword, base class, big-endian, binary, binary operator, bind, bit, bit shift, bit string, bless, block, BLOCK, block buffering, Boolean, Boolean context, breakpoint, broadcast, BSD, bucket, buffer, built-in, bundle, byte, bytecode

C

C, cache, callback, call by reference, call by value, canonical, capture variables, capturing, cargo cult, case, casefolding, casemapping, character, character class, character property, circumfix operator, class, class method, client, closure, cluster, CODE, code generator, codepoint, code subpattern, collating sequence, co-maintainer, combining character, command, command buffering, command-line arguments, command name, comment, compilation unit, compile, compile phase, compiler, compile time, composer, concatenation, conditional, connection, construct, constructor, context, continuation, core dump, CPAN, C preprocessor, cracker, currently selected output channel, current package, current working directory, CV

D

dangling statement, datagram, data structure, data type, DBM, declaration, declarator, decrement, default, defined, delimiter, dereference, derived class, descriptor, destroy, destructor, device, directive, directory, directory handle, discipline, dispatch, distribution, dual-lived, dweomer, dwimmer, dynamic scoping

E

eclectic, element, embedding, empty subclass test, encapsulation, endian, en passant, environment, environment variable, EOF, errno, error, escape sequence, exception, exception handling, exec, executable file, execute, execute bit, exit status, exploit, export, expression, extension

F

false, FAQ, fatal error, feeping creaturism, field, FIFO, file, file descriptor, fileglob, filehandle, filename, filesystem, file test operator, filter, first-come, flag, floating point, flush, FMTEYEWTK, foldcase, fork, formal arguments, format, freely available, freely redistributable, freeware, function, funny character

G

garbage collection, GID, glob, global, global destruction, glue language, granularity, grapheme, greedy, grep, group, GV

H

hacker, handler, hard reference, hash, hash table, header file, here document, hexadecimal, home directory, host, hubris, HV

I

identifier, impatience, implementation, import, increment, indexing, indirect filehandle, indirection, indirect object, indirect object slot, infix, inheritance, instance, instance data, instance method, instance variable, integer, interface, interpolation, interpreter, invocant, invocation, I/O, IO, I/O layer, IPA, IP, IPC, is-a, iteration, iterator, IV

J

JAPH

K

key, keyword

L

label, laziness, leftmost longest, left shift, lexeme, lexer, lexical analysis, lexical scoping, lexical variable, library, LIFO, line, linebreak, line buffering, line number, link, LIST, list, list context, list operator, list value, literal, little-endian, local, logical operator, lookahead, lookbehind, loop, loop control statement, loop label, lowercase, lvaluable, lvalue, lvalue modifier

M

magic, magical increment, magical variables, Makefile, man, manpage, matching, member data, memory, metacharacter, metasymbol, method, method resolution order, minicpan, minimalism, mode, modifier, module, modulus, mojibake, monger, mortal, mro, multidimensional array, multiple inheritance

N

named pipe, namespace, NaN, network address, newline, NFS, normalization, null character, null list, null string, numeric context, numification, NV, nybble

O

object, octal, offset, one-liner, open source software, operand, operating system, operator, operator overloading, options, ordinal, overloading, overriding, owner

P

package, pad, parameter, parent class, parse tree, parsing, patch, PATH, pathname, pattern, pattern matching, PAUSE, Perl mongers, permission bits, Pern, pipe, pipeline, platform, pod, pod command, pointer, polymorphism, port, portable, porter, possessive, POSIX, postfix, pp, pragma, precedence, prefix, preprocessing, primary maintainer, procedure, process, program, program generator, progressive matching, property, protocol, prototype, pseudofunction, pseudohash, pseudoliteral, public domain, pumpkin, pumpking, PV

Q

qualified, quantifier

R

race condition, readable, reaping, record, recursion, reference, referent, regex, regular expression, regular expression modifier, regular file, relational operator, reserved words, return value, RFC, right shift, role, root, RTFM, run phase, runtime, runtime pattern, RV, rvalue

S

sandbox, scalar, scalar context, scalar literal, scalar value, scalar variable, scope, scratchpad, script, script kiddie, sed, semaphore, separator, serialization, server, service, setgid, setuid, shared memory, shebang, shell, side effects, sigil, signal, signal handler, single inheritance, slice, slurp, socket, soft reference, source filter, stack, standard, standard error, standard input, standard I/O, Standard Library, standard output, statement, statement modifier, static, static method, static scoping, static variable, stat structure, status, STDERR, STDIN, STDIO, STDOUT, stream, string, string context, stringification, struct, structure, subclass, subpattern, subroutine, subscript, substitution, substring, superclass, superuser, SV, switch, switch cluster, switch statement, symbol, symbolic debugger, symbolic link, symbolic reference, symbol table, synchronous, syntactic sugar, syntax, syntax tree, syscall

T

taint checks, tainted, taint mode, TCP, term, terminator, ternary, text, thread, tie, titlecase, TMTOWTDI, token, tokener, tokenizing, toolbox approach, topic, transliterate, trigger, trinary, troff, true, truncating, type, type casting, typedef, typed lexical, typeglob, typemap

U

UDP, UID, umask, unary operator, Unicode, Unix, uppercase

V

value, variable, variable interpolation, variadic, vector, virtual, void context, v-string

W

warning, watch expression, weak reference, whitespace, word, working directory, wrapper, WYSIWYG

X

XS, XSUB

Y

yacc

Z

zero width, zombie

AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

perlembed - how to embed perl in your C program
DESCRIPTION

PREAMBLE

Use C from Perl?, Use a Unix program from Perl?, Use Perl from Perl?, Use C from C?, Use Perl from C?

ROADMAP
Compiling your C program
Adding a Perl interpreter to your C program
Calling a Perl subroutine from your C program
Evaluating a Perl statement from your C program
Performing Perl pattern matches and substitutions from your C
program
Fiddling with the Perl stack from your C program
Maintaining a persistent interpreter
Execution of END blocks
$0 assignments
Maintaining multiple interpreter instances
Using Perl modules, which themselves use C libraries, from your C
program
Using embedded Perl with POSIX locales

Hiding Perl_
MORAL
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT

perldebguts - Guts of Perl debugging
DESCRIPTION

Debugger Internals

Writing Your Own Debugger

Frame Listing Output Examples
Debugging Regular Expressions

Compile-time Output

"anchored" STRING "at" POS , "floating" STRING "at" POS1..POS2 , "matching floating/anchored", "minlen", "stclass" TYPE , "noscan", "isall", "GPOS", "plus", "implicit", "with eval", "anchored(TYPE)"

Types of Nodes
Run-time Output

Debugging Perl Memory Usage

Using $ENV{PERL_DEBUG_MSTATS}

"buckets SMALLEST(APPROX)..GREATEST(APPROX)", Free/Used, "Total sbrk(): SBRKed/SBRKs:CONTINUOUS", "pad: 0", "heads: 2192", "chain: 0", "tail: 6144"

SEE ALSO

perlxstut - Tutorial for writing XSUBs
DESCRIPTION
SPECIAL NOTES

make
Version caveat
Dynamic Loading versus Static Loading
Threads and PERL_NO_GET_CONTEXT

TUTORIAL

EXAMPLE 1
EXAMPLE 2

What has gone on?
Writing good test scripts
EXAMPLE 3

What’s new here?
Input and Output Parameters
The XSUBPP Program
The TYPEMAP file
Warning about Output Arguments
EXAMPLE 4

What has happened here?
Anatomy of .xs file
Getting the fat out of XSUBs
More about XSUB arguments
The Argument Stack
Extending your Extension
Documenting your Extension
Installing your Extension
EXAMPLE 5

New Things in this Example
EXAMPLE 6

New Things in this Example
EXAMPLE 7
(Coming Soon)
EXAMPLE 8
(Coming Soon)
EXAMPLE 9
Passing open files to XSes
Troubleshooting these Examples

See also
Author

Last Changed

perlxs - XS language reference manual
DESCRIPTION

Introduction
On The Road
The Anatomy of an XSUB
The Argument Stack
The RETVAL Variable
Returning SVs, AVs and HVs through RETVAL
The MODULE Keyword
The PACKAGE Keyword
The PREFIX Keyword
The OUTPUT: Keyword
The NO_OUTPUT Keyword
The CODE: Keyword
The INIT: Keyword
The NO_INIT Keyword
The TYPEMAP: Keyword
Initializing Function Parameters
Default Parameter Values
The PREINIT: Keyword
The SCOPE: Keyword
The INPUT: Keyword
The IN/OUTLIST/IN_OUTLIST/OUT/IN_OUT Keywords
The "length(NAME)" Keyword
Variable-length Parameter Lists
The C_ARGS: Keyword
The PPCODE: Keyword
Returning Undef And Empty Lists
The REQUIRE: Keyword
The CLEANUP: Keyword
The POSTCALL: Keyword
The BOOT: Keyword
The VERSIONCHECK: Keyword
The PROTOTYPES: Keyword
The PROTOTYPE: Keyword
The ALIAS: Keyword
The OVERLOAD: Keyword
The FALLBACK: Keyword
The INTERFACE: Keyword
The INTERFACE_MACRO: Keyword
The INCLUDE: Keyword
The INCLUDE_COMMAND: Keyword
The CASE: Keyword
The EXPORT_XSUB_SYMBOLS: Keyword
The & Unary Operator
Inserting POD, Comments and C Preprocessor Directives
Using XS With C ++
Interface Strategy
Perl Objects And C Structures
Safely Storing Static Data in XS

MY_CXT_KEY, typedef my_cxt_t, START_MY_CXT, MY_CXT_INIT, dMY_CXT, MY_CXT, aMY_CXT/pMY_CXT, MY_CXT_CLONE, MY_CXT_INIT_INTERP (my_perl), dMY_CXT_INTERP(my_perl)

Thread-aware system interfaces

EXAMPLES
CAVEATS

Non-locale-aware XS code, Locale-aware XS code

XS VERSION
AUTHOR

perlxstypemap - Perl XS C/Perl type mapping
DESCRIPTION

Anatomy of a typemap
The Role of the typemap File in Your Distribution
Sharing typemaps Between CPAN Distributions
Writing typemap Entries
Full Listing of Core Typemaps

T_SV, T_SVREF, T_SVREF_FIXED, T_AVREF, T_AVREF_REFCOUNT_FIXED, T_HVREF, T_HVREF_REFCOUNT_FIXED, T_CVREF, T_CVREF_REFCOUNT_FIXED, T_SYSRET, T_UV, T_IV, T_INT, T_ENUM, T_BOOL, T_U_INT, T_SHORT, T_U_SHORT, T_LONG, T_U_LONG, T_CHAR, T_U_CHAR, T_FLOAT, T_NV, T_DOUBLE, T_PV, T_PTR, T_PTRREF, T_PTROBJ, T_REF_IV_REF, T_REF_IV_PTR, T_PTRDESC, T_REFREF, T_REFOBJ, T_OPAQUEPTR, T_OPAQUE, Implicit array, T_PACKED, T_PACKEDARRAY, T_DATAUNIT, T_CALLBACK, T_ARRAY, T_STDIO, T_INOUT, T_IN, T_OUT

perlclib - Internal replacements for standard C library functions
DESCRIPTION

Conventions

"t", "p", "n", "s"

File Operations
File Input and Output
File Positioning
Memory Management and String Handling
Character Class Tests
stdlib.h
functions
Miscellaneous functions

SEE ALSO

perlguts - Introduction to the Perl API
DESCRIPTION

Variables

Datatypes
What is an " IV" ?
Working with SVs
Offsets
What’s Really Stored in an SV ?
Working with AVs
Working with HVs
Hash API Extensions
AVs, HVs and undefined values
References
Blessed References and Class Objects
Creating New Variables

GV_ADDMULTI, GV_ADDWARN

Reference Counts and Mortality
Stashes and Globs
Double-Typed SVs
Read-Only Values
Copy on Write
Magic Variables
Assigning Magic
Magic Virtual Tables
Finding Magic
Understanding the Magic of Tied Hashes and Arrays
Localizing changes

"SAVEINT(int i)", "SAVEIV(IV i)", "SAVEI32(I32 i)", "SAVELONG(long i)", SAVESPTR(s), SAVEPPTR(p), "SAVEFREESV(SV *sv)", "SAVEMORTALIZESV(SV *sv)", "SAVEFREEOP(OP *op)", SAVEFREEPV(p), "SAVECLEARSV(SV *sv)", "SAVEDELETE(HV *hv, char *key, I32 length)", "SAVEDESTRUCTOR(DESTRUCTORFUNC_NOCONTEXT_t f, void *p)", "SAVEDESTRUCTOR_X(DESTRUCTORFUNC_t f, void *p)", "SAVESTACK_POS()", "SV* save_scalar(GV *gv)", "AV* save_ary(GV *gv)", "HV* save_hash(GV *gv)", "void save_item(SV *item)", "void save_list(SV **sarg, I32 maxsarg)", "SV* save_svref(SV **sptr)", "void save_aptr(AV **aptr)", "void save_hptr(HV **hptr)"

Subroutines

XSUBs and the Argument Stack
Autoloading with XSUBs
Calling Perl Routines from within C Programs
Putting a C value on Perl stack
Scratchpads
Scratchpads and recursion

Memory Allocation

Allocation
Reallocation
Moving

PerlIO
Compiled code

Code tree
Examining the tree
Compile pass 1: check routines
Compile pass 1a: constant folding
Compile pass 2: context propagation
Compile pass 3: peephole optimization
Pluggable runops
Compile-time scope hooks

"void bhk_start(pTHX_ int full)", "void bhk_pre_end(pTHX_ OP **o)", "void bhk_post_end(pTHX_ OP **o)", "void bhk_eval(pTHX_ OP *const o)"

Examining internal data structures with the "dump" functions
How multiple interpreters and concurrency are supported

Background and PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT
So what happened to dTHR?
How do I use all this in extensions?
Should I do anything special if I call perl from multiple threads?
Future Plans and PERL_IMPLICIT_SYS

Internal Functions

Formatted Printing of IVs, UVs, and NVs
Formatted Printing of SVs
Formatted Printing of Strings
Formatted Printing of "Size_t" and "SSize_t"
Pointer-To-Integer and Integer-To-Pointer
Exception Handling
Source Documentation
Backwards compatibility

Unicode Support

What is Unicode, anyway?
How can I recognise a UTF-8 string?
How does UTF-8 represent Unicode characters?
How does Perl store UTF-8 strings?
How do I convert a string to UTF-8 ?
How do I compare strings?
Is there anything else I need to know?

Custom Operators

xop_name, xop_desc, xop_class, OA_BASEOP, OA_UNOP, OA_BINOP, OA_LOGOP, OA_LISTOP, OA_PMOP, OA_SVOP, OA_PADOP, OA_PVOP_OR_SVOP, OA_LOOP, OA_COP, xop_peep

Stacks

Value Stack
Mark Stack
Temporaries Stack
Save Stack
Scope Stack

Dynamic Scope and the Context Stack

Introduction to the context stack
Pushing contexts
Popping contexts
Redoing contexts

Slab-based operator allocation
AUTHORS
SEE ALSO

perlcall - Perl calling conventions from C
DESCRIPTION

An Error Handler, An Event-Driven Program

THE CALL_ FUNCTIONS

call_sv, call_pv, call_method, call_argv

FLAG VALUES

G_VOID
G_SCALAR
G_ARRAY
G_DISCARD
G_NOARGS
G_EVAL
G_KEEPERR
Determining the Context

EXAMPLES

No Parameters, Nothing Returned
Passing Parameters
Returning a Scalar
Returning a List of Values
Returning a List in Scalar Context
Returning Data from Perl via the Parameter List
Using G_EVAL
Using G_KEEPERR
Using call_sv
Using call_argv
Using call_method
Using GIMME_V
Using Perl to Dispose of Temporaries
Strategies for Storing Callback Context Information

1. Ignore the problem - Allow only 1 callback, 2. Create a sequence of callbacks - hard wired limit, 3. Use a parameter to map to the Perl callback

Alternate Stack Manipulation
Creating and Calling an Anonymous Subroutine in C

LIGHTWEIGHT CALLBACKS
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
DATE

perlmroapi - Perl method resolution plugin interface
DESCRIPTION

resolve, name, length, kflags, hash

Callbacks
Caching
Examples
AUTHORS

perlreapi - Perl regular expression plugin interface
DESCRIPTION

Callbacks

comp

"/m" - RXf_PMf_MULTILINE, "/s" - RXf_PMf_SINGLELINE, "/i" - RXf_PMf_FOLD, "/x" - RXf_PMf_EXTENDED, "/p" - RXf_PMf_KEEPCOPY, Character set, RXf_SPLIT, RXf_SKIPWHITE, RXf_START_ONLY, RXf_WHITE, RXf_NULL, RXf_NO_INPLACE_SUBST

exec

rx, sv, strbeg, strend, stringarg, minend, data, flags

intuit
checkstr
free
Numbered capture callbacks
Named capture callbacks
qr_package
dupe
op_comp

The REGEXP structure

"engine"
"mother_re"
"extflags"
"minlen" "minlenret"
"gofs"
"substrs"
"nparens", "lastparen", and "lastcloseparen"
"intflags"
"pprivate"
"offs"
"precomp" "prelen"
"paren_names"
"substrs"
"subbeg" "sublen" "saved_copy" "suboffset" "subcoffset"
"wrapped" "wraplen"
"seen_evals"
"refcnt"

HISTORY
AUTHORS
LICENSE

perlreguts - Description of the Perl regular expression engine.
DESCRIPTION
OVERVIEW

A quick note on terms
What is a regular expression engine?
Structure of a Regexp Program

"regnode_1", "regnode_2", "regnode_string", "regnode_charclass", "regnode_charclass_posixl"

Process Overview

A. Compilation, 1. Parsing, 2. Peep-hole optimisation and analysis, B. Execution, 3. Start position and no-match optimisations, 4. Program execution
Compilation

anchored fixed strings, floating fixed strings, minimum and maximum length requirements, start class, Beginning/End of line positions

Execution

MISCELLANEOUS

Unicode and Localisation Support
Base Structures

"offsets", "regstclass", "data", "program"

SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
LICENCE
REFERENCES

perlapi - autogenerated documentation for the perl public API
DESCRIPTION

Array Manipulation Functions

av_clear , av_create_and_push , av_create_and_unshift_one , av_delete , av_exists , av_extend , av_fetch , AvFILL , av_fill , av_len , av_make , av_pop , av_push , av_shift , av_store , av_tindex , av_top_index , av_undef , av_unshift , get_av , newAV , sortsv

Callback Functions

call_argv , call_method , call_pv , call_sv , ENTER , ENTER_with_name , eval_pv , eval_sv , FREETMPS , LEAVE , LEAVE_with_name , SAVETMPS

Character case changing

toFOLD , toFOLD_utf8 , toFOLD_utf8_safe , toFOLD_uvchr , toLOWER , toLOWER_L1 , toLOWER_LC , toLOWER_utf8 , toLOWER_utf8_safe , toLOWER_uvchr , toTITLE , toTITLE_utf8 , toTITLE_utf8_safe , toTITLE_uvchr , toUPPER , toUPPER_utf8 , toUPPER_utf8_safe , toUPPER_uvchr , WIDEST_UTYPE

Character classification

isALPHA , isALPHANUMERIC , isASCII , isBLANK , isCNTRL , isDIGIT , isGRAPH , isIDCONT , isIDFIRST , isLOWER , isOCTAL , isPRINT , isPSXSPC , isPUNCT , isSPACE , isUPPER , isWORDCHAR , isXDIGIT

Cloning an interpreter

perl_clone

Compile-time scope hooks

BhkDISABLE , BhkENABLE , BhkENTRY_set , blockhook_register

COP Hint Hashes

cophh_2hv , cophh_copy , cophh_delete_pv , cophh_delete_pvn , cophh_delete_pvs , cophh_delete_sv , cophh_fetch_pv , cophh_fetch_pvn , cophh_fetch_pvs , cophh_fetch_sv , cophh_free , cophh_new_empty , cophh_store_pv , cophh_store_pvn , cophh_store_pvs , cophh_store_sv

COP Hint Reading

cop_hints_2hv , cop_hints_fetch_pv , cop_hints_fetch_pvn , cop_hints_fetch_pvs , cop_hints_fetch_sv , CopLABEL , CopLABEL_len , CopLABEL_len_flags

Custom Operators

custom_op_register , Perl_custom_op_xop , XopDISABLE , XopENABLE , XopENTRY , XopENTRYCUSTOM , XopENTRY_set , XopFLAGS

CV Manipulation Functions

caller_cx , CvSTASH , find_runcv , get_cv , get_cvn_flags

"xsubpp" variables and internal functions

ax , CLASS , dAX , dAXMARK , dITEMS , dUNDERBAR , dXSARGS , dXSI32 , items , ix , RETVAL , ST , THIS , UNDERBAR , XS , XS_EXTERNAL , XS_INTERNAL

Debugging Utilities

dump_all , dump_packsubs , op_class , op_dump , sv_dump

Display and Dump functions

pv_display , pv_escape , pv_pretty

Embedding Functions

cv_clone , cv_name , cv_undef , find_rundefsv , find_rundefsvoffset , intro_my , load_module , my_exit , newPADNAMELIST , newPADNAMEouter , newPADNAMEpvn , nothreadhook , pad_add_anon , pad_add_name_pv , pad_add_name_pvn , pad_add_name_sv , pad_alloc , pad_findmy_pv , pad_findmy_pvn , pad_findmy_sv , padnamelist_fetch , padnamelist_store , pad_setsv , pad_sv , pad_tidy , perl_alloc , perl_construct , perl_destruct , perl_free , perl_parse , perl_run , require_pv

Exception Handling (simple) Macros

dXCPT , XCPT_CATCH , XCPT_RETHROW , XCPT_TRY_END , XCPT_TRY_START

Functions in file vutil.c

new_version , prescan_version , scan_version , upg_version , vcmp , vnormal , vnumify , vstringify , vverify , The SV is an HV or a reference to an HV, The hash contains a "version" key, The "version" key has a reference to an AV as its value

"Gimme" Values

G_ARRAY , G_DISCARD , G_EVAL , GIMME , GIMME_V , G_NOARGS , G_SCALAR , G_VOID

Global Variables

PL_check , PL_keyword_plugin , PL_phase

GV Functions

GvAV , gv_const_sv , GvCV , gv_fetchmeth , gv_fetchmethod_autoload , gv_fetchmeth_autoload , gv_fetchmeth_pv , gv_fetchmeth_pvn , gv_fetchmeth_pvn_autoload , gv_fetchmeth_pv_autoload , gv_fetchmeth_sv , gv_fetchmeth_sv_autoload , GvHV , gv_init , gv_init_pv , gv_init_pvn , gv_init_sv , gv_stashpv , gv_stashpvn , gv_stashpvs , gv_stashsv , GvSV , save_gp , setdefout

Handy Values

C_ARRAY_END , C_ARRAY_LENGTH , cBOOL , Nullav , Nullch , Nullcv , Nullhv , Nullsv , STR_WITH_LEN , __ASSERT_

Hash Manipulation Functions

cop_fetch_label , cop_store_label , get_hv , HEf_SVKEY , HeHASH , HeKEY , HeKLEN , HePV , HeSVKEY , HeSVKEY_force , HeSVKEY_set , HeUTF8 , HeVAL , hv_assert , hv_bucket_ratio , hv_clear , hv_clear_placeholders , hv_copy_hints_hv , hv_delete , hv_delete_ent , HvENAME , HvENAMELEN , HvENAMEUTF8 , hv_exists , hv_exists_ent , hv_fetch , hv_fetchs , hv_fetch_ent , HvFILL , hv_fill , hv_iterinit , hv_iterkey , hv_iterkeysv , hv_iternext , hv_iternextsv , hv_iternext_flags , hv_iterval , hv_magic , HvNAME , HvNAMELEN , HvNAMEUTF8 , hv_scalar , hv_store , hv_stores , hv_store_ent , hv_undef , newHV

Hook manipulation

wrap_op_checker

Lexer interface

lex_bufutf8 , lex_discard_to , lex_grow_linestr , lex_next_chunk , lex_peek_unichar , lex_read_space , lex_read_to , lex_read_unichar , lex_start , lex_stuff_pv , lex_stuff_pvn , lex_stuff_pvs , lex_stuff_sv , lex_unstuff , parse_arithexpr , parse_barestmt , parse_block , parse_fullexpr , parse_fullstmt , parse_label , parse_listexpr , parse_stmtseq , parse_subsignature , parse_termexpr , PL_parser , PL_parser->bufend , PL_parser->bufptr , PL_parser->linestart , PL_parser->linestr , wrap_keyword_plugin

Locale-related functions and macros

DECLARATION_FOR_LC_NUMERIC_MANIPULATION , IN_LOCALE , IN_LOCALE_COMPILETIME , IN_LOCALE_RUNTIME , Perl_langinfo , Perl_setlocale , RESTORE_LC_NUMERIC , STORE_LC_NUMERIC_FORCE_TO_UNDERLYING , STORE_LC_NUMERIC_SET_TO_NEEDED , STORE_LC_NUMERIC_SET_TO_NEEDED_IN , switch_to_global_locale , POSIX::localeconv, I18N::Langinfo, items "CRNCYSTR" and "THOUSEP", "Perl_langinfo" in perlapi, items "CRNCYSTR" and "THOUSEP", sync_locale , WITH_LC_NUMERIC_SET_TO_NEEDED , WITH_LC_NUMERIC_SET_TO_NEEDED_IN

Magical Functions

mg_clear , mg_copy , mg_find , mg_findext , mg_free , mg_freeext , mg_free_type , mg_get , mg_length , mg_magical , mg_set , SvGETMAGIC , SvLOCK , SvSETMAGIC , SvSetMagicSV , SvSetMagicSV_nosteal , SvSetSV , SvSetSV_nosteal , SvSHARE , sv_string_from_errnum , SvUNLOCK

Memory Management

Copy , CopyD , Move , MoveD , Newx , Newxc , Newxz , Poison , PoisonFree , PoisonNew , PoisonWith , Renew , Renewc , Safefree , savepv , savepvn , savepvs , savesharedpv , savesharedpvn , savesharedpvs , savesharedsvpv , savesvpv , StructCopy , Zero , ZeroD

Miscellaneous Functions

dump_c_backtrace , fbm_compile , fbm_instr , foldEQ , foldEQ_locale , form , getcwd_sv , get_c_backtrace_dump , ibcmp , ibcmp_locale , instr , IS_SAFE_SYSCALL , is_safe_syscall , LIKELY , memCHRs , memEQ , memEQs , memNE , memNEs , mess , mess_sv , my_snprintf , my_sprintf , my_strlcat , my_strlcpy , my_strnlen , my_vsnprintf , ninstr , PERL_SYS_INIT , PERL_SYS_INIT3 , PERL_SYS_TERM , READ_XDIGIT , rninstr , STMT_START , strEQ , strGE , strGT , strLE , strLT , strNE , strnEQ , strnNE , sv_destroyable , sv_nosharing , UNLIKELY , vmess

MRO Functions

mro_get_linear_isa , mro_method_changed_in , mro_register

Multicall Functions

dMULTICALL , MULTICALL , POP_MULTICALL , PUSH_MULTICALL

Numeric functions

grok_bin , grok_hex , grok_infnan , grok_number , grok_number_flags , GROK_NUMERIC_RADIX , grok_numeric_radix , grok_oct , isinfnan , IS_NUMBER_GREATER_THAN_UV_MAX

bool IS_NUMBER_GREATER_THAN_UV_MAX, IS_NUMBER_INFINITY

bool IS_NUMBER_INFINITY, IS_NUMBER_IN_UV bool IS_NUMBER_IN_UV, IS_NUMBER_NAN

bool IS_NUMBER_NAN, IS_NUMBER_NEG

bool

IS_NUMBER_NEG, IS_NUMBER_NOT_INT , my_strtod , PERL_ABS , PERL_INT_MAX , Perl_signbit , scan_bin , scan_hex , scan_oct , Strtod , Strtol , Strtoul

Obsolete backwards compatibility functions

custom_op_desc , custom_op_name , gv_fetchmethod , is_utf8_char , is_utf8_char_buf , pack_cat , pad_compname_type , sv_2pvbyte_nolen , sv_2pvutf8_nolen , sv_2pv_nolen , sv_catpvn_mg , sv_catsv_mg , sv_force_normal , sv_iv , sv_nolocking , sv_nounlocking , sv_nv , sv_pv , sv_pvbyte , sv_pvbyten , sv_pvn , sv_pvutf8 , sv_pvutf8n , sv_taint , sv_unref , sv_usepvn , sv_usepvn_mg , sv_uv , unpack_str , utf8_to_uvchr

Optree construction

newASSIGNOP , newBINOP , newCONDOP , newDEFSVOP , newFOROP , newGIVENOP , newGVOP , newLISTOP , newLOGOP , newLOOPEX , newLOOPOP , newMETHOP , newMETHOP_named , newNULLLIST , newOP , newPADOP , newPMOP , newPVOP , newRANGE , newSLICEOP , newSTATEOP , newSVOP , newUNOP , newUNOP_AUX , newWHENOP , newWHILEOP

Optree Manipulation Functions

alloccopstash , block_end , block_start , ck_entersub_args_list , ck_entersub_args_proto , ck_entersub_args_proto_or_list , cv_const_sv , cv_get_call_checker , cv_get_call_checker_flags , cv_set_call_checker , cv_set_call_checker_flags , LINKLIST , newCONSTSUB , newCONSTSUB_flags , newXS , op_append_elem , op_append_list , OP_CLASS , op_contextualize , op_convert_list , OP_DESC , op_free , OpHAS_SIBLING , OpLASTSIB_set , op_linklist , op_lvalue , OpMAYBESIB_set , OpMORESIB_set , OP_NAME , op_null , op_parent , op_prepend_elem , op_scope , OpSIBLING , op_sibling_splice , OP_TYPE_IS , OP_TYPE_IS_OR_WAS , rv2cv_op_cv

Pack and Unpack

packlist , unpackstring

Pad Data Structures

CvPADLIST , pad_add_name_pvs , PadARRAY , pad_findmy_pvs , PadlistARRAY , PadlistMAX , PadlistNAMES , PadlistNAMESARRAY , PadlistNAMESMAX , PadlistREFCNT , PadMAX , PadnameLEN , PadnamelistARRAY , PadnamelistMAX , PadnamelistREFCNT , PadnamelistREFCNT_dec , PadnamePV , PadnameREFCNT , PadnameREFCNT_dec , PadnameSV , PadnameUTF8 , pad_new , PL_comppad , PL_comppad_name , PL_curpad

Per-Interpreter Variables

PL_curcop , PL_curstash , PL_defgv , PL_exit_flags , "PERL_EXIT_DESTRUCT_END", "PERL_EXIT_ABORT", "PERL_EXIT_WARN", "PERL_EXIT_EXPECTED", PL_modglobal , PL_na , PL_opfreehook , PL_peepp , PL_perl_destruct_level , 0 - none, 1 - full, 2 or greater - full with checks, PL_rpeepp , PL_runops , PL_sv_no , PL_sv_undef , PL_sv_yes , PL_sv_zero

REGEXP Functions

SvRX , SvRXOK

Stack Manipulation Macros

dMARK , dORIGMARK , dSP , EXTEND , MARK , mPUSHi , mPUSHn , mPUSHp , mPUSHs , mPUSHu , mXPUSHi , mXPUSHn , mXPUSHp , mXPUSHs , mXPUSHu , ORIGMARK , POPi , POPl , POPn , POPp , POPpbytex , POPpx , POPs , POPu , POPul , PUSHi , PUSHMARK , PUSHmortal , PUSHn , PUSHp , PUSHs , PUSHu , PUTBACK , SP , SPAGAIN , XPUSHi , XPUSHmortal , XPUSHn , XPUSHp , XPUSHs , XPUSHu , XSRETURN , XSRETURN_EMPTY , XSRETURN_IV , XSRETURN_NO , XSRETURN_NV , XSRETURN_PV , XSRETURN_UNDEF , XSRETURN_UV , XSRETURN_YES , XST_mIV , XST_mNO , XST_mNV , XST_mPV , XST_mUNDEF , XST_mUV , XST_mYES

SV Flags

SVt_IV , SVt_NULL , SVt_NV , SVt_PV , SVt_PVAV , SVt_PVCV , SVt_PVFM , SVt_PVGV , SVt_PVHV , SVt_PVIO , SVt_PVIV , SVt_PVLV , SVt_PVMG , SVt_PVNV , SVt_REGEXP , svtype

SV Manipulation Functions

boolSV , croak_xs_usage , get_sv , looks_like_number , newRV_inc , newRV_noinc , newSV , newSVhek , newSViv , newSVnv , newSVpadname , newSVpv , newSVpvf , newSVpvn , newSVpvn_flags , newSVpvn_share , newSVpvn_utf8 , newSVpvs , newSVpvs_flags , newSVpv_share , newSVpvs_share , newSVrv , newSVsv , newSVsv_nomg , newSV_type , newSVuv , sortsv_flags , sv_2bool , sv_2bool_flags , sv_2cv , sv_2io , sv_2iv_flags , sv_2mortal , sv_2nv_flags , sv_2pvbyte , sv_2pvutf8 , sv_2pv_flags , sv_2uv_flags , sv_backoff , sv_bless , sv_catpv , sv_catpvf , sv_catpvf_mg , sv_catpvn , sv_catpvn_flags , sv_catpvn_nomg , sv_catpvs , sv_catpvs_flags , sv_catpvs_mg , sv_catpvs_nomg , sv_catpv_flags , sv_catpv_mg , sv_catpv_nomg , sv_catsv , sv_catsv_flags , sv_catsv_nomg , sv_chop , sv_clear , sv_cmp , sv_cmp_flags , sv_cmp_locale , sv_cmp_locale_flags , sv_collxfrm , sv_collxfrm_flags , sv_copypv , sv_copypv_flags , sv_copypv_nomg , SvCUR , SvCUR_set , sv_dec , sv_dec_nomg , sv_derived_from , sv_derived_from_pv , sv_derived_from_pvn , sv_derived_from_sv , sv_does , sv_does_pv , sv_does_pvn , sv_does_sv , SvEND , sv_eq , sv_eq_flags , sv_force_normal_flags , sv_free , SvGAMAGIC , sv_gets , sv_get_backrefs , SvGROW , sv_grow , sv_inc , sv_inc_nomg , sv_insert , sv_insert_flags , SvIOK , SvIOK_notUV , SvIOK_off , SvIOK_on , SvIOK_only , SvIOK_only_UV , SvIOKp , SvIOK_UV , sv_isa , sv_isa_sv , SvIsCOW , SvIsCOW_shared_hash , sv_isobject , SvIV , SvIV_nomg , SvIV_set , SvIVX , SvIVx , SvLEN , sv_len , SvLEN_set , sv_len_utf8 , sv_magic , sv_magicext , SvMAGIC_set , sv_mortalcopy , sv_mortalcopy_flags , sv_newmortal , sv_newref , SvNIOK , SvNIOK_off , SvNIOKp , SvNOK , SvNOK_off , SvNOK_on , SvNOK_only , SvNOKp , SvNV , SvNV_nomg , SvNV_set , SvNVX , SvNVx , SvOK , SvOOK , SvOOK_offset , SvPOK , SvPOK_off , SvPOK_on , SvPOK_only , SvPOK_only_UTF8 , SvPOKp , sv_pos_b2u , sv_pos_b2u_flags , sv_pos_u2b , sv_pos_u2b_flags , SvPV , SvPVbyte , SvPVbyte_force , SvPVbyte_nolen , SvPVbyte_nomg , sv_pvbyten_force , SvPVbyte_or_null , SvPVbyte_or_null_nomg , SvPVbytex , SvPVbytex_force , SvPVCLEAR , SvPV_force , SvPV_force_nomg , SvPV_nolen , SvPV_nomg , SvPV_nomg_nolen , sv_pvn_force , sv_pvn_force_flags , SvPV_set , SvPVutf8 , sv_pvutf8n_force , SvPVutf8x , SvPVutf8x_force , SvPVutf8_force , SvPVutf8_nolen , SvPVutf8_nomg , SvPVutf8_or_null , SvPVutf8_or_null_nomg , SvPVX , SvPVx , SvREADONLY , SvREADONLY_off , SvREADONLY_on , sv_ref , SvREFCNT , SvREFCNT_dec , SvREFCNT_dec_NN , SvREFCNT_inc , SvREFCNT_inc_NN , SvREFCNT_inc_simple , SvREFCNT_inc_simple_NN , SvREFCNT_inc_simple_void , SvREFCNT_inc_simple_void_NN , SvREFCNT_inc_void , SvREFCNT_inc_void_NN , sv_reftype , sv_replace , sv_report_used , sv_reset , SvROK , SvROK_off , SvROK_on , SvRV , SvRV_set , sv_rvunweaken , sv_rvweaken , sv_setiv , sv_setiv_mg , sv_setnv , sv_setnv_mg , sv_setpv , sv_setpvf , sv_setpvf_mg , sv_setpviv , sv_setpviv_mg , sv_setpvn , sv_setpvn_mg , sv_setpvs , sv_setpvs_mg , sv_setpv_bufsize , sv_setpv_mg , sv_setref_iv , sv_setref_nv , sv_setref_pv , sv_setref_pvn , sv_setref_pvs , sv_setref_uv , sv_setsv , sv_setsv_flags , sv_setsv_mg , sv_setsv_nomg , sv_setuv , sv_setuv_mg , sv_set_undef , SvSTASH , SvSTASH_set , SvTAINT , SvTAINTED , sv_tainted , SvTAINTED_off , SvTAINTED_on , SvTRUE , sv_true , SvTRUE_nomg , SvTRUEx , SvTYPE , sv_unmagic , sv_unmagicext , sv_unref_flags , sv_untaint , SvUOK , SvUPGRADE , sv_upgrade , sv_usepvn_flags , SvUTF8 , sv_utf8_decode , sv_utf8_downgrade , sv_utf8_downgrade_flags , sv_utf8_downgrade_nomg , sv_utf8_encode , sv_utf8_upgrade , sv_utf8_upgrade_flags , sv_utf8_upgrade_flags_grow , sv_utf8_upgrade_nomg , SvUTF8_off , SvUTF8_on , SvUV , SvUV_nomg , SvUV_set , SvUVX , SvUVx , SvUVXx , sv_vcatpvf , sv_vcatpvfn , sv_vcatpvfn_flags , sv_vcatpvf_mg , SvVOK , sv_vsetpvf , sv_vsetpvfn , sv_vsetpvf_mg

Unicode Support

BOM_UTF8 , bytes_cmp_utf8 , bytes_from_utf8 , bytes_to_utf8 , DO_UTF8 , foldEQ_utf8 , is_ascii_string , is_c9strict_utf8_string , is_c9strict_utf8_string_loc , is_c9strict_utf8_string_loclen , isC9_STRICT_UTF8_CHAR , is_invariant_string , isSTRICT_UTF8_CHAR , is_strict_utf8_string , is_strict_utf8_string_loc , is_strict_utf8_string_loclen , is_utf8_fixed_width_buf_flags , is_utf8_fixed_width_buf_loclen_flags , is_utf8_fixed_width_buf_loc_flags , is_utf8_invariant_string , is_utf8_invariant_string_loc , is_utf8_string , is_utf8_string_flags , is_utf8_string_loc , is_utf8_string_loclen , is_utf8_string_loclen_flags , is_utf8_string_loc_flags , is_utf8_valid_partial_char , is_utf8_valid_partial_char_flags , isUTF8_CHAR , isUTF8_CHAR_flags , LATIN1_TO_NATIVE , NATIVE_TO_LATIN1 , NATIVE_TO_UNI , pv_uni_display , REPLACEMENT_CHARACTER_UTF8 , sv_cat_decode , sv_recode_to_utf8 , sv_uni_display , UNICODE_REPLACEMENT , UNI_TO_NATIVE , utf8n_to_uvchr , utf8n_to_uvchr_error , "UTF8_GOT_PERL_EXTENDED", "UTF8_GOT_CONTINUATION", "UTF8_GOT_EMPTY", "UTF8_GOT_LONG", "UTF8_GOT_NONCHAR", "UTF8_GOT_NON_CONTINUATION", "UTF8_GOT_OVERFLOW", "UTF8_GOT_SHORT", "UTF8_GOT_SUPER", "UTF8_GOT_SURROGATE", utf8n_to_uvchr_msgs , "text", "warn_categories", "flag", UTF8SKIP , ""UTF8_SAFE_SKIP"" if you know the maximum ending pointer in the buffer pointed to by "s"; or, ""UTF8_CHK_SKIP"" if you don’t know it, UTF8_CHK_SKIP , utf8_distance , utf8_hop , utf8_hop_back , utf8_hop_forward , utf8_hop_safe , UTF8_IS_INVARIANT , UTF8_IS_NONCHAR , UTF8_IS_SUPER , UTF8_IS_SURROGATE , utf8_length , UTF8_MAXBYTES , UTF8_MAXBYTES_CASE , UTF8_SAFE_SKIP , UTF8_SKIP , utf8_to_bytes , utf8_to_uvchr_buf , UVCHR_IS_INVARIANT , UVCHR_SKIP , uvchr_to_utf8 , uvchr_to_utf8_flags , uvchr_to_utf8_flags_msgs , "text", "warn_categories", "flag"

Variables created by "xsubpp" and "xsubpp" internal functions

newXSproto , XS_APIVERSION_BOOTCHECK , XS_VERSION , XS_VERSION_BOOTCHECK

Warning and Dieing

ckWARN , ckWARN2 , ckWARN3 , ckWARN4 , ckWARN_d , ckWARN2_d , ckWARN3_d , ckWARN4_d , CLEAR_ERRSV , croak , croak_no_modify , croak_sv , die , die_sv , ERRSV , my_setenv , rsignal , SANE_ERRSV , vcroak , vwarn , warn , warn_sv

Undocumented functions

CvDEPTH , CvGV , GetVars , Gv_AMupdate , PerlIO_close , PerlIO_context_layers , PerlIO_error , PerlIO_fill , PerlIO_flush , PerlIO_get_bufsiz , PerlIO_get_ptr , PerlIO_read , PerlIO_seek , PerlIO_set_cnt , PerlIO_setlinebuf , PerlIO_stdout , PerlIO_unread , SvAMAGIC_off , SvAMAGIC_on , amagic_call , amagic_deref_call , any_dup , atfork_lock , atfork_unlock , av_arylen_p , av_iter_p , block_gimme , call_atexit , call_list , calloc , cast_i32 , cast_iv , cast_ulong , cast_uv , ck_warner , ck_warner_d , ckwarn , ckwarn_d , clear_defarray , clone_params_del , clone_params_new , croak_nocontext , csighandler , csighandler1 , csighandler3 , cx_dump , cx_dup , cxinc , deb , deb_nocontext , debop , debprofdump , debstack , debstackptrs , delimcpy , despatch_signals , die_nocontext , dirp_dup , do_aspawn , do_close , do_gv_dump , do_gvgv_dump , do_hv_dump , do_join , do_magic_dump , do_op_dump , do_open , do_openn , do_pmop_dump , do_spawn , do_spawn_nowait , do_sprintf , do_sv_dump , doing_taint , doref , dounwind , dowantarray , dump_eval , dump_form , dump_indent , dump_mstats , dump_sub , dump_vindent , filter_del , filter_read , foldEQ_latin1 , form_nocontext , fp_dup , free_global_struct , free_tmps , get_context , get_mstats , get_op_descs , get_op_names , get_ppaddr , get_vtbl , gp_dup , gp_free , gp_ref , gv_AVadd , gv_HVadd , gv_IOadd , gv_SVadd , gv_add_by_type , gv_autoload4 , gv_autoload_pv , gv_autoload_pvn , gv_autoload_sv , gv_check , gv_dump , gv_efullname3 , gv_efullname4 , gv_fetchfile , gv_fetchfile_flags , gv_fetchpv , gv_fetchpvn_flags , gv_fetchsv , gv_fullname3 , gv_fullname4 , gv_handler , gv_name_set , he_dup , hek_dup , hv_common , hv_common_key_len , hv_delayfree_ent , hv_eiter_p , hv_eiter_set , hv_free_ent , hv_ksplit , hv_name_set , hv_placeholders_get , hv_placeholders_set , hv_rand_set , hv_riter_p , hv_riter_set , ibcmp_utf8 , init_global_struct , init_stacks , init_tm , is_lvalue_sub , leave_scope , load_module_nocontext , magic_dump , markstack_grow , mess_nocontext , mfree , mg_dup , mg_size , mini_mktime , moreswitches , mro_get_from_name , mro_set_mro , mro_set_private_data , my_atof , my_chsize , my_cxt_index , my_cxt_init , my_dirfd , my_failure_exit , my_fflush_all , my_fork , my_lstat , my_pclose , my_popen , my_popen_list , my_socketpair , my_stat , my_strftime , newANONATTRSUB , newANONHASH , newANONLIST , newANONSUB , newATTRSUB , newAVREF , newCVREF , newFORM , newGVREF , newGVgen , newGVgen_flags , newHVREF , newHVhv , newIO , newMYSUB , newPROG , newRV , newSUB , newSVREF , newSVpvf_nocontext , newSVsv_flags , new_stackinfo , op_refcnt_lock , op_refcnt_unlock , parser_dup , perl_alloc_using , perl_clone_using , perly_sighandler , pmop_dump , pop_scope , pregcomp , pregexec , pregfree , pregfree2 , ptr_table_fetch , ptr_table_free , ptr_table_new , ptr_table_split , ptr_table_store , push_scope , re_compile , re_dup_guts , reentrant_free , reentrant_init , reentrant_retry , reentrant_size , ref , reg_named_buff_all , reg_named_buff_exists , reg_named_buff_fetch , reg_named_buff_firstkey , reg_named_buff_nextkey , reg_named_buff_scalar , regdump , regdupe_internal , regexec_flags , regfree_internal , reginitcolors , regnext , repeatcpy , rsignal_state , runops_debug , runops_standard , rvpv_dup , safesyscalloc , safesysfree , safesysmalloc , safesysrealloc , save_I16 , save_I32 , save_I8 , save_adelete , save_aelem , save_aelem_flags , save_alloc , save_ary , save_bool , save_clearsv , save_delete , save_destructor , save_destructor_x , save_freeop , save_freepv , save_freesv , save_generic_pvref , save_generic_svref , save_hdelete , save_helem , save_helem_flags , save_hints , save_hptr , save_int , save_item , save_iv , save_mortalizesv , save_op , save_padsv_and_mortalize , save_pptr , save_pushi32ptr , save_pushptr , save_pushptrptr , save_re_context , save_set_svflags , save_shared_pvref , save_sptr , save_svref , save_vptr , savestack_grow , savestack_grow_cnt , scan_num , scan_vstring , seed , set_context , share_hek , si_dup , ss_dup , stack_grow , start_subparse , str_to_version , sv_2iv , sv_2pv , sv_2pvbyte_flags , sv_2pvutf8_flags , sv_2uv , sv_catpvf_mg_nocontext , sv_catpvf_nocontext , sv_dup , sv_dup_inc , sv_peek , sv_setpvf_mg_nocontext , sv_setpvf_nocontext , sys_init , sys_init3 , sys_intern_clear , sys_intern_dup , sys_intern_init , sys_term , taint_env , taint_proper , unlnk , unsharepvn , vdeb , vform , vload_module , vnewSVpvf , vwarner , warn_nocontext , warner , warner_nocontext , whichsig , whichsig_pv , whichsig_pvn , whichsig_sv

AUTHORS
SEE ALSO

perlintern - autogenerated documentation of purely internal Perl functions
DESCRIPTION

Array Manipulation Functions

AvFILLp

Compile-time scope hooks

BhkENTRY , BhkFLAGS , CALL_BLOCK_HOOKS

Custom Operators

core_prototype

CV Manipulation Functions

docatch

CV reference counts and CvOUTSIDE

CvWEAKOUTSIDE

Embedding Functions

cv_dump , cv_forget_slab , do_dump_pad , pad_alloc_name , pad_block_start , pad_check_dup , pad_findlex , pad_fixup_inner_anons , pad_free , pad_leavemy , padlist_dup , padname_dup , padnamelist_dup , pad_push , pad_reset , pad_swipe

Errno

dSAVEDERRNO , dSAVE_ERRNO , RESTORE_ERRNO , SAVE_ERRNO , SETERRNO

GV Functions

gv_try_downgrade

Hash Manipulation Functions

hv_ename_add , hv_ename_delete , refcounted_he_chain_2hv , refcounted_he_fetch_pv , refcounted_he_fetch_pvn , refcounted_he_fetch_pvs , refcounted_he_fetch_sv , refcounted_he_free , refcounted_he_inc , refcounted_he_new_pv , refcounted_he_new_pvn , refcounted_he_new_pvs , refcounted_he_new_sv

IO Functions

start_glob

Lexer interface

validate_proto

Magical Functions

magic_clearhint , magic_clearhints , magic_methcall , magic_sethint , mg_localize

Miscellaneous Functions

free_c_backtrace , get_c_backtrace , quadmath_format_needed , quadmath_format_valid

MRO Functions

mro_get_linear_isa_dfs , mro_isa_changed_in , mro_package_moved

Numeric functions

grok_atoUV , isinfnansv

Obsolete backwards compatibility functions

utf8n_to_uvuni , utf8_to_uvuni , uvuni_to_utf8_flags

Optree Manipulation Functions

finalize_optree , newATTRSUB_x , newXS_len_flags , optimize_optree , traverse_op_tree

Pad Data Structures

CX_CURPAD_SAVE , CX_CURPAD_SV , PAD_BASE_SV , PAD_CLONE_VARS , PAD_COMPNAME_FLAGS , PAD_COMPNAME_GEN , PAD_COMPNAME_GEN_set , PAD_COMPNAME_OURSTASH , PAD_COMPNAME_PV , PAD_COMPNAME_TYPE , PadnameIsOUR , PadnameIsSTATE , PadnameOURSTASH , PadnameOUTER , PadnameTYPE , PAD_RESTORE_LOCAL , PAD_SAVE_LOCAL , PAD_SAVE_SETNULLPAD , PAD_SETSV , PAD_SET_CUR , PAD_SET_CUR_NOSAVE , PAD_SV , PAD_SVl , SAVECLEARSV , SAVECOMPPAD , SAVEPADSV

Per-Interpreter Variables

PL_DBsingle , PL_DBsub , PL_DBtrace , PL_dowarn , PL_last_in_gv , PL_ofsgv , PL_rs

Stack Manipulation Macros

djSP , LVRET

SV Flags

SVt_INVLIST

SV Manipulation Functions

sv_2num , sv_add_arena , sv_clean_all , sv_clean_objs , sv_free_arenas , SvTHINKFIRST

Unicode Support

find_uninit_var , isSCRIPT_RUN , is_utf8_non_invariant_string , report_uninit , utf8_to_uvuni_buf , uvoffuni_to_utf8_flags , valid_utf8_to_uvchr , variant_under_utf8_count

Undocumented functions

ASCII_TO_NEED , NATIVE_TO_NEED , POPMARK , PadnameIN_SCOPE , PerlIO_restore_errno , PerlIO_save_errno , PerlLIO_dup2_cloexec , PerlLIO_dup_cloexec , PerlLIO_open3_cloexec , PerlLIO_open_cloexec , PerlProc_pipe_cloexec , PerlSock_accept_cloexec , PerlSock_socket_cloexec , PerlSock_socketpair_cloexec , ReANY , Slab_Alloc , Slab_Free , Slab_to_ro , Slab_to_rw , TOPMARK , _add_range_to_invlist , _byte_dump_string , _force_out_malformed_utf8_message , _inverse_folds , _invlistEQ , _invlist_array_init , _invlist_contains_cp , _invlist_dump , _invlist_intersection , _invlist_intersection_maybe_complement_2nd , _invlist_invert , _invlist_len , _invlist_search , _invlist_subtract , _invlist_union , _invlist_union_maybe_complement_2nd , _is_cur_LC_category_utf8 , _is_in_locale_category , _is_uni_FOO , _is_uni_perl_idcont , _is_uni_perl_idstart , _is_utf8_FOO , _is_utf8_perl_idcont , _is_utf8_perl_idstart , _mem_collxfrm , _new_invlist , _new_invlist_C_array , _setup_canned_invlist , _to_fold_latin1 , _to_uni_fold_flags , _to_upper_title_latin1 , _to_utf8_fold_flags , _to_utf8_lower_flags , _to_utf8_title_flags , _to_utf8_upper_flags , _utf8n_to_uvchr_msgs_helper , _warn_problematic_locale , abort_execution , add_cp_to_invlist , alloc_LOGOP , allocmy , amagic_cmp , amagic_cmp_desc , amagic_cmp_locale , amagic_cmp_locale_desc , amagic_i_ncmp , amagic_i_ncmp_desc , amagic_is_enabled , amagic_ncmp , amagic_ncmp_desc , append_utf8_from_native_byte , apply , av_extend_guts , av_nonelem , av_reify , bind_match , boot_core_PerlIO , boot_core_UNIVERSAL , boot_core_mro , cando , check_utf8_print , ck_anoncode , ck_backtick , ck_bitop , ck_cmp , ck_concat , ck_defined , ck_delete , ck_each , ck_entersub_args_core , ck_eof , ck_eval , ck_exec , ck_exists , ck_ftst , ck_fun , ck_glob , ck_grep , ck_index , ck_isa , ck_join , ck_length , ck_lfun , ck_listiob , ck_match , ck_method , ck_null , ck_open , ck_prototype , ck_readline , ck_refassign , ck_repeat , ck_require , ck_return , ck_rfun , ck_rvconst , ck_sassign , ck_select , ck_shift , ck_smartmatch , ck_sort , ck_spair , ck_split , ck_stringify , ck_subr , ck_substr , ck_svconst , ck_tell , ck_trunc , closest_cop , cmp_desc , cmp_locale_desc , cmpchain_extend , cmpchain_finish , cmpchain_start , cntrl_to_mnemonic , coresub_op , create_eval_scope , croak_caller , croak_memory_wrap , croak_no_mem , croak_popstack , current_re_engine , custom_op_get_field , cv_ckproto_len_flags , cv_clone_into , cv_const_sv_or_av , cv_undef_flags , cvgv_from_hek , cvgv_set , cvstash_set , deb_stack_all , defelem_target , delete_eval_scope , delimcpy_no_escape , die_unwind , do_aexec , do_aexec5 , do_eof , do_exec , do_exec3 , do_ipcctl , do_ipcget , do_msgrcv , do_msgsnd , do_ncmp , do_open6 , do_open_raw , do_print , do_readline , do_seek , do_semop , do_shmio , do_sysseek , do_tell , do_trans , do_uniprop_match , do_vecget , do_vecset , do_vop , does_utf8_overflow , dofile , drand48_init_r , drand48_r , dtrace_probe_call , dtrace_probe_load , dtrace_probe_op , dtrace_probe_phase , dump_all_perl , dump_packsubs_perl , dump_sub_perl , dump_sv_child , dup_warnings , emulate_cop_io , find_first_differing_byte_pos , find_lexical_cv , find_runcv_where , find_script , foldEQ_latin1_s2_folded , foldEQ_utf8_flags , form_alien_digit_msg , form_cp_too_large_msg , free_tied_hv_pool , get_and_check_backslash_N_name , get_db_sub , get_debug_opts , get_deprecated_property_msg , get_hash_seed , get_invlist_iter_addr , get_invlist_offset_addr , get_invlist_previous_index_addr , get_no_modify , get_opargs , get_prop_definition , get_prop_values , get_re_arg , get_re_gclass_nonbitmap_data , get_regclass_nonbitmap_data , get_regex_charset_name , getenv_len , grok_bin_oct_hex , grok_bslash_c , grok_bslash_o , grok_bslash_x , gv_fetchmeth_internal , gv_override , gv_setref , gv_stashpvn_internal , gv_stashsvpvn_cached , hfree_next_entry , hv_backreferences_p , hv_kill_backrefs , hv_placeholders_p , hv_pushkv , hv_undef_flags , init_argv_symbols , init_constants , init_dbargs , init_debugger , init_i18nl10n , init_i18nl14n , init_named_cv , init_uniprops , invert , invlist_array , invlist_clear , invlist_clone , invlist_contents , invlist_extend , invlist_highest , invlist_is_iterating , invlist_iterfinish , invlist_iterinit , invlist_iternext , invlist_lowest , invlist_max , invlist_previous_index , invlist_set_len , invlist_set_previous_index , invlist_trim , invmap_dump , io_close , isFF_OVERLONG , isFOO_lc , is_grapheme , is_invlist , is_utf8_char_helper , is_utf8_common , is_utf8_overlong_given_start_byte_ok , jmaybe , keyword , keyword_plugin_standard , list , load_charnames , localize , lossless_NV_to_IV , magic_clear_all_env , magic_cleararylen_p , magic_clearenv , magic_clearisa , magic_clearpack , magic_clearsig , magic_copycallchecker , magic_existspack , magic_freearylen_p , magic_freeovrld , magic_get , magic_getarylen , magic_getdebugvar , magic_getdefelem , magic_getnkeys , magic_getpack , magic_getpos , magic_getsig , magic_getsubstr , magic_gettaint , magic_getuvar , magic_getvec , magic_killbackrefs , magic_nextpack , magic_regdata_cnt , magic_regdatum_get , magic_regdatum_set , magic_scalarpack , magic_set , magic_set_all_env , magic_setarylen , magic_setcollxfrm , magic_setdbline , magic_setdebugvar , magic_setdefelem , magic_setenv , magic_setisa , magic_setlvref , magic_setmglob , magic_setnkeys , magic_setnonelem , magic_setpack , magic_setpos , magic_setregexp , magic_setsig , magic_setsubstr , magic_settaint , magic_setutf8 , magic_setuvar , magic_setvec , magic_sizepack , magic_wipepack , malloc_good_size , malloced_size , mem_collxfrm , mem_log_alloc , mem_log_free , mem_log_realloc , mg_find_mglob , mode_from_discipline , more_bodies , mortal_getenv , mro_meta_dup , mro_meta_init , multiconcat_stringify , multideref_stringify , my_atof2 , my_atof3 , my_attrs , my_clearenv , my_lstat_flags , my_memrchr , my_mkostemp , my_mkostemp_cloexec , my_mkstemp , my_mkstemp_cloexec , my_stat_flags , my_strerror , my_unexec , newGP , newMETHOP_internal , newSTUB , newSVavdefelem , newXS_deffile , new_warnings_bitfield , nextargv , noperl_die , notify_parser_that_changed_to_utf8 , oopsAV , oopsHV , op_clear , op_integerize , op_lvalue_flags , op_refcnt_dec , op_refcnt_inc , op_relocate_sv , op_std_init , op_unscope , opmethod_stash , opslab_force_free , opslab_free , opslab_free_nopad , package , package_version , pad_add_weakref , padlist_store , padname_free , padnamelist_free , parse_unicode_opts , parser_free , parser_free_nexttoke_ops , path_is_searchable , peep , pmruntime , populate_isa , ptr_hash , qerror , re_exec_indentf , re_indentf , re_intuit_start , re_intuit_string , re_op_compile , re_printf , reg_named_buff , reg_named_buff_iter , reg_numbered_buff_fetch , reg_numbered_buff_length , reg_numbered_buff_store , reg_qr_package , reg_skipcomment , reg_temp_copy , regcurly , regprop , report_evil_fh , report_redefined_cv , report_wrongway_fh , rpeep , rsignal_restore , rsignal_save , rxres_save , same_dirent , save_strlen , save_to_buffer , sawparens , scalar , scalarvoid , scan_str , scan_word , set_caret_X , set_numeric_standard , set_numeric_underlying , set_padlist , setfd_cloexec , setfd_cloexec_for_nonsysfd , setfd_cloexec_or_inhexec_by_sysfdness , setfd_inhexec , setfd_inhexec_for_sysfd , should_warn_nl , should_we_output_Debug_r , sighandler , sighandler1 , sighandler3 , skipspace_flags , softref2xv , sortsv_flags_impl , sub_crush_depth , sv_add_backref , sv_buf_to_ro , sv_del_backref , sv_free2 , sv_i_ncmp , sv_i_ncmp_desc , sv_kill_backrefs , sv_len_utf8_nomg , sv_magicext_mglob , sv_ncmp , sv_ncmp_desc , sv_only_taint_gmagic , sv_or_pv_pos_u2b , sv_resetpvn , sv_sethek , sv_setsv_cow , sv_unglob , tied_method , tmps_grow_p , to_uni_fold , to_uni_lower , to_uni_title , to_uni_upper , translate_substr_offsets , try_amagic_bin , try_amagic_un , uiv_2buf , unshare_hek , utf16_to_utf8 , utf16_to_utf8_reversed , utf8_to_uvchr_buf_helper , utilize , uvoffuni_to_utf8_flags_msgs , uvuni_to_utf8 , valid_utf8_to_uvuni , variant_byte_number , varname , vivify_defelem , vivify_ref , wait4pid , was_lvalue_sub , watch , win32_croak_not_implemented , write_to_stderr , xs_boot_epilog , xs_handshake , yyerror , yyerror_pv , yyerror_pvn , yylex , yyparse , yyquit , yyunlex

AUTHORS
SEE ALSO

perliol - C API for Perl’s implementation of IO in Layers.
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

History and Background
Basic Structure
Layers vs Disciplines
Data Structures
Functions and Attributes
Per-instance Data
Layers in action.
Per-instance flag bits

PERLIO_F_EOF, PERLIO_F_CANWRITE, PERLIO_F_CANREAD, PERLIO_F_ERROR, PERLIO_F_TRUNCATE, PERLIO_F_APPEND, PERLIO_F_CRLF, PERLIO_F_UTF8, PERLIO_F_UNBUF, PERLIO_F_WRBUF, PERLIO_F_RDBUF, PERLIO_F_LINEBUF, PERLIO_F_TEMP, PERLIO_F_OPEN, PERLIO_F_FASTGETS

Methods in Detail

fsize, name, size, kind, PERLIO_K_BUFFERED, PERLIO_K_RAW, PERLIO_K_CANCRLF, PERLIO_K_FASTGETS, PERLIO_K_MULTIARG, Pushed, Popped, Open, Binmode, Getarg, Fileno, Dup, Read, Write, Seek, Tell, Close, Flush, Fill, Eof, Error,

Clearerr, Setlinebuf, Get_base, Get_bufsiz, Get_ptr, Get_cnt, Set_ptrcnt

Utilities
Implementing PerlIO Layers

C implementations, Perl implementations

Core Layers

"unix", "perlio", "stdio", "crlf", "mmap", "pending", "raw", "utf8"

Extension Layers

":encoding", ":scalar", ":via"

TODO

perlapio - perl’s IO abstraction interface.
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

1. USE_STDIO, 2. USE_PERLIO, PerlIO_stdin(), PerlIO_stdout(), PerlIO_stderr(), PerlIO_open(path, mode), PerlIO_fdopen(fd,mode), PerlIO_reopen(path,mode,f), PerlIO_printf(f,fmt,...), PerlIO_vprintf(f,fmt,a), PerlIO_stdoutf(fmt,...), PerlIO_read(f,buf,count), PerlIO_write(f,buf,count), PerlIO_close(f), PerlIO_puts(f,s), PerlIO_putc(f,c), PerlIO_ungetc(f,c), PerlIO_getc(f), PerlIO_eof(f), PerlIO_error(f), PerlIO_fileno(f), PerlIO_clearerr(f), PerlIO_flush(f), PerlIO_seek(f,offset,whence), PerlIO_tell(f), PerlIO_getpos(f,p), PerlIO_setpos(f,p), PerlIO_rewind(f), PerlIO_tmpfile(), PerlIO_setlinebuf(f)
Co-existence with stdio

PerlIO_importFILE(f,mode), PerlIO_exportFILE(f,mode), PerlIO_releaseFILE(p,f), PerlIO_findFILE(f)

"Fast gets" Functions

PerlIO_fast_gets(f), PerlIO_has_cntptr(f), PerlIO_get_cnt(f), PerlIO_get_ptr(f), PerlIO_set_ptrcnt(f,p,c), PerlIO_canset_cnt(f), PerlIO_set_cnt(f,c), PerlIO_has_base(f), PerlIO_get_base(f), PerlIO_get_bufsiz(f)

Other Functions

PerlIO_apply_layers(f,mode,layers), PerlIO_binmode(f,ptype,imode,layers), ’<’ read, ’>’ write, ’+’ read/write, PerlIO_debug(fmt,...)

perlhack - How to hack on Perl
DESCRIPTION
SUPER QUICK PATCH GUIDE

Check out the source repository, Ensure you’re following the latest advice, Create a branch for your change, Make your change, Test your change, Commit your change, Send your change to the Perl issue tracker, Thank you, Acknowledgement, Next time

BUG REPORTING
PERL 5 PORTERS

perl-changes mailing list
#p5p on IRC

GETTING THE PERL SOURCE

Read access via Git
Read access via the web
Read access via rsync
Write access via git

PATCHING PERL

Submitting patches
Getting your patch accepted

Why, What, How

Patching a core module
Updating perldelta
What makes for a good patch?

TESTING

t/base, t/comp and t/opbasic, All other subdirectories of t/, Test files not found under t/
Special "make test" targets

test_porting, minitest, test.valgrind check.valgrind, test_harness, test-notty test_notty

Parallel tests
Running tests by hand
Using t/harness for testing

-v, -torture, -re=PATTERN, -re LIST OF PATTERNS, PERL_CORE=1, PERL_DESTRUCT_LEVEL=2, PERL, PERL_SKIP_TTY_TEST, PERL_TEST_Net_Ping, PERL_TEST_NOVREXX, PERL_TEST_NUMCONVERTS, PERL_TEST_MEMORY

Performance testing
Building perl at older commits

MORE READING FOR GUTS HACKERS

perlsource, perlinterp, perlhacktut, perlhacktips, perlguts, perlxstut and perlxs, perlapi, Porting/pumpkin.pod

CPAN TESTERS AND PERL SMOKERS
WHAT NEXT
?

"The Road goes ever on and on, down from the door where it began."
Metaphoric Quotations

AUTHOR

perlsource - A guide to the Perl source tree
DESCRIPTION
FINDING YOUR WAY AROUND

C code
Core modules

lib/, ext/, dist/, cpan/

Tests

Module tests, t/base/, t/cmd/, t/comp/, t/io/, t/mro/, t/op/, t/opbasic/, t/re/, t/run/, t/uni/, t/win32/, t/porting/, t/lib/

Documentation
Hacking tools and documentation

check*, Maintainers, Maintainers.pl, and Maintainers.pm, podtidy

Build system
AUTHORS
MANIFEST

perlinterp - An overview of the Perl interpreter
DESCRIPTION
ELEMENTS OF THE INTERPRETER

Startup
Parsing
Optimization
Running
Exception handing
INTERNAL VARIABLE TYPES

OP TREES
STACKS

Argument stack
Mark stack
Save stack

MILLIONS OF MACROS
FURTHER READING

perlhacktut - Walk through the creation of a simple C code patch
DESCRIPTION
EXAMPLE OF A SIMPLE PATCH

Writing the patch
Testing the patch
Documenting the patch
Submit

AUTHOR

perlhacktips - Tips for Perl core C code hacking
DESCRIPTION
COMMON PROBLEMS

Perl environment problems
Portability problems
Problematic System Interfaces
Security problems

DEBUGGING

Poking at Perl
Using a source-level debugger

run [args], break function_name, break source.c:xxx, step, next, continue, finish, ’enter’, ptype, print

gdb macro support
Dumping Perl Data Structures
Using gdb to look at specific parts of a program
Using gdb to look at what the parser/lexer are doing

SOURCE CODE STATIC ANALYSIS

lint
Coverity
HP-UX cadvise (Code Advisor)
cpd (cut-and-paste detector)
gcc warnings
Warnings of other C compilers

MEMORY DEBUGGERS

valgrind
AddressSanitizer

-Dcc=clang, -Accflags=-fsanitize=address, -Aldflags=-fsanitize=address, -Alddlflags=-shared\ -fsanitize=address, -fsanitize-blacklist=’pwd’/asan_ignore

PROFILING

Gprof Profiling

-a, -b, -e routine, -f routine, -s, -z

GCC gcov Profiling

MISCELLANEOUS TRICKS

PERL_DESTRUCT_LEVEL
PERL_MEM_LOG
DDD
over gdb
C backtrace

Linux, OS X, get_c_backtrace, free_c_backtrace, get_c_backtrace_dump, dump_c_backtrace

Poison
Read-only optrees
When is a bool not a bool?
The .i Targets

AUTHOR

perlpolicy - Various and sundry policies and commitments related to the Perl core
DESCRIPTION
GOVERNANCE

Perl 5 Porters

MAINTENANCE AND SUPPORT
BACKWARD COMPATIBILITY AND DEPRECATION

Terminology

experimental, deprecated, discouraged, removed

MAINTENANCE BRANCHES

Getting changes into a maint branch

CONTRIBUTED MODULES

A Social Contract about Artistic Control

DOCUMENTATION
STANDARDS OF CONDUCT
CREDITS

perlgit - Detailed information about git and the Perl repository
DESCRIPTION
CLONING THE REPOSITORY
WORKING WITH THE REPOSITORY

Finding out your status
Patch workflow
A note on derived files
Cleaning a working directory
Bisecting
Topic branches and rewriting history
Grafts

WRITE ACCESS TO THE GIT REPOSITORY

Accepting a patch
Committing to blead
On merging and rebasing
Committing to maintenance versions
Using a smoke-me branch to test changes

perlbook - Books about and related to Perl
DESCRIPTION

The most popular books

Programming Perl (the "Camel Book"):, The Perl Cookbook (the "Ram Book"):, Learning Perl (the "Llama Book"), Intermediate Perl (the "Alpaca Book")

References

Perl 5 Pocket Reference, Perl Debugger Pocket Reference, Regular Expression Pocket Reference

Tutorials

Beginning Perl, Learning Perl (the "Llama Book"), Intermediate Perl (the "Alpaca Book"), Mastering Perl, Effective Perl Programming

Task-Oriented

Writing Perl Modules for CPAN , The Perl Cookbook, Automating System Administration with Perl, Real World SQL Server Administration with Perl

Special Topics

Regular Expressions Cookbook, Programming the Perl DBI , Perl Best Practices, Higher-Order Perl, Mastering Regular Expressions, Network Programming with Perl, Perl Template Toolkit, Object Oriented Perl, Data Munging with Perl, Mastering Perl/Tk, Extending and Embedding Perl, Pro Perl Debugging

Free (as in beer) books
Other interesting, non-Perl books

Programming Pearls, More Programming Pearls

A note on freshness
Get your book listed

perlcommunity - a brief overview of the Perl community
DESCRIPTION

Where to Find the Community
Mailing Lists and Newsgroups

IRC

Websites

<https://perl.com/>;, <http://blogs.perl.org/>;, <http://perlsphere.net/>;, <http://perlweekly.com/>;, <https://www.perlmonks.org/>;, <https://stackoverflow.com/>;, <http://prepan.org/>;

User Groups
Workshops
Hackathons
Conventions

The Perl Conference, OSCON

Calendar of Perl Events

AUTHOR

perldoc - Look up Perl documentation in Pod format.
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OPTIONS

-h, -D, -t, -u, -m module, -l, -U, -F, -f perlfunc, -q perlfaq-search-regexp, -a perlapifunc, -v perlvar, -T, -d destination-filename, -o output-formatname, -M module-name, -w option:value or -w option, -X, -L language_code, PageName|ModuleName|ProgramName|URL, -n some-formatter, -r, -i, -V

SECURITY
ENVIRONMENT
CHANGES
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR

perlhist - the Perl history records
DESCRIPTION
INTRODUCTION
THE KEEPERS OF THE PUMPKIN

PUMPKIN ?

THE RECORDS

SELECTED RELEASE SIZES
SELECTED PATCH SIZES

THE KEEPERS OF THE RECORDS

perldelta - what is new for perl v5.32.0
DESCRIPTION

Core Enhancements

The isa Operator
Unicode 13.0 is supported
Chained comparisons capability
New Unicode properties "Identifier_Status" and "Identifier_Type"
supported
It is now possible to write "qr/\p{Name=...}/", or
"qr!\p{na=/(SMILING|GRINNING) FACE/}!"
Improvement of "POSIX::mblen()", "mbtowc", and "wctomb"
Alpha assertions are no longer experimental
Script runs are no longer experimental
Feature checks are now faster
Perl is now developed on GitHub
Compiled patterns can now be dumped before optimization

Security

[ CVE-2020-10543 ] Buffer overflow caused by a crafted regular
expression
[ CVE-2020-10878 ] Integer overflow via malformed bytecode produced
by a crafted regular expression
[ CVE-2020-12723 ] Buffer overflow caused by a crafted regular
expression
Additional Note

Incompatible Changes

Certain pattern matching features are now prohibited in compiling
Unicode property value wildcard subpatterns
Unused functions "POSIX::mbstowcs" and "POSIX::wcstombs" are
removed
A bug fix for "(?[...])" may have caused some patterns to no longer
compile
"\p{user-defined}" properties now always override official Unicode
ones
Modifiable variables are no longer permitted in constants
Use of "vec" on strings with code points above 0xFF is forbidden
Use of code points over 0xFF in string bitwise operators
"Sys::Hostname::hostname()" does not accept arguments
Plain "0" string now treated as a number for range operator
"\K" now disallowed in look-ahead and look-behind assertions

Performance Enhancements
Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata
Removed Modules and Pragmata

Documentation

Changes to Existing Documentation

"caller", "__FILE__", "__LINE__", "return", "open"

Diagnostics

New Diagnostics
Changes to Existing Diagnostics

Utility Changes

perlbug

The bug tracker homepage URL now points to GitHub

streamzip

Configuration and Compilation

Configure

Testing
Platform Support

Discontinued Platforms

Windows CE

Platform-Specific Notes

Linux, NetBSD 8.0, Windows, Solaris, VMS, z/OS

Internal Changes
Selected Bug Fixes
Obituary
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
Give Thanks
SEE ALSO

perl5320delta, perldelta - what is new for perl v5.32.0
DESCRIPTION

Core Enhancements

The isa Operator
Unicode 13.0 is supported
Chained comparisons capability
New Unicode properties "Identifier_Status" and "Identifier_Type"
supported
It is now possible to write "qr/\p{Name=...}/", or
"qr!\p{na=/(SMILING|GRINNING) FACE/}!"
Improvement of "POSIX::mblen()", "mbtowc", and "wctomb"
Alpha assertions are no longer experimental
Script runs are no longer experimental
Feature checks are now faster
Perl is now developed on GitHub
Compiled patterns can now be dumped before optimization

Security

[ CVE-2020-10543 ] Buffer overflow caused by a crafted regular
expression
[ CVE-2020-10878 ] Integer overflow via malformed bytecode produced
by a crafted regular expression
[ CVE-2020-12723 ] Buffer overflow caused by a crafted regular
expression
Additional Note

Incompatible Changes

Certain pattern matching features are now prohibited in compiling
Unicode property value wildcard subpatterns
Unused functions "POSIX::mbstowcs" and "POSIX::wcstombs" are
removed
A bug fix for "(?[...])" may have caused some patterns to no longer
compile
"\p{user-defined}" properties now always override official Unicode
ones
Modifiable variables are no longer permitted in constants
Use of "vec" on strings with code points above 0xFF is forbidden
Use of code points over 0xFF in string bitwise operators
"Sys::Hostname::hostname()" does not accept arguments
Plain "0" string now treated as a number for range operator
"\K" now disallowed in look-ahead and look-behind assertions

Performance Enhancements
Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata
Removed Modules and Pragmata

Documentation

Changes to Existing Documentation

"caller", "__FILE__", "__LINE__", "return", "open"

Diagnostics

New Diagnostics
Changes to Existing Diagnostics

Utility Changes

perlbug

The bug tracker homepage URL now points to GitHub

streamzip

Configuration and Compilation

Configure

Testing
Platform Support

Discontinued Platforms

Windows CE

Platform-Specific Notes

Linux, NetBSD 8.0, Windows, Solaris, VMS, z/OS

Internal Changes
Selected Bug Fixes
Obituary
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
Give Thanks
SEE ALSO

perl5303delta - what is new for perl v5.30.3
DESCRIPTION

Security

[ CVE-2020-10543 ] Buffer overflow caused by a crafted regular
expression
[ CVE-2020-10878 ] Integer overflow via malformed bytecode produced
by a crafted regular expression
[ CVE-2020-12723 ] Buffer overflow caused by a crafted regular
expression
Additional Note

Incompatible Changes
Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata

Testing
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
Give Thanks
SEE ALSO

perl5302delta - what is new for perl v5.30.2
DESCRIPTION

Incompatible Changes
Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata

Documentation

Changes to Existing Documentation

Configuration and Compilation
Testing
Platform Support

Platform-Specific Notes

Windows

Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
Give Thanks
SEE ALSO

perl5301delta - what is new for perl v5.30.1
DESCRIPTION

Incompatible Changes
Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata

Documentation

Changes to Existing Documentation

Configuration and Compilation
Testing
Platform Support

Platform-Specific Notes

Win32

Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
Give Thanks
SEE ALSO

perl5300delta - what is new for perl v5.30.0
DESCRIPTION

Notice
Core Enhancements

Limited variable length lookbehind in regular expression pattern
matching is now experimentally supported
The upper limit "n" specifiable in a regular expression quantifier
of the form "{m,n}" has been doubled to 65534
Unicode 12.1 is supported
Wildcards in Unicode property value specifications are now
partially supported
qr’\N{name}’ is now supported
Turkic UTF-8 locales are now seamlessly supported
It is now possible to compile perl to always use thread-safe locale
operations.
Eliminate opASSIGN macro usage from core
"-Drv" now means something on "-DDEBUGGING" builds

Incompatible Changes

Assigning non-zero to $[ is fatal
Delimiters must now be graphemes
Some formerly deprecated uses of an unescaped left brace "{" in
regular expression patterns are now illegal
Previously deprecated sysread()/syswrite() on :utf8 handles is now
fatal
my()
in false conditional prohibited
Fatalize $* and $#
Fatalize unqualified use of dump()
Remove File::Glob::glob()
"pack()" no longer can return malformed UTF-8
Any set of digits in the Common script are legal in a script run of
another script
JSON::PP
enables allow_nonref by default

Deprecations

In XS code, use of various macros dealing with UTF-8.

Performance Enhancements
Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata
Removed Modules and Pragmata

Documentation

Changes to Existing Documentation

Diagnostics

Changes to Existing Diagnostics

Utility Changes

xsubpp

Configuration and Compilation
Testing
Platform Support

Platform-Specific Notes

HP-UX 11.11, Mac OS X, Minix3, Cygwin, Win32 Mingw, Windows

Internal Changes
Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
Give Thanks
SEE ALSO

perl5283delta - what is new for perl v5.28.3
DESCRIPTION

Security

[ CVE-2020-10543 ] Buffer overflow caused by a crafted regular
expression
[ CVE-2020-10878 ] Integer overflow via malformed bytecode produced
by a crafted regular expression
[ CVE-2020-12723 ] Buffer overflow caused by a crafted regular
expression
Additional Note

Incompatible Changes
Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata

Testing
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
Give Thanks
SEE ALSO

perl5282delta - what is new for perl v5.28.2
DESCRIPTION

Incompatible Changes

Any set of digits in the Common script are legal in a script run of
another script

Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata

Platform Support

Platform-Specific Notes

Windows, Mac OS X

Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
Give Thanks
SEE ALSO

perl5281delta - what is new for perl v5.28.1
DESCRIPTION

Security

[ CVE-2018-18311 ] Integer overflow leading to buffer overflow and
segmentation fault
[ CVE-2018-18312 ] Heap-buffer-overflow write in S_regatom
(regcomp.c)

Incompatible Changes
Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata

Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
Give Thanks
SEE ALSO

perl5280delta - what is new for perl v5.28.0
DESCRIPTION

Core Enhancements

Unicode 10.0 is supported
"delete" on key/value hash slices
Experimentally, there are now alphabetic synonyms for some regular
expression assertions
Mixed Unicode scripts are now detectable
In-place editing with "perl -i" is now safer
Initialisation of aggregate state variables
Full-size inode numbers
The "sprintf" %j format size modifier is now available with pre-C99
compilers
Close-on-exec flag set atomically
String- and number-specific bitwise ops are no longer experimental
Locales are now thread-safe on systems that support them
New read-only predefined variable "${^SAFE_LOCALES}"

Security

[ CVE-2017-12837 ] Heap buffer overflow in regular expression
compiler
[ CVE-2017-12883 ] Buffer over-read in regular expression parser
[ CVE-2017-12814 ] $ENV{$key} stack buffer overflow on Windows
Default Hash Function Change

Incompatible Changes

Subroutine attribute and signature order
Comma-less variable lists in formats are no longer allowed
The ":locked" and ":unique" attributes have been removed
"\N{}" with nothing between the braces is now illegal
Opening the same symbol as both a file and directory handle is no
longer allowed
Use of bare "<<" to mean "<<""" is no longer allowed
Setting $/ to a reference to a non-positive integer no longer
allowed
Unicode code points with values exceeding "IV_MAX" are now fatal
The "B::OP::terse" method has been removed
Use of inherited AUTOLOAD for non-methods is no longer allowed
Use of strings with code points over 0xFF is not allowed for
bitwise string operators
Setting "${^ENCODING}" to a defined value is now illegal
Backslash no longer escapes colon in PATH for the "-S" switch
the -DH ( DEBUG_H ) misfeature has been removed
Yada-yada is now strictly a statement
Sort algorithm can no longer be specified
Over-radix digits in floating point literals
Return type of "unpackstring()"

Deprecations

Use of "vec" on strings with code points above 0xFF is deprecated
Some uses of unescaped "{" in regexes are no longer fatal
Use of unescaped "{" immediately after a "(" in regular expression
patterns is deprecated
Assignment to $[ will be fatal in Perl 5.30
hostname()
won’t accept arguments in Perl 5.32
Module removals

B::Debug, Locale::Codes and its associated Country, Currency and Language modules

Performance Enhancements
Modules and Pragmata

Removal of use vars
Use of DynaLoader changed to XSLoader in many modules
Updated Modules and Pragmata
Removed Modules and Pragmata

Documentation

Changes to Existing Documentation

"Variable length lookbehind not implemented in regex m/%s/" in perldiag, "Use of state $_ is experimental" in perldiag

Diagnostics

New Diagnostics
Changes to Existing Diagnostics

Utility Changes

perlbug

Configuration and Compilation

C89 requirement, New probes, HAS_BUILTIN_ADD_OVERFLOW, HAS_BUILTIN_MUL_OVERFLOW, HAS_BUILTIN_SUB_OVERFLOW, HAS_THREAD_SAFE_NL_LANGINFO_L, HAS_LOCALECONV_L, HAS_MBRLEN, HAS_MBRTOWC, HAS_MEMRCHR, HAS_NANOSLEEP, HAS_STRNLEN, HAS_STRTOLD_L, I_WCHAR

Testing
Packaging
Platform Support

Discontinued Platforms

PowerUX / Power MAX OS

Platform-Specific Notes

CentOS, Cygwin, Darwin, FreeBSD, VMS, Windows

Internal Changes
Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
Give Thanks
SEE ALSO

perl5263delta - what is new for perl v5.26.3
DESCRIPTION

Security

[ CVE-2018-12015 ] Directory traversal in module Archive::Tar
[ CVE-2018-18311 ] Integer overflow leading to buffer overflow and
segmentation fault
[ CVE-2018-18312 ] Heap-buffer-overflow write in S_regatom
(regcomp.c)
[ CVE-2018-18313 ] Heap-buffer-overflow read in S_grok_bslash_N
(regcomp.c)
[ CVE-2018-18314 ] Heap-buffer-overflow write in S_regatom
(regcomp.c)

Incompatible Changes
Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata

Diagnostics

New Diagnostics
Changes to Existing Diagnostics

Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
Give Thanks
SEE ALSO

perl5262delta - what is new for perl v5.26.2
DESCRIPTION

Security

[ CVE-2018-6797 ] heap-buffer-overflow ( WRITE of size 1) in S_regatom
(regcomp.c)
[ CVE-2018-6798 ] Heap-buffer-overflow in Perl__byte_dump_string
(utf8.c)
[ CVE-2018-6913 ] heap-buffer-overflow in S_pack_rec
Assertion failure in Perl__core_swash_init (utf8.c)

Incompatible Changes
Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata

Documentation

Changes to Existing Documentation

Platform Support

Platform-Specific Notes

Windows

Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
Give Thanks
SEE ALSO

perl5261delta - what is new for perl v5.26.1
DESCRIPTION

Security

[ CVE-2017-12837 ] Heap buffer overflow in regular expression
compiler
[ CVE-2017-12883 ] Buffer over-read in regular expression parser
[ CVE-2017-12814 ] $ENV{$key} stack buffer overflow on Windows

Incompatible Changes
Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata

Platform Support

Platform-Specific Notes

FreeBSD, Windows

Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
Give Thanks
SEE ALSO

perl5260delta - what is new for perl v5.26.0
DESCRIPTION

Notice

"." no longer in @INC, "do" may now warn, In regular expression patterns, a literal left brace "{" should be escaped

Core Enhancements

Lexical subroutines are no longer experimental
Indented Here-documents
New regular expression modifier "/xx"
"@{^CAPTURE}", "%{^CAPTURE}", and "%{^CAPTURE_ALL}"
Declaring a reference to a variable
Unicode 9.0 is now supported
Use of "\p{script}" uses the improved Script_Extensions property
Perl can now do default collation in UTF-8 locales on platforms
that support it
Better locale collation of strings containing embedded "NUL"
characters
"CORE" subroutines for hash and array functions callable via
reference
New Hash Function For 64-bit Builds

Security

Removal of the current directory (".") from @INC

Configure -Udefault_inc_excludes_dot, "PERL_USE_UNSAFE_INC", A new deprecation warning issued by "do", Script authors, Installing and using CPAN modules, Module Authors

Escaped colons and relative paths in PATH
New "-Di" switch is now required for PerlIO debugging output

Incompatible Changes

Unescaped literal "{" characters in regular expression patterns are
no longer permissible
"scalar(%hash)" return signature changed
"keys" returned from an lvalue subroutine
The "${^ENCODING}" facility has been removed
"POSIX::tmpnam()" has been removed
require ::Foo::Bar is now illegal.
Literal control character variable names are no longer permissible
"NBSP" is no longer permissible in "\N{...}"

Deprecations

String delimiters that aren’t stand-alone graphemes are now
deprecated
"\cX" that maps to a printable is no longer deprecated

Performance Enhancements

New Faster Hash Function on 64 bit builds, readline is faster

Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata

Documentation

New Documentation
Changes to Existing Documentation

Diagnostics

New Diagnostics
Changes to Existing Diagnostics

Utility Changes

c2ph and pstruct
Porting/pod_lib.pl
Porting/sync-with-cpan
perf/benchmarks
Porting/checkAUTHORS.pl
t/porting/regen.t
utils/h2xs.PL

perlbug

Configuration and Compilation
Testing
Platform Support

New Platforms

NetBSD/VAX

Platform-Specific Notes

Darwin, EBCDIC, HP-UX, Hurd, VAX, VMS, Windows, Linux, OpenBSD 6, FreeBSD, DragonFly BSD

Internal Changes
Selected Bug Fixes
Known Problems
Errata From Previous Releases
Obituary
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
Give Thanks
SEE ALSO

perl5244delta - what is new for perl v5.24.4
DESCRIPTION

Security

[ CVE-2018-6797 ] heap-buffer-overflow ( WRITE of size 1) in S_regatom
(regcomp.c)
[ CVE-2018-6798 ] Heap-buffer-overflow in Perl__byte_dump_string
(utf8.c)
[ CVE-2018-6913 ] heap-buffer-overflow in S_pack_rec
Assertion failure in Perl__core_swash_init (utf8.c)

Incompatible Changes
Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata

Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5243delta - what is new for perl v5.24.3
DESCRIPTION

Security

[ CVE-2017-12837 ] Heap buffer overflow in regular expression
compiler
[ CVE-2017-12883 ] Buffer over-read in regular expression parser
[ CVE-2017-12814 ] $ENV{$key} stack buffer overflow on Windows

Incompatible Changes
Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata

Configuration and Compilation
Platform Support

Platform-Specific Notes

VMS, Windows

Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5242delta - what is new for perl v5.24.2
DESCRIPTION

Security

Improved handling of ’.’ in @INC in base.pm
"Escaped" colons and relative paths in PATH

Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata

Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5241delta - what is new for perl v5.24.1
DESCRIPTION

Security

-Di switch is now required for PerlIO debugging output
Core modules and tools no longer search "." for optional modules

Incompatible Changes
Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata

Documentation

Changes to Existing Documentation

Testing
Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5240delta - what is new for perl v5.24.0
DESCRIPTION

Core Enhancements

Postfix dereferencing is no longer experimental
Unicode 8.0 is now supported
perl will now croak when closing an in-place output file fails
New "\b{lb}" boundary in regular expressions
"qr/(?[ ])/" now works in UTF-8 locales
Integer shift ("<<" and ">>") now more explicitly defined
printf and sprintf now allow reordered precision arguments
More fields provided to "sigaction" callback with "SA_SIGINFO"
Hashbang redirection to Perl 6

Security

Set proper umask before calling mkstemp(3)
Fix out of boundary access in Win32 path handling
Fix loss of taint in canonpath
Avoid accessing uninitialized memory in win32 "crypt()"
Remove duplicate environment variables from "environ"

Incompatible Changes

The "autoderef" feature has been removed
Lexical $_ has been removed
"qr/\b{wb}/" is now tailored to Perl expectations
Regular expression compilation errors
"qr/\N{}/" now disallowed under "use re "strict""
Nested declarations are now disallowed
The "/\C/" character class has been removed.
"chdir('')" no longer chdirs home
ASCII
characters in variable names must now be all visible
An off by one issue in $Carp::MaxArgNums has been fixed
Only blanks and tabs are now allowed within "[...]" within
"(?[...])".

Deprecations

Using code points above the platform’s "IV_MAX" is now deprecated
Doing bitwise operations on strings containing code points above
0xFF is deprecated
"sysread()", "syswrite()", "recv()" and "send()" are deprecated on
:utf8 handles

Performance Enhancements
Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata

Documentation

Changes to Existing Documentation

Diagnostics

New Diagnostics
Changes to Existing Diagnostics

Configuration and Compilation
Testing
Platform Support

Platform-Specific Notes

AmigaOS, Cygwin, EBCDIC, UTF-EBCDIC extended, EBCDIC "cmp()" and "sort()" fixed for UTF-EBCDIC strings, EBCDIC "tr///" and "y///" fixed for "\N{}", and "use utf8" ranges, FreeBSD, IRIX, MacOS X, Solaris, Tru64, VMS, Win32, ppc64el, floating point

Internal Changes
Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5224delta - what is new for perl v5.22.4
DESCRIPTION

Security

Improved handling of ’.’ in @INC in base.pm
"Escaped" colons and relative paths in PATH

Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata

Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5223delta - what is new for perl v5.22.3
DESCRIPTION

Security

-Di switch is now required for PerlIO debugging output
Core modules and tools no longer search "." for optional modules

Incompatible Changes
Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata

Documentation

Changes to Existing Documentation

Testing
Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5222delta - what is new for perl v5.22.2
DESCRIPTION

Security

Fix out of boundary access in Win32 path handling
Fix loss of taint in "canonpath()"
Set proper umask before calling mkstemp(3)
Avoid accessing uninitialized memory in Win32 "crypt()"
Remove duplicate environment variables from "environ"

Incompatible Changes
Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata

Documentation

Changes to Existing Documentation

Configuration and Compilation
Platform Support

Platform-Specific Notes

Darwin, OS X/Darwin, ppc64el, Tru64

Internal Changes
Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5221delta - what is new for perl v5.22.1
DESCRIPTION

Incompatible Changes

Bounds Checking Constructs

Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata

Documentation

Changes to Existing Documentation

Diagnostics

Changes to Existing Diagnostics

Configuration and Compilation
Platform Support

Platform-Specific Notes

IRIX

Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5220delta - what is new for perl v5.22.0
DESCRIPTION

Core Enhancements

New bitwise operators
New double-diamond operator
New "\b" boundaries in regular expressions
Non-Capturing Regular Expression Flag
"use re 'strict'"
Unicode 7.0 (with correction) is now supported
"use locale" can restrict which locale categories are affected
Perl now supports POSIX 2008 locale currency additions
Better heuristics on older platforms for determining locale
UTF-8ness
Aliasing via reference
"prototype" with no arguments
New ":const" subroutine attribute
"fileno" now works on directory handles
List form of pipe open implemented for Win32
Assignment to list repetition
Infinity and NaN (not-a-number) handling improved
Floating point parsing has been improved
Packing infinity or not-a-number into a character is now fatal
Experimental C Backtrace API

Security

Perl is now compiled with "-fstack-protector-strong" if available
The Safe module could allow outside packages to be replaced
Perl is now always compiled with "-D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2" if available

Incompatible Changes

Subroutine signatures moved before attributes
"&" and "\&" prototypes accepts only subs
"use encoding" is now lexical
List slices returning empty lists
"\N{}" with a sequence of multiple spaces is now a fatal error
"use UNIVERSAL '...'" is now a fatal error
In double-quotish "\cX", X must now be a printable ASCII character
Splitting the tokens "(?" and "(*" in regular expressions is now a
fatal compilation error.
"qr/foo/x" now ignores all Unicode pattern white space
Comment lines within "(?[ ])" are now ended only by a "\n"
"(?[...])" operators now follow standard Perl precedence
Omitting "%" and "@" on hash and array names is no longer permitted
"$!" text is now in English outside the scope of "use locale"
"$!" text will be returned in UTF-8 when appropriate
Support for "?PATTERN?" without explicit operator has been removed
"defined(@array)" and "defined(%hash)" are now fatal errors
Using a hash or an array as a reference are now fatal errors
Changes to the "*" prototype

Deprecations

Setting "${^ENCODING}" to anything but "undef"
Use of non-graphic characters in single-character variable names
Inlining of "sub () { $var }" with observable side-effects
Use of multiple "/x" regexp modifiers
Using a NO-BREAK space in a character alias for "\N{...}" is now
deprecated
A literal "{" should now be escaped in a pattern
Making all warnings fatal is discouraged

Performance Enhancements
Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata
Removed Modules and Pragmata

Documentation

New Documentation
Changes to Existing Documentation

Diagnostics

New Diagnostics
Changes to Existing Diagnostics
Diagnostic Removals

Utility Changes

find2perl, s2p and a2p removal
h2ph
encguess

Configuration and Compilation
Testing
Platform Support

Regained Platforms

IRIX and Tru64 platforms are working again, z/OS running EBCDIC Code Page 1047

Discontinued Platforms

NeXTSTEP/OPENSTEP

Platform-Specific Notes

EBCDIC, HP-UX, Android, VMS, Win32, OpenBSD, Solaris

Internal Changes
Selected Bug Fixes
Known Problems
Obituary
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5203delta - what is new for perl v5.20.3
DESCRIPTION

Incompatible Changes
Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata

Documentation

Changes to Existing Documentation

Utility Changes

h2ph

Testing
Platform Support

Platform-Specific Notes

Win32

Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5202delta - what is new for perl v5.20.2
DESCRIPTION

Incompatible Changes
Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata

Documentation

New Documentation
Changes to Existing Documentation

Diagnostics

Changes to Existing Diagnostics

Testing
Platform Support

Regained Platforms

Selected Bug Fixes
Known Problems
Errata From Previous Releases
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5201delta - what is new for perl v5.20.1
DESCRIPTION

Incompatible Changes
Performance Enhancements
Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata

Documentation

Changes to Existing Documentation

Diagnostics

Changes to Existing Diagnostics

Configuration and Compilation
Platform Support

Platform-Specific Notes

Android, OpenBSD, Solaris, VMS, Windows

Internal Changes
Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5200delta - what is new for perl v5.20.0
DESCRIPTION

Core Enhancements

Experimental Subroutine signatures
"sub"s now take a "prototype" attribute
More consistent prototype parsing
"rand" now uses a consistent random number generator
New slice syntax
Experimental Postfix Dereferencing
Unicode 6.3 now supported
New "\p{Unicode}" regular expression pattern property
Better 64-bit support
"use locale" now works on UTF-8 locales
"use locale" now compiles on systems without locale ability
More locale initialization fallback options
"-DL" runtime option now added for tracing locale setting
-F
now implies -a and -a implies -n
$a and $b warnings exemption

Security

Avoid possible read of free()d memory during parsing

Incompatible Changes

"do" can no longer be used to call subroutines
Quote-like escape changes
Tainting happens under more circumstances; now conforms to
documentation
"\p{}", "\P{}" matching has changed for non-Unicode code points.
"\p{All}" has been expanded to match all possible code points
Data::Dumper’s output may change
Locale decimal point character no longer leaks outside of
"use locale" scope
Assignments of Windows sockets error codes to $! now prefer errno.h
values over WSAGetLastError() values
Functions "PerlIO_vsprintf" and "PerlIO_sprintf" have been removed

Deprecations

The "/\C/" character class
Literal control characters in variable names
References to non-integers and non-positive integers in $/
Character matching routines in POSIX
Interpreter-based threads are now discouraged
Module removals

CGI and its associated CGI:: packages, inc::latest, Package::Constants, Module::Build and its associated Module::Build:: packages

Utility removals

find2perl, s2p, a2p

Performance Enhancements
Modules and Pragmata

New Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragmata

Documentation

New Documentation
Changes to Existing Documentation

Diagnostics

New Diagnostics
Changes to Existing Diagnostics

Utility Changes
Configuration and Compilation
Testing
Platform Support

New Platforms

Android, Bitrig, FreeMiNT, Synology

Discontinued Platforms

"sfio", AT&T 3b1, DG/UX, EBCDIC

Platform-Specific Notes

Cygwin, GNU/Hurd, Linux, Mac OS, MidnightBSD, Mixed-endian platforms, VMS, Win32, WinCE

Internal Changes
Selected Bug Fixes

Regular Expressions
Perl 5 Debugger and -d
Lexical Subroutines
Everything Else

Known Problems
Obituary
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5184delta - what is new for perl v5.18.4
DESCRIPTION

Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata

Platform Support

Platform-Specific Notes

Win32

Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5182delta - what is new for perl v5.18.2
DESCRIPTION

Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata

Documentation

Changes to Existing Documentation

Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5181delta - what is new for perl v5.18.1
DESCRIPTION

Incompatible Changes
Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata

Platform Support

Platform-Specific Notes

AIX, MidnightBSD

Selected Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5180delta - what is new for perl v5.18.0
DESCRIPTION

Core Enhancements

New mechanism for experimental features
Hash overhaul
Upgrade to Unicode 6.2
Character name aliases may now include non-Latin1-range characters
New DTrace probes
"${^LAST_FH}"
Regular Expression Set Operations
Lexical subroutines
Computed Labels
More CORE:: subs
"kill" with negative signal names

Security

See also: hash overhaul
"Storable" security warning in documentation
"Locale::Maketext" allowed code injection via a malicious template
Avoid calling memset with a negative count

Incompatible Changes

See also: hash overhaul
An unknown character name in "\N{...}" is now a syntax error
Formerly deprecated characters in "\N{}" character name aliases are
now errors.
"\N{BELL}" now refers to U+1F514 instead of U+0007
New Restrictions in Multi-Character Case-Insensitive Matching in
Regular Expression Bracketed Character Classes
Explicit rules for variable names and identifiers
Vertical tabs are now whitespace
"/(?{})/" and "/(??{})/" have been heavily reworked
Stricter parsing of substitution replacement
"given" now aliases the global $_
The smartmatch family of features are now experimental
Lexical $_ is now experimental
readline()
with "$/ = \N" now reads N characters, not N bytes
Overridden "glob" is now passed one argument
Here doc parsing
Alphanumeric operators must now be separated from the closing
delimiter of regular expressions
qw(...) can no longer be used as parentheses
Interaction of lexical and default warnings
"state sub" and "our sub"
Defined values stored in environment are forced to byte strings
"require" dies for unreadable files
"gv_fetchmeth_*" and SUPER
"split"’s first argument is more consistently interpreted

Deprecations

Module removals

encoding, Archive::Extract, B::Lint, B::Lint::Debug, CPANPLUS and all included "CPANPLUS::*" modules, Devel::InnerPackage, Log::Message, Log::Message::Config, Log::Message::Handlers, Log::Message::Item, Log::Message::Simple, Module::Pluggable, Module::Pluggable::Object, Object::Accessor, Pod::LaTeX, Term::UI, Term::UI::History

Deprecated Utilities

cpanp, "cpanp-run-perl", cpan2dist, pod2latex

PL_sv_objcount
Five additional characters should be escaped in patterns with "/x"
User-defined charnames with surprising whitespace
Various XS-callable functions are now deprecated
Certain rare uses of backslashes within regexes are now deprecated
Splitting the tokens "(?" and "(*" in regular expressions
Pre-PerlIO IO implementations

Future Deprecations

DG/UX, NeXT

Performance Enhancements
Modules and Pragmata

New Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragmata
Removed Modules and Pragmata

Documentation

Changes to Existing Documentation
New Diagnostics
Changes to Existing Diagnostics

Utility Changes
Configuration and Compilation
Testing
Platform Support

Discontinued Platforms

BeOS, UTS Global, VM/ESA, MPE/IX, EPOC, Rhapsody

Platform-Specific Notes

Internal Changes
Selected Bug Fixes
Known Problems
Obituary
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5163delta - what is new for perl v5.16.3
DESCRIPTION

Core Enhancements
Security

CVE-2013-1667: memory exhaustion with arbitrary hash keys
wrap-around with IO on long strings
memory leak in Encode

Incompatible Changes
Deprecations
Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata

Known Problems
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5162delta - what is new for perl v5.16.2
DESCRIPTION

Incompatible Changes
Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata

Configuration and Compilation

configuration should no longer be confused by ls colorization

Platform Support

Platform-Specific Notes

AIX

Selected Bug Fixes

fix /\h/ equivalence with /[\h]/

Known Problems
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5161delta - what is new for perl v5.16.1
DESCRIPTION

Security

an off-by-two error in Scalar-List-Util has been fixed

Incompatible Changes
Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules and Pragmata

Configuration and Compilation
Platform Support

Platform-Specific Notes

VMS

Selected Bug Fixes
Known Problems
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5160delta - what is new for perl v5.16.0
DESCRIPTION

Notice
Core Enhancements

"use VERSION"
"__SUB__"
New and Improved Built-ins
Unicode Support
XS
Changes
Changes to Special Variables
Debugger Changes
The "CORE" Namespace
Other Changes

Security

Use "is_utf8_char_buf()" and not "is_utf8_char()"
Malformed UTF-8 input could cause attempts to read beyond the end
of the buffer
"File::Glob::bsd_glob()" memory error with GLOB_ALTDIRFUNC
( CVE-2011-2728 ).
Privileges are now set correctly when assigning to $(

Deprecations

Don’t read the Unicode data base files in lib/unicore
XS
functions "is_utf8_char()", "utf8_to_uvchr()" and
"utf8_to_uvuni()"

Future Deprecations

Core Modules
Platforms with no supporting programmers
Other Future Deprecations

Incompatible Changes

Special blocks called in void context
The "overloading" pragma and regexp objects
Two XS typemap Entries removed
Unicode 6.1 has incompatibilities with Unicode 6.0
Borland compiler
Certain deprecated Unicode properties are no longer supported by
default
Dereferencing IO thingies as typeglobs
User-defined case-changing operations
XSUBs are now ’static’
Weakening read-only references
Tying scalars that hold typeglobs
IPC::Open3 no longer provides "xfork()", "xclose_on_exec()" and
"xpipe_anon()"
$$ no longer caches PID
$$ and "getppid()" no longer emulate POSIX semantics under
LinuxThreads
$<, $>, $( and $) are no longer cached
Which Non-ASCII characters get quoted by "quotemeta" and "\Q" has
changed

Performance Enhancements
Modules and Pragmata

Deprecated Modules

Version::Requirements

New Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragmata
Removed Modules and Pragmata

Documentation

New Documentation
Changes to Existing Documentation
Removed Documentation

Diagnostics

New Diagnostics
Removed Errors
Changes to Existing Diagnostics

Utility Changes
Configuration and Compilation
Platform Support

Platform-Specific Notes

Internal Changes
Selected Bug Fixes

Array and hash
C API fixes
Compile-time hints
Copy-on-write scalars
The debugger
Dereferencing operators
Filehandle, last-accessed
Filetests and "stat"
Formats
"given" and "when"
The "glob" operator
Lvalue subroutines
Overloading
Prototypes of built-in keywords
Regular expressions
Smartmatching
The "sort" operator
The "substr" operator
Support for embedded nulls
Threading bugs
Tied variables
Version objects and vstrings
Warnings, redefinition
Warnings, "Uninitialized"
Weak references
Other notable fixes

Known Problems
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5144delta - what is new for perl v5.14.4
DESCRIPTION

Core Enhancements
Security

CVE-2013-1667: memory exhaustion with arbitrary hash keys
memory leak in Encode
[perl #111594] Socket::unpack_sockaddr_un heap-buffer-overflow
[perl #111586] SDBM_File: fix off-by-one access to global ".dir"
off-by-two error in List::Util
[perl #115994] fix segv in regcomp.c:S_join_exact()
[perl #115992] PL_eval_start use-after-free
wrap-around with IO on long strings

Incompatible Changes
Deprecations
Modules and Pragmata

New Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragmata

Socket, SDBM_File, List::Util

Removed Modules and Pragmata

Documentation

New Documentation
Changes to Existing Documentation

Diagnostics
Utility Changes
Configuration and Compilation
Platform Support

New Platforms
Discontinued Platforms
Platform-Specific Notes

VMS

Selected Bug Fixes
Known Problems
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5143delta - what is new for perl v5.14.3
DESCRIPTION

Core Enhancements
Security

"Digest" unsafe use of eval ( CVE-2011-3597 )
Heap buffer overrun in ’x’ string repeat operator ( CVE-2012-5195 )

Incompatible Changes
Deprecations
Modules and Pragmata

New Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragmata
Removed Modules and Pragmata

Documentation

New Documentation
Changes to Existing Documentation

Configuration and Compilation
Platform Support

New Platforms
Discontinued Platforms
Platform-Specific Notes

FreeBSD, Solaris and NetBSD, HP-UX, Linux, Mac OS X, GNU/Hurd, NetBSD

Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5142delta - what is new for perl v5.14.2
DESCRIPTION

Core Enhancements
Security

"File::Glob::bsd_glob()" memory error with GLOB_ALTDIRFUNC
( CVE-2011-2728 ).
"Encode" decode_xs n-byte heap-overflow ( CVE-2011-2939 )

Incompatible Changes
Deprecations
Modules and Pragmata

New Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragmata
Removed Modules and Pragmata

Platform Support

New Platforms
Discontinued Platforms
Platform-Specific Notes

HP-UX PA-RISC/64 now supports gcc-4.x, Building on OS X 10.7 Lion and Xcode 4 works again

Bug Fixes
Known Problems
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5141delta - what is new for perl v5.14.1
DESCRIPTION

Core Enhancements
Security
Incompatible Changes
Deprecations
Modules and Pragmata

New Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragmata
Removed Modules and Pragmata

Documentation

New Documentation
Changes to Existing Documentation

Diagnostics

New Diagnostics
Changes to Existing Diagnostics

Utility Changes
Configuration and Compilation
Testing
Platform Support

New Platforms
Discontinued Platforms
Platform-Specific Notes

Internal Changes
Bug Fixes
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5140delta - what is new for perl v5.14.0
DESCRIPTION

Notice
Core Enhancements

Unicode
Regular Expressions
Syntactical Enhancements
Exception Handling
Other Enhancements

"-d:-foo", "-d:-foo=bar"

New C APIs

Security

User-defined regular expression properties

Incompatible Changes

Regular Expressions and String Escapes
Stashes and Package Variables
Changes to Syntax or to Perl Operators
Threads and Processes
Configuration

Deprecations

Omitting a space between a regular expression and subsequent word
"\cX"
"\b{" and "\B{"
Perl 4-era .pl libraries
List assignment to $[
Use of qw(...) as parentheses
"\N{BELL}"
"?PATTERN?"
Tie functions on scalars holding typeglobs
User-defined case-mapping
Deprecated modules

Devel::DProf

Performance Enhancements

"Safe signals" optimisation
Optimisation of shift() and pop() calls without arguments
Optimisation of regexp engine string comparison work
Regular expression compilation speed-up
String appending is 100 times faster
Eliminate "PL_*" accessor functions under ithreads
Freeing weak references
Lexical array and hash assignments
@_ uses less memory
Size optimisations to SV and HV structures
Memory consumption improvements to Exporter
Memory savings for weak references
"%+" and "%-" use less memory
Multiple small improvements to threads
Adjacent pairs of nextstate opcodes are now optimized away

Modules and Pragmata

New Modules and Pragmata
Updated Modules and Pragma

much less configuration dialog hassle, support for META/MYMETA .json, support for local::lib, support for HTTP::Tiny to reduce the dependency on FTP sites, automatic mirror selection, iron out all known bugs in configure_requires, support for distributions compressed with bzip2(1), allow Foo/Bar.pm on the command line to mean "Foo::Bar", charinfo(), charscript(), charblock()

Removed Modules and Pragmata

Documentation

New Documentation
Changes to Existing Documentation

Diagnostics

New Diagnostics

Closure prototype called, Insecure user-defined property %s, panic: gp_free failed to free glob pointer - something is repeatedly re-creating entries, Parsing code internal error (%s), refcnt: fd %d%s, Regexp modifier "/%c" may not appear twice, Regexp modifiers "/%c" and "/%c" are mutually exclusive, Using !~ with %s doesn’t make sense, "\b{" is deprecated; use "\b\{" instead, "\B{" is deprecated; use "\B\{" instead, Operation "%s" returns its argument for .., Use of qw(...) as parentheses is deprecated

Changes to Existing Diagnostics

Utility Changes
Configuration and Compilation
Platform Support

New Platforms

AIX

Discontinued Platforms

Apollo DomainOS, MacOS Classic

Platform-Specific Notes

Internal Changes

New APIs
C API Changes
Deprecated C APIs

"Perl_ptr_table_clear", "sv_compile_2op", "find_rundefsvoffset", "CALL_FPTR" and "CPERLscope"

Other Internal Changes

Selected Bug Fixes

I/O

Regular Expression Bug Fixes
Syntax/Parsing Bugs
Stashes, Globs and Method Lookup

Aliasing packages by assigning to globs [perl #77358], Deleting packages by deleting their containing stash elements, Undefining the glob containing a package ("undef *Foo::"), Undefining an ISA glob ("undef *Foo::ISA"), Deleting an ISA stash element ("delete $Foo::{ISA}"), Sharing @ISA arrays between classes (via "*Foo::ISA = \@Bar::ISA" or "*Foo::ISA = *Bar::ISA") [perl #77238]

Unicode
Ties, Overloading and Other Magic
The Debugger
Threads
Scoping and Subroutines
Signals
Miscellaneous Memory Leaks
Memory Corruption and Crashes
Fixes to Various Perl Operators
Bugs Relating to the C API

Known Problems
Errata

keys(), values(), and each() work on arrays
split()
and @_

Obituary
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5125delta - what is new for perl v5.12.5
DESCRIPTION

Security

"Encode" decode_xs n-byte heap-overflow ( CVE-2011-2939 )
"File::Glob::bsd_glob()" memory error with GLOB_ALTDIRFUNC
( CVE-2011-2728 ).
Heap buffer overrun in ’x’ string repeat operator ( CVE-2012-5195 )

Incompatible Changes
Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules

Changes to Existing Documentation

perlebcdic
perlunicode
perluniprops

Installation and Configuration Improvements

Platform Specific Changes

Mac OS X, NetBSD

Selected Bug Fixes
Errata

split() and @_

Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5124delta - what is new for perl v5.12.4
DESCRIPTION

Incompatible Changes
Selected Bug Fixes
Modules and Pragmata
Testing
Documentation
Platform Specific Notes

Linux

Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5123delta - what is new for perl v5.12.3
DESCRIPTION

Incompatible Changes
Core Enhancements

"keys", "values" work on arrays

Bug Fixes
Platform Specific Notes

Solaris, VMS, VOS

Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5122delta - what is new for perl v5.12.2
DESCRIPTION

Incompatible Changes
Core Enhancements
Modules and Pragmata

New Modules and Pragmata
Pragmata Changes
Updated Modules

"Carp", "CPANPLUS", "File::Glob", "File::Copy", "File::Spec"

Utility Changes
Changes to Existing Documentation
Installation and Configuration Improvements

Configuration improvements
Compilation improvements

Selected Bug Fixes
Platform Specific Notes

AIX

Windows

VMS

Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5121delta - what is new for perl v5.12.1
DESCRIPTION

Incompatible Changes
Core Enhancements
Modules and Pragmata

Pragmata Changes
Updated Modules

Changes to Existing Documentation
Testing

Testing Improvements

Installation and Configuration Improvements

Configuration improvements

Bug Fixes
Platform Specific Notes

HP-UX

AIX

FreeBSD 7

VMS

Known Problems
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5120delta - what is new for perl v5.12.0
DESCRIPTION

Core Enhancements

New "package NAME VERSION" syntax
The "..." operator
Implicit strictures
Unicode improvements
Y2038 compliance
qr overloading
Pluggable keywords
APIs for more internals
Overridable function lookup
A proper interface for pluggable Method Resolution Orders
"\N" experimental regex escape
DTrace support
Support for "configure_requires" in CPAN module metadata
"each", "keys", "values" are now more flexible
"when" as a statement modifier
$, flexibility
// in when clauses
Enabling warnings from your shell environment
"delete local"
New support for Abstract namespace sockets
32-bit limit on substr arguments removed

Potentially Incompatible Changes

Deprecations warn by default
Version number formats
@INC reorganization
REGEXPs are now first class
Switch statement changes

flip-flop operators, defined-or operator

Smart match changes
Other potentially incompatible changes

Deprecations

suidperl, Use of ":=" to mean an empty attribute list, "UNIVERSAL->import()", Use of "goto" to jump into a construct, Custom character names in \N{name} that don’t look like names, Deprecated Modules, Class::ISA, Pod::Plainer, Shell, Switch, Assignment to $[, Use of the attribute :locked on subroutines, Use of "locked" with the attributes pragma, Use of "unique" with the attributes pragma, Perl_pmflag, Numerous Perl 4-era libraries

Unicode overhaul
Modules and Pragmata

New Modules and Pragmata

"autodie", "Compress::Raw::Bzip2", "overloading", "parent", "Parse::CPAN::Meta", "VMS::DCLsym", "VMS::Stdio", "XS::APItest::KeywordRPN"

Updated Pragmata

"base", "bignum", "charnames", "constant", "diagnostics", "feature", "less", "lib", "mro", "overload", "threads", "threads::shared", "version", "warnings"

Updated Modules

"Archive::Extract", "Archive::Tar", "Attribute::Handlers", "AutoLoader", "B::Concise", "B::Debug", "B::Deparse", "B::Lint", "CGI", "Class::ISA", "Compress::Raw::Zlib", "CPAN", "CPANPLUS", "CPANPLUS::Dist::Build", "Data::Dumper", "DB_File", "Devel::PPPort", "Digest", "Digest::MD5", "Digest::SHA", "Encode", "Exporter", "ExtUtils::CBuilder", "ExtUtils::Command", "ExtUtils::Constant", "ExtUtils::Install", "ExtUtils::MakeMaker", "ExtUtils::Manifest", "ExtUtils::ParseXS", "File::Fetch", "File::Path", "File::Temp", "Filter::Simple", "Filter::Util::Call", "Getopt::Long", "IO", "IO::Zlib", "IPC::Cmd", "IPC::SysV", "Locale::Maketext", "Locale::Maketext::Simple", "Log::Message", "Log::Message::Simple", "Math::BigInt", "Math::BigInt::FastCalc", "Math::BigRat", "Math::Complex", "Memoize", "MIME::Base64", "Module::Build", "Module::CoreList", "Module::Load", "Module::Load::Conditional", "Module::Loaded", "Module::Pluggable", "Net::Ping", "NEXT", "Object::Accessor", "Package::Constants", "PerlIO", "Pod::Parser", "Pod::Perldoc", "Pod::Plainer", "Pod::Simple", "Safe", "SelfLoader", "Storable", "Switch", "Sys::Syslog", "Term::ANSIColor", "Term::UI", "Test", "Test::Harness", "Test::Simple", "Text::Balanced", "Text::ParseWords", "Text::Soundex", "Thread::Queue", "Thread::Semaphore", "Tie::RefHash", "Time::HiRes", "Time::Local", "Time::Piece", "Unicode::Collate", "Unicode::Normalize", "Win32", "Win32API::File", "XSLoader"

Removed Modules and Pragmata

"attrs", "CPAN::API::HOWTO", "CPAN::DeferedCode", "CPANPLUS::inc", "DCLsym", "ExtUtils::MakeMaker::bytes", "ExtUtils::MakeMaker::vmsish", "Stdio", "Test::Harness::Assert", "Test::Harness::Iterator", "Test::Harness::Point", "Test::Harness::Results", "Test::Harness::Straps", "Test::Harness::Util", "XSSymSet"

Deprecated Modules and Pragmata

Documentation

New Documentation
Changes to Existing Documentation

Selected Performance Enhancements
Installation and Configuration Improvements
Internal Changes
Testing

Testing improvements

Parallel tests, Test harness flexibility, Test watchdog

New Tests

New or Changed Diagnostics

New Diagnostics
Changed Diagnostics

"Illegal character in prototype for %s : %s", "Prototype after '%c' for %s : %s"

Utility Changes
Selected Bug Fixes
Platform Specific Changes

New Platforms

Haiku, MirOS BSD

Discontinued Platforms

Domain/OS, MiNT, Tenon MachTen

Updated Platforms

AIX, Cygwin, Darwin (Mac OS X ), DragonFly BSD, FreeBSD, Irix, NetBSD, OpenVMS, Stratus VOS, Symbian, Windows

Known Problems
Errata
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5101delta - what is new for perl v5.10.1
DESCRIPTION

Incompatible Changes

Switch statement changes

flip-flop operators, defined-or operator

Smart match changes
Other incompatible changes

Core Enhancements

Unicode Character Database 5.1.0
A proper interface for pluggable Method Resolution Orders
The "overloading" pragma
Parallel tests
DTrace support
Support for "configure_requires" in CPAN module metadata

Modules and Pragmata

New Modules and Pragmata

"autodie", "Compress::Raw::Bzip2", "parent", "Parse::CPAN::Meta"

Pragmata Changes

"attributes", "attrs", "base", "bigint", "bignum", "bigrat", "charnames", "constant", "feature", "fields", "lib", "open", "overload", "overloading", "version"

Updated Modules

"Archive::Extract", "Archive::Tar", "Attribute::Handlers", "AutoLoader", "AutoSplit", "B", "B::Debug", "B::Deparse", "B::Lint", "B::Xref", "Benchmark", "Carp", "CGI", "Compress::Zlib", "CPAN", "CPANPLUS", "CPANPLUS::Dist::Build", "Cwd", "Data::Dumper", "DB", "DB_File", "Devel::PPPort", "Digest::MD5", "Digest::SHA", "DirHandle", "Dumpvalue", "DynaLoader", "Encode", "Errno", "Exporter", "ExtUtils::CBuilder", "ExtUtils::Command", "ExtUtils::Constant", "ExtUtils::Embed", "ExtUtils::Install", "ExtUtils::MakeMaker", "ExtUtils::Manifest", "ExtUtils::ParseXS", "Fatal", "File::Basename", "File::Compare", "File::Copy", "File::Fetch", "File::Find", "File::Path", "File::Spec", "File::stat", "File::Temp", "FileCache", "FileHandle", "Filter::Simple", "Filter::Util::Call", "FindBin", "GDBM_File", "Getopt::Long", "Hash::Util::FieldHash", "I18N::Collate", "IO", "IO::Compress::*", "IO::Dir", "IO::Handle", "IO::Socket", "IO::Zlib", "IPC::Cmd", "IPC::Open3", "IPC::SysV", "lib", "List::Util", "Locale::MakeText", "Log::Message", "Math::BigFloat", "Math::BigInt", "Math::BigInt::FastCalc", "Math::BigRat", "Math::Complex", "Math::Trig", "Memoize", "Module::Build", "Module::CoreList", "Module::Load", "Module::Load::Conditional", "Module::Loaded", "Module::Pluggable", "NDBM_File", "Net::Ping", "NEXT", "Object::Accessor", "OS2::REXX", "Package::Constants", "PerlIO", "PerlIO::via", "Pod::Man", "Pod::Parser", "Pod::Simple", "Pod::Text", "POSIX", "Safe", "Scalar::Util", "SelectSaver", "SelfLoader", "Socket", "Storable", "Switch", "Symbol", "Sys::Syslog", "Term::ANSIColor", "Term::ReadLine", "Term::UI", "Test::Harness", "Test::Simple", "Text::ParseWords", "Text::Tabs", "Text::Wrap", "Thread::Queue", "Thread::Semaphore", "threads", "threads::shared", "Tie::RefHash", "Tie::StdHandle", "Time::HiRes", "Time::Local", "Time::Piece", "Unicode::Normalize", "Unicode::UCD", "UNIVERSAL", "Win32", "Win32API::File", "XSLoader"

Utility Changes

h2ph, h2xs, perl5db.pl, perlthanks

New Documentation

perlhaiku, perlmroapi, perlperf, perlrepository, perlthanks

Changes to Existing Documentation
Performance Enhancements
Installation and Configuration Improvements

ext/ reorganisation
Configuration improvements
Compilation improvements
Platform Specific Changes

AIX, Cygwin, FreeBSD, Irix, Haiku, MirOS BSD, NetBSD, Stratus VOS, Symbian, Win32, VMS

Selected Bug Fixes
New or Changed Diagnostics

"panic: sv_chop %s", "Can't locate package %s for the parents of %s", "v-string in use/require is non-portable", "Deep recursion on subroutine "%s""

Changed Internals

"SVf_UTF8", "SVs_TEMP"

New Tests

t/comp/retainedlines.t, t/io/perlio_fail.t, t/io/perlio_leaks.t, t/io/perlio_open.t, t/io/perlio.t, t/io/pvbm.t, t/mro/package_aliases.t, t/op/dbm.t, t/op/index_thr.t, t/op/pat_thr.t, t/op/qr_gc.t, t/op/reg_email_thr.t, t/op/regexp_qr_embed_thr.t, t/op/regexp_unicode_prop.t, t/op/regexp_unicode_prop_thr.t, t/op/reg_nc_tie.t, t/op/reg_posixcc.t, t/op/re.t, t/op/setpgrpstack.t, t/op/substr_thr.t, t/op/upgrade.t, t/uni/lex_utf8.t, t/uni/tie.t

Known Problems
Deprecations
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl5100delta - what is new for perl 5.10.0
DESCRIPTION

Core Enhancements

The "feature" pragma
New -E command-line switch
Defined-or operator
Switch and Smart Match operator
Regular expressions

Recursive Patterns, Named Capture Buffers, Possessive Quantifiers, Backtracking control verbs, Relative backreferences, "\K" escape, Vertical and horizontal whitespace, and linebreak, Optional pre-match and post-match captures with the /p flag

"say()"
Lexical $_
The "_" prototype
UNITCHECK
blocks
New Pragma, "mro"
readdir()
may return a "short filename" on Windows
readpipe()
is now overridable
Default argument for readline()
state()
variables
Stacked filetest operators
UNIVERSAL::DOES
()

Formats
Byte-order modifiers for pack() and unpack()
"no VERSION"
"chdir", "chmod" and "chown" on filehandles
OS
groups
Recursive sort subs
Exceptions in constant folding
Source filters in @INC
New internal variables

"${^RE_DEBUG_FLAGS}", "${^CHILD_ERROR_NATIVE}", "${^RE_TRIE_MAXBUF}", "${^WIN32_SLOPPY_STAT}"

Miscellaneous
UCD 5.0.0

MAD

kill() on Windows

Incompatible Changes

Packing and UTF-8 strings
Byte/character count feature in unpack()
The $* and $# variables have been removed
substr()
lvalues are no longer fixed-length
Parsing of "-f _"
":unique"
Effect of pragmas in eval
chdir FOO
Handling of .pmc files
$^V is now a "version" object instead of a v-string
@- and @+ in patterns
$AUTOLOAD can now be tainted
Tainting and printf
undef and signal handlers
strictures and dereferencing in defined()
"(?p{})" has been removed
Pseudo-hashes have been removed
Removal of the bytecode compiler and of perlcc
Removal of the JPL
Recursive inheritance detected earlier
warnings::enabled and warnings::warnif changed to favor users of
modules

Modules and Pragmata

Upgrading individual core modules
Pragmata Changes

"feature", "mro", Scoping of the "sort" pragma, Scoping of "bignum", "bigint", "bigrat", "base", "strict" and "warnings", "version", "warnings", "less"

New modules
Selected Changes to Core Modules

"Attribute::Handlers", "B::Lint", "B", "Thread"

Utility Changes

perl -d, ptar, ptardiff, shasum, corelist, h2ph and h2xs, perlivp, find2perl, config_data, cpanp, cpan2dist, pod2html

New Documentation
Performance Enhancements

In-place sorting
Lexical array access
XS-assisted SWASHGET
Constant subroutines
"PERL_DONT_CREATE_GVSV"
Weak references are cheaper
sort()
enhancements
Memory optimisations
UTF-8
cache optimisation
Sloppy stat on Windows
Regular expressions optimisations

Engine de-recursivised, Single char char-classes treated as literals, Trie optimisation of literal string alternations, Aho-Corasick start-point optimisation

Installation and Configuration Improvements

Configuration improvements

"-Dusesitecustomize", Relocatable installations, strlcat() and strlcpy(), "d_pseudofork" and "d_printf_format_null", Configure help

Compilation improvements

Parallel build, Borland’s compilers support, Static build on Windows, ppport.h files, C ++ compatibility, Support for Microsoft 64-bit compiler, Visual C ++ , Win32 builds

Installation improvements

Module auxiliary files

New Or Improved Platforms

Selected Bug Fixes

strictures in regexp-eval blocks, Calling CORE::require(), Subscripts of slices, "no warnings 'category'" works correctly with -w, threads improvements, chr() and negative values, PERL5SHELL and tainting, Using *FILE{ IO }, Overloading and reblessing, Overloading and UTF-8, eval memory leaks fixed, Random device on Windows, PERLIO_DEBUG, PerlIO::scalar and read-only scalars, study() and UTF-8, Critical signals, @INC-hook fix, "-t" switch fix, Duping UTF-8 filehandles, Localisation of hash elements

New or Changed Diagnostics

Use of uninitialized value, Deprecated use of my() in false conditional, !=~ should be !~, Newline in left-justified string, Too late for "-T" option, "%s" variable %s masks earlier declaration, readdir()/closedir()/etc. attempted on invalid dirhandle, Opening dirhandle/filehandle %s also as a file/directory, Use of -P is deprecated, v-string in use/require is non-portable, perl -V

Changed Internals

Reordering of SVt_* constants
Elimination of SVt_PVBM
New type SVt_BIND
Removal of CPP symbols
Less space is used by ops
New parser
Use of "const"
Mathoms
"AvFLAGS" has been removed
"av_*" changes
$^H and %^H
B:: modules inheritance changed
Anonymous hash and array constructors

Known Problems

UTF-8 problems

Platform Specific Problems
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl589delta - what is new for perl v5.8.9
DESCRIPTION

Notice
Incompatible Changes
Core Enhancements

Unicode Character Database 5.1.0.
stat and -X on directory handles
Source filters in @INC
Exceptions in constant folding
"no VERSION"
Improved internal UTF-8 caching code
Runtime relocatable installations
New internal variables

"${^CHILD_ERROR_NATIVE}", "${^UTF8CACHE}"

"readpipe" is now overridable
simple exception handling macros
-D option enhancements
XS-assisted SWASHGET
Constant subroutines

New Platforms
Modules and Pragmata

New Modules
Updated Modules

Utility Changes

debugger upgraded to version 1.31
perlthanks
perlbug
h2xs
h2ph

New Documentation
Changes to Existing Documentation
Performance Enhancements
Installation and Configuration Improvements

Relocatable installations
Configuration improvements
Compilation improvements
Installation improvements.
Platform Specific Changes

Selected Bug Fixes

Unicode
PerlIO
Magic
Reblessing overloaded objects now works
"strict" now propagates correctly into string evals
Other fixes
Platform Specific Fixes
Smaller fixes

New or Changed Diagnostics

panic: sv_chop %s
Maximal count of pending signals (%s) exceeded
panic: attempt to call %s in %s
FETCHSIZE
returned a negative value
Can’t upgrade %s (%d) to %d
%s argument is not a HASH or ARRAY element or a subroutine
Cannot make the non-overridable builtin %s fatal
Unrecognized character ’%s’ in column %d
Offset outside string
Invalid escape in the specified encoding in regexp; marked by <--
HERE
in m/%s/
Your machine doesn’t support dump/undump.

Changed Internals

Macro cleanups

New Tests

ext/DynaLoader/t/DynaLoader.t, t/comp/fold.t, t/io/pvbm.t, t/lib/proxy_constant_subs.t, t/op/attrhand.t, t/op/dbm.t, t/op/inccode-tie.t, t/op/incfilter.t, t/op/kill0.t, t/op/qrstack.t, t/op/qr.t, t/op/regexp_qr_embed.t, t/op/regexp_qr.t, t/op/rxcode.t, t/op/studytied.t, t/op/substT.t, t/op/symbolcache.t, t/op/upgrade.t, t/mro/package_aliases.t, t/pod/twice.t, t/run/cloexec.t, t/uni/cache.t, t/uni/chr.t, t/uni/greek.t, t/uni/latin2.t, t/uni/overload.t, t/uni/tie.t

Known Problems
Platform Specific Notes

Win32
OS/2

VMS

Obituary
Acknowledgements
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl588delta - what is new for perl v5.8.8
DESCRIPTION

Incompatible Changes
Core Enhancements
Modules and Pragmata
Utility Changes

"h2xs" enhancements
"perlivp" enhancements

New Documentation
Performance Enhancements
Installation and Configuration Improvements
Selected Bug Fixes

no warnings ’category’ works correctly with -w
Remove over-optimisation
sprintf()
fixes
Debugger and Unicode slowdown
Smaller fixes

New or Changed Diagnostics

Attempt to set length of freed array
Non-string passed as bitmask
Search pattern not terminated or ternary operator parsed as search
pattern

Changed Internals
Platform Specific Problems
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl587delta - what is new for perl v5.8.7
DESCRIPTION

Incompatible Changes
Core Enhancements

Unicode Character Database 4.1.0
suidperl less insecure
Optional site customization script
"Config.pm" is now much smaller.

Modules and Pragmata
Utility Changes

find2perl enhancements

Performance Enhancements
Installation and Configuration Improvements
Selected Bug Fixes
New or Changed Diagnostics
Changed Internals
Known Problems
Platform Specific Problems
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl586delta - what is new for perl v5.8.6
DESCRIPTION

Incompatible Changes
Core Enhancements
Modules and Pragmata
Utility Changes
Performance Enhancements
Selected Bug Fixes
New or Changed Diagnostics
Changed Internals
New Tests
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl585delta - what is new for perl v5.8.5
DESCRIPTION

Incompatible Changes
Core Enhancements
Modules and Pragmata
Utility Changes

Perl’s debugger
h2ph

Installation and Configuration Improvements
Selected Bug Fixes
New or Changed Diagnostics
Changed Internals
Known Problems
Platform Specific Problems
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl584delta - what is new for perl v5.8.4
DESCRIPTION

Incompatible Changes
Core Enhancements

Malloc wrapping
Unicode Character Database 4.0.1
suidperl less insecure
format

Modules and Pragmata

Updated modules

Attribute::Handlers, B, Benchmark, CGI, Carp, Cwd, Exporter, File::Find, IO, IPC::Open3, Local::Maketext, Math::BigFloat, Math::BigInt, Math::BigRat, MIME::Base64, ODBM_File, POSIX, Shell, Socket, Storable, Switch, Sys::Syslog, Term::ANSIColor, Time::HiRes, Unicode::UCD, Win32, base, open, threads, utf8

Performance Enhancements
Utility Changes
Installation and Configuration Improvements
Selected Bug Fixes
New or Changed Diagnostics
Changed Internals
Future Directions
Platform Specific Problems
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl583delta - what is new for perl v5.8.3
DESCRIPTION

Incompatible Changes
Core Enhancements
Modules and Pragmata

CGI, Cwd, Digest, Digest::MD5, Encode, File::Spec, FindBin, List::Util, Math::BigInt, PodParser, Pod::Perldoc, POSIX, Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Normalize, Test::Harness, threads::shared

Utility Changes
New Documentation
Installation and Configuration Improvements
Selected Bug Fixes
New or Changed Diagnostics
Changed Internals
Configuration and Building
Platform Specific Problems
Known Problems
Future Directions
Obituary
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl582delta - what is new for perl v5.8.2
DESCRIPTION

Incompatible Changes
Core Enhancements

Hash Randomisation
Threading

Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules And Pragmata

Devel::PPPort, Digest::MD5, I18N::LangTags, libnet, MIME::Base64, Pod::Perldoc, strict, Tie::Hash, Time::HiRes, Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Normalize, UNIVERSAL

Selected Bug Fixes
Changed Internals
Platform Specific Problems
Future Directions
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl581delta - what is new for perl v5.8.1
DESCRIPTION

Incompatible Changes

Hash Randomisation
UTF-8
On Filehandles No Longer Activated By Locale
Single-number v-strings are no longer v-strings before "=>"
(Win32) The -C Switch Has Been Repurposed
(Win32) The /d Switch Of cmd.exe

Core Enhancements

UTF-8 no longer default under UTF-8 locales
Unsafe signals again available
Tied Arrays with Negative Array Indices
local ${$x}
Unicode Character Database 4.0.0
Deprecation Warnings
Miscellaneous Enhancements

Modules and Pragmata

Updated Modules And Pragmata

base, B::Bytecode, B::Concise, B::Deparse, Benchmark, ByteLoader, bytes, CGI, charnames, CPAN, Data::Dumper, DB_File, Devel::PPPort, Digest::MD5, Encode, fields, libnet, Math::BigInt, MIME::Base64, NEXT, Net::Ping, PerlIO::scalar, podlators, Pod::LaTeX, PodParsers, Pod::Perldoc, Scalar::Util, Storable, strict, Term::ANSIcolor, Test::Harness, Test::More, Test::Simple, Text::Balanced, Time::HiRes, threads, threads::shared, Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Normalize, Win32::GetFolderPath, Win32::GetOSVersion

Utility Changes
New Documentation
Installation and Configuration Improvements

Platform-specific enhancements

Selected Bug Fixes

Closures, eval and lexicals
Generic fixes
Platform-specific fixes

New or Changed Diagnostics

Changed "A thread exited while %d threads were running"
Removed "Attempt to clear a restricted hash"
New "Illegal declaration of anonymous subroutine"
Changed "Invalid range "%s" in transliteration operator"
New "Missing control char name in \c"
New "Newline in left-justified string for %s"
New "Possible precedence problem on bitwise %c operator"
New "Pseudo-hashes are deprecated"
New "read() on %s filehandle %s"
New "5.005 threads are deprecated"
New "Tied variable freed while still in use"
New "To%s: illegal mapping ’%s’"
New "Use of freed value in iteration"

Changed Internals
New Tests
Known Problems

Tied hashes in scalar context
Net::Ping 450_service and 510_ping_udp failures
B::C

Platform Specific Problems

EBCDIC Platforms
Cygwin 1.5 problems
HP-UX: HP cc warnings about sendfile and sendpath
IRIX:
t/uni/tr_7jis.t falsely failing
Mac OS X: no usemymalloc
Tru64: No threaded builds with GNU cc (gcc)
Win32: sysopen, sysread, syswrite

Future Directions
Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO

perl58delta - what is new for perl v5.8.0
DESCRIPTION

Highlights In 5.8.0
Incompatible Changes

Binary Incompatibility
64-bit platforms and malloc
AIX
Dynaloading
Attributes for "my" variables now handled at run-time
Socket Extension Dynamic in VMS
IEEE-format Floating Point Default on OpenVMS Alpha
New Unicode Semantics (no more "use utf8", almost)
New Unicode Properties
REF
(...) Instead Of SCALAR (...)
pack/unpack D/F recycled
glob()
now returns filenames in alphabetical order
Deprecations

Core Enhancements

Unicode Overhaul
PerlIO is Now The Default
ithreads
Restricted Hashes
Safe Signals
Understanding of Numbers
Arrays now always interpolate into double-quoted strings [561]
Miscellaneous Changes

Modules and Pragmata

New Modules and Pragmata
Updated And Improved Modules and Pragmata

Utility Changes
New Documentation
Performance Enhancements
Installation and Configuration Improvements

Generic Improvements
New Or Improved Platforms

Selected Bug Fixes

Platform Specific Changes and Fixes

New or Changed Diagnostics
Changed Internals
Security Vulnerability Closed [561]
New Tests
Known Problems

The Compiler Suite Is Still Very Experimental
Localising Tied Arrays and Hashes Is Broken
Building Extensions Can Fail Because Of Largefiles
Modifying $_ Inside for(..)
mod_perl 1.26 Doesn’t Build With Threaded Perl
lib/ftmp-security tests warn ’system possibly insecure’
libwww-perl ( LWP ) fails base/date #51
PDL
failing some tests
Perl_get_sv
Self-tying Problems
ext/threads/t/libc
Failure of Thread (5.005-style) tests
Timing problems
Tied/Magical Array/Hash Elements Do Not Autovivify
Unicode in package/class and subroutine names does not work

Platform Specific Problems

AIX

Alpha systems with old gccs fail several tests
AmigaOS
BeOS
Cygwin "unable to remap"
Cygwin ndbm tests fail on FAT
DJGPP
Failures
FreeBSD built with ithreads coredumps reading large directories
FreeBSD Failing locale Test 117 For ISO 8859-15 Locales
IRIX
fails ext/List/Util/t/shuffle.t or Digest::MD5
HP-UX lib/posix Subtest 9 Fails When LP64-Configured
Linux with glibc 2.2.5 fails t/op/int subtest #6 with -Duse64bitint
Linux With Sfio Fails op/misc Test 48
Mac OS X
Mac OS X dyld undefined symbols
OS/2
Test Failures
op/sprintf tests 91, 129, and 130

SCO

Solaris 2.5
Solaris x86 Fails Tests With -Duse64bitint
SUPER-UX ( NEC SX )
Term::ReadKey not working on Win32
UNICOS/mk

UTS

VOS (Stratus)

VMS

Win32
XML::Parser not working
z/OS ( OS/390 )
Unicode Support on EBCDIC Still Spotty
Seen In Perl 5.7 But Gone Now

Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
HISTORY

perl561delta - what’s new for perl v5.6.1
DESCRIPTION

Summary of changes between 5.6.0 and 5.6.1

Security Issues
Core bug fixes

"UNIVERSAL::isa()", Memory leaks, Numeric conversions, qw(a\\b), caller(), Bugs in regular expressions, "slurp" mode, Autovivification of symbolic references to special variables, Lexical warnings, Spurious warnings and errors, glob(), Tainting, sort(), #line directives, Subroutine prototypes, map(), Debugger, PERL5OPT, chop(), Unicode support, 64-bit support, Compiler, Lvalue subroutines, IO::Socket, File::Find, xsubpp, "no Module;", Tests

Core features
Configuration issues
Documentation
Bundled modules

B::Concise, File::Temp, Pod::LaTeX, Pod::Text::Overstrike, CGI, CPAN, Class::Struct, DB_File, Devel::Peek, File::Find, Getopt::Long, IO::Poll, IPC::Open3, Math::BigFloat, Math::Complex, Net::Ping, Opcode, Pod::Parser, Pod::Text, SDBM_File, Sys::Syslog, Tie::RefHash, Tie::SubstrHash

Platform-specific improvements

NCR MP-RAS, NonStop-UX

Core Enhancements

Interpreter cloning, threads, and concurrency
Lexically scoped warning categories
Unicode and UTF-8 support
Support for interpolating named characters
"our" declarations
Support for strings represented as a vector of ordinals
Improved Perl version numbering system
New syntax for declaring subroutine attributes
File and directory handles can be autovivified
open()
with more than two arguments
64-bit support
Large file support
Long doubles
"more bits"
Enhanced support for sort() subroutines
"sort $coderef @foo" allowed
File globbing implemented internally
Support for CHECK blocks
POSIX
character class syntax [: :] supported
Better pseudo-random number generator
Improved "qw//" operator
Better worst-case behavior of hashes
pack()
format ’Z’ supported
pack()
format modifier ’!’ supported
pack()
and unpack() support counted strings
Comments in pack() templates
Weak references
Binary numbers supported
Lvalue subroutines
Some arrows may be omitted in calls through references
Boolean assignment operators are legal lvalues
exists()
is supported on subroutine names
exists()
and delete() are supported on array elements
Pseudo-hashes work better
Automatic flushing of output buffers
Better diagnostics on meaningless filehandle operations
Where possible, buffered data discarded from duped input filehandle
eof()
has the same old magic as <>
binmode()
can be used to set :crlf and :raw modes
"-T" filetest recognizes UTF-8 encoded files as "text"
system()
, backticks and pipe open now reflect exec() failure
Improved diagnostics
Diagnostics follow STDERR
More consistent close-on-exec behavior
syswrite()
ease-of-use
Better syntax checks on parenthesized unary operators
Bit operators support full native integer width
Improved security features
More functional bareword prototype (*)
"require" and "do" may be overridden
$^X variables may now have names longer than one character
New variable $^C reflects "-c" switch
New variable $^V contains Perl version as a string
Optional Y2K warnings
Arrays now always interpolate into double-quoted strings
@- and @+ provide starting/ending offsets of regex submatches

Modules and Pragmata

Modules

attributes, B, Benchmark, ByteLoader, constant, charnames, Data::Dumper, DB, DB_File, Devel::DProf, Devel::Peek, Dumpvalue, DynaLoader, English, Env, Fcntl, File::Compare, File::Find, File::Glob, File::Spec, File::Spec::Functions, Getopt::Long, IO, JPL, lib, Math::BigInt, Math::Complex, Math::Trig, Pod::Parser, Pod::InputObjects, Pod::Checker, podchecker, Pod::ParseUtils, Pod::Find, Pod::Select, podselect, Pod::Usage, pod2usage, Pod::Text and Pod::Man, SDBM_File, Sys::Syslog, Sys::Hostname, Term::ANSIColor, Time::Local, Win32, XSLoader, DBM Filters

Pragmata

Utility Changes

dprofpp
find2perl
h2xs
perlcc
perldoc
The Perl Debugger

Improved Documentation

perlapi.pod, perlboot.pod, perlcompile.pod, perldbmfilter.pod, perldebug.pod, perldebguts.pod, perlfork.pod, perlfilter.pod, perlhack.pod, perlintern.pod, perllexwarn.pod, perlnumber.pod, perlopentut.pod, perlreftut.pod, perltootc.pod, perltodo.pod, perlunicode.pod

Performance enhancements

Simple sort() using { $a <=> $b } and the like are optimized
Optimized assignments to lexical variables
Faster subroutine calls
delete()
, each(), values() and hash iteration are faster

Installation and Configuration Improvements

-Dusethreads means something different
New Configure flags
Threadedness and 64-bitness now more daring
Long Doubles
-Dusemorebits
-Duselargefiles
installusrbinperl
SOCKS
support
"-A" flag
Enhanced Installation Directories
gcc automatically tried if ’cc’ does not seem to be working

Platform specific changes

Supported platforms

DOS

OS390 (OpenEdition MVS )

VMS

Win32

Significant bug fixes

< HANDLE > on empty files
"eval '...'" improvements
All compilation errors are true errors
Implicitly closed filehandles are safer
Behavior of list slices is more consistent
"(\$)" prototype and $foo{a}
"goto &sub" and AUTOLOAD
"-bareword" allowed under "use integer"
Failures in DESTROY ()
Locale bugs fixed
Memory leaks
Spurious subroutine stubs after failed subroutine calls
Taint failures under "-U"
END
blocks and the "-c" switch
Potential to leak DATA filehandles

New or Changed Diagnostics

"%s" variable %s masks earlier declaration in same %s, "my sub" not yet implemented, "our" variable %s redeclared, ’!’ allowed only after types %s, / cannot take a count, / must be followed by a, A or Z, / must be followed by a*, A* or Z*, / must follow a numeric type, /%s/: Unrecognized escape \\%c passed through, /%s/: Unrecognized escape \\%c in character class passed through, /%s/ should probably be written as "%s", %s() called too early to check prototype, %s argument is not a HASH or ARRAY element, %s argument is not a HASH or ARRAY element or slice, %s argument is not a subroutine name, %s package attribute may clash with future reserved word: %s, (in cleanup) %s, <> should be quotes, Attempt to join self, Bad evalled substitution pattern, Bad realloc() ignored, Bareword found in conditional, Binary number > 0b11111111111111111111111111111111 non-portable, Bit vector size > 32 non-portable, Buffer overflow in prime_env_iter: %s, Can’t check filesystem of script "%s", Can’t declare class for non-scalar %s in "%s", Can’t declare %s in "%s", Can’t ignore signal CHLD, forcing to default, Can’t modify non-lvalue subroutine call, Can’t read CRTL environ, Can’t remove %s: %s, skipping file, Can’t return %s from lvalue subroutine, Can’t weaken a nonreference, Character class [:%s:] unknown, Character class syntax [%s] belongs inside character classes, Constant is not %s reference, constant(%s): %s, CORE::%s is not a keyword, defined(@array) is deprecated, defined(%hash) is deprecated, Did not produce a valid header, (Did you mean "local" instead of "our"?), Document contains no data, entering effective %s failed, false [] range "%s" in regexp, Filehandle %s opened only for output, flock() on closed filehandle %s, Global symbol "%s" requires explicit package name, Hexadecimal number > 0xffffffff non-portable, Ill-formed CRTL environ value "%s", Ill-formed message in prime_env_iter: |%s|, Illegal binary digit %s, Illegal binary digit %s ignored, Illegal number of bits in vec, Integer overflow in %s number, Invalid %s attribute: %s, Invalid %s attributes: %s, invalid [] range "%s" in regexp, Invalid separator character %s in attribute list, Invalid separator character %s in subroutine attribute list, leaving effective %s failed, Lvalue subs returning %s not implemented yet, Method %s not permitted, Missing %sbrace%s on \N{}, Missing command in piped open, Missing name in "my sub", No %s specified for -%c, No package name allowed for variable %s in "our", No space allowed after -%c, no UTC offset information; assuming local time is UTC, Octal number > 037777777777 non-portable, panic: del_backref, panic: kid popen errno read, panic: magic_killbackrefs, Parentheses missing around "%s" list, Possible unintended interpolation of %s in string, Possible Y2K bug: %s, pragma "attrs" is deprecated, use "sub NAME : ATTRS" instead, Premature end of script headers, Repeat count in pack overflows, Repeat count in unpack overflows, realloc() of freed memory ignored, Reference is already weak, setpgrp can’t take arguments, Strange *+?{} on zero-length expression, switching effective %s is not implemented, This Perl can’t reset CRTL environ elements (%s), This Perl can’t set CRTL environ elements (%s=%s), Too late to run %s block, Unknown open() mode ’%s’, Unknown process %x sent message to prime_env_iter: %s, Unrecognized escape \\%c passed through, Unterminated attribute parameter in attribute list, Unterminated attribute list, Unterminated attribute parameter in subroutine attribute list, Unterminated subroutine attribute list, Value of CLI symbol "%s" too long, Version number must be a constant number

New tests
Incompatible Changes

Perl Source Incompatibilities

CHECK is a new keyword, Treatment of list slices of undef has changed, Format of $English::PERL_VERSION is different, Literals of the form 1.2.3 parse differently, Possibly changed pseudo-random number generator, Hashing function for hash keys has changed, "undef" fails on read only values, Close-on-exec bit may be set on pipe and socket handles, Writing "$$1" to mean "${$}1" is unsupported, delete(), each(), values() and "\(%h)", vec( EXPR,OFFSET,BITS ) enforces powers-of-two BITS, Text of some diagnostic output has changed, "%@" has been removed, Parenthesized not() behaves like a list operator, Semantics of bareword prototype "(*)" have changed, Semantics of bit operators may have changed on 64-bit platforms, More builtins taint their results

C Source Incompatibilities

"PERL_POLLUTE", "PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT", "PERL_POLLUTE_MALLOC"

Compatible C Source API Changes

"PATCHLEVEL" is now "PERL_VERSION"

Binary Incompatibilities

Known Problems

Localizing a tied hash element may leak memory
Known test failures
EBCDIC
platforms not fully supported
UNICOS/mk CC failures during Configure run
Arrow operator and arrays
Experimental features

Threads, Unicode, 64-bit support, Lvalue subroutines, Weak references, The pseudo-hash data type, The Compiler suite, Internal implementation of file globbing, The DB module, The regular expression code constructs:

Obsolete Diagnostics

Character class syntax [: :] is reserved for future extensions, Ill-formed logical name |%s| in prime_env_iter, In string, @%s now must be written as \@%s, Probable precedence problem on %s, regexp too big, Use of "$$<digit>" to mean "${$}<digit>" is deprecated

Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
HISTORY

perl56delta - what’s new for perl v5.6.0
DESCRIPTION

Core Enhancements

Interpreter cloning, threads, and concurrency
Lexically scoped warning categories
Unicode and UTF-8 support
Support for interpolating named characters
"our" declarations
Support for strings represented as a vector of ordinals
Improved Perl version numbering system
New syntax for declaring subroutine attributes
File and directory handles can be autovivified
open()
with more than two arguments
64-bit support
Large file support
Long doubles
"more bits"
Enhanced support for sort() subroutines
"sort $coderef @foo" allowed
File globbing implemented internally
Support for CHECK blocks
POSIX
character class syntax [: :] supported
Better pseudo-random number generator
Improved "qw//" operator
Better worst-case behavior of hashes
pack()
format ’Z’ supported
pack()
format modifier ’!’ supported
pack()
and unpack() support counted strings
Comments in pack() templates
Weak references
Binary numbers supported
Lvalue subroutines
Some arrows may be omitted in calls through references
Boolean assignment operators are legal lvalues
exists()
is supported on subroutine names
exists()
and delete() are supported on array elements
Pseudo-hashes work better
Automatic flushing of output buffers
Better diagnostics on meaningless filehandle operations
Where possible, buffered data discarded from duped input filehandle
eof()
has the same old magic as <>
binmode()
can be used to set :crlf and :raw modes
"-T" filetest recognizes UTF-8 encoded files as "text"
system()
, backticks and pipe open now reflect exec() failure
Improved diagnostics
Diagnostics follow STDERR
More consistent close-on-exec behavior
syswrite()
ease-of-use
Better syntax checks on parenthesized unary operators
Bit operators support full native integer width
Improved security features
More functional bareword prototype (*)
"require" and "do" may be overridden
$^X variables may now have names longer than one character
New variable $^C reflects "-c" switch
New variable $^V contains Perl version as a string
Optional Y2K warnings
Arrays now always interpolate into double-quoted strings
@- and @+ provide starting/ending offsets of regex matches

Modules and Pragmata

Modules

attributes, B, Benchmark, ByteLoader, constant, charnames, Data::Dumper, DB, DB_File, Devel::DProf, Devel::Peek, Dumpvalue, DynaLoader, English, Env, Fcntl, File::Compare, File::Find, File::Glob, File::Spec, File::Spec::Functions, Getopt::Long, IO, JPL, lib, Math::BigInt, Math::Complex, Math::Trig, Pod::Parser, Pod::InputObjects, Pod::Checker, podchecker, Pod::ParseUtils, Pod::Find, Pod::Select, podselect, Pod::Usage, pod2usage, Pod::Text and Pod::Man, SDBM_File, Sys::Syslog, Sys::Hostname, Term::ANSIColor, Time::Local, Win32, XSLoader, DBM Filters

Pragmata

Utility Changes

dprofpp
find2perl
h2xs
perlcc
perldoc
The Perl Debugger

Improved Documentation

perlapi.pod, perlboot.pod, perlcompile.pod, perldbmfilter.pod, perldebug.pod, perldebguts.pod, perlfork.pod, perlfilter.pod, perlhack.pod, perlintern.pod, perllexwarn.pod, perlnumber.pod, perlopentut.pod, perlreftut.pod, perltootc.pod, perltodo.pod, perlunicode.pod

Performance enhancements

Simple sort() using { $a <=> $b } and the like are optimized
Optimized assignments to lexical variables
Faster subroutine calls
delete()
, each(), values() and hash iteration are faster

Installation and Configuration Improvements

-Dusethreads means something different
New Configure flags
Threadedness and 64-bitness now more daring
Long Doubles
-Dusemorebits
-Duselargefiles
installusrbinperl
SOCKS
support
"-A" flag
Enhanced Installation Directories

Platform specific changes

Supported platforms

DOS

OS390 (OpenEdition MVS )

VMS

Win32

Significant bug fixes

< HANDLE > on empty files
"eval '...'" improvements
All compilation errors are true errors
Implicitly closed filehandles are safer
Behavior of list slices is more consistent
"(\$)" prototype and $foo{a}
"goto &sub" and AUTOLOAD
"-bareword" allowed under "use integer"
Failures in DESTROY ()
Locale bugs fixed
Memory leaks
Spurious subroutine stubs after failed subroutine calls
Taint failures under "-U"
END
blocks and the "-c" switch
Potential to leak DATA filehandles

New or Changed Diagnostics

"%s" variable %s masks earlier declaration in same %s, "my sub" not yet implemented, "our" variable %s redeclared, ’!’ allowed only after types %s, / cannot take a count, / must be followed by a, A or Z, / must be followed by a*, A* or Z*, / must follow a numeric type, /%s/: Unrecognized escape \\%c passed through, /%s/: Unrecognized escape \\%c in character class passed through, /%s/ should probably be written as "%s", %s() called too early to check prototype, %s argument is not a HASH or ARRAY element, %s argument is not a HASH or ARRAY element or slice, %s argument is not a subroutine name, %s package attribute may clash with future reserved word: %s, (in cleanup) %s, <> should be quotes, Attempt to join self, Bad evalled substitution pattern, Bad realloc() ignored, Bareword found in conditional, Binary number > 0b11111111111111111111111111111111 non-portable, Bit vector size > 32 non-portable, Buffer overflow in prime_env_iter: %s, Can’t check filesystem of script "%s", Can’t declare class for non-scalar %s in "%s", Can’t declare %s in "%s", Can’t ignore signal CHLD, forcing to default, Can’t modify non-lvalue subroutine call, Can’t read CRTL environ, Can’t remove %s: %s, skipping file, Can’t return %s from lvalue subroutine, Can’t weaken a nonreference, Character class [:%s:] unknown, Character class syntax [%s] belongs inside character classes, Constant is not %s reference, constant(%s): %s, CORE::%s is not a keyword, defined(@array) is deprecated, defined(%hash) is deprecated, Did not produce a valid header, (Did you mean "local" instead of "our"?), Document contains no data, entering effective %s failed, false [] range "%s" in regexp, Filehandle %s opened only for output, flock() on closed filehandle %s, Global symbol "%s" requires explicit package name, Hexadecimal number > 0xffffffff non-portable, Ill-formed CRTL environ value "%s", Ill-formed message in prime_env_iter: |%s|, Illegal binary digit %s, Illegal binary digit %s ignored, Illegal number of bits in vec, Integer overflow in %s number, Invalid %s attribute: %s, Invalid %s attributes: %s, invalid [] range "%s" in regexp, Invalid separator character %s in attribute list, Invalid separator character %s in subroutine attribute list, leaving effective %s failed, Lvalue subs returning %s not implemented yet, Method %s not permitted, Missing %sbrace%s on \N{}, Missing command in piped open, Missing name in "my sub", No %s specified for -%c, No package name allowed for variable %s in "our", No space allowed after -%c, no UTC offset information; assuming local time is UTC, Octal number > 037777777777 non-portable, panic: del_backref, panic: kid popen errno read, panic: magic_killbackrefs, Parentheses missing around "%s" list, Possible unintended interpolation of %s in string, Possible Y2K bug: %s, pragma "attrs" is deprecated, use "sub NAME : ATTRS" instead, Premature end of script headers, Repeat count in pack overflows, Repeat count in unpack overflows, realloc() of freed memory ignored, Reference is already weak, setpgrp can’t take arguments, Strange *+?{} on zero-length expression, switching effective %s is not implemented, This Perl can’t reset CRTL environ elements (%s), This Perl can’t set CRTL environ elements (%s=%s), Too late to run %s block, Unknown open() mode ’%s’, Unknown process %x sent message to prime_env_iter: %s, Unrecognized escape \\%c passed through, Unterminated attribute parameter in attribute list, Unterminated attribute list, Unterminated attribute parameter in subroutine attribute list, Unterminated subroutine attribute list, Value of CLI symbol "%s" too long, Version number must be a constant number

New tests
Incompatible Changes

Perl Source Incompatibilities

CHECK is a new keyword, Treatment of list slices of undef has changed, Format of $English::PERL_VERSION is different, Literals of the form 1.2.3 parse differently, Possibly changed pseudo-random number generator, Hashing function for hash keys has changed, "undef" fails on read only values, Close-on-exec bit may be set on pipe and socket handles, Writing "$$1" to mean "${$}1" is unsupported, delete(), each(), values() and "\(%h)", vec( EXPR,OFFSET,BITS ) enforces powers-of-two BITS, Text of some diagnostic output has changed, "%@" has been removed, Parenthesized not() behaves like a list operator, Semantics of bareword prototype "(*)" have changed, Semantics of bit operators may have changed on 64-bit platforms, More builtins taint their results

C Source Incompatibilities

"PERL_POLLUTE", "PERL_IMPLICIT_CONTEXT", "PERL_POLLUTE_MALLOC"

Compatible C Source API Changes

"PATCHLEVEL" is now "PERL_VERSION"

Binary Incompatibilities

Known Problems

Thread test failures
EBCDIC
platforms not supported
In 64-bit HP-UX the lib/io_multihomed test may hang
NEXTSTEP 3.3 POSIX
test failure
Tru64 (aka Digital UNIX, aka DEC OSF/1 ) lib/sdbm test failure with
gcc
UNICOS/mk CC failures during Configure run
Arrow operator and arrays
Experimental features

Threads, Unicode, 64-bit support, Lvalue subroutines, Weak references, The pseudo-hash data type, The Compiler suite, Internal implementation of file globbing, The DB module, The regular expression code constructs:

Obsolete Diagnostics

Character class syntax [: :] is reserved for future extensions, Ill-formed logical name |%s| in prime_env_iter, In string, @%s now must be written as \@%s, Probable precedence problem on %s, regexp too big, Use of "$$<digit>" to mean "${$}<digit>" is deprecated

Reporting Bugs
SEE ALSO
HISTORY

perl5005delta - what’s new for perl5.005
DESCRIPTION

About the new versioning system
Incompatible Changes

WARNING:

This version is not binary compatible with Perl 5.004.

Default installation structure has changed
Perl Source Compatibility
C Source Compatibility
Binary Compatibility
Security fixes may affect compatibility
Relaxed new mandatory warnings introduced in 5.004
Licensing

Core Changes

Threads
Compiler
Regular Expressions

Many new and improved optimizations, Many bug fixes, New regular expression constructs, New operator for precompiled regular expressions, Other improvements, Incompatible changes

Improved malloc()
Quicksort is internally implemented
Reliable signals
Reliable stack pointers
More generous treatment of carriage returns
Memory leaks
Better support for multiple interpreters
Behavior of local() on array and hash elements is now well-defined
"%!" is transparently tied to the Errno module
Pseudo-hashes are supported
"EXPR foreach EXPR" is supported
Keywords can be globally overridden
$^E is meaningful on Win32
"foreach (1..1000000)" optimized
"Foo::" can be used as implicitly quoted package name
"exists $Foo::{Bar::}" tests existence of a package
Better locale support
Experimental support for 64-bit platforms
prototype()
returns useful results on builtins
Extended support for exception handling
Re-blessing in DESTROY () supported for chaining DESTROY () methods
All "printf" format conversions are handled internally
New "INIT" keyword
New "lock" keyword
New "qr//" operator
"our" is now a reserved word
Tied arrays are now fully supported
Tied handles support is better
4th argument to substr
Negative LENGTH argument to splice
Magic lvalues are now more magical
<> now reads in records

Supported Platforms

New Platforms
Changes in existing support

Modules and Pragmata

New Modules

B, Data::Dumper, Dumpvalue, Errno, File::Spec, ExtUtils::Installed, ExtUtils::Packlist, Fatal, IPC::SysV, Test, Tie::Array, Tie::Handle, Thread, attrs, fields, re

Changes in existing modules

Benchmark, Carp, CGI, Fcntl, Math::Complex, Math::Trig, POSIX, DB_File, MakeMaker, CPAN, Cwd

Utility Changes
Documentation Changes
New Diagnostics

Ambiguous call resolved as CORE::%s(), qualify as such or use &, Bad index while coercing array into hash, Bareword "%s" refers to nonexistent package, Can’t call method "%s" on an undefined value, Can’t check filesystem of script "%s" for nosuid, Can’t coerce array into hash, Can’t goto subroutine from an eval-string, Can’t localize pseudo-hash element, Can’t use %%! because Errno.pm is not available, Cannot find an opnumber for "%s", Character class syntax [. .] is reserved for future extensions, Character class syntax [: :] is reserved for future extensions, Character class syntax [= =] is reserved for future extensions, %s: Eval-group in insecure regular expression, %s: Eval-group not allowed, use re ’eval’, %s: Eval-group not allowed at run time, Explicit blessing to ’’ (assuming package main), Illegal hex digit ignored, No such array field, No such field "%s" in variable %s of type %s, Out of memory during ridiculously large request, Range iterator outside integer range, Recursive inheritance detected while looking for method ’%s’ %s, Reference found where even-sized list expected, Undefined value assigned to typeglob, Use of reserved word "%s" is deprecated, perl: warning: Setting locale failed

Obsolete Diagnostics

Can’t mktemp(), Can’t write to temp file for -e: %s, Cannot open temporary file, regexp too big

Configuration Changes
BUGS
SEE ALSO
HISTORY

perl5004delta - what’s new for perl5.004
DESCRIPTION

Supported Environments
Core Changes

List assignment to %ENV works
Change to "Can’t locate Foo.pm in @INC" error
Compilation option: Binary compatibility with 5.003
$PERL5OPT environment variable
Limitations on -M, -m, and -T options
More precise warnings
Deprecated: Inherited "AUTOLOAD" for non-methods
Previously deprecated %OVERLOAD is no longer usable
Subroutine arguments created only when they’re modified
Group vector changeable with $)
Fixed parsing of $$<digit>, &$<digit>, etc.
Fixed localization of $<digit>, $&, etc.
No resetting of $. on implicit close
"wantarray" may return undef
"eval EXPR" determines value of EXPR in scalar context
Changes to tainting checks

No glob() or <*>, No spawning if tainted $CDPATH, $ENV, $BASH_ENV, No spawning if tainted $TERM doesn’t look like a terminal name

New Opcode module and revised Safe module
Embedding improvements
Internal change: FileHandle class based on IO::* classes
Internal change: PerlIO abstraction interface
New and changed syntax

$coderef->( PARAMS )

New and changed builtin constants

__PACKAGE__

New and changed builtin variables

$^E, $^H, $^M

New and changed builtin functions

delete on slices, flock, printf and sprintf, keys as an lvalue, my() in Control Structures, pack() and unpack(), sysseek(), use VERSION, use Module VERSION LIST, prototype( FUNCTION ), srand, $_ as Default, "m//gc" does not reset search position on failure, "m//x" ignores whitespace before ?*+{}, nested "sub{}" closures work now, formats work right on changing lexicals

New builtin methods

isa( CLASS ), can( METHOD ), VERSION ( [ NEED ] )

TIEHANDLE now supported

TIEHANDLE classname, LIST, PRINT this, LIST, PRINTF this, LIST, READ this LIST, READLINE this, GETC this, DESTROY this

Malloc enhancements

-DPERL_EMERGENCY_SBRK, -DPACK_MALLOC, -DTWO_POT_OPTIMIZE

Miscellaneous efficiency enhancements

Support for More Operating Systems

Win32
Plan 9

QNX

AmigaOS

Pragmata

use autouse MODULE => qw(sub1 sub2 sub3), use blib, use blib ’dir’, use constant NAME => VALUE, use locale, use ops, use vmsish

Modules

Required Updates
Installation directories
Module information summary
Fcntl

IO

Math::Complex
Math::Trig
DB_File
Net::Ping
Object-oriented overrides for builtin operators

Utility Changes

pod2html

Sends converted HTML to standard output

xsubpp

"void" XSUBs now default to returning nothing

C Language API Changes

"gv_fetchmethod" and "perl_call_sv", "perl_eval_pv", Extended API for manipulating hashes

Documentation Changes

perldelta, perlfaq, perllocale, perltoot, perlapio, perlmodlib, perldebug, perlsec

New Diagnostics

"my" variable %s masks earlier declaration in same scope, %s argument is not a HASH element or slice, Allocation too large: %lx, Allocation too large, Applying %s to %s will act on scalar(%s), Attempt to free nonexistent shared string, Attempt to use reference as lvalue in substr, Bareword "%s" refers to nonexistent package, Can’t redefine active sort subroutine %s, Can’t use bareword ("%s") as %s ref while "strict refs" in use, Cannot resolve method ’%s’ overloading ’%s’ in package ’%s’, Constant subroutine %s redefined, Constant subroutine %s undefined, Copy method did not return a reference, Died, Exiting pseudo-block via %s, Identifier too long, Illegal character %s (carriage return), Illegal switch in PERL5OPT: %s, Integer overflow in hex number, Integer overflow in octal number, internal error: glob failed, Invalid conversion in %s: "%s", Invalid type in pack: ’%s’, Invalid type in unpack: ’%s’, Name "%s::%s" used only once: possible typo, Null picture in formline, Offset outside string, Out of memory!, Out of memory during request for %s, panic: frexp, Possible attempt to put comments in qw() list, Possible attempt to separate words with commas, Scalar value @%s{%s} better written as $%s{%s}, Stub found while resolving method ’%s’ overloading ’%s’ in %s, Too late for "-T" option, untie attempted while %d inner references still exist, Unrecognized character %s, Unsupported function fork, Use of "$$<digit>" to mean "${$}<digit>" is deprecated, Value of %s can be "0"; test with defined(), Variable "%s" may be unavailable, Variable "%s" will not stay shared, Warning: something’s wrong, Ill-formed logical name |%s| in prime_env_iter, Got an error from DosAllocMem, Malformed PERLLIB_PREFIX, PERL_SH_DIR too long, Process terminated by SIG%s

BUGS
SEE ALSO
HISTORY

perlexperiment - A listing of experimental features in Perl
DESCRIPTION

Current experiments

Smart match ("~~"), Pluggable keywords, Regular Expression Set Operations, Subroutine signatures, Aliasing via reference, The "const" attribute, use re ’strict’;, The <:win32> IO pseudolayer, Declaring a reference to a variable, There is an "installhtml" target in the Makefile, (Limited) Variable-length look-behind

Accepted features

64-bit support, die accepts a reference, DB module, Weak references, Internal file glob, fork() emulation, -Dusemultiplicity -Duseithreads, Support for long doubles, The "\N" regex character class, "(?{code})" and "(??{ code })", Linux abstract Unix domain sockets, Lvalue subroutines, Backtracking control verbs, The <:pop> IO pseudolayer, "\s" in regexp matches vertical tab, Postfix dereference syntax, Lexical subroutines, String- and number-specific bitwise operators, Alphabetic assertions, Script runs

Removed features

5.005-style threading, perlcc, The pseudo-hash data type, GetOpt::Long Options can now take multiple values at once (experimental), Assertions, Test::Harness::Straps, "legacy", Lexical $_, Array and hash container functions accept references, "our" can have an experimental optional attribute "unique"

SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT
LICENSE

perlartistic - the Perl Artistic License
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

The "Artistic License"

Preamble
Definitions

"Package", "Standard Version", "Copyright Holder", "You", "Reasonable copying fee", "Freely Available"

Conditions

a), b), c), d), a), b), c), d)

perlgpl - the GNU General Public License, version 1
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE

perlaix - Perl version 5 on IBM AIX ( UNIX ) systems
DESCRIPTION

Compiling Perl 5 on AIX
Supported Compilers
Incompatibility with AIX Toolbox lib gdbm
Perl 5 was successfully compiled and tested on:
Building Dynamic Extensions on AIX
Using Large Files with Perl
Threaded Perl
64-bit Perl
Long doubles
Recommended Options AIX 5.1/5.2/5.3/6.1 and 7.1 (threaded/32-bit)
Recommended Options AIX 5.1/5.2/5.3/6.1 and 7.1 (32-bit)
Recommended Options AIX 5.1/5.2/5.3/6.1 and 7.1 (threaded/64-bit)
Recommended Options AIX 5.1/5.2/5.3/6.1 and 7.1 (64-bit)
Compiling Perl 5 on AIX 7.1.0
Compiling Perl 5 on older AIX versions up to 4.3.3
OS
level
Building Dynamic Extensions on AIX < 5L
The IBM ANSI C Compiler
The usenm option
Using GNU ’s gcc for building Perl
Using Large Files with Perl < 5L
Threaded Perl < 5L
64-bit Perl < 5L
AIX 4.2
and extensions using C ++ with statics

AUTHORS

perlamiga - Perl under AmigaOS 4.1
NOTE
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Prerequisites for running Perl 5.22.1 under AmigaOS 4.1

AmigaOS 4.1 update 6 with all updates applied as of 9th October 2013, newlib.library version 53.28 or greater, AmigaOS SDK , abc-shell

Starting Perl programs under AmigaOS 4.1
Limitations of Perl under AmigaOS 4.1

Nested Piped programs can crash when run from older abc-shells, Incorrect or unexpected command line unescaping, Starting subprocesses via open has limitations, If you find any other limitations or bugs then let me know

INSTALLATION
Amiga Specific Modules

Amiga::ARexx
Amiga::Exec

BUILDING
CHANGES

August 2015, Port to Perl 5.22, Add handling of NIL: to afstat(), Fix inheritance of environment variables by subprocesses, Fix exec, and exit in "forked" subprocesses, Fix issue with newlib’s unlink, which could cause infinite loops, Add flock() emulation using IDOS- >LockRecord thanks to Tony Cook for the suggestion, Fix issue where kill was using the wrong kind of process ID, 27th November 2013, Create new installation system based on installperl links and Amiga protection bits now set correctly, Pod now defaults to text, File::Spec should now recognise an Amiga style absolute path as well as an Unix style one. Relative paths must always be Unix style, 20th November 2013, Configured to use SDK:Local/C/perl to start standard scripts, Added Amiga::Exec module with support for Wait() and AmigaOS signal numbers, 10th October 13

SEE ALSO

perlandroid - Perl under Android
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Cross-compilation

Get the Android Native Development Kit ( NDK )
Determine the architecture you’ll be cross-compiling for
Set up a standalone toolchain
adb or ssh?
Configure and beyond

Native Builds

CCTools
Termux

AUTHOR

perlbs2000 - building and installing Perl for BS2000.
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

gzip on BS2000
bison on BS2000
Unpacking Perl Distribution on BS2000
Compiling Perl on BS2000
Testing Perl on BS2000
Installing Perl on BS2000
Using Perl in the Posix-Shell of BS2000
Using Perl in "native" BS2000
Floating point anomalies on BS2000
Using PerlIO and different encodings on ASCII and EBCDIC partitions

AUTHORS
SEE ALSO

Mailing list

HISTORY

perlcygwin - Perl for Cygwin
SYNOPSIS
PREREQUISITES FOR COMPILING PERL ON CYGWIN

Cygwin = GNU+Cygnus+Windows (Don’t leave UNIX without it)
Cygwin Configuration

"PATH", nroff

CONFIGURE PERL ON CYGWIN

Stripping Perl Binaries on Cygwin
Optional Libraries for Perl on Cygwin

"-lcrypt", "-lgdbm_compat" ("use GDBM_File"), "-ldb" ("use DB_File"), "cygserver" ("use IPC::SysV"), "-lutil"

Configure-time Options for Perl on Cygwin

"-Uusedl", "-Dusemymalloc", "-Uuseperlio", "-Dusemultiplicity", "-Uuse64bitint", "-Duselongdouble", "-Uuseithreads", "-Duselargefiles", "-Dmksymlinks"

Suspicious Warnings on Cygwin

Win9x and "d_eofnblk", Compiler/Preprocessor defines

MAKE ON CYGWIN
TEST ON CYGWIN

File Permissions on Cygwin
NDBM_File and ODBM_File do not work on FAT filesystems
"fork()" failures in io_* tests

Specific features of the Cygwin port

Script Portability on Cygwin

Pathnames, Text/Binary, PerlIO, .exe, Cygwin vs. Windows process ids, Cygwin vs. Windows errors, rebase errors on fork or system, "chown()", Miscellaneous

Prebuilt methods:

"Cwd::cwd", "Cygwin::pid_to_winpid", "Cygwin::winpid_to_pid", "Cygwin::win_to_posix_path", "Cygwin::posix_to_win_path", "Cygwin::mount_table()", "Cygwin::mount_flags", "Cygwin::is_binmount", "Cygwin::sync_winenv"

INSTALL PERL ON CYGWIN
MANIFEST ON CYGWIN

Documentation, Build, Configure, Make, Install, Tests, Compiled Perl Source, Compiled Module Source, Perl Modules/Scripts, Perl Module Tests

BUGS ON CYGWIN
AUTHORS
HISTORY

perldos - Perl under DOS, W31, W95.
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Prerequisites for Compiling Perl on DOS

DJGPP, Pthreads

Shortcomings of Perl under DOS
Building Perl on DOS
Testing Perl on DOS
Installation of Perl on DOS

BUILDING AND INSTALLING MODULES ON DOS

Building Prerequisites for Perl on DOS
Unpacking CPAN Modules on DOS
Building Non-XS Modules on DOS
Building XS Modules on DOS

AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

perlfreebsd - Perl version 5 on FreeBSD systems
DESCRIPTION

FreeBSD core dumps from readdir_r with ithreads
$^X doesn’t always contain a full path in FreeBSD

AUTHOR

perlhaiku - Perl version 5.10+ on Haiku
DESCRIPTION
BUILD AND INSTALL
KNOWN PROBLEMS
CONTACT

perlhpux - Perl version 5 on Hewlett-Packard Unix (HP-UX) systems
DESCRIPTION

Using perl as shipped with HP-UX
Using perl from HP ’s porting centre
Other prebuilt perl binaries
Compiling Perl 5 on HP-UX
PA-RISC
PA-RISC 1.0
PA-RISC 1.1
PA-RISC 2.0
Portability Between PA-RISC Versions
Itanium Processor Family ( IPF ) and HP-UX
Itanium, Itanium 2 & Madison 6
HP-UX versions
Building Dynamic Extensions on HP-UX
The HP ANSI C Compiler
The GNU C Compiler
Using Large Files with Perl on HP-UX
Threaded Perl on HP-UX
64-bit Perl on HP-UX
Oracle on HP-UX
GDBM
and Threads on HP-UX
NFS
filesystems and utime(2) on HP-UX
HP-UX Kernel Parameters (maxdsiz) for Compiling Perl

nss_delete core dump from op/pwent or op/grent
error: pasting ")" and "l" does not give a valid preprocessing token
Redeclaration of "sendpath" with a different storage class specifier
Miscellaneous
AUTHOR

perlhurd - Perl version 5 on Hurd
DESCRIPTION

Known Problems with Perl on Hurd

AUTHOR

perlirix - Perl version 5 on Irix systems
DESCRIPTION

Building 32-bit Perl in Irix
Building 64-bit Perl in Irix
About Compiler Versions of Irix
Linker Problems in Irix
Malloc in Irix
Building with threads in Irix
Irix 5.3

AUTHOR

perllinux - Perl version 5 on Linux systems
DESCRIPTION

Deploying Perl on Linux
Experimental Support for Sun Studio Compilers for Linux OS

AUTHOR

perlmacos - Perl under Mac OS (Classic)
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
AUTHOR

perlmacosx - Perl under Mac OS X
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Installation Prefix
SDK
support
Universal Binary support
64-bit PPC support
libperl and Prebinding
Updating Apple’s Perl
Known problems
Cocoa

Starting From Scratch
AUTHOR
DATE

perlnetware - Perl for NetWare
DESCRIPTION
BUILD

Tools & SDK
Setup

SetNWBld.bat, Buildtype.bat

Make
Interpreter
Extensions

INSTALL
BUILD NEW EXTENSIONS
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
AUTHORS
DATE

perlopenbsd - Perl version 5 on OpenBSD systems
DESCRIPTION

OpenBSD core dumps from getprotobyname_r and getservbyname_r with
ithreads

AUTHOR

perlos2 - Perl under OS/2, DOS, Win0.3*, Win0.95 and WinNT.
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Target
Other OSes
Prerequisites

EMX, RSX, HPFS, pdksh

Starting Perl programs under OS/2 (and DOS and...)
Starting OS/2 (and DOS ) programs under Perl

Frequently asked questions

"It does not work"
I cannot run external programs
I cannot embed perl into my program, or use perl.dll from my
program.

Is your program EMX-compiled with "-Zmt -Zcrtdll"?, Did you use ExtUtils::Embed?

"``" and pipe-"open" do not work under DOS.
Cannot start "find.exe "pattern" file"

INSTALLATION

Automatic binary installation

"PERL_BADLANG", "PERL_BADFREE", Config.pm

Manual binary installation

Perl VIO and PM executables (dynamically linked), Perl_ VIO executable (statically linked), Executables for Perl utilities, Main Perl library, Additional Perl modules, Tools to compile Perl modules, Manpages for Perl and utilities, Manpages for Perl modules, Source for Perl documentation, Perl manual in .INF format, Pdksh

Warning

Accessing documentation

OS/2 .INF file
Plain text
Manpages
HTML
GNU
"info" files
PDF
files
"LaTeX" docs

BUILD

The short story
Prerequisites
Getting perl source
Application of the patches
Hand-editing
Making
Testing

A lot of "bad free", Process terminated by SIGTERM/SIGINT, op/fs.t, 18, 25, op/stat.t

Installing the built perl
"a.out"-style build

Building a binary distribution
Building custom .EXE files

Making executables with a custom collection of statically loaded
extensions
Making executables with a custom search-paths

Build FAQ

Some "/" became "\" in pdksh.
'errno' - unresolved external
Problems with tr or sed
Some problem (forget which ;-)
Library ... not found
Segfault in make
op/sprintf test failure

Specific (mis)features of OS/2 port

"setpriority", "getpriority"
"system()"
"extproc" on the first line
Additional modules:
Prebuilt methods:

"File::Copy::syscopy", "DynaLoader::mod2fname", "Cwd::current_drive()",

"Cwd::sys_chdir(name)", "Cwd::change_drive(name)", "Cwd::sys_is_absolute(name)",

"Cwd::sys_is_rooted(name)", "Cwd::sys_is_relative(name)",

"Cwd::sys_cwd(name)", "Cwd::sys_abspath(name, dir)", "Cwd::extLibpath([type])", "Cwd::extLibpath_set( path [, type ] )", "OS2::Error(do_harderror,do_exception)", "OS2::Errors2Drive(drive)", OS2::SysInfo(), OS2::BootDrive(), "OS2::MorphPM(serve)", "OS2::UnMorphPM(serve)", "OS2::Serve_Messages(force)", "OS2::Process_Messages(force [, cnt])", "OS2::_control87(new,mask)", OS2::get_control87(), "OS2::set_control87_em(new=MCW_EM,mask=MCW_EM)", "OS2::DLLname([how [, \&xsub]])"

Prebuilt variables:

$OS2::emx_rev, $OS2::emx_env, $OS2::os_ver, $OS2::is_aout, $OS2::can_fork, $OS2::nsyserror

Misfeatures
Modifications

"popen", "tmpnam", "tmpfile", "ctermid", "stat", "mkdir", "rmdir", "flock"

Identifying DLLs
Centralized management of resources

"HAB", "HMQ", Treating errors reported by OS/2 API, "CheckOSError(expr)", "CheckWinError(expr)", "SaveWinError(expr)", "SaveCroakWinError(expr,die,name1,name2)", "WinError_2_Perl_rc", "FillWinError", "FillOSError(rc)", Loading DLLs and ordinals in DLLs

Perl flavors

perl.exe
perl_.exe
perl__.exe
perl___.exe

Why strange names?
Why dynamic linking?
Why chimera build?

ENVIRONMENT

"PERLLIB_PREFIX"
"PERL_BADLANG"
"PERL_BADFREE"
"PERL_SH_DIR"
"USE_PERL_FLOCK"
"TMP" or "TEMP"

Evolution

Text-mode filehandles
Priorities
DLL
name mangling: pre 5.6.2
DLL
name mangling: 5.6.2 and beyond

Global DLLs, specific DLLs, "BEGINLIBPATH" and "ENDLIBPATH", . from "LIBPATH"

DLL forwarder generation
Threading
Calls to external programs
Memory allocation
Threads

"COND_WAIT", os2.c

BUGS
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

perlos390 - building and installing Perl for OS/390 and z/OS
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Tools
Unpacking Perl distribution on OS/390
Setup and utilities for Perl on OS/390
Configure Perl on OS/390
Build, Test, Install Perl on OS/390
Build Anomalies with Perl on OS/390
Testing Anomalies with Perl on OS/390
Installation Anomalies with Perl on OS/390
Usage Hints for Perl on OS/390
Floating Point Anomalies with Perl on OS/390
Modules and Extensions for Perl on OS/390

AUTHORS
SEE ALSO

Mailing list for Perl on OS/390

HISTORY

perlos400 - Perl version 5 on OS/400
DESCRIPTION

Compiling Perl for OS/400 PASE
Installing Perl in OS/400 PASE
Using Perl in OS/400 PASE
Known Problems
Perl on ILE

AUTHORS

perlplan9 - Plan 9-specific documentation for Perl
DESCRIPTION

Invoking Perl
What’s in Plan 9 Perl
What’s not in Plan 9 Perl
Perl5 Functions not currently supported in Plan 9 Perl
Signals in Plan 9 Perl

COMPILING AND INSTALLING PERL ON PLAN 9

Installing Perl Documentation on Plan 9

BUGS
Revision date
AUTHOR

perlqnx - Perl version 5 on QNX
DESCRIPTION

Required Software for Compiling Perl on QNX4

/bin/sh, ar, nm, cpp, make

Outstanding Issues with Perl on QNX4
QNX
auxiliary files

qnx/ar, qnx/cpp

Outstanding issues with perl under QNX6
Cross-compilation

AUTHOR

perlriscos - Perl version 5 for RISC OS
DESCRIPTION
BUILD
AUTHOR

perlsolaris - Perl version 5 on Solaris systems
DESCRIPTION

Solaris Version Numbers.

RESOURCES

Solaris FAQ, Precompiled Binaries, Solaris Documentation

SETTING UP

File Extraction Problems on Solaris.
Compiler and Related Tools on Solaris.
Environment for Compiling perl on Solaris

RUN CONFIGURE.

64-bit perl on Solaris.
Threads in perl on Solaris.
Malloc Issues with perl on Solaris.

MAKE PROBLEMS.

Dynamic Loading Problems With GNU as and GNU ld, ld.so.1: ./perl: fatal: relocation error:, dlopen: stub interception failed, #error "No DATAMODEL_NATIVE specified", sh: ar: not found

MAKE TEST

op/stat.t test 4 in Solaris
nss_delete core dump from op/pwent or op/grent

CROSS-COMPILATION
PREBUILT BINARIES OF PERL FOR SOLARIS.
RUNTIME ISSUES FOR PERL ON SOLARIS.

Limits on Numbers of Open Files on Solaris.

SOLARIS-SPECIFIC MODULES.
SOLARIS-SPECIFIC PROBLEMS WITH MODULES.

Proc::ProcessTable on Solaris
BSD::Resource on Solaris
Net::SSLeay on Solaris

SunOS 4.x
AUTHOR

perlsymbian - Perl version 5 on Symbian OS
DESCRIPTION

Compiling Perl on Symbian
Compilation problems
PerlApp
sisify.pl
Using Perl in Symbian

TO DO
WARNING
NOTE
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
LICENSE
HISTORY

perlsynology - Perl 5 on Synology DSM systems
DESCRIPTION

Setting up the build environment
Compiling Perl 5
Known problems

Error message "No error definitions found", ext/DynaLoader/t/DynaLoader.t

Smoke testing Perl 5
Adding libraries

REVISION
AUTHOR

perltru64 - Perl version 5 on Tru64 (formerly known as Digital UNIX formerly known as DEC OSF/1 ) systems
DESCRIPTION

Compiling Perl 5 on Tru64
Using Large Files with Perl on Tru64
Threaded Perl on Tru64
Long Doubles on Tru64
DB_File tests failing on Tru64
64-bit Perl on Tru64
Warnings about floating-point overflow when compiling Perl on Tru64

Testing Perl on Tru64
ext/ODBM_File/odbm Test Failing With Static Builds
Perl Fails Because Of Unresolved Symbol sockatmark
read_cur_obj_info: bad file magic number
AUTHOR

perlvms - VMS-specific documentation for Perl
DESCRIPTION

Installation
Organization of Perl Images

Core Images
Perl Extensions
Installing static extensions
Installing dynamic extensions

File specifications

Syntax
Filename Case
Symbolic Links
Wildcard expansion
Pipes

PERL5LIB and PERLLIB
The Perl Forked Debugger
PERL_VMS_EXCEPTION_DEBUG

Command line

I/O redirection and backgrounding
Command line switches

-i, -S, -u

Perl functions

File tests, backticks, binmode FILEHANDLE, crypt PLAINTEXT, USER, die, dump, exec LIST, fork, getpwent, getpwnam, getpwuid, gmtime, kill, qx//, select (system call), stat EXPR, system LIST, time, times, unlink LIST, utime LIST, waitpid PID,FLAGS

Perl variables

%ENV, CRTL_ENV, CLISYM_[ LOCAL ], Any other string, $!, $^E, $?, $|

Standard modules with VMS-specific differences

SDBM_File

Revision date
AUTHOR

perlvos - Perl for Stratus OpenVOS
SYNOPSIS
BUILDING PERL FOR OPENVOS
INSTALLING PERL IN OPENVOS
USING PERL IN OPENVOS

Restrictions of Perl on OpenVOS

TEST STATUS
SUPPORT STATUS
AUTHOR
LAST UPDATE

perlwin32 - Perl under Windows
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

<http://mingw.org>;, <http://mingw-w64.org>;
Setting Up Perl on Windows

Make, Command Shell, Microsoft Visual C ++ , Microsoft Visual C ++ 2008-2019 Express/Community Edition, Microsoft Visual C ++ 2005 Express Edition, Microsoft Visual C ++ Toolkit 2003, Microsoft Platform SDK 64-bit Compiler, GCC, Intel C ++ Compiler

Building
Testing Perl on Windows
Installation of Perl on Windows
Usage Hints for Perl on Windows

Environment Variables, File Globbing, Using perl from the command line, Building Extensions, Command-line Wildcard Expansion, Notes on 64-bit Windows

Running Perl Scripts
Miscellaneous Things

BUGS AND CAVEATS
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
AUTHORS

Gary Ng <71564.1743 [AT] CompuServe.COM>, Gurusamy Sarathy <gsar [AT] activestate.com>, Nick Ing-Simmons <nick [AT] ing-simmons.net>, Jan Dubois <jand [AT] activestate.com>, Steve Hay <steve.m.hay [AT] googlemail.com>

SEE ALSO
HISTORY

perlboot - Links to information on object-oriented programming in Perl
DESCRIPTION

perlbot - Links to information on object-oriented programming in Perl
DESCRIPTION

perlrepository - Links to current information on the Perl source repository
DESCRIPTION

perltodo - Link to the Perl to-do list
DESCRIPTION

perltooc - Links to information on object-oriented programming in Perl
DESCRIPTION

perltoot - Links to information on object-oriented programming in Perl
DESCRIPTION

PRAGMA DOCUMENTATION

attributes - get/set subroutine or variable attributes
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

What "import" does
Built-in Attributes

lvalue, method, prototype(..), const, shared

Available Subroutines

get, reftype

Package-specific Attribute Handling

FETCH_ type_ATTRIBUTES, MODIFY_ type_ATTRIBUTES

Syntax of Attribute Lists

EXPORTS

Default exports
Available exports
Export tags defined

EXAMPLES
MORE EXAMPLES
SEE ALSO

autodie - Replace functions with ones that succeed or die with lexical scope
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXCEPTIONS
CATEGORIES
FUNCTION SPECIFIC NOTES

print
flock
system/exec

GOTCHAS
DIAGNOSTICS

:void cannot be used with lexical scope, No user hints defined for %s

Tips and Tricks

Importing autodie into another namespace than "caller"

BUGS

autodie and string eval
REPORTING BUGS

FEEDBACK
AUTHOR
LICENSE
SEE ALSO
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

autodie::Scope::Guard - Wrapper class for calling subs at end of scope
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Methods

AUTHOR
LICENSE

autodie::Scope::GuardStack - Hook stack for managing scopes via %^H
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Methods

AUTHOR
LICENSE

autodie::Util - Internal Utility subroutines for autodie and Fatal
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Methods

AUTHOR
LICENSE

autodie::exception - Exceptions from autodying functions.
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Common Methods

Advanced methods
SEE ALSO
LICENSE
AUTHOR

autodie::exception::system - Exceptions from autodying system().
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

stringify
LICENSE
AUTHOR

autodie::hints - Provide hints about user subroutines to autodie
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Introduction
What are hints?
Example hints

Manually setting hints from within your program
Adding hints to your module
Insisting on hints
Diagnostics

Attempts to set_hints_for unidentifiable subroutine, fail hints cannot be provided with either scalar or list hints for %s, %s hint missing for %s

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
AUTHOR
LICENSE
SEE ALSO

autodie::skip - Skip a package when throwing autodie exceptions
SYNPOSIS
DESCRIPTION
AUTHOR
LICENSE
SEE ALSO

autouse - postpone load of modules until a function is used
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
WARNING
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

base - Establish an ISA relationship with base classes at compile time
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
DIAGNOSTICS

Base class package "%s" is empty, Class ’Foo’ tried to inherit from itself

HISTORY
CAVEATS
SEE ALSO

bigint - Transparent BigInteger support for Perl
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

use integer vs. use bigint
Options

a or accuracy, p or precision, t or trace, hex, oct, l, lib, try or only, v or version

Math Library
Internal Format
Sign
Method calls
Methods

inf(), NaN(), e, PI, bexp(), bpi(), upgrade(), in_effect()

CAVEATS

Operator vs literal overloading, ranges, in_effect(), hex()/oct()

MODULES USED
EXAMPLES
BUGS
SUPPORT
LICENSE
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS

bignum - Transparent BigNumber support for Perl
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Options

a or accuracy, p or precision, t or trace, l or lib, hex, oct, v or version

Methods
Caveats

inf(), NaN(), e, PI (), bexp(), bpi(), upgrade(), in_effect()

Math Library
INTERNAL FORMAT
SIGN

CAVEATS

Operator vs literal overloading, in_effect(), hex()/oct()

MODULES USED
EXAMPLES
BUGS
SUPPORT

RT: CPAN ’s request tracker, AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation, CPAN Ratings, Search CPAN, CPAN Testers Matrix

LICENSE
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS

bigrat - Transparent BigNumber/BigRational support for Perl
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Modules Used
Math Library
Sign
Methods

inf(), NaN(), e, PI, bexp(), bpi(), upgrade(), in_effect()

MATH LIBRARY
Caveat
Options

a or accuracy, p or precision, t or trace, l or lib, hex, oct, v or version

CAVEATS

Operator vs literal overloading, in_effect(), hex()/oct()

EXAMPLES
BUGS
SUPPORT
LICENSE
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS

blib - Use MakeMaker’s uninstalled version of a package
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
BUGS
AUTHOR

bytes - Perl pragma to expose the individual bytes of characters
NOTICE
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
LIMITATIONS
SEE ALSO

charnames - access to Unicode character names and named character sequences; also define character names
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
LOOSE MATCHES
ALIASES
CUSTOM ALIASES

charnames::string_vianame(name)
charnames::vianame(name)
charnames::viacode(code)
CUSTOM TRANSLATORS
BUGS

constant - Perl pragma to declare constants
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
NOTES

List constants
Defining multiple constants at once
Magic constants

TECHNICAL NOTES
CAVEATS
SEE ALSO
BUGS
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

deprecate - Perl pragma for deprecating the inclusion of a module in core
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Important Caveat

EXPORT
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

diagnostics, splain - produce verbose warning diagnostics
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

The "diagnostics" Pragma
The splain Program

EXAMPLES
INTERNALS
BUGS
AUTHOR

encoding - allows you to write your script in non-ASCII and non-UTF-8
WARNING
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

"use encoding ['ENCNAME'] ;", "use encoding ENCNAME, Filter=>1;", "no encoding;"

OPTIONS

Setting "STDIN" and/or "STDOUT" individually
The ":locale" sub-pragma

CAVEATS

SIDE EFFECTS
DO NOT MIX MULTIPLE ENCODINGS

Prior to Perl v5.22
Prior to Encode version 1.87
Prior to Perl v5.8.1

"NON-EUC" doublebyte encodings, "tr///", Legend of characters above

EXAMPLE - Greekperl
BUGS

Thread safety, Can’t be used by more than one module in a single program, Other modules using "STDIN" and "STDOUT" get the encoded stream, literals in regex that are longer than 127 bytes, EBCDIC, "format", See also " CAVEATS"

HISTORY
SEE ALSO

encoding::warnings - Warn on implicit encoding conversions
VERSION
NOTICE
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Overview of the problem
Detecting the problem
Solving the problem

Upgrade both sides to unicode-strings, Downgrade both sides to byte-strings, Specify the encoding for implicit byte-string upgrading, PerlIO layers for STDIN and STDOUT , Literal conversions, Implicit upgrading for byte-strings

CAVEATS
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT

experimental - Experimental features made easy
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

"array_base" - allow the use of $[ to change the starting index of @array, "autoderef" - allow push, each, keys, and other built-ins on references, "bitwise" - allow the new stringwise bit operators, "const_attr" - allow the :const attribute on subs, "lexical_topic" - allow the use of lexical $_ via "my $_", "lexical_subs" - allow the use of lexical subroutines, "postderef" - allow the use of postfix dereferencing expressions, including in interpolating strings, "re_strict" - enables strict mode in regular expressions, "refaliasing" - allow aliasing via "\$x = \$y", "regex_sets" - allow extended bracketed character classes in regexps, "signatures" - allow subroutine signatures (for named arguments), "smartmatch" - allow the use of "~~", "switch" - allow the use of "~~", given, and when, "win32_perlio" - allows the use of the :win32 IO layer
Ordering matters
Disclaimer

SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

feature - Perl pragma to enable new features
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Lexical effect
"no feature"

AVAILABLE FEATURES

The ’say’ feature
The ’state’ feature
The ’switch’ feature
The ’unicode_strings’ feature
The ’unicode_eval’ and ’evalbytes’ features
The ’current_sub’ feature
The ’array_base’ feature
The ’fc’ feature
The ’lexical_subs’ feature
The ’postderef’ and ’postderef_qq’ features
The ’signatures’ feature
The ’refaliasing’ feature
The ’bitwise’ feature
The ’declared_refs’ feature
The ’isa’ feature
The ’indirect’ feature

FEATURE BUNDLES
IMPLICIT LOADING

fields - compile-time class fields
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

new, phash

SEE ALSO

filetest - Perl pragma to control the filetest permission operators
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Consider this carefully
The "access" sub-pragma
Limitation with regard to "_"

if - "use" a Perl module if a condition holds
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

"use if"
"no if"

BUGS
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENCE

integer - Perl pragma to use integer arithmetic instead of floating point
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

less - perl pragma to request less of something
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FOR MODULE AUTHORS

"BOOLEAN = less->of( FEATURE )"
"FEATURES = less->of()"

CAVEATS

This probably does nothing, This works only on 5.10+

lib - manipulate @INC at compile time
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Adding directories to @INC
Deleting directories from @INC
Restoring original @INC

CAVEATS
NOTES
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

locale - Perl pragma to use or avoid POSIX locales for built-in operations
WARNING
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

mro - Method Resolution Order
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OVERVIEW

The C3 MRO

What is C3?
How does C3 work

Functions

mro::get_linear_isa($classname[, $type])
mro::set_mro ($classname, $type)
mro::get_mro($classname)
mro::get_isarev($classname)
mro::is_universal($classname)
mro::invalidate_all_method_caches()

mro::method_changed_in($classname)
mro::get_pkg_gen($classname)
next::method
next::can
maybe::next::method

SEE ALSO

The original Dylan paper

"/citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.19.3910&rep=rep1 &type=pdf" in http:

Python 2.3 MRO

<https://www.python.org/download/releases/2.3/mro/>;

Class::C3

Class::C3

AUTHOR

ok - Alternative to Test::More::use_ok
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CC0 1.0
Universal

open - perl pragma to set default PerlIO layers for input and output
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
IMPLEMENTATION DETAILS
SEE ALSO

ops - Perl pragma to restrict unsafe operations when compiling
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO

overload - Package for overloading Perl operations
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Fundamentals
Overloadable Operations

"not", "neg", "++", "--", Assignments, Non-mutators with a mutator variant, "int", String, numeric, boolean, and regexp conversions, Iteration, File tests, Matching, Dereferencing, Special

Magic Autogeneration
Special Keys for "use overload"

defined, but FALSE, "undef", TRUE

How Perl Chooses an Operator Implementation
Losing Overloading
Inheritance and Overloading

Method names in the "use overload" directive, Overloading of an operation is inherited by derived classes

Run-time Overloading
Public Functions

overload::StrVal(arg), overload::Overloaded(arg), overload::Method(obj,op)

Overloading Constants

integer, float, binary, q, qr

IMPLEMENTATION
COOKBOOK

Two-face Scalars
Two-face References
Symbolic Calculator
Really
Symbolic Calculator

AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
DIAGNOSTICS

Odd number of arguments for overload::constant, ’%s’ is not an overloadable type, ’%s’ is not a code reference, overload arg ’%s’ is invalid

BUGS AND PITFALLS

overloading - perl pragma to lexically control overloading
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

"no overloading", "no overloading @ops", "use overloading", "use overloading @ops"

parent - Establish an ISA relationship with base classes at compile time
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
HISTORY
CAVEATS
SEE ALSO

base, parent::versioned

AUTHORS AND CONTRIBUTORS
MAINTAINER
LICENSE

re - Perl pragma to alter regular expression behaviour
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

’taint’ mode
’eval’ mode
’strict’ mode
’/flags’ mode
’debug’ mode
’Debug’ mode

Compile related options, COMPILE, PARSE, OPTIMISE, TRIEC, DUMP, FLAGS, TEST, Execute related options, EXECUTE, MATCH, TRIEE, INTUIT, Extra debugging options, EXTRA, BUFFERS, TRIEM, STATE, STACK, GPOS, OPTIMISEM, OFFSETS, OFFSETSDBG, DUMP_PRE_OPTIMIZE, WILDCARD, Other useful flags, ALL, All, MORE, More

Exportable Functions

is_regexp($ref), regexp_pattern($ref), regmust($ref), regname($name,$all), regnames($all), regnames_count()

SEE ALSO

sigtrap - Perl pragma to enable simple signal handling
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OPTIONS

SIGNAL HANDLERS

stack-trace, die, handler your-handler

SIGNAL LISTS

normal-signals, error-signals, old-interface-signals

OTHER

untrapped, any, signal, number

EXAMPLES

sort - perl pragma to control sort() behaviour
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CAVEATS

strict - Perl pragma to restrict unsafe constructs
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

"strict refs", "strict vars", "strict subs"

HISTORY

subs - Perl pragma to predeclare subroutine names
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

threads - Perl interpreter-based threads
VERSION
WARNING
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

$thr = threads->create( FUNCTION, ARGS ), $thr->join(), $thr->detach(), threads->detach(), threads->self(), $thr->tid(), threads->tid(), "$thr", threads->object($tid), threads->yield(), threads->list(), threads->list(threads::all), threads->list(threads::running), threads->list(threads::joinable), $thr1->equal($thr2), async BLOCK ;, $thr->error(), $thr->_handle(), threads->_handle()

EXITING A THREAD

threads->exit(), threads->exit(status), die(), exit(status), use threads ’exit’ => ’threads_only’, threads->create({’exit’ => ’thread_only’}, ...), $thr->set_thread_exit_only(boolean), threads->set_thread_exit_only(boolean)

THREAD STATE

$thr->is_running(), $thr->is_joinable(), $thr->is_detached(), threads->is_detached()

THREAD CONTEXT

Explicit context
Implicit context
$thr->wantarray()
threads->wantarray()

THREAD STACK SIZE

threads->get_stack_size();, $size = $thr->get_stack_size();, $old_size = threads->set_stack_size($new_size);, use threads (’stack_size’ => VALUE );, $ENV{’ PERL5_ITHREADS_STACK_SIZE ’}, threads->create({’stack_size’ => VALUE }, FUNCTION, ARGS ), $thr2 = $thr1->create( FUNCTION, ARGS )

THREAD SIGNALLING

$thr->kill(’ SIG... ’);

WARNINGS

Perl exited with active threads:, Thread creation failed: pthread_create returned #, Thread # terminated abnormally: .., Using minimum thread stack size of #, Thread creation failed: pthread_attr_setstacksize( SIZE ) returned 22

ERRORS

This Perl not built to support threads, Cannot change stack size of an existing thread, Cannot signal threads without safe signals, Unrecognized signal name: ..

BUGS AND LIMITATIONS

Thread-safe modules, Using non-thread-safe modules, Memory consumption, Current working directory, Locales, Environment variables, Catching signals, Parent-child threads, Unsafe signals, Perl has been built with "PERL_OLD_SIGNALS" (see "perl -V"), The environment variable "PERL_SIGNALS" is set to "unsafe" (see " PERL_SIGNALS" in perlrun), The module Perl::Unsafe::Signals is used, Identity of objects returned from threads, Returning blessed objects from threads, END blocks in threads, Open directory handles, Detached threads and global destruction, Perl Bugs and the CPAN Version of threads

REQUIREMENTS
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
LICENSE
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

threads::shared - Perl extension for sharing data structures between threads
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXPORT
FUNCTIONS

share VARIABLE, shared_clone REF, is_shared VARIABLE, lock VARIABLE, cond_wait VARIABLE, cond_wait CONDVAR, LOCKVAR, cond_timedwait VARIABLE, ABS_TIMEOUT, cond_timedwait CONDVAR, ABS_TIMEOUT, LOCKVAR, cond_signal VARIABLE, cond_broadcast VARIABLE

OBJECTS
NOTES
WARNINGS

cond_broadcast() called on unlocked variable, cond_signal() called on unlocked variable

BUGS AND LIMITATIONS
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
LICENSE

utf8 - Perl pragma to enable/disable UTF-8 (or UTF-EBCDIC) in source code
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Utility functions

"$num_octets = utf8::upgrade($string)", "$success = utf8::downgrade($string[, $fail_ok])", "utf8::encode($string)", "$success = utf8::decode($string)", "$unicode = utf8::native_to_unicode($code_point)", "$native = utf8::unicode_to_native($code_point)", "$flag = utf8::is_utf8($string)", "$flag = utf8::valid($string)"

BUGS
SEE ALSO

vars - Perl pragma to predeclare global variable names
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

version - Perl extension for Version Objects
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
TYPES OF VERSION OBJECTS

Decimal Versions, Dotted Decimal Versions

DECLARING VERSIONS

How to convert a module from decimal to dotted-decimal
How to "declare()" a dotted-decimal version

PARSING AND COMPARING VERSIONS

How to "parse()" a version
How to check for a legal version string

"is_lax()", "is_strict()"

How to compare version objects

OBJECT METHODS

is_alpha()
is_qv()
normal()
numify()
stringify()

EXPORTED FUNCTIONS

qv()
is_lax()
is_strict()

AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

version::Internals - Perl extension for Version Objects
DESCRIPTION
WHAT IS A VERSION
?

Decimal versions, Dotted-Decimal versions
Decimal Versions
Dotted-Decimal Versions
Alpha Versions
Regular Expressions for Version Parsing

$version::LAX, $version::STRICT, v1.234.5

IMPLEMENTATION DETAILS

Equivalence between Decimal and Dotted-Decimal Versions
Quoting Rules
What about v-strings?
Version Object Internals

original, qv, alpha, version

Replacement UNIVERSAL::VERSION

USAGE DETAILS

Using modules that use version.pm

Decimal versions always work, Dotted-Decimal version work sometimes

Object Methods

new(), qv(), Normal Form, Numification, Stringification, Comparison operators, Logical Operators

AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

vmsish - Perl pragma to control VMS-specific language features
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

"vmsish status", "vmsish exit", "vmsish time", "vmsish hushed"

warnings - Perl pragma to control optional warnings
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Default Warnings and Optional Warnings
What’s wrong with -w and $^W
Controlling Warnings from the Command Line

-w , -W , -X

Backward Compatibility
Category Hierarchy
Fatal Warnings
Reporting Warnings from a Module

FUNCTIONS

use warnings::register, warnings::enabled(), warnings::enabled($category), warnings::enabled($object), warnings::enabled_at_level($category, $level), warnings::fatal_enabled(), warnings::fatal_enabled($category), warnings::fatal_enabled($object), warnings::fatal_enabled_at_level($category, $level), warnings::warn($message), warnings::warn($category, $message), warnings::warn($object, $message), warnings::warn_at_level($category, $level, $message), warnings::warnif($message), warnings::warnif($category, $message), warnings::warnif($object, $message), warnings::warnif_at_level($category, $level, $message), warnings::register_categories(@names)

warnings::register - warnings import function
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

MODULE DOCUMENTATION

AnyDBM_File - provide framework for multiple DBMs
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

DBM Comparisons

[0], [1], [2], [3]

SEE ALSO

App::Cpan - easily interact with CPAN from the command line
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Options

-a, -A module [ module ... ], -c module, -C module [ module ... ], -D module [ module ... ], -f, -F, -g module [ module ... ], -G module [ module ... ], -h, -i module [ module ... ], -I, -j Config.pm, -J, -l, -L author [ author ... ], -m, -M mirror1,mirror2,.., -n, -O, -p, -P, -r, -s, -t module [ module ... ], -T, -u, -v, -V, -w, -x module [ module ... ], -X

Examples
Environment variables

NONINTERACTIVE_TESTING, PERL_MM_USE_DEFAULT, CPAN_OPTS, CPANSCRIPT_LOGLEVEL, GIT_COMMAND

Methods

run()
EXIT VALUES
TO DO
BUGS
SEE ALSO
SOURCE AVAILABILITY
CREDITS
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT

App::Prove - Implements the "prove" command.
VERSION
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
METHODS

Class Methods

Attributes

"archive", "argv", "backwards", "blib", "color", "directives", "dry", "exec", "extensions", "failures", "comments", "formatter", "harness", "ignore_exit", "includes", "jobs", "lib", "merge", "modules", "parse", "plugins", "quiet", "really_quiet", "recurse", "rules", "show_count", "show_help", "show_man", "show_version", "shuffle", "state", "state_class", "taint_fail", "taint_warn", "test_args", "timer", "verbose", "warnings_fail", "warnings_warn", "tapversion", "trap"

PLUGINS

Sample Plugin

SEE ALSO

App::Prove::State - State storage for the "prove" command.
VERSION
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
METHODS

Class Methods

"store", "extensions" (optional), "result_class" (optional)

"result_class"
"extensions"
"results"
"commit"
Instance Methods

"last", "failed", "passed", "all", "hot", "todo", "slow", "fast", "new", "old", "save"

App::Prove::State::Result - Individual test suite results.
VERSION
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
METHODS

Class Methods

"state_version"
"test_class"

App::Prove::State::Result::Test - Individual test results.
VERSION
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
METHODS

Class Methods

Instance Methods

Archive::Tar - module for manipulations of tar archives
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Object Methods

Archive::Tar->new( [$file, $compressed] )

$tar->read ( $filename|$handle, [$compressed, {opt => ’val’}] )

limit, filter, md5, extract

$tar->contains_file( $filename )
$tar->extract( [@filenames] )
$tar->extract_file( $file, [$extract_path] )
$tar->list_files( [\@properties] )
$tar->get_files( [@filenames] )
$tar->get_content( $file )
$tar->replace_content( $file, $content )
$tar->rename( $file, $new_name )
$tar->chmod( $file, $mode )
$tar->chown( $file, $uname [, $gname] )
$tar->remove (@filenamelist)
$tar->clear
$tar->write ( [$file, $compressed, $prefix] )
$tar->add_files( @filenamelist )
$tar->add_data ( $filename, $data, [$opthashref] )

FILE, HARDLINK, SYMLINK, CHARDEV, BLOCKDEV, DIR, FIFO, SOCKET

$tar->error( [$BOOL] )
$tar->setcwd( $cwd );
Class Methods

Archive::Tar->create_archive($file, $compressed, @filelist)

Archive::Tar->iter( $filename, [ $compressed, {opt => $val} ] )
Archive::Tar->list_archive($file, $compressed, [\@properties])
Archive::Tar->extract_archive($file, $compressed)
$bool = Archive::Tar->has_io_string
$bool = Archive::Tar->has_perlio
$bool = Archive::Tar->has_zlib_support
$bool = Archive::Tar->has_bzip2_support
$bool = Archive::Tar->has_xz_support
Archive::Tar->can_handle_compressed_files
GLOBAL VARIABLES

$Archive::Tar::FOLLOW_SYMLINK
$Archive::Tar::CHOWN
$Archive::Tar::CHMOD
$Archive::Tar::SAME_PERMISSIONS
$Archive::Tar::DO_NOT_USE_PREFIX
$Archive::Tar::DEBUG
$Archive::Tar::WARN
$Archive::Tar::error
$Archive::Tar::INSECURE_EXTRACT_MODE
$Archive::Tar::HAS_PERLIO
$Archive::Tar::HAS_IO_STRING
$Archive::Tar::ZERO_PAD_NUMBERS
Tuning the way RESOLVE_SYMLINK will works

FAQ

What’s the minimum perl version required to run Archive::Tar?, Isn’t Archive::Tar slow?, Isn’t Archive::Tar heavier on memory than /bin/tar?, Can you lazy-load data instead?, How much memory will an X kb tar file need?, What do you do with unsupported filetypes in an archive?, I’m using WinZip, or some other non-POSIX client, and files are not being extracted properly!, How do I extract only files that have property X from an archive?, How do I access .tar.Z files?, How do I handle Unicode strings?

CAVEATS
TODO

Check if passed in handles are open for read/write, Allow archives to be passed in as string, Facilitate processing an opened filehandle of a compressed archive

SEE ALSO

The GNU tar specification, The PAX format specification, A comparison of GNU and POSIX tar standards; "http://www.delorie.com/gnu/docs/tar/tar_114.html";, GNU tar intends to switch to POSIX compatibility, A Comparison between various tar implementations

AUTHOR
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
COPYRIGHT

Archive::Tar::File - a subclass for in-memory extracted file from Archive::Tar
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Accessors

name, mode, uid, gid, size, mtime, chksum, type, linkname, magic, version, uname, gname, devmajor, devminor, prefix, raw

Methods

Archive::Tar::File->new( file => $path )
Archive::Tar::File->new( data => $path, $data, $opt )
Archive::Tar::File->new( chunk => $chunk )

$bool = $file->extract( [ $alternative_name ] )
$path = $file->full_path
$bool = $file->validate
$bool = $file->has_content
$content = $file->get_content
$cref = $file->get_content_by_ref
$bool = $file->replace_content( $content )
$bool = $file->rename( $new_name )
$bool = $file->chmod $mode)
$bool = $file->chown( $user [, $group])
Convenience methods

$file->is_file, $file->is_dir, $file->is_hardlink, $file->is_symlink, $file->is_chardev, $file->is_blockdev, $file->is_fifo, $file->is_socket, $file->is_longlink, $file->is_label, $file->is_unknown

Attribute::Handlers - Simpler definition of attribute handlers
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

[0], [1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7]
Typed lexicals
Type-specific attribute handlers
Non-interpretive attribute handlers
Phase-specific attribute handlers
Attributes as "tie" interfaces

EXAMPLES
UTILITY FUNCTIONS

findsym

DIAGNOSTICS

"Bad attribute type: ATTR(%s)", "Attribute handler %s doesn't handle %s attributes", "Declaration of %s attribute in package %s may clash with future reserved word", "Can't have two ATTR specifiers on one subroutine", "Can't autotie a %s", "Internal error: %s symbol went missing", "Won't be able to apply END handler"

AUTHOR
BUGS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

AutoLoader - load subroutines only on demand
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Subroutine Stubs
Using AutoLoader’s AUTOLOAD Subroutine
Overriding AutoLoader’s AUTOLOAD Subroutine
Package Lexicals
Not Using AutoLoader
AutoLoader
vs. SelfLoader
Forcing AutoLoader to Load a Function

CAVEATS
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

AutoSplit - split a package for autoloading
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

$keep, $check, $modtime
Multiple packages

DIAGNOSTICS
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

B - The Perl Compiler Backend
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OVERVIEW

Utility Functions

Functions Returning "B::SV", "B::AV", "B::HV", and "B::CV" objects

sv_undef, sv_yes, sv_no, svref_2object( SVREF ), amagic_generation, init_av, check_av, unitcheck_av, begin_av, end_av, comppadlist, regex_padav, main_cv

Functions for Examining the Symbol Table

walksymtable( SYMREF, METHOD, RECURSE, PREFIX )

Functions Returning "B::OP" objects or for walking op trees

main_root, main_start, walkoptree( OP, METHOD ), walkoptree_debug( DEBUG )

Miscellaneous Utility Functions

ppname( OPNUM ), hash( STR ), cast_I32(I), minus_c, cstring( STR ), perlstring( STR ), safename( STR ), class( OBJ ), threadsv_names

Exported utility variables

@optype, @specialsv_name

OVERVIEW OF CLASSES

SV-RELATED CLASSES
B::SV Methods

REFCNT, FLAGS, object_2svref

B::IV Methods

IV, IVX, UVX, int_value, needs64bits, packiv

B::NV Methods

NV, NVX, COP_SEQ_RANGE_LOW, COP_SEQ_RANGE_HIGH

B::RV Methods

RV

B::PV Methods

PV, RV, PVX, CUR, LEN

B::PVMG Methods

MAGIC, SvSTASH

B::MAGIC Methods

MOREMAGIC, precomp, PRIVATE, TYPE, FLAGS, OBJ, PTR, REGEX

B::PVLV Methods

TARGOFF, TARGLEN, TYPE, TARG

B::BM Methods

USEFUL, PREVIOUS, RARE, TABLE

B::REGEXP Methods

REGEX, precomp, qr_anoncv, compflags

B::GV Methods

is_empty, NAME, SAFENAME, STASH, SV, IO, FORM, AV, HV, EGV, CV, CVGEN, LINE, FILE, FILEGV, GvREFCNT, FLAGS, GPFLAGS

B::IO Methods

LINES, PAGE, PAGE_LEN, LINES_LEFT, TOP_NAME, TOP_GV, FMT_NAME, FMT_GV, BOTTOM_NAME, BOTTOM_GV, SUBPROCESS, IoTYPE, IoFLAGS, IsSTD

B::AV Methods

FILL, MAX, ARRAY, ARRAYelt

B::CV Methods

STASH, START, ROOT, GV, FILE, DEPTH, PADLIST, OUTSIDE, OUTSIDE_SEQ, XSUB, XSUBANY, CvFLAGS, const_sv, NAME_HEK

B::HV Methods

FILL, MAX, KEYS, RITER, NAME, ARRAY

OP-RELATED CLASSES
B::OP Methods

next, sibling, parent, name, ppaddr, desc, targ, type, opt, flags, private, spare

B::UNOP Method

first

B::UNOP_AUX Methods (since 5.22)

aux_list(cv), string(cv)

B::BINOP Method

last

B::LOGOP Method

other

B::LISTOP Method

children

B::PMOP Methods

pmreplroot, pmreplstart, pmflags, precomp, pmoffset, code_list, pmregexp

B::SVOP Methods

sv, gv

B::PADOP Method

padix

B::PVOP Method

pv

B::LOOP Methods

redoop, nextop, lastop

B::COP Methods

label, stash, stashpv, stashoff (threaded only), file, cop_seq, line, warnings, io, hints, hints_hash

B::METHOP Methods (Since Perl 5.22)

first, meth_sv

PAD-RELATED CLASSES
B::PADLIST Methods

MAX, ARRAY, ARRAYelt, NAMES, REFCNT, id, outid

B::PADNAMELIST Methods

MAX, ARRAY, ARRAYelt, REFCNT

B::PADNAME Methods

PV, PVX, LEN, REFCNT, FLAGS, TYPE, SvSTASH, OURSTASH, PROTOCV, COP_SEQ_RANGE_LOW, COP_SEQ_RANGE_HIGH, PARENT_PAD_INDEX, PARENT_FAKELEX_FLAGS

$B::overlay

AUTHOR

B::Concise - Walk Perl syntax tree, printing concise info about ops
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXAMPLE
OPTIONS

Options for Opcode Ordering

-basic, -exec, -tree

Options for Line-Style

-concise, -terse, -linenoise, -debug, -env

Options for tree-specific formatting

-compact, -loose, -vt, -ascii

Options controlling sequence numbering

-basen, -bigendian, -littleendian

Other options

-src, -stash="somepackage", -main, -nomain, -nobanner, -banner, -banneris => subref

Option Stickiness

ABBREVIATIONS

OP class abbreviations
OP
flags abbreviations

FORMATTING SPECIFICATIONS

Special Patterns

(x(exec_text;basic_text)x), (*(text)*), (*(text1;text2)*), (?(text1#varText2)?), ~

# Variables

#var, #varN, #Var, #addr, #arg, #class, #classsym, #coplabel, #exname, #extarg, #firstaddr, #flags, #flagval, #hints, #hintsval, #hyphseq, #label, #lastaddr, #name, #NAME, #next, #nextaddr, #noise, #private, #privval, #seq, #opt, #sibaddr, #svaddr, #svclass, #svval, #targ, #targarg, #targarglife, #typenum

One-Liner Command tips

perl -MO=Concise,bar foo.pl, perl -MDigest::MD5=md5 -MO=Concise,md5 -e1, perl -MPOSIX -MO=Concise,_POSIX_ARG_MAX -e1, perl -MPOSIX -MO=Concise,a -e ’print _POSIX_SAVED_IDS’, perl -MPOSIX -MO=Concise,a -e ’sub a{_POSIX_SAVED_IDS}’, perl -MB::Concise -e ’B::Concise::compile("-exec","-src", \%B::Concise::)->()’

Using B::Concise outside of the O framework

Example: Altering Concise Renderings
set_style()

set_style_standard($name)
add_style ()
add_callback ()
Running B::Concise::compile()
B::Concise::reset_sequence()

Errors

AUTHOR

B::Deparse - Perl compiler backend to produce perl code
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OPTIONS

-d, -f FILE , -l, -p, -P, -q, -s LETTERS , C, i NUMBER , T, v STRING ., -x LEVEL

USING B::Deparse AS A MODULE

Synopsis
Description

new

ambient_pragmas

strict, $[, bytes, utf8, integer, re, warnings, hint_bits, warning_bits, %^H

coderef2text

BUGS
AUTHOR

B::Op_private - OP op_private flag definitions
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

%bits
%defines
%labels
%ops_using

B::Showlex - Show lexical variables used in functions or files
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXAMPLES

OPTIONS

SEE ALSO
TODO
AUTHOR

B::Terse - Walk Perl syntax tree, printing terse info about ops
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
AUTHOR

B::Xref - Generates cross reference reports for Perl programs
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

i, &, s, r

OPTIONS

"-oFILENAME", "-r", "-d", "-D[tO]"

BUGS
AUTHOR

Benchmark - benchmark running times of Perl code
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Methods

new, debug, iters

Standard Exports

timeit( COUNT, CODE ), timethis ( COUNT, CODE, [ TITLE, [ STYLE ]] ), timethese ( COUNT, CODEHASHREF, [ STYLE ] ), timediff ( T1, T2 ), timestr ( TIMEDIFF, [ STYLE, [ FORMAT ] ] )

Optional Exports

clearcache ( COUNT ), clearallcache ( ), cmpthese ( COUNT, CODEHASHREF, [ STYLE ] ), cmpthese ( RESULTSHASHREF, [ STYLE ] ), countit( TIME, CODE ), disablecache ( ), enablecache ( ), timesum ( T1, T2 )

:hireswallclock

Benchmark Object

cpu_p, cpu_c, cpu_a, real, iters

NOTES
EXAMPLES
INHERITANCE
CAVEATS
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
MODIFICATION HISTORY

CORE - Namespace for Perl’s core routines
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OVERRIDING CORE FUNCTIONS
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

CPAN - query, download and build perl modules from CPAN sites
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

CPAN::shell([$prompt, $command]) Starting Interactive Mode

Searching for authors, bundles, distribution files and modules, "get", "make", "test", "install", "clean" modules or distributions, "readme", "perldoc", "look" module or distribution, "ls" author, "ls" globbing_expression, "failed", Persistence between sessions, The "force" and the "fforce" pragma, Lockfile, Signals

CPAN::Shell
autobundle
hosts

install_tested, is_tested

mkmyconfig
r [Module|/Regexp/]...
recent ***EXPERIMENTAL COMMAND***
recompile
report Bundle|Distribution|Module
smoke ***EXPERIMENTAL COMMAND***
upgrade [Module|/Regexp/]...
The four "CPAN::*" Classes: Author, Bundle, Module, Distribution
Integrating local directories
Redirection
Plugin support ***EXPERIMENTAL***

CONFIGURATION

completion support, displaying some help: o conf help, displaying current values: o conf [ KEY ], changing of scalar values: o conf KEY VALUE, changing of list values: o conf KEY SHIFT|UNSHIFT|PUSH|POP|SPLICE|LIST, reverting to saved: o conf defaults, saving the config: o conf commit
Config Variables

"o conf <scalar option>", "o conf <scalar option> <value>", "o conf <list option>", "o conf <list option> [shift|pop]", "o conf <list option> [unshift|push|splice] <list>", interactive editing: o conf init [MATCH|LIST]

CPAN::anycwd($path): Note on config variable getcwd

cwd, getcwd, fastcwd, getdcwd, backtickcwd

Note on the format of the urllist parameter
The urllist parameter has CD-ROM support
Maintaining the urllist parameter
The "requires" and "build_requires" dependency declarations
Configuration of the allow_installing_* parameters
Configuration for individual distributions (Distroprefs)
Filenames
Fallback Data::Dumper and Storable
Blueprint
Language Specs

comment [scalar], cpanconfig [hash], depends [hash] *** EXPERIMENTAL FEATURE ***, disabled [boolean], features [array] *** EXPERIMENTAL FEATURE ***, goto [string], install [hash], make [hash], match [hash], patches [array], pl [hash], test [hash]

Processing Instructions

args [array], commandline, eexpect [hash], env [hash], expect [array]

Schema verification with "Kwalify"
Example Distroprefs Files

PROGRAMMER ’S INTERFACE

expand($type,@things), expandany(@things), Programming Examples
Methods in the other Classes

CPAN::Author::as_glimpse(), CPAN::Author::as_string(), CPAN::Author::email(), CPAN::Author::fullname(), CPAN::Author::name(), CPAN::Bundle::as_glimpse(), CPAN::Bundle::as_string(), CPAN::Bundle::clean(), CPAN::Bundle::contains(), CPAN::Bundle::force($method,@args), CPAN::Bundle::get(), CPAN::Bundle::inst_file(), CPAN::Bundle::inst_version(), CPAN::Bundle::uptodate(), CPAN::Bundle::install(), CPAN::Bundle::make(), CPAN::Bundle::readme(), CPAN::Bundle::test(), CPAN::Distribution::as_glimpse(), CPAN::Distribution::as_string(), CPAN::Distribution::author, CPAN::Distribution::pretty_id(), CPAN::Distribution::base_id(), CPAN::Distribution::clean(), CPAN::Distribution::containsmods(), CPAN::Distribution::cvs_import(), CPAN::Distribution::dir(), CPAN::Distribution::force($method,@args), CPAN::Distribution::get(), CPAN::Distribution::install(), CPAN::Distribution::isa_perl(), CPAN::Distribution::look(), CPAN::Distribution::make(), CPAN::Distribution::perldoc(), CPAN::Distribution::prefs(), CPAN::Distribution::prereq_pm(), CPAN::Distribution::readme(), CPAN::Distribution::reports(), CPAN::Distribution::read_yaml(), CPAN::Distribution::test(), CPAN::Distribution::uptodate(), CPAN::Index::force_reload(), CPAN::Index::reload(), CPAN::InfoObj::dump(), CPAN::Module::as_glimpse(), CPAN::Module::as_string(), CPAN::Module::clean(), CPAN::Module::cpan_file(), CPAN::Module::cpan_version(), CPAN::Module::cvs_import(), CPAN::Module::description(), CPAN::Module::distribution(), CPAN::Module::dslip_status(), CPAN::Module::force($method,@args), CPAN::Module::get(), CPAN::Module::inst_file(), CPAN::Module::available_file(), CPAN::Module::inst_version(), CPAN::Module::available_version(), CPAN::Module::install(), CPAN::Module::look(), CPAN::Module::make(), CPAN::Module::manpage_headline(), CPAN::Module::perldoc(), CPAN::Module::readme(), CPAN::Module::reports(), CPAN::Module::test(), CPAN::Module::uptodate(), CPAN::Module::userid()

Cache Manager
Bundles

PREREQUISITES
UTILITIES

Finding packages and VERSION
Debugging

o debug package.., o debug -package.., o debug all, o debug number

Floppy, Zip, Offline Mode
Basic Utilities for Programmers

has_inst($module), use_inst($module), has_usable($module), instance($module), frontend(), frontend($new_frontend)

SECURITY

Cryptographically signed modules

EXPORT
ENVIRONMENT
POPULATE AN INSTALLATION WITH LOTS OF MODULES
WORKING WITH CPAN
.pm BEHIND FIREWALLS

Three basic types of firewalls

http firewall, ftp firewall, One-way visibility, SOCKS, IP Masquerade

Configuring lynx or ncftp for going through a firewall

FAQ

1), 2), 3), 4), 5), 6), 7), 8), 9), 10), 11), 12), 13), 14), 15), 16), 17), 18), 19)

COMPATIBILITY

OLD PERL VERSIONS
CPANPLUS
CPANMINUS

SECURITY ADVICE
BUGS
AUTHOR
LICENSE
TRANSLATIONS
SEE ALSO

CPAN::API::HOWTO - a recipe book for programming with CPAN .pm
RECIPES

What distribution contains a particular module?
What modules does a particular distribution contain?

SEE ALSO
LICENSE
AUTHOR

CPAN::Debug - internal debugging for CPAN .pm
LICENSE

CPAN::Distroprefs -- read and match distroprefs
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
INTERFACE

a CPAN::Distroprefs::Result object, "undef", indicating that no prefs files remain to be found

RESULTS

Common
Errors
Successes

PREFS
LICENSE

CPAN::FirstTime - Utility for CPAN::Config file Initialization
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

allow_installing_module_downgrades, allow_installing_outdated_dists, auto_commit, build_cache, build_dir, build_dir_reuse, build_requires_install_policy, cache_metadata, check_sigs, cleanup_after_install, colorize_output, colorize_print, colorize_warn, colorize_debug, commandnumber_in_prompt, connect_to_internet_ok, ftp_passive, ftpstats_period, ftpstats_size, getcwd, halt_on_failure, histfile, histsize, inactivity_timeout, index_expire, inhibit_startup_message, keep_source_where, load_module_verbosity, makepl_arg, make_arg, make_install_arg, make_install_make_command, mbuildpl_arg, mbuild_arg, mbuild_install_arg, mbuild_install_build_command, pager, prefer_installer, prefs_dir, prerequisites_policy, randomize_urllist, recommends_policy, scan_cache, shell, show_unparsable_versions, show_upload_date, show_zero_versions, suggests_policy, tar_verbosity, term_is_latin, term_ornaments, test_report, perl5lib_verbosity, prefer_external_tar, trust_test_report_history, urllist_ping_external, urllist_ping_verbose, use_prompt_default, use_sqlite, version_timeout, yaml_load_code, yaml_module
LICENSE

CPAN::HandleConfig - internal configuration handling for CPAN .pm
"CLASS->safe_quote ITEM"
LICENSE

CPAN::Kwalify - Interface between CPAN .pm and Kwalify.pm
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

_validate($schema_name, $data, $file, $doc), yaml($schema_name)

AUTHOR
LICENSE

CPAN::Meta - the distribution metadata for a CPAN dist
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

new

create
load_file
load_yaml_string
load_json_string
load_string
save
meta_spec_version
effective_prereqs
should_index_file
should_index_package
features
feature
as_struct
as_string

STRING DATA
LIST DATA
MAP DATA
CUSTOM DATA
BUGS
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT

Bugs / Feature Requests
Source Code

AUTHORS
CONTRIBUTORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

CPAN::Meta::Converter - Convert CPAN distribution metadata structures
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

new

convert
upgrade_fragment

BUGS
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

CPAN::Meta::Feature - an optional feature provided by a CPAN distribution
VERSION
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

new

identifier
description
prereqs

BUGS
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

CPAN::Meta::History - history of CPAN Meta Spec changes
VERSION
DESCRIPTION
HISTORY

Version 2
Version 1.4
Version 1.3
Version 1.2
Version 1.1
Version 1.0

AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

CPAN::Meta::History::Meta_1_0 - Version 1.0 metadata specification for META .yml
PREFACE
DESCRIPTION

Format
Fields

name, version, license, perl, gpl, lgpl, artistic, bsd, open_source, unrestricted, restrictive, distribution_type, requires, recommends, build_requires, conflicts, dynamic_config, generated_by

Related Projects

DOAP

History

CPAN::Meta::History::Meta_1_1 - Version 1.1 metadata specification for META .yml
PREFACE
DESCRIPTION

Format
Fields

name, version, license, perl, gpl, lgpl, artistic, bsd, open_source, unrestricted, restrictive, license_uri, distribution_type, private, requires, recommends, build_requires, conflicts, dynamic_config, generated_by
Ingy’s suggestions

short_description, description, maturity, author_id, owner_id, categorization, keyword, chapter_id, URL for further information, namespaces

History

CPAN::Meta::History::Meta_1_2 - Version 1.2 metadata specification for META .yml
PREFACE
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FORMAT
TERMINOLOGY

distribution, module

VERSION SPECIFICATIONS
HEADER
FIELDS

meta-spec
name
version
abstract
author
license

perl, gpl, lgpl, artistic, bsd, open_source, unrestricted, restrictive

distribution_type
requires
recommends
build_requires
conflicts
dynamic_config
private
provides
no_index
keywords
resources

homepage, license, bugtracker

generated_by

SEE ALSO
HISTORY

March 14, 2003 (Pi day), May 8, 2003, November 13, 2003, November 16, 2003, December 9, 2003, December 15, 2003, July 26, 2005, August 23, 2005

CPAN::Meta::History::Meta_1_3 - Version 1.3 metadata specification for META .yml
PREFACE
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FORMAT
TERMINOLOGY

distribution, module

HEADER
FIELDS

meta-spec
name
version
abstract
author
license

apache, artistic, bsd, gpl, lgpl, mit, mozilla, open_source, perl, restrictive, unrestricted

distribution_type
requires
recommends
build_requires
conflicts
dynamic_config
private
provides
no_index
keywords
resources

homepage, license, bugtracker

generated_by

VERSION SPECIFICATIONS
SEE ALSO
HISTORY

March 14, 2003 (Pi day), May 8, 2003, November 13, 2003, November 16, 2003, December 9, 2003, December 15, 2003, July 26, 2005, August 23, 2005

CPAN::Meta::History::Meta_1_4 - Version 1.4 metadata specification for META .yml
PREFACE
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FORMAT
TERMINOLOGY

distribution, module

HEADER
FIELDS

meta-spec
name
version
abstract
author
license

apache, artistic, bsd, gpl, lgpl, mit, mozilla, open_source, perl, restrictive, unrestricted

distribution_type
requires
recommends
build_requires
configure_requires
conflicts
dynamic_config
private
provides
no_index
keywords
resources

homepage, license, bugtracker

generated_by

VERSION SPECIFICATIONS
SEE ALSO
HISTORY

March 14, 2003 (Pi day), May 8, 2003, November 13, 2003, November 16, 2003, December 9, 2003, December 15, 2003, July 26, 2005, August 23, 2005, June 12, 2007

CPAN::Meta::Merge - Merging CPAN Meta fragments
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

new

merge(@fragments)

MERGE STRATEGIES

identical, set_addition, uniq_map, improvise

AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

CPAN::Meta::Prereqs - a set of distribution prerequisites by phase and type
VERSION
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

new

requirements_for
phases
types_in
with_merged_prereqs
merged_requirements
as_string_hash
is_finalized
finalize
clone

BUGS
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

CPAN::Meta::Requirements - a set of version requirements for a CPAN dist
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

new

add_minimum
add_maximum
add_exclusion
exact_version
add_requirements
accepts_module
clear_requirement
requirements_for_module
structured_requirements_for_module
required_modules
clone
is_simple
is_finalized
finalize
as_string_hash
add_string_requirement

>= 1.3, <= 1.3, != 1.3, > 1.3, < 1.3, >= 1.3, != 1.5, <= 2.0

from_string_hash

SUPPORT

Bugs / Feature Requests
Source Code

AUTHORS
CONTRIBUTORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

CPAN::Meta::Spec - specification for CPAN distribution metadata
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
TERMINOLOGY

distribution, module, package, consumer, producer, must, should, may, etc

DATA TYPES

Boolean
String
List

Map

License String

URL

Version
Version Range

STRUCTURE

REQUIRED FIELDS

version, url, stable, testing, unstable

OPTIONAL FIELDS

file, directory, package, namespace, description, prereqs, file, version, homepage, license, bugtracker, repository

DEPRECATED FIELDS

VERSION NUMBERS

Version Formats

Decimal versions, Dotted-integer versions

Version Ranges

PREREQUISITES

Prereq Spec

configure, build, test, runtime, develop, requires, recommends, suggests, conflicts

Merging and Resolving Prerequisites

SERIALIZATION
NOTES FOR IMPLEMENTORS

Extracting Version Numbers from Perl Modules
Comparing Version Numbers
Prerequisites for dynamically configured distributions
Indexing distributions a la PAUSE

SEE ALSO
HISTORY
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

CPAN::Meta::Validator - validate CPAN distribution metadata structures
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

new

is_valid
errors
Check Methods
Validator Methods

BUGS
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

CPAN::Meta::YAML - Read and write a subset of YAML for CPAN Meta files
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SUPPORT
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

new( LOCAL_FILE_NAME )

continents()

countries( [ CONTINENTS ] )

mirrors( [ COUNTRIES ] )

get_mirrors_by_countries( [ COUNTRIES ] )

get_mirrors_by_continents( [ CONTINENTS ] )

get_countries_by_continents( [ CONTINENTS ] )

default_mirror

best_mirrors

get_n_random_mirrors_by_continents( N, [ CONTINENTS ] )

get_mirrors_timings( MIRROR_LIST, SEEN, CALLBACK, %ARGS );

find_best_continents( HASH_REF );
AUTHOR
LICENSE

CPAN::Nox - Wrapper around CPAN .pm without using any XS module
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
LICENSE
SEE ALSO

CPAN::Plugin - Base class for CPAN shell extensions
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Alpha Status
How Plugins work?

METHODS

plugin_requires
distribution_object
distribution
distribution_info
build_dir
is_xs

AUTHOR

CPAN::Plugin::Specfile - Proof of concept implementation of a trivial CPAN::Plugin
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

OPTIONS

AUTHOR

CPAN::Queue - internal queue support for CPAN .pm
LICENSE

CPAN::Tarzip - internal handling of tar archives for CPAN .pm
LICENSE

CPAN::Version - utility functions to compare CPAN versions
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
LICENSE

Carp - alternative warn and die for modules
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Forcing a Stack Trace
Stack Trace formatting

GLOBAL VARIABLES

$Carp::MaxEvalLen
$Carp::MaxArgLen
$Carp::MaxArgNums
$Carp::Verbose
$Carp::RefArgFormatter
@CARP_NOT
%Carp::Internal
%Carp::CarpInternal
$Carp::CarpLevel

BUGS
SEE ALSO
CONTRIBUTING
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
LICENSE

Class::Struct - declare struct-like datatypes as Perl classes
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

The "struct()" function
Class Creation at Compile Time
Element Types and Accessor Methods

Scalar ('$' or '*$'), Array ('@' or '*@'), Hash ('%' or '*%'), Class ('Class_Name' or '*Class_Name')

Initializing with "new"

EXAMPLES

Example 1, Example 2, Example 3

Author and Modification History

Compress::Raw::Bzip2 - Low-Level Interface to bzip2 compression library
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Compression

($z, $status) = new Compress::Raw::Bzip2 $appendOutput,
$blockSize100k, $workfactor;

$appendOutput, $blockSize100k, $workfactor

$status = $bz->bzdeflate($input, $output);
$status = $bz->bzflush($output);
$status = $bz->bzclose($output);
Example

Uncompression

($z, $status) = new Compress::Raw::Bunzip2 $appendOutput,
$consumeInput, $small, $verbosity, $limitOutput;

$appendOutput, $consumeInput, $small, $limitOutput, $verbosity

$status = $z->bzinflate($input, $output);

Misc

my $version = Compress::Raw::Bzip2::bzlibversion();

Constants
SUPPORT
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

Compress::Raw::Zlib - Low-Level Interface to zlib compression library
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Compress::Raw::Zlib::Deflate

($d, $status) = new Compress::Raw::Zlib::Deflate( [ OPT ] )

-Level, -Method, -WindowBits, -MemLevel, -Strategy, -Dictionary, -Bufsize, -AppendOutput, -CRC32, -ADLER32

$status = $d->deflate($input, $output)
$status = $d->flush($output [, $flush_type])
$status = $d->deflateReset()
$status = $d->deflateParams([ OPT ])

-Level, -Strategy, -BufSize

$status = $d->deflateTune($good_length, $max_lazy, $nice_length,
$max_chain)
$d->dict_adler()
$d->crc32()
$d->adler32()
$d->msg()
$d->total_in()
$d->total_out()
$d->get_Strategy()
$d->get_Level()
$d->get_BufSize()

Example

Compress::Raw::Zlib::Inflate

($i, $status) = new Compress::Raw::Zlib::Inflate( [ OPT ] )

-WindowBits, -Bufsize, -Dictionary, -AppendOutput, -CRC32, -ADLER32, -ConsumeInput, -LimitOutput

$status = $i->inflate($input, $output [,$eof])
$status = $i->inflateSync($input)
$status = $i->inflateReset()
$i->dict_adler()
$i->crc32()
$i->adler32()
$i->msg()
$i->total_in()
$i->total_out()
$d->get_BufSize()

Examples

CHECKSUM FUNCTIONS
Misc

my $version = Compress::Raw::Zlib::zlib_version();
my $flags = Compress::Raw::Zlib::zlibCompileFlags();

The LimitOutput option.
ACCESSING ZIP FILES

FAQ

Compatibility with Unix compress/uncompress.

Accessing .tar.Z files
Zlib Library Version Support

CONSTANTS
SUPPORT
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

Compress::Zlib - Interface to zlib compression library
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Notes for users of Compress::Zlib version 1

GZIP INTERFACE

$gz = gzopen($filename, $mode), $gz = gzopen($filehandle, $mode), $bytesread = $gz->gzread($buffer [, $size]) ;, $bytesread = $gz->gzreadline($line) ;, $byteswritten = $gz->gzwrite($buffer) ;, $status = $gz->gzflush($flush_type) ;, $offset = $gz->gztell() ;, $status = $gz->gzseek($offset, $whence) ;, $gz->gzclose, $gz->gzsetparams($level, $strategy, $level, $strategy, $gz->gzerror, $gzerrno
Examples
Compress::Zlib::memGzip
Compress::Zlib::memGunzip

COMPRESS/UNCOMPRESS

$dest = compress($source [, $level] ) ;, $dest = uncompress($source) ;

Deflate Interface

($d, $status) = deflateInit( [ OPT ] )

-Level, -Method, -WindowBits, -MemLevel, -Strategy, -Dictionary, -Bufsize

($out, $status) = $d->deflate($buffer)
($out, $status) = $d->flush()
=head2 ($out, $status) =
$d->flush($flush_type)
$status = $d->deflateParams([ OPT ])

-Level, -Strategy

$d->dict_adler()
$d->msg()
$d->total_in()
$d->total_out()

Example

Inflate Interface

($i, $status) = inflateInit()

-WindowBits, -Bufsize, -Dictionary

($out, $status) = $i->inflate($buffer)
$status = $i->inflateSync($buffer)
$i->dict_adler()
$i->msg()
$i->total_in()
$i->total_out()

Example

CHECKSUM FUNCTIONS
Misc

my $version = Compress::Zlib::zlib_version();

CONSTANTS
SUPPORT
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

Config, =for comment Generated by configpm. Any changes made here will be lost!
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

myconfig(), config_sh(), config_re($regex), config_vars(@names), bincompat_options(), non_bincompat_options(), compile_date(), local_patches(), header_files()

EXAMPLE
WARNING
GLOSSARY

_

"_a", "_exe", "_o"

a

"afs", "afsroot", "alignbytes", "aphostname", "api_revision", "api_subversion", "api_version", "api_versionstring", "ar", "archlib", "archlibexp", "archname", "archname64", "archobjs", "asctime_r_proto", "awk"

b

"baserev", "bash", "bin", "bin_ELF", "binexp", "bison", "byacc", "byteorder"

c

"c", "castflags", "cat", "cc", "cccdlflags", "ccdlflags", "ccflags", "ccflags_uselargefiles", "ccname", "ccsymbols", "ccversion", "cf_by", "cf_email", "cf_time", "charbits", "charsize", "chgrp", "chmod", "chown", "clocktype", "comm", "compress", "config_arg0", "config_argc", "config_args", "contains", "cp", "cpio", "cpp", "cpp_stuff", "cppccsymbols", "cppflags", "cpplast", "cppminus", "cpprun", "cppstdin", "cppsymbols", "crypt_r_proto", "cryptlib", "csh", "ctermid_r_proto", "ctime_r_proto"

d

"d__fwalk", "d_accept4", "d_access", "d_accessx", "d_acosh", "d_aintl", "d_alarm", "d_archlib", "d_asctime64", "d_asctime_r", "d_asinh", "d_atanh", "d_atolf", "d_atoll", "d_attribute_deprecated", "d_attribute_format", "d_attribute_malloc", "d_attribute_nonnull", "d_attribute_noreturn", "d_attribute_pure", "d_attribute_unused", "d_attribute_warn_unused_result", "d_backtrace", "d_bsd", "d_bsdgetpgrp", "d_bsdsetpgrp", "d_builtin_add_overflow", "d_builtin_choose_expr", "d_builtin_expect", "d_builtin_mul_overflow", "d_builtin_sub_overflow", "d_c99_variadic_macros", "d_casti32", "d_castneg", "d_cbrt", "d_chown", "d_chroot", "d_chsize", "d_class", "d_clearenv", "d_closedir", "d_cmsghdr_s", "d_copysign", "d_copysignl", "d_cplusplus", "d_crypt", "d_crypt_r", "d_csh", "d_ctermid", "d_ctermid_r", "d_ctime64", "d_ctime_r", "d_cuserid", "d_dbminitproto", "d_difftime", "d_difftime64", "d_dir_dd_fd", "d_dirfd", "d_dirnamlen", "d_dladdr", "d_dlerror", "d_dlopen", "d_dlsymun", "d_dosuid", "d_double_has_inf", "d_double_has_nan", "d_double_has_negative_zero", "d_double_has_subnormals", "d_double_style_cray", "d_double_style_ibm", "d_double_style_ieee", "d_double_style_vax", "d_drand48_r", "d_drand48proto", "d_dup2", "d_dup3", "d_duplocale", "d_eaccess", "d_endgrent", "d_endgrent_r", "d_endhent", "d_endhostent_r", "d_endnent", "d_endnetent_r", "d_endpent", "d_endprotoent_r", "d_endpwent", "d_endpwent_r", "d_endsent", "d_endservent_r", "d_eofnblk", "d_erf", "d_erfc", "d_eunice", "d_exp2", "d_expm1", "d_faststdio", "d_fchdir", "d_fchmod", "d_fchmodat", "d_fchown", "d_fcntl", "d_fcntl_can_lock", "d_fd_macros", "d_fd_set", "d_fdclose", "d_fdim", "d_fds_bits", "d_fegetround", "d_fgetpos", "d_finite", "d_finitel", "d_flexfnam", "d_flock", "d_flockproto", "d_fma", "d_fmax", "d_fmin", "d_fork", "d_fp_class", "d_fp_classify", "d_fp_classl", "d_fpathconf", "d_fpclass", "d_fpclassify", "d_fpclassl", "d_fpgetround", "d_fpos64_t", "d_freelocale", "d_frexpl", "d_fs_data_s", "d_fseeko", "d_fsetpos", "d_fstatfs", "d_fstatvfs", "d_fsync", "d_ftello", "d_ftime", "d_futimes", "d_gai_strerror", "d_Gconvert", "d_gdbm_ndbm_h_uses_prototypes", "d_gdbmndbm_h_uses_prototypes", "d_getaddrinfo", "d_getcwd", "d_getespwnam", "d_getfsstat", "d_getgrent", "d_getgrent_r", "d_getgrgid_r", "d_getgrnam_r", "d_getgrps", "d_gethbyaddr", "d_gethbyname", "d_gethent", "d_gethname", "d_gethostbyaddr_r", "d_gethostbyname_r", "d_gethostent_r", "d_gethostprotos", "d_getitimer", "d_getlogin", "d_getlogin_r", "d_getmnt", "d_getmntent", "d_getnameinfo", "d_getnbyaddr", "d_getnbyname", "d_getnent", "d_getnetbyaddr_r", "d_getnetbyname_r", "d_getnetent_r", "d_getnetprotos", "d_getpagsz", "d_getpbyname", "d_getpbynumber", "d_getpent", "d_getpgid", "d_getpgrp", "d_getpgrp2", "d_getppid", "d_getprior", "d_getprotobyname_r", "d_getprotobynumber_r", "d_getprotoent_r", "d_getprotoprotos", "d_getprpwnam", "d_getpwent", "d_getpwent_r", "d_getpwnam_r", "d_getpwuid_r", "d_getsbyname", "d_getsbyport", "d_getsent", "d_getservbyname_r", "d_getservbyport_r", "d_getservent_r", "d_getservprotos", "d_getspnam", "d_getspnam_r", "d_gettimeod", "d_gmtime64", "d_gmtime_r", "d_gnulibc", "d_grpasswd", "d_has_C_UTF8", "d_hasmntopt", "d_htonl", "d_hypot", "d_ilogb", "d_ilogbl", "d_inc_version_list", "d_inetaton", "d_inetntop", "d_inetpton", "d_int64_t", "d_ip_mreq", "d_ip_mreq_source", "d_ipv6_mreq", "d_ipv6_mreq_source", "d_isascii", "d_isblank", "d_isfinite", "d_isfinitel", "d_isinf", "d_isinfl", "d_isless", "d_isnan", "d_isnanl", "d_isnormal", "d_j0", "d_j0l", "d_killpg", "d_lc_monetary_2008", "d_lchown", "d_ldbl_dig", "d_ldexpl", "d_lgamma", "d_lgamma_r", "d_libm_lib_version", "d_libname_unique", "d_link", "d_linkat", "d_llrint", "d_llrintl", "d_llround", "d_llroundl", "d_localeconv_l", "d_localtime64", "d_localtime_r", "d_localtime_r_needs_tzset", "d_locconv", "d_lockf", "d_log1p", "d_log2", "d_logb", "d_long_double_style_ieee", "d_long_double_style_ieee_doubledouble", "d_long_double_style_ieee_extended", "d_long_double_style_ieee_std", "d_long_double_style_vax", "d_longdbl", "d_longlong", "d_lrint", "d_lrintl", "d_lround", "d_lroundl", "d_lseekproto", "d_lstat", "d_madvise", "d_malloc_good_size", "d_malloc_size", "d_mblen", "d_mbrlen", "d_mbrtowc", "d_mbstowcs", "d_mbtowc", "d_memmem", "d_memrchr", "d_mkdir", "d_mkdtemp", "d_mkfifo", "d_mkostemp", "d_mkstemp", "d_mkstemps", "d_mktime", "d_mktime64", "d_mmap", "d_modfl", "d_modflproto", "d_mprotect", "d_msg", "d_msg_ctrunc", "d_msg_dontroute", "d_msg_oob", "d_msg_peek", "d_msg_proxy", "d_msgctl", "d_msgget", "d_msghdr_s", "d_msgrcv", "d_msgsnd", "d_msync", "d_munmap", "d_mymalloc", "d_nan", "d_nanosleep", "d_ndbm", "d_ndbm_h_uses_prototypes", "d_nearbyint", "d_newlocale", "d_nextafter", "d_nexttoward", "d_nice", "d_nl_langinfo", "d_nv_preserves_uv", "d_nv_zero_is_allbits_zero", "d_off64_t", "d_old_pthread_create_joinable", "d_oldpthreads", "d_oldsock", "d_open3", "d_openat", "d_pathconf", "d_pause", "d_perl_otherlibdirs", "d_phostname", "d_pipe", "d_pipe2", "d_poll", "d_portable", "d_prctl", "d_prctl_set_name", "d_PRId64", "d_PRIeldbl", "d_PRIEUldbl", "d_PRIfldbl", "d_PRIFUldbl", "d_PRIgldbl", "d_PRIGUldbl", "d_PRIi64", "d_printf_format_null", "d_PRIo64", "d_PRIu64", "d_PRIx64", "d_PRIXU64", "d_procselfexe", "d_pseudofork", "d_pthread_atfork", "d_pthread_attr_setscope", "d_pthread_yield", "d_ptrdiff_t", "d_pwage", "d_pwchange", "d_pwclass", "d_pwcomment", "d_pwexpire", "d_pwgecos", "d_pwpasswd", "d_pwquota", "d_qgcvt", "d_quad", "d_querylocale", "d_random_r", "d_re_comp", "d_readdir", "d_readdir64_r", "d_readdir_r", "d_readlink", "d_readv", "d_recvmsg", "d_regcmp", "d_regcomp", "d_remainder", "d_remquo", "d_rename", "d_renameat", "d_rewinddir", "d_rint", "d_rmdir", "d_round", "d_sbrkproto", "d_scalbn", "d_scalbnl", "d_sched_yield", "d_scm_rights", "d_SCNfldbl", "d_seekdir", "d_select", "d_sem", "d_semctl", "d_semctl_semid_ds", "d_semctl_semun", "d_semget", "d_semop", "d_sendmsg", "d_setegid", "d_seteuid", "d_setgrent", "d_setgrent_r", "d_setgrps", "d_sethent", "d_sethostent_r", "d_setitimer", "d_setlinebuf", "d_setlocale", "d_setlocale_accepts_any_locale_name", "d_setlocale_r", "d_setnent", "d_setnetent_r", "d_setpent", "d_setpgid", "d_setpgrp", "d_setpgrp2", "d_setprior", "d_setproctitle", "d_setprotoent_r", "d_setpwent", "d_setpwent_r", "d_setregid", "d_setresgid", "d_setresuid", "d_setreuid", "d_setrgid", "d_setruid", "d_setsent", "d_setservent_r", "d_setsid", "d_setvbuf", "d_shm", "d_shmat", "d_shmatprototype", "d_shmctl", "d_shmdt", "d_shmget", "d_sigaction", "d_siginfo_si_addr", "d_siginfo_si_band", "d_siginfo_si_errno", "d_siginfo_si_fd", "d_siginfo_si_pid", "d_siginfo_si_status", "d_siginfo_si_uid", "d_siginfo_si_value", "d_signbit", "d_sigprocmask", "d_sigsetjmp", "d_sin6_scope_id", "d_sitearch", "d_snprintf", "d_sockaddr_in6", "d_sockaddr_sa_len", "d_sockatmark", "d_sockatmarkproto", "d_socket", "d_socklen_t", "d_sockpair", "d_socks5_init", "d_sqrtl", "d_srand48_r", "d_srandom_r", "d_sresgproto", "d_sresuproto", "d_stat", "d_statblks", "d_statfs_f_flags", "d_statfs_s", "d_static_inline", "d_statvfs", "d_stdio_cnt_lval", "d_stdio_ptr_lval", "d_stdio_ptr_lval_nochange_cnt", "d_stdio_ptr_lval_sets_cnt", "d_stdio_stream_array", "d_stdiobase", "d_stdstdio", "d_strcoll", "d_strerror_l", "d_strerror_r", "d_strftime", "d_strlcat", "d_strlcpy", "d_strnlen", "d_strtod", "d_strtod_l", "d_strtol", "d_strtold", "d_strtold_l", "d_strtoll", "d_strtoq", "d_strtoul", "d_strtoull", "d_strtouq", "d_strxfrm", "d_suidsafe", "d_symlink", "d_syscall", "d_syscallproto", "d_sysconf", "d_sysernlst", "d_syserrlst", "d_system", "d_tcgetpgrp", "d_tcsetpgrp", "d_telldir", "d_telldirproto", "d_tgamma", "d_thread_safe_nl_langinfo_l", "d_time", "d_timegm", "d_times", "d_tm_tm_gmtoff", "d_tm_tm_zone", "d_tmpnam_r", "d_towlower", "d_towupper", "d_trunc", "d_truncate", "d_truncl", "d_ttyname_r", "d_tzname", "d_u32align", "d_ualarm", "d_umask", "d_uname", "d_union_semun", "d_unlinkat", "d_unordered", "d_unsetenv", "d_uselocale", "d_usleep", "d_usleepproto", "d_ustat", "d_vendorarch", "d_vendorbin", "d_vendorlib", "d_vendorscript", "d_vfork", "d_void_closedir", "d_voidsig", "d_voidtty", "d_vsnprintf", "d_wait4", "d_waitpid", "d_wcscmp", "d_wcstombs", "d_wcsxfrm", "d_wctomb", "d_writev", "d_xenix", "date", "db_hashtype", "db_prefixtype", "db_version_major", "db_version_minor", "db_version_patch", "default_inc_excludes_dot", "direntrytype", "dlext", "dlsrc", "doubleinfbytes", "doublekind", "doublemantbits", "doublenanbytes", "doublesize", "drand01", "drand48_r_proto", "dtrace", "dtraceobject", "dtracexnolibs", "dynamic_ext"

e

"eagain", "ebcdic", "echo", "egrep", "emacs", "endgrent_r_proto", "endhostent_r_proto", "endnetent_r_proto", "endprotoent_r_proto", "endpwent_r_proto", "endservent_r_proto", "eunicefix", "exe_ext", "expr", "extensions", "extern_C", "extras"

f

"fflushall", "fflushNULL", "find", "firstmakefile", "flex", "fpossize", "fpostype", "freetype", "from", "full_ar", "full_csh", "full_sed"

g

"gccansipedantic", "gccosandvers", "gccversion", "getgrent_r_proto", "getgrgid_r_proto", "getgrnam_r_proto", "gethostbyaddr_r_proto", "gethostbyname_r_proto", "gethostent_r_proto", "getlogin_r_proto", "getnetbyaddr_r_proto", "getnetbyname_r_proto", "getnetent_r_proto", "getprotobyname_r_proto", "getprotobynumber_r_proto", "getprotoent_r_proto", "getpwent_r_proto", "getpwnam_r_proto", "getpwuid_r_proto", "getservbyname_r_proto", "getservbyport_r_proto", "getservent_r_proto", "getspnam_r_proto", "gidformat", "gidsign", "gidsize", "gidtype", "glibpth", "gmake", "gmtime_r_proto", "gnulibc_version", "grep", "groupcat", "groupstype", "gzip"

h

"h_fcntl", "h_sysfile", "hint", "hostcat", "hostgenerate", "hostosname", "hostperl", "html1dir", "html1direxp", "html3dir", "html3direxp"

i

"i16size", "i16type", "i32size", "i32type", "i64size", "i64type", "i8size", "i8type", "i_arpainet", "i_bfd", "i_bsdioctl", "i_crypt", "i_db", "i_dbm", "i_dirent", "i_dlfcn", "i_execinfo", "i_fcntl", "i_fenv", "i_fp", "i_fp_class", "i_gdbm", "i_gdbm_ndbm", "i_gdbmndbm", "i_grp", "i_ieeefp", "i_inttypes", "i_langinfo", "i_libutil", "i_locale", "i_machcthr", "i_malloc", "i_mallocmalloc", "i_mntent", "i_ndbm", "i_netdb", "i_neterrno", "i_netinettcp", "i_niin", "i_poll", "i_prot", "i_pthread", "i_pwd", "i_quadmath", "i_rpcsvcdbm", "i_sgtty", "i_shadow", "i_socks", "i_stdbool", "i_stdint", "i_stdlib", "i_sunmath", "i_sysaccess", "i_sysdir", "i_sysfile", "i_sysfilio", "i_sysin", "i_sysioctl", "i_syslog", "i_sysmman", "i_sysmode", "i_sysmount", "i_sysndir", "i_sysparam", "i_syspoll", "i_sysresrc", "i_syssecrt", "i_sysselct", "i_syssockio", "i_sysstat", "i_sysstatfs", "i_sysstatvfs", "i_systime", "i_systimek", "i_systimes", "i_systypes", "i_sysuio", "i_sysun", "i_sysutsname", "i_sysvfs", "i_syswait", "i_termio", "i_termios", "i_time", "i_unistd", "i_ustat", "i_utime", "i_vfork", "i_wchar", "i_wctype", "i_xlocale", "ignore_versioned_solibs", "inc_version_list", "inc_version_list_init", "incpath", "incpth", "inews", "initialinstalllocation", "installarchlib", "installbin", "installhtml1dir", "installhtml3dir", "installman1dir", "installman3dir", "installprefix", "installprefixexp", "installprivlib", "installscript", "installsitearch", "installsitebin", "installsitehtml1dir", "installsitehtml3dir", "installsitelib", "installsiteman1dir", "installsiteman3dir", "installsitescript", "installstyle", "installusrbinperl", "installvendorarch", "installvendorbin", "installvendorhtml1dir", "installvendorhtml3dir", "installvendorlib", "installvendorman1dir", "installvendorman3dir", "installvendorscript", "intsize", "issymlink", "ivdformat", "ivsize", "ivtype"

k

"known_extensions", "ksh"

l

"ld", "ld_can_script", "lddlflags", "ldflags", "ldflags_uselargefiles", "ldlibpthname", "less", "lib_ext", "libc", "libperl", "libpth", "libs", "libsdirs", "libsfiles", "libsfound", "libspath", "libswanted", "libswanted_uselargefiles", "line", "lint", "lkflags", "ln", "lns", "localtime_r_proto", "locincpth", "loclibpth", "longdblinfbytes", "longdblkind", "longdblmantbits", "longdblnanbytes", "longdblsize", "longlongsize", "longsize", "lp", "lpr", "ls", "lseeksize", "lseektype"

m

"mail", "mailx", "make", "make_set_make", "mallocobj", "mallocsrc", "malloctype", "man1dir", "man1direxp", "man1ext", "man3dir", "man3direxp", "man3ext", "mips_type", "mistrustnm", "mkdir", "mmaptype", "modetype", "more", "multiarch", "mv", "myarchname", "mydomain", "myhostname", "myuname"

n

"n", "need_va_copy", "netdb_hlen_type", "netdb_host_type", "netdb_name_type", "netdb_net_type", "nm", "nm_opt", "nm_so_opt", "nonxs_ext", "nroff", "nv_overflows_integers_at", "nv_preserves_uv_bits", "nveformat", "nvEUformat", "nvfformat", "nvFUformat", "nvgformat", "nvGUformat", "nvmantbits", "nvsize", "nvtype"

o

"o_nonblock", "obj_ext", "old_pthread_create_joinable", "optimize", "orderlib", "osname", "osvers", "otherlibdirs"

p

"package", "pager", "passcat", "patchlevel", "path_sep", "perl", "perl5"

P

"PERL_API_REVISION", "PERL_API_SUBVERSION", "PERL_API_VERSION", "PERL_CONFIG_SH", "PERL_PATCHLEVEL", "perl_patchlevel", "PERL_REVISION", "perl_static_inline", "PERL_SUBVERSION", "PERL_VERSION", "perladmin", "perllibs", "perlpath", "pg", "phostname", "pidtype", "plibpth", "pmake", "pr", "prefix", "prefixexp", "privlib", "privlibexp", "procselfexe", "ptrsize"

q

"quadkind", "quadtype"

r

"randbits", "randfunc", "random_r_proto", "randseedtype", "ranlib", "rd_nodata", "readdir64_r_proto", "readdir_r_proto", "revision", "rm", "rm_try", "rmail", "run", "runnm"

s

"sched_yield", "scriptdir", "scriptdirexp", "sed", "seedfunc", "selectminbits", "selecttype", "sendmail", "setgrent_r_proto", "sethostent_r_proto", "setlocale_r_proto", "setnetent_r_proto", "setprotoent_r_proto", "setpwent_r_proto", "setservent_r_proto", "sGMTIME_max", "sGMTIME_min", "sh", "shar", "sharpbang", "shmattype", "shortsize", "shrpenv", "shsharp", "sig_count", "sig_name", "sig_name_init", "sig_num", "sig_num_init", "sig_size", "signal_t", "sitearch", "sitearchexp", "sitebin", "sitebinexp", "sitehtml1dir", "sitehtml1direxp", "sitehtml3dir", "sitehtml3direxp", "sitelib", "sitelib_stem", "sitelibexp", "siteman1dir", "siteman1direxp", "siteman3dir", "siteman3direxp", "siteprefix", "siteprefixexp", "sitescript", "sitescriptexp", "sizesize", "sizetype", "sleep", "sLOCALTIME_max", "sLOCALTIME_min", "smail", "so", "sockethdr", "socketlib", "socksizetype", "sort", "spackage", "spitshell", "sPRId64", "sPRIeldbl", "sPRIEUldbl", "sPRIfldbl", "sPRIFUldbl", "sPRIgldbl", "sPRIGUldbl", "sPRIi64", "sPRIo64", "sPRIu64", "sPRIx64", "sPRIXU64", "srand48_r_proto", "srandom_r_proto", "src", "sSCNfldbl", "ssizetype", "st_ino_sign", "st_ino_size", "startperl", "startsh", "static_ext", "stdchar", "stdio_base", "stdio_bufsiz", "stdio_cnt", "stdio_filbuf", "stdio_ptr", "stdio_stream_array", "strerror_r_proto", "submit", "subversion", "sysman", "sysroot"

t

"tail", "tar", "targetarch", "targetdir", "targetenv", "targethost", "targetmkdir", "targetport", "targetsh", "tbl", "tee", "test", "timeincl", "timetype", "tmpnam_r_proto", "to", "touch", "tr", "trnl", "troff", "ttyname_r_proto"

u

"u16size", "u16type", "u32size", "u32type", "u64size", "u64type", "u8size", "u8type", "uidformat", "uidsign", "uidsize", "uidtype", "uname", "uniq", "uquadtype", "use5005threads", "use64bitall", "use64bitint", "usecbacktrace", "usecrosscompile", "usedevel", "usedl", "usedtrace", "usefaststdio", "useithreads", "usekernprocpathname", "uselanginfo", "uselargefiles", "uselongdouble", "usemallocwrap", "usemorebits", "usemultiplicity", "usemymalloc", "usenm", "usensgetexecutablepath", "useopcode", "useperlio", "useposix", "usequadmath", "usereentrant", "userelocatableinc", "useshrplib", "usesitecustomize", "usesocks", "usethreads", "usevendorprefix", "useversionedarchname", "usevfork", "usrinc", "uuname", "uvoformat", "uvsize", "uvtype", "uvuformat", "uvxformat", "uvXUformat"

v

"vendorarch", "vendorarchexp", "vendorbin", "vendorbinexp", "vendorhtml1dir", "vendorhtml1direxp", "vendorhtml3dir", "vendorhtml3direxp", "vendorlib", "vendorlib_stem", "vendorlibexp", "vendorman1dir", "vendorman1direxp", "vendorman3dir", "vendorman3direxp", "vendorprefix", "vendorprefixexp", "vendorscript", "vendorscriptexp", "version", "version_patchlevel_string", "versiononly", "vi"

x

"xlibpth"

y

"yacc", "yaccflags"

z

"zcat", "zip"

GIT DATA
NOTE

Config::Extensions - hash lookup of which core extensions were built.
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

dynamic, nonxs, static

AUTHOR

Config::Perl::V - Structured data retrieval of perl -V output
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

$conf = myconfig ()
$conf = plv2hash ($text [, ...])
$info = summary ([$conf])
$md5 = signature ([$conf])
The hash structure

build, osname, stamp, options, derived, patches, environment, config, inc

REASONING
BUGS
TODO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

Cwd - get pathname of current working directory
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

getcwd and friends

getcwd, cwd, fastcwd, fastgetcwd, getdcwd

abs_path and friends

abs_path, realpath, fast_abs_path

$ENV{ PWD }

NOTES
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO

DB - programmatic interface to the Perl debugging API
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Global Variables

 $DB::sub,  %DB::sub,  $DB::single,  $DB::signal,  $DB::trace,  @DB::args,
@DB::dbline,  %DB::dbline,  $DB::package,  $DB::filename,  $DB::subname,
$DB::lineno

API Methods

CLIENT- >register(), CLIENT- >evalcode( STRING ), CLIENT- >skippkg(’D::hide’), CLIENT- >run(), CLIENT- >step(), CLIENT- >next(), CLIENT- >done()

Client Callback Methods

CLIENT- >init(), CLIENT- >prestop([ STRING ]), CLIENT- >stop(), CLIENT- >idle(), CLIENT- >poststop([ STRING ]), CLIENT- >evalcode( STRING ), CLIENT- >cleanup(), CLIENT- >output( LIST )

BUGS
AUTHOR

DBM_Filter -- Filter DBM keys/values
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

What is a DBM Filter?

So what’s new?

METHODS

$db->Filter_Push() / $db->Filter_Key_Push() /
$db->Filter_Value_Push()

Filter_Push, Filter_Key_Push, Filter_Value_Push

$db->Filter_Pop()
$db->Filtered()

Writing a Filter

Immediate Filters
Canned Filters

"name", params

Filters Included

utf8, encode, compress, int32, null

NOTES

Maintain Round Trip Integrity
Don’t mix filtered & non-filtered data in the same database file.

EXAMPLE
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR

DBM_Filter::compress - filter for DBM_Filter
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR

DBM_Filter::encode - filter for DBM_Filter
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR

DBM_Filter::int32 - filter for DBM_Filter
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR

DBM_Filter::null - filter for DBM_Filter
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR

DBM_Filter::utf8 - filter for DBM_Filter
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR

DB_File - Perl5 access to Berkeley DB version 1.x
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

DB_HASH , DB_BTREE , DB_RECNO
Using DB_File with Berkeley DB version 2 or greater
Interface to Berkeley DB
Opening a Berkeley DB Database File
Default Parameters
In Memory Databases

DB_HASH

A Simple Example

DB_BTREE

Changing the BTREE sort order
Handling Duplicate Keys
The get_dup() Method
The find_dup() Method
The del_dup() Method
Matching Partial Keys

DB_RECNO

The ’bval’ Option
A Simple Example
Extra RECNO Methods

$X->push(list) ;, $value = $X->pop ;, $X->shift, $X->unshift(list) ;, $X->length, $X->splice(offset, length, elements);

Another Example

THE API INTERFACE

$status = $X->get($key, $value [, $flags]) ;, $status = $X->put($key, $value [, $flags]) ;, $status = $X->del($key [, $flags]) ;, $status = $X->fd ;, $status = $X->seq($key, $value, $flags) ;, $status = $X->sync([$flags]) ;

DBM FILTERS

DBM Filter Low-level API

filter_store_key, filter_store_value, filter_fetch_key, filter_fetch_value

The Filter
An Example -- the NULL termination problem.
Another Example -- Key is a C int.

HINTS AND TIPS

Locking: The Trouble with fd
Safe ways to lock a database

Tie::DB_Lock, Tie::DB_LockFile, DB_File::Lock

Sharing Databases With C Applications
The untie() Gotcha

COMMON QUESTIONS

Why is there Perl source in my database?
How do I store complex data structures with DB_File?
What does "wide character in subroutine entry" mean?
What does "Invalid Argument" mean?
What does "Bareword ’DB_File’ not allowed" mean?

REFERENCES
HISTORY
BUGS
SUPPORT
AVAILABILITY
COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR

Data::Dumper - stringified perl data structures, suitable for both printing and "eval"
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Methods

PACKAGE ->new( ARRAYREF [, ARRAYREF ]), $OBJ->Dump or PACKAGE ->Dump( ARRAYREF [, ARRAYREF ]), $OBJ->Seen([ HASHREF ]), $OBJ->Values([ ARRAYREF ]), $OBJ->Names([ ARRAYREF ]), $OBJ->Reset

Functions

Dumper( LIST )

Configuration Variables or Methods
Exports

Dumper

EXAMPLES
BUGS

NOTE

AUTHOR
VERSION
SEE ALSO

Devel::PPPort - Perl/Pollution/Portability
SYNOPSIS

Start using Devel::PPPort for XS projects
DESCRIPTION

Why use ppport.h?
How to use ppport.h
Running ppport.h

FUNCTIONS

WriteFile
GetFileContents

COMPATIBILITY

Provided Perl compatibility API
Supported Perl API, sorted by version

perl 5.31.5, perl 5.31.4, perl 5.31.3, perl 5.29.10, perl 5.29.9, perl 5.27.9, perl 5.27.8, perl 5.27.7, perl 5.27.6, perl 5.27.4, perl 5.27.3, perl 5.27.2, perl 5.27.1, perl 5.25.10, perl 5.25.9, perl 5.25.8, perl 5.25.7, perl 5.25.6, perl 5.25.5, perl 5.25.3, perl 5.25.1, perl 5.23.8, perl 5.23.2, perl 5.23.0, perl 5.21.10, perl 5.21.9, perl 5.21.8, perl 5.21.7, perl 5.21.6, perl 5.21.5, perl 5.21.4, perl 5.21.2, perl 5.21.1, perl 5.19.10, perl 5.19.9, perl 5.19.7, perl 5.19.5, perl 5.19.4, perl 5.19.3, perl 5.19.2, perl 5.19.1, perl 5.18.0, perl 5.17.11, perl 5.17.8, perl 5.17.7, perl 5.17.6, perl 5.17.5, perl 5.17.4, perl 5.17.2, perl 5.17.1, perl 5.16.0, perl 5.15.8, perl 5.15.6, perl 5.15.4, perl 5.15.3, perl 5.15.2, perl 5.15.1, perl 5.13.10, perl 5.13.9, perl 5.13.8, perl 5.13.7, perl 5.13.6, perl 5.13.5, perl 5.13.4, perl 5.13.3, perl 5.13.2, perl 5.13.1, perl 5.11.5, perl 5.11.4, perl 5.11.2, perl 5.11.1, perl 5.11.0, perl 5.10.1, perl 5.10.0, perl 5.9.5, perl 5.9.4, perl 5.9.3, perl 5.9.2, perl 5.9.1, perl 5.9.0, perl 5.8.9, perl 5.8.8, perl 5.8.3, perl 5.8.1, perl 5.8.0, perl 5.7.3, perl 5.7.2, perl 5.7.1, perl 5.6.1, perl 5.6.0, perl 5.005_03, perl 5.005, perl 5.004_05, perl 5.004, perl 5.003_07 (at least), Backported version unknown

BUGS
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO

Devel::Peek - A data debugging tool for the XS programmer
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Runtime debugging
Memory footprint debugging

EXAMPLES

A simple scalar string
A simple scalar number
A simple scalar with an extra reference
A reference to a simple scalar
A reference to an array
A reference to a hash
Dumping a large array or hash
A reference to an SV which holds a C pointer
A reference to a subroutine

EXPORTS
BUGS
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

Devel::SelfStubber - generate stubs for a SelfLoading module
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Digest - Modules that calculate message digests
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

binary, hex, base64

OO INTERFACE

$ctx = Digest-> XXX ($arg,...), $ctx = Digest->new( XXX => $arg,...), $ctx = Digest::XXX->new($arg,...), $other_ctx = $ctx->clone, $ctx->reset, $ctx->add( $data ), $ctx->add( $chunk1, $chunk2, ... ), $ctx->addfile( $io_handle ), $ctx->add_bits( $data, $nbits ), $ctx->add_bits( $bitstring ), $ctx->digest, $ctx->hexdigest, $ctx->b64digest

Digest speed
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR

Digest::MD5 - Perl interface to the MD5 Algorithm
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FUNCTIONS

md5($data,...), md5_hex($data,...), md5_base64($data,...)

METHODS

$md5 = Digest::MD5->new, $md5->reset, $md5->clone, $md5->add($data,...), $md5->addfile($io_handle), $md5->add_bits($data, $nbits), $md5->add_bits($bitstring), $md5->digest, $md5->hexdigest, $md5->b64digest, @ctx = $md5->context, $md5->context(@ctx)

EXAMPLES
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT
AUTHORS

Digest::SHA - Perl extension for SHA-1/224/256/384/512
SYNOPSIS
SYNOPSIS
(HMAC-SHA)
ABSTRACT
DESCRIPTION
UNICODE AND SIDE EFFECTS
NIST STATEMENT ON SHA-1
PADDING OF BASE64 DIGESTS
EXPORT
EXPORTABLE FUNCTIONS

sha1($data, ...), sha224($data, ...), sha256($data, ...), sha384($data, ...), sha512($data, ...), sha512224($data, ...), sha512256($data, ...), sha1_hex($data, ...), sha224_hex($data, ...), sha256_hex($data, ...), sha384_hex($data, ...), sha512_hex($data, ...), sha512224_hex($data, ...), sha512256_hex($data, ...), sha1_base64($data, ...), sha224_base64($data, ...), sha256_base64($data, ...), sha384_base64($data, ...), sha512_base64($data, ...), sha512224_base64($data, ...), sha512256_base64($data, ...), new($alg), reset($alg), hashsize, algorithm, clone, add($data, ...), add_bits($data, $nbits), add_bits($bits), addfile(*FILE), addfile($filename [, $mode]), getstate, putstate($str), dump($filename), load($filename), digest, hexdigest, b64digest, hmac_sha1($data, $key), hmac_sha224($data, $key), hmac_sha256($data, $key), hmac_sha384($data, $key), hmac_sha512($data, $key), hmac_sha512224($data, $key), hmac_sha512256($data, $key), hmac_sha1_hex($data, $key), hmac_sha224_hex($data, $key), hmac_sha256_hex($data, $key), hmac_sha384_hex($data, $key), hmac_sha512_hex($data, $key), hmac_sha512224_hex($data, $key), hmac_sha512256_hex($data, $key), hmac_sha1_base64($data, $key), hmac_sha224_base64($data, $key), hmac_sha256_base64($data, $key), hmac_sha384_base64($data, $key), hmac_sha512_base64($data, $key), hmac_sha512224_base64($data, $key), hmac_sha512256_base64($data, $key)

SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

Digest::base - Digest base class
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO

Digest::file - Calculate digests of files
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

digest_file( $file, $algorithm, [$arg,...] ), digest_file_hex( $file, $algorithm, [$arg,...] ), digest_file_base64( $file, $algorithm, [$arg,...] )

SEE ALSO

DirHandle - (obsolete) supply object methods for directory handles
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Dumpvalue - provides screen dump of Perl data.
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Creation

"arrayDepth", "hashDepth", "compactDump", "veryCompact", "globPrint", "dumpDBFiles", "dumpPackages", "dumpReused", "tick", "quoteHighBit", "printUndef", "usageOnly", unctrl, subdump, bareStringify, quoteHighBit, stopDbSignal

Methods

dumpValue, dumpValues, stringify, dumpvars, set_quote, set_unctrl, compactDump, veryCompact, set, get

DynaLoader - Dynamically load C libraries into Perl code
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

@dl_library_path, @dl_resolve_using, @dl_require_symbols, @dl_librefs, @dl_modules, @dl_shared_objects, dl_error(), $dl_debug, $dl_dlext, dl_findfile(), dl_expandspec(), dl_load_file(), dl_unload_file(), dl_load_flags(), dl_find_symbol(), dl_find_symbol_anywhere(), dl_undef_symbols(), dl_install_xsub(), bootstrap()

AUTHOR

Encode - character encodings in Perl
SYNOPSIS

Table of Contents

Encode::Alias - Alias definitions to encodings, Encode::Encoding - Encode Implementation Base Class, Encode::Supported - List of Supported Encodings, Encode::CN - Simplified Chinese Encodings, Encode::JP - Japanese Encodings, Encode::KR - Korean Encodings, Encode::TW - Traditional Chinese Encodings

DESCRIPTION

TERMINOLOGY

THE PERL ENCODING API

Basic methods
Listing available encodings
Defining Aliases
Finding IANA Character Set Registry names

Encoding via PerlIO
Handling Malformed Data

List of CHECK values

perlqq mode ( CHECK = Encode::FB_PERLQQ), HTML charref mode ( CHECK = Encode::FB_HTMLCREF), XML charref mode ( CHECK = Encode::FB_XMLCREF)

coderef for CHECK

Defining Encodings
The UTF8 flag

Goal #1:, Goal #2:, Goal #3:, Goal #4:
Messing with Perl’s Internals

UTF-8 vs. utf8 vs. UTF8
SEE ALSO
MAINTAINER
COPYRIGHT

Encode::Alias - alias definitions to encodings
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

As a simple string, As a qr// compiled regular expression, e.g.:, As a code reference, e.g.:
Alias overloading

SEE ALSO

Encode::Byte - Single Byte Encodings
SYNOPSIS
ABSTRACT
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO

Encode::CJKConstants -- Internally used by Encode::??::ISO_2022_*
Encode::CN - China-based Chinese Encodings

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
NOTES
BUGS
SEE ALSO

Encode::CN::HZ -- internally used by Encode::CN
Encode::Config -- internally used by Encode
Encode::EBCDIC - EBCDIC Encodings

SYNOPSIS
ABSTRACT
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO

Encode::Encoder -- Object Oriented Encoder
SYNOPSIS
ABSTRACT

Description

Predefined Methods

$e = Encode::Encoder->new([$data, $encoding]);, encoder(), $e->data([$data]), $e->encoding([$encoding]), $e->bytes([$encoding])

Example: base64 transcoder
Operator Overloading

SEE ALSO

Encode::Encoding - Encode Implementation Base Class
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Methods you should implement

->encode($string [,$check]), ->decode($octets [,$check]), ->cat_decode($destination, $octets, $offset, $terminator [,$check])

Other methods defined in Encode::Encodings

->name, ->mime_name, ->renew, ->renewed, ->perlio_ok(), ->needs_lines()

Example: Encode::ROT13

Why the heck Encode API is different?

Compiled Encodings

SEE ALSO

Scheme 1, Scheme 2, Other Schemes

Encode::GSM0338 -- ESTI GSM 03.38 Encoding
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
NOTES
BUGS
SEE ALSO

Encode::Guess -- Guesses encoding from data
SYNOPSIS
ABSTRACT
DESCRIPTION

Encode::Guess->set_suspects, Encode::Guess->add_suspects, Encode::decode("Guess" ...), Encode::Guess->guess($data), guess_encoding($data, [, list of suspects])

CAVEATS
TO DO
SEE ALSO

Encode::JP - Japanese Encodings
SYNOPSIS
ABSTRACT
DESCRIPTION

Note on ISO-2022-JP (-1)?
BUGS
SEE ALSO

Encode::JP::H2Z -- internally used by Encode::JP::2022_JP*
Encode::JP::JIS7 -- internally used by Encode::JP
Encode::KR - Korean Encodings

SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
BUGS
SEE ALSO

Encode::KR::2022_KR -- internally used by Encode::KR
Encode::MIME::Header -- MIME encoding for an unstructured email header

SYNOPSIS
ABSTRACT
DESCRIPTION
BUGS
AUTHORS
SEE ALSO

Encode::MIME::Name, Encode::MIME::NAME -- internally used by Encode
SEE ALSO

Encode::PerlIO -- a detailed document on Encode and PerlIO
Overview
How does it work?
Line Buffering

How can I tell whether my encoding fully supports PerlIO ?

SEE ALSO

Encode::Supported -- Encodings supported by Encode
DESCRIPTION

Encoding Names

Supported Encodings

Built-in Encodings
Encode::Unicode -- other Unicode encodings
Encode::Byte -- Extended ASCII

ISO-8859 and corresponding vendor mappings, KOI8 - De Facto Standard for the Cyrillic world

gsm0338 - Hentai Latin 1

gsm0338 support before 2.19

CJK: Chinese, Japanese, Korean (Multibyte)

Encode::CN -- Continental China, Encode::JP -- Japan, Encode::KR -- Korea, Encode::TW -- Taiwan, Encode::HanExtra -- More Chinese via CPAN, Encode::JIS2K -- JIS X 0213 encodings via CPAN

Miscellaneous encodings

Encode::EBCDIC, Encode::Symbols, Encode::MIME::Header, Encode::Guess

Unsupported encodings

  ISO-2022-JP-2 [RFC1554], ISO-2022-CN [RFC1922], Various HP-UX encodings,
Cyrillic encoding ISO-IR-111, ISO-8859-8-1 [Hebrew], ISIRI 3342, Iran
System, ISIRI 2900 [Farsi], Thai encoding TCVN, Vietnamese encodings VPS,
Various Mac encodings, (Mac) Indic encodings

Encoding vs. Charset -- terminology
Encoding Classification (by Anton Tagunov and Dan Kogai)

Microsoft-related naming mess

KS_C_5601-1987, GB2312, Big5, Shift_JIS

Glossary

character repertoire, coded character set ( CCS ), character encoding scheme ( CES ), charset (in MIME context), EUC, ISO-2022, UCS, UCS-2, Unicode, UTF, UTF-16

See Also
References

ECMA, ECMA-035 (eq "ISO-2022"), IANA, Assigned Charset Names by IANA, ISO, RFC, UC, Unicode Glossary
Other Notable Sites

czyborra.com, CJK .inf, Jungshik Shin’s Hangul FAQ, debian.org: "Introduction to i18n"

Offline sources

"CJKV Information Processing" by Ken Lunde

Encode::Symbol - Symbol Encodings
SYNOPSIS
ABSTRACT
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO

Encode::TW - Taiwan-based Chinese Encodings
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
NOTES
BUGS
SEE ALSO

Encode::Unicode -- Various Unicode Transformation Formats
SYNOPSIS
ABSTRACT

<http://www.unicode.org/glossary/>; says:, Quick Reference

Size, Endianness, and BOM

by size
by endianness

BOM as integer when fetched in network byte order

Surrogate Pairs
Error Checking
SEE ALSO

Encode::Unicode::UTF7 -- UTF-7 encoding
SYNOPSIS
ABSTRACT

In Practice
SEE ALSO

English - use nice English (or awk) names for ugly punctuation variables
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
PERFORMANCE

Env - perl module that imports environment variables as scalars or arrays
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
LIMITATIONS
AUTHOR

Errno - System errno constants
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CAVEATS
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT

Exporter - Implements default import method for modules
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

How to Export
Selecting What to Export
How to Import

"use YourModule;", "use YourModule ();", "use YourModule qw(...);"

Advanced Features

Specialised Import Lists
Exporting Without Using Exporter’s import Method
Exporting Without Inheriting from Exporter
Module Version Checking
Managing Unknown Symbols
Tag Handling Utility Functions
Generating Combined Tags
"AUTOLOAD"ed Constants

Good Practices

Declaring @EXPORT_OK and Friends
Playing Safe
What Not to Export

SEE ALSO
LICENSE

Exporter::Heavy - Exporter guts
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

ExtUtils::CBuilder - Compile and link C code for Perl modules
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

new, have_compiler, have_cplusplus, compile, "object_file", "include_dirs", "extra_compiler_flags", "C++", link, lib_file, module_name, extra_linker_flags, link_executable, exe_file, object_file, lib_file, exe_file, prelink, need_prelink, extra_link_args_after_prelink

TO DO
HISTORY
SUPPORT
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO

ExtUtils::CBuilder::Platform::Windows - Builder class for Windows platforms
DESCRIPTION
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

ExtUtils::Command - utilities to replace common UNIX commands in Makefiles etc.
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

FUNCTIONS

cat

eqtime

rm_rf

rm_f

touch

mv

cp

chmod

mkpath

test_f

test_d

dos2unix
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR

ExtUtils::Command::MM - Commands for the MM ’s to use in Makefiles
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

test_harness

pod2man

warn_if_old_packlist

perllocal_install

uninstall

test_s

cp_nonempty

ExtUtils::Constant - generate XS code to import C header constants
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
USAGE

IV, UV, NV, PV, PVN, SV, YES, NO, UNDEF

FUNCTIONS

constant_types

XS_constant PACKAGE, TYPES, XS_SUBNAME, C_SUBNAME

autoload PACKAGE, VERSION, AUTOLOADER

WriteMakefileSnippet

WriteConstants ATTRIBUTE => VALUE [, ...], NAME, DEFAULT_TYPE, BREAKOUT_AT, NAMES, PROXYSUBS, C_FH, C_FILE, XS_FH, XS_FILE, XS_SUBNAME, C_SUBNAME
AUTHOR

ExtUtils::Constant::Base - base class for ExtUtils::Constant objects
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
USAGE

header

memEQ_clause args_hashref

dump_names arg_hashref, ITEM..

assign arg_hashref, VALUE..

return_clause arg_hashref, ITEM

switch_clause arg_hashref, NAMELEN, ITEMHASH, ITEM..

params WHAT

dogfood arg_hashref, ITEM..

normalise_items args, default_type, seen_types, seen_items, ITEM..

C_constant arg_hashref, ITEM.., name, type, value, macro, default, pre, post, def_pre, def_post, utf8, weight
BUGS
AUTHOR

ExtUtils::Constant::Utils - helper functions for ExtUtils::Constant
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
USAGE

C_stringify NAME

perl_stringify NAME
AUTHOR

ExtUtils::Constant::XS - generate C code for XS modules’ constants.
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
BUGS
AUTHOR

ExtUtils::Embed - Utilities for embedding Perl in C/C ++ applications
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

@EXPORT
FUNCTIONS

xsinit(), Examples, ldopts(), Examples, perl_inc(), ccflags(), ccdlflags(), ccopts(), xsi_header(), xsi_protos(@modules), xsi_body(@modules)

EXAMPLES
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR

ExtUtils::Install - install files from here to there
SYNOPSIS
VERSION
DESCRIPTION

_chmod($$;$), _warnonce(@), _choke(@)

_move_file_at_boot( $file, $target, $moan )

_unlink_or_rename( $file, $tryhard, $installing )
Functions

_get_install_skip

_have_write_access

_can_write_dir($dir)

_mkpath($dir,$show,$verbose,$dry_run)

_copy($from,$to,$verbose,$dry_run)

_chdir($from)

install

_do_cleanup

install_rooted_file( $file ), install_rooted_dir( $dir )

forceunlink( $file, $tryhard )

directory_not_empty( $dir )

install_default DISCOURAGED

uninstall

inc_uninstall($filepath,$libdir,$verbose,$dry_run,$ignore,$results)

run_filter($cmd,$src,$dest)

pm_to_blib

_autosplit

_invokant
ENVIRONMENT

PERL_INSTALL_ROOT , EU_INSTALL_IGNORE_SKIP , EU_INSTALL_SITE_SKIPFILE , EU_INSTALL_ALWAYS_COPY

AUTHOR
LICENSE

ExtUtils::Installed - Inventory management of installed modules
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
USAGE
METHODS

new(), modules(), files(), directories(), directory_tree(), validate(), packlist(), version()

EXAMPLE
AUTHOR

ExtUtils::Liblist - determine libraries to use and how to use them
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

For static extensions, For dynamic extensions at build/link time, For dynamic extensions at load time
EXTRALIBS
LDLOADLIBS
and LD_RUN_PATH
BSLOADLIBS

PORTABILITY

VMS implementation
Win32 implementation

SEE ALSO

ExtUtils::MM - OS adjusted ExtUtils::MakeMaker subclass
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

ExtUtils::MM_AIX - AIX specific subclass of ExtUtils::MM_Unix
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Overridden methods

AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

ExtUtils::MM_Any - Platform-agnostic MM methods
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

Cross-platform helper methods

Targets
Init methods
Tools
File::Spec wrappers
Misc
AUTHOR

ExtUtils::MM_BeOS - methods to override UN*X behaviour in ExtUtils::MakeMaker
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

os_flavor

init_linker

ExtUtils::MM_Cygwin - methods to override UN*X behaviour in ExtUtils::MakeMaker
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

os_flavor

cflags

replace_manpage_separator

init_linker

maybe_command

dynamic_lib

install

ExtUtils::MM_DOS - DOS specific subclass of ExtUtils::MM_Unix
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Overridden methods

os_flavor

replace_manpage_separator

xs_static_lib_is_xs
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

ExtUtils::MM_Darwin - special behaviors for OS X
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Overridden Methods

ExtUtils::MM_MacOS - once produced Makefiles for MacOS Classic
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

ExtUtils::MM_NW5 - methods to override UN*X behaviour in ExtUtils::MakeMaker
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

os_flavor

init_platform, platform_constants

static_lib_pure_cmd

xs_static_lib_is_xs

dynamic_lib

ExtUtils::MM_OS2 - methods to override UN*X behaviour in ExtUtils::MakeMaker
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

init_dist

init_linker

os_flavor

xs_static_lib_is_xs

ExtUtils::MM_QNX - QNX specific subclass of ExtUtils::MM_Unix
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Overridden methods

AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

ExtUtils::MM_UWIN - U/WIN specific subclass of ExtUtils::MM_Unix
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Overridden methods

os_flavor

replace_manpage_separator
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

ExtUtils::MM_Unix - methods used by ExtUtils::MakeMaker
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

Methods

os_flavor

c_o (o)

xs_obj_opt

dbgoutflag

cflags (o)

const_cccmd (o)

const_config (o)

const_loadlibs (o)

constants (o)

depend (o)

init_DEST

init_dist

dist (o)

dist_basics (o)

dist_ci (o)

dist_core (o)

dist_target

tardist_target

zipdist_target

tarfile_target

zipfile_target

uutardist_target

shdist_target

dlsyms (o)

dynamic_bs (o)

dynamic_lib (o)

xs_dynamic_lib_macros

xs_make_dynamic_lib

exescan

extliblist

find_perl

fixin

force (o)

guess_name

has_link_code

init_dirscan

init_MANPODS

init_MAN1PODS

init_MAN3PODS

init_PM

init_DIRFILESEP

init_main

init_tools

init_linker

init_lib2arch

init_PERL

init_platform, platform_constants

init_PERM

init_xs

install (o)

installbin (o)

linkext (o)

lsdir

macro (o)

makeaperl (o)

xs_static_lib_is_xs (o)

makefile (o)

maybe_command

needs_linking (o)

parse_abstract

parse_version

pasthru (o)

perl_script

perldepend (o)

pm_to_blib

ppd

prefixify

processPL (o)

specify_shell

quote_paren

replace_manpage_separator

cd

oneliner

quote_literal

escape_newlines

max_exec_len

static (o)

xs_make_static_lib

static_lib_closures

static_lib_fixtures

static_lib_pure_cmd

staticmake (o)

subdir_x (o)

subdirs (o)

test (o)

test_via_harness (override)

test_via_script (override)

tool_xsubpp (o)

all_target

top_targets (o)

writedoc

xs_c (o)

xs_cpp (o)

xs_o (o)
SEE ALSO

ExtUtils::MM_VMS - methods to override UN*X behaviour in ExtUtils::MakeMaker
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Methods always loaded

wraplist

Methods

guess_name (override)

find_perl (override)

_fixin_replace_shebang (override)

maybe_command (override)

pasthru (override)

pm_to_blib (override)

perl_script (override)

replace_manpage_separator

init_DEST

init_DIRFILESEP

init_main (override)

init_tools (override)

init_platform (override)

platform_constants

init_VERSION (override)

constants (override)

special_targets

cflags (override)

const_cccmd (override)

tools_other (override)

init_dist (override)

c_o (override)

xs_c (override)

xs_o (override)

_xsbuild_replace_macro (override)

_xsbuild_value (override)

dlsyms (override)

xs_obj_opt

dynamic_lib (override)

xs_make_static_lib (override)

static_lib_pure_cmd (override)

xs_static_lib_is_xs

extra_clean_files

zipfile_target, tarfile_target, shdist_target

install (override)

perldepend (override)

makeaperl (override)

maketext_filter (override)

prefixify (override)

cd

oneliner

echo

quote_literal

escape_dollarsigns

escape_all_dollarsigns

escape_newlines

max_exec_len

init_linker

catdir (override), catfile (override)

eliminate_macros

fixpath

os_flavor

is_make_type (override)

make_type (override)
AUTHOR

ExtUtils::MM_VOS - VOS specific subclass of ExtUtils::MM_Unix
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Overridden methods

AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

ExtUtils::MM_Win32 - methods to override UN*X behaviour in ExtUtils::MakeMaker
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Overridden methods

dlsyms

xs_dlsyms_ext

replace_manpage_separator

maybe_command

init_DIRFILESEP

init_tools

init_others

init_platform, platform_constants

specify_shell

constants

special_targets

static_lib_pure_cmd

dynamic_lib

extra_clean_files

init_linker

perl_script

quote_dep

xs_obj_opt

pasthru

arch_check (override)

oneliner

cd

max_exec_len

os_flavor

dbgoutflag

cflags

make_type

ExtUtils::MM_Win95 - method to customize MakeMaker for Win9X
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Overridden methods

max_exec_len

os_flavor
AUTHOR

ExtUtils::MY - ExtUtils::MakeMaker subclass for customization
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

ExtUtils::MakeMaker - Create a module Makefile
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

How To Write A Makefile.PL
Default Makefile Behaviour
make test
make testdb
make install
INSTALL_BASE
PREFIX
and LIB attribute
AFS
users
Static Linking of a new Perl Binary
Determination of Perl Library and Installation Locations
Which architecture dependent directory?
Using Attributes and Parameters

ABSTRACT, ABSTRACT_FROM, AUTHOR, BINARY_LOCATION, BUILD_REQUIRES, C, CCFLAGS, CONFIG, CONFIGURE, CONFIGURE_REQUIRES, DEFINE, DESTDIR, DIR, DISTNAME, DISTVNAME, DLEXT, DL_FUNCS, DL_VARS, EXCLUDE_EXT, EXE_FILES, FIRST_MAKEFILE, FULLPERL, FULLPERLRUN, FULLPERLRUNINST, FUNCLIST, H, IMPORTS, INC, INCLUDE_EXT, INSTALLARCHLIB, INSTALLBIN, INSTALLDIRS, INSTALLMAN1DIR, INSTALLMAN3DIR, INSTALLPRIVLIB, INSTALLSCRIPT, INSTALLSITEARCH, INSTALLSITEBIN, INSTALLSITELIB, INSTALLSITEMAN1DIR, INSTALLSITEMAN3DIR, INSTALLSITESCRIPT, INSTALLVENDORARCH, INSTALLVENDORBIN, INSTALLVENDORLIB, INSTALLVENDORMAN1DIR, INSTALLVENDORMAN3DIR, INSTALLVENDORSCRIPT, INST_ARCHLIB, INST_BIN, INST_LIB, INST_MAN1DIR, INST_MAN3DIR, INST_SCRIPT, LD, LDDLFLAGS, LDFROM, LIB, LIBPERL_A, LIBS, LICENSE, LINKTYPE, MAGICXS, MAKE, MAKEAPERL, MAKEFILE_OLD, MAN1PODS, MAN3PODS, MAP_TARGET, META_ADD, META_MERGE, MIN_PERL_VERSION, MYEXTLIB, NAME, NEEDS_LINKING, NOECHO, NORECURS, NO_META, NO_MYMETA, NO_PACKLIST, NO_PERLLOCAL, NO_VC, OBJECT, OPTIMIZE, PERL, PERL_CORE, PERLMAINCC, PERL_ARCHLIB, PERL_LIB, PERL_MALLOC_OK, PERLPREFIX, PERLRUN, PERLRUNINST, PERL_SRC, PERM_DIR, PERM_RW, PERM_RWX, PL_FILES, PM, PMLIBDIRS, PM_FILTER, POLLUTE, PPM_INSTALL_EXEC, PPM_INSTALL_SCRIPT, PPM_UNINSTALL_EXEC, PPM_UNINSTALL_SCRIPT, PREFIX, PREREQ_FATAL, PREREQ_PM, PREREQ_PRINT, PRINT_PREREQ, SITEPREFIX, SIGN, SKIP, TEST_REQUIRES, TYPEMAPS, VENDORPREFIX, VERBINST, VERSION, VERSION_FROM, VERSION_SYM, XS, XSBUILD, XSMULTI, XSOPT, XSPROTOARG, XS_VERSION

Additional lowercase attributes

clean, depend, dist, dynamic_lib, linkext, macro, postamble, realclean, test, tool_autosplit

Overriding MakeMaker Methods
The End Of Cargo Cult Programming

"MAN3PODS => ' '"

Hintsfile support
Distribution Support

   make distcheck,    make skipcheck,    make distclean,    make veryclean,
   make manifest,    make distdir,   make disttest,    make tardist,
make dist,    make uutardist,    make shdist,    make zipdist,    make ci

Module Meta-Data ( META and MYMETA )
Disabling an extension
Other Handy Functions

prompt, os_unsupported

Supported versions of Perl

ENVIRONMENT

PERL_MM_OPT, PERL_MM_USE_DEFAULT, PERL_CORE

SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
LICENSE

ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Config - Wrapper around Config.pm
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

ExtUtils::MakeMaker::FAQ - Frequently Asked Questions About MakeMaker
DESCRIPTION

Module Installation

How do I install a module into my home directory?, How do I get MakeMaker and Module::Build to install to the same place?, How do I keep from installing man pages?, How do I use a module without installing it?, How can I organize tests into subdirectories and have them run?, PREFIX vs INSTALL_BASE from Module::Build::Cookbook, Generating *.pm files with substitutions eg of $VERSION

Common errors and problems

"No rule to make target ’/usr/lib/perl5/CORE/config.h’, needed by ’Makefile’"

Philosophy and History

Why not just use <insert other build config tool here>?, What is Module::Build and how does it relate to MakeMaker?, pure perl. no make, no shell commands, easier to customize, cleaner internals, less cruft

Module Writing

How do I keep my $VERSION up to date without resetting it manually?, What’s this META .yml thing and how did it get in my MANIFEST ?!, How do I delete everything not in my MANIFEST ?, Which tar should I use on Windows?, Which zip should I use on Windows for ’[ndg]make zipdist’?

XS

How do I prevent "object version X.XX does not match bootstrap parameter Y.YY" errors?, How do I make two or more XS files coexist in the same directory?, XSMULTI, Separate directories, Bootstrapping

DESIGN

MakeMaker object hierarchy (simplified)
MakeMaker object hierarchy (real)
The MM_* hierarchy

PATCHING

make a pull request on the MakeMaker github repository, raise a issue on the MakeMaker github repository, file an RT ticket, email makemaker [AT] perl.org

AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Locale - bundled Encode::Locale
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

decode_argv( ), decode_argv( Encode::FB_CROAK ), env( $uni_key ), env( $uni_key => $uni_value ), reinit( ), reinit( $encoding ), $ENCODING_LOCALE, $ENCODING_LOCALE_FS, $ENCODING_CONSOLE_IN, $ENCODING_CONSOLE_OUT

NOTES

Windows
Mac OS X
POSIX
(Linux and other Unixes)

SEE ALSO
AUTHOR

ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Tutorial - Writing a module with MakeMaker
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

The Mantra
The Layout

Makefile.PL, MANIFEST, lib/, t/, Changes, README, INSTALL, MANIFEST.SKIP, bin/

SEE ALSO

ExtUtils::Manifest - Utilities to write and check a MANIFEST file
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FUNCTIONS

mkmanifest

manifind
manicheck
filecheck
fullcheck
skipcheck
maniread
maniskip
manicopy
maniadd
MANIFEST
MANIFEST.SKIP

#!include_default, #!include /Path/to/another/manifest.skip

EXPORT_OK
GLOBAL VARIABLES
DIAGNOSTICS

"Not in MANIFEST:" file, "Skipping" file, "No such file:" file, "MANIFEST:" $!, "Added to MANIFEST:" file

ENVIRONMENT

PERL_MM_MANIFEST_DEBUG

SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

ExtUtils::Miniperl - write the C code for miniperlmain.c and perlmain.c
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO

ExtUtils::Mkbootstrap - make a bootstrap file for use by DynaLoader
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

ExtUtils::Mksymlists - write linker options files for dynamic extension
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

DLBASE, DL_FUNCS, DL_VARS, FILE, FUNCLIST, IMPORTS, NAME

AUTHOR
REVISION

mkfh()

__find_relocations

ExtUtils::Packlist - manage .packlist files
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
USAGE
FUNCTIONS

new(), read(), write(), validate(), packlist_file()

EXAMPLE
AUTHOR

ExtUtils::ParseXS - converts Perl XS code into C code
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXPORT
METHODS

$pxs->new(), $pxs->process_file(), C ++ , hiertype, except, typemap, prototypes, versioncheck, linenumbers, optimize, inout, argtypes, s, $pxs->report_error_count()

AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO

ExtUtils::ParseXS::Constants - Initialization values for some globals
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

ExtUtils::ParseXS::Eval - Clean package to evaluate code in
SYNOPSIS
SUBROUTINES

$pxs->eval_output_typemap_code($typemapcode, $other_hashref)

$pxs->eval_input_typemap_code($typemapcode, $other_hashref)
TODO

ExtUtils::ParseXS::Utilities - Subroutines used with ExtUtils::ParseXS
SYNOPSIS
SUBROUTINES

"standard_typemap_locations()"

Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

"trim_whitespace()"

Purpose, Argument, Return Value

"C_string()"

Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

"valid_proto_string()"

Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

"process_typemaps()"

Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

"map_type()"

Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

"standard_XS_defs()"

Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

"assign_func_args()"

Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

"analyze_preprocessor_statements()"

Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

"set_cond()"

Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

"current_line_number()"

Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

"Warn()"

Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

"blurt()"

Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

"death()"

Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

"check_conditional_preprocessor_statements()"

Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

"escape_file_for_line_directive()"

Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

"report_typemap_failure"

Purpose, Arguments, Return Value

ExtUtils::Typemaps - Read/Write/Modify Perl/XS typemap files
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

new

file
add_typemap
add_inputmap
add_outputmap
add_string
remove_typemap
remove_inputmap
remove_inputmap
get_typemap
get_inputmap
get_outputmap
write
as_string
as_embedded_typemap
merge
is_empty
list_mapped_ctypes
_get_typemap_hash
_get_inputmap_hash
_get_outputmap_hash
_get_prototype_hash
clone
tidy_type
CAVEATS
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

ExtUtils::Typemaps::Cmd - Quick commands for handling typemaps
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXPORTED FUNCTIONS

embeddable_typemap

SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

ExtUtils::Typemaps::InputMap - Entry in the INPUT section of a typemap
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

new

code
xstype
cleaned_code
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

ExtUtils::Typemaps::OutputMap - Entry in the OUTPUT section of a typemap
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

new

code
xstype
cleaned_code
targetable
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

ExtUtils::Typemaps::Type - Entry in the TYPEMAP section of a typemap
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

new

proto
xstype
ctype
tidy_ctype
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

ExtUtils::testlib - add blib/* directories to @INC
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Fatal - Replace functions with equivalents which succeed or die
SYNOPSIS
BEST PRACTICE
DESCRIPTION
DIAGNOSTICS

Bad subroutine name for Fatal: %s, %s is not a Perl subroutine, %s is neither a builtin, nor a Perl subroutine, Cannot make the non-overridable %s fatal, Internal error: %s

BUGS
AUTHOR
LICENSE
SEE ALSO

Fcntl - load the C Fcntl.h defines
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
NOTE
EXPORTED SYMBOLS

File::Basename - Parse file paths into directory, filename and suffix.
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

"fileparse"

"basename"

"dirname"

"fileparse_set_fstype"
SEE ALSO

File::Compare - Compare files or filehandles
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN
AUTHOR

File::Copy - Copy files or filehandles
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

copy , move , syscopy , rmscopy($from,$to[,$date_flag])

RETURN
NOTES
AUTHOR

File::DosGlob - DOS like globbing and then some
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXPORTS
(by request only)
BUGS
AUTHOR
HISTORY
SEE ALSO

File::Fetch - A generic file fetching mechanism
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
ACCESSORS

$ff->uri, $ff->scheme, $ff->host, $ff->vol, $ff->share, $ff->path, $ff->file, $ff->file_default

$ff->output_file
METHODS

$ff = File::Fetch->new( uri => ’http://some.where.com/dir/file.txt&rsquo;
);

$where = $ff->fetch( [to => /my/output/dir/ | \$scalar] )
$ff->error([ BOOL ])
HOW IT WORKS
GLOBAL VARIABLES

$File::Fetch::FROM_EMAIL
$File::Fetch::USER_AGENT
$File::Fetch::FTP_PASSIVE
$File::Fetch::TIMEOUT
$File::Fetch::WARN
$File::Fetch::DEBUG
$File::Fetch::BLACKLIST
$File::Fetch::METHOD_FAIL

MAPPING
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

So how do I use a proxy with File::Fetch?
I used ’lynx’ to fetch a file, but its contents is all wrong!
Files I’m trying to fetch have reserved characters or non-ASCII
characters in them. What do I do?

TODO

Implement $PREFER_BIN

BUG REPORTS
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT

File::Find - Traverse a directory tree.
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

find, finddepth
%options

"wanted", "bydepth", "preprocess", "postprocess", "follow", "follow_fast", "follow_skip", "dangling_symlinks", "no_chdir", "untaint", "untaint_pattern", "untaint_skip"

The wanted function

$File::Find::dir is the current directory name,, $_ is the current filename within that directory, $File::Find::name is the complete pathname to the file

WARNINGS
CAVEAT

$dont_use_nlink, symlinks

BUGS AND CAVEATS
HISTORY
SEE ALSO

File::Glob - Perl extension for BSD glob routine
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

META CHARACTERS
EXPORTS
POSIX FLAGS

"GLOB_ERR", "GLOB_LIMIT", "GLOB_MARK", "GLOB_NOCASE", "GLOB_NOCHECK", "GLOB_NOSORT", "GLOB_BRACE", "GLOB_NOMAGIC", "GLOB_QUOTE", "GLOB_TILDE", "GLOB_CSH", "GLOB_ALPHASORT"

DIAGNOSTICS

"GLOB_NOSPACE", "GLOB_ABEND"

NOTES
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR

File::GlobMapper - Extend File Glob to Allow Input and Output Files
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Behind The Scenes
Limitations
Input File Glob

~, ~user, ., *, ?, \, [], {,}, ()

Output File Glob

"*", #1

Returned Data

EXAMPLES

A Rename script
A few example globmaps

SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

File::Path - Create or remove directory trees
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

make_path( $dir1, $dir2, .... ), make_path( $dir1, $dir2, ...., \%opts ), mode => $num, chmod => $num, verbose => $bool, error => \$err, owner => $owner, user => $owner, uid => $owner, group => $group, mkpath( $dir ), mkpath( $dir, $verbose, $mode ), mkpath( [$dir1, $dir2,...], $verbose, $mode ), mkpath( $dir1, $dir2,..., \%opt ), remove_tree( $dir1, $dir2, .... ), remove_tree( $dir1, $dir2, ...., \%opts ), verbose => $bool, safe => $bool, keep_root => $bool, result => \$res, error => \$err, rmtree( $dir ), rmtree( $dir, $verbose, $safe ), rmtree( [$dir1, $dir2,...], $verbose, $safe ), rmtree( $dir1, $dir2,..., \%opt )
ERROR HANDLING

NOTE:

NOTES

<http://cve.circl.lu/cve/CVE-2004-0452>;, <http://cve.circl.lu/cve/CVE-2005-0448>;

DIAGNOSTICS

mkdir [path]: [errmsg] ( SEVERE ), No root path(s) specified, No such file or directory, cannot fetch initial working directory: [errmsg], cannot stat initial working directory: [errmsg], cannot chdir to [dir]: [errmsg], directory [dir] changed before chdir, expected dev=[n] ino=[n], actual dev=[n] ino=[n], aborting. ( FATAL ), cannot make directory [dir] read+writeable: [errmsg], cannot read [dir]: [errmsg], cannot reset chmod [dir]: [errmsg], cannot remove [dir] when cwd is [dir], cannot chdir to [parent-dir] from [child-dir]: [errmsg], aborting. ( FATAL ), cannot stat prior working directory [dir]: [errmsg], aborting. ( FATAL ), previous directory [parent-dir] changed before entering [child-dir], expected dev=[n] ino=[n], actual dev=[n] ino=[n], aborting. ( FATAL ), cannot make directory [dir] writeable: [errmsg], cannot remove directory [dir]: [errmsg], cannot restore permissions of [dir] to [0nnn]: [errmsg], cannot make file [file] writeable: [errmsg], cannot unlink file [file]: [errmsg], cannot restore permissions of [file] to [0nnn]: [errmsg], unable to map [owner] to a uid, ownership not changed");, unable to map [group] to a gid, group ownership not changed

SEE ALSO
BUGS AND LIMITATIONS

MULTITHREADED APPLICATIONS
NFS
Mount Points
REPORTING BUGS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
AUTHORS
CONTRIBUTORS

<bulkdd [AT] cpan.org>, Charlie Gonzalez <itcharlie [AT] cpan.org>, Craig A. Berry <craigberry [AT] mac.com>, James E Keenan <jkeenan [AT] cpan.org>, John Lightsey <john [AT] perlsec.org>, Nigel Horne <njh [AT] bandsman.uk>, Richard Elberger <riche [AT] cpan.org>, Ryan Yee <ryee [AT] cpan.org>, Skye Shaw <shaw [AT] cpan.org>, Tom Lutz <tommylutz [AT] gmail.com>, Will Sheppard <willsheppard@github>

COPYRIGHT
LICENSE

File::Spec - portably perform operations on file names
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

canonpath , catdir , catfile , curdir , devnull , rootdir , tmpdir , updir , no_upwards, case_tolerant, file_name_is_absolute, path , join , splitpath , splitdir
, catpath(), abs2rel , rel2abs()

SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT

File::Spec::AmigaOS - File::Spec for AmigaOS
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

tmpdir

file_name_is_absolute

File::Spec::Cygwin - methods for Cygwin file specs
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

canonpath

file_name_is_absolute

tmpdir (override)

case_tolerant
COPYRIGHT

File::Spec::Epoc - methods for Epoc file specs
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

canonpath()
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO

File::Spec::Functions - portably perform operations on file names
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Exports

COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO

File::Spec::Mac - File::Spec for Mac OS (Classic)
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

canonpath

catdir()

catfile

curdir

devnull

rootdir

tmpdir

updir

file_name_is_absolute

path

splitpath

splitdir

catpath

abs2rel

rel2abs
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO

File::Spec::OS2 - methods for OS/2 file specs
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

tmpdir, splitpath

COPYRIGHT

File::Spec::Unix - File::Spec for Unix, base for other File::Spec modules
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

canonpath()

catdir()

catfile

curdir

devnull

rootdir

tmpdir

updir

no_upwards

case_tolerant

file_name_is_absolute

path

join

splitpath

splitdir

catpath()

abs2rel

rel2abs()
COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO

File::Spec::VMS - methods for VMS file specs
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

canonpath (override)

catdir (override)

catfile (override)

curdir (override)

devnull (override)

rootdir (override)

tmpdir (override)

updir (override)

case_tolerant (override)

path (override)

file_name_is_absolute (override)

splitpath (override)

splitdir (override)

catpath (override)

abs2rel (override)

rel2abs (override)
COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO

File::Spec::Win32 - methods for Win32 file specs
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

devnull

tmpdir

case_tolerant

file_name_is_absolute

catfile

canonpath

splitpath

splitdir

catpath
Note For File::Spec::Win32 Maintainers
COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO

File::Temp - return name and handle of a temporary file safely
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
PORTABILITY

OBJECT-ORIENTED INTERFACE

new, newdir, filename, dirname, unlink_on_destroy, DESTROY

FUNCTIONS

tempfile, tempdir

MKTEMP FUNCTIONS

mkstemp, mkstemps, mkdtemp, mktemp

POSIX FUNCTIONS

tmpnam, tmpfile

ADDITIONAL FUNCTIONS

tempnam

UTILITY FUNCTIONS

unlink0, cmpstat, unlink1, cleanup

PACKAGE VARIABLES

safe_level, STANDARD, MEDIUM, HIGH, TopSystemUID, $KEEP_ALL, $DEBUG

WARNING

Temporary files and NFS
Forking
Directory removal
Taint mode
BINMODE

HISTORY
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
AUTHOR
CONTRIBUTORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

File::stat - by-name interface to Perl’s built-in stat() functions
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
BUGS
ERRORS

-%s is not implemented on a File::stat object

WARNINGS

File::stat ignores use filetest ’access’, File::stat ignores VMS ACLs

NOTE
AUTHOR

FileCache - keep more files open than the system permits
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

cacheout EXPR, cacheout MODE, EXPR

CAVEATS
BUGS

FileHandle - supply object methods for filehandles
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

$fh->print, $fh->printf, $fh->getline, $fh->getlines

SEE ALSO

Filter::Simple - Simplified source filtering
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

The Problem
A Solution
Disabling or changing <no> behaviour
All-in-one interface
Filtering only specific components of source code

"code", "code_no_comments", "executable", "executable_no_comments", "quotelike", "string", "regex", "all"

Filtering only the code parts of source code
Using Filter::Simple with an explicit "import" subroutine
Using Filter::Simple and Exporter together
How it works

AUTHOR
CONTACT
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

Filter::Util::Call - Perl Source Filter Utility Module
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

use Filter::Util::Call
import()
filter_add()
filter() and anonymous sub

$_, $status, filter_read and filter_read_exact, filter_del, real_import, unimport()

LIMITATIONS

__DATA__ is ignored, Max. codesize limited to 32-bit

EXAMPLES

Example 1: A simple filter.
Example 2: Using the context
Example 3: Using the context within the filter
Example 4: Using filter_del

Filter::Simple
AUTHOR
DATE
LICENSE

FindBin - Locate directory of original perl script
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXPORTABLE VARIABLES
KNOWN ISSUES
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT

GDBM_File - Perl5 access to the gdbm library.
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
AVAILABILITY
SECURITY AND PORTABILITY
BUGS
SEE ALSO

Getopt::Long - Extended processing of command line options
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Command Line Options, an Introduction
Getting Started with Getopt::Long

Simple options
A little bit less simple options
Mixing command line option with other arguments
Options with values
Options with multiple values
Options with hash values
User-defined subroutines to handle options
Options with multiple names
Case and abbreviations
Summary of Option Specifications

!, +, s, i, o, f, : type [ desttype ], : number [ desttype ], : + [ desttype ]

Advanced Possibilities

Object oriented interface
Thread Safety
Documentation and help texts
Parsing options from an arbitrary array
Parsing options from an arbitrary string
Storing options values in a hash
Bundling
The lonesome dash
Argument callback

Configuring Getopt::Long

default, posix_default, auto_abbrev, getopt_compat, gnu_compat, gnu_getopt, require_order, permute, bundling (default: disabled), bundling_override (default: disabled), ignore_case (default: enabled), ignore_case_always (default: disabled), auto_version (default:disabled), auto_help (default:disabled), pass_through (default: disabled), prefix, prefix_pattern, long_prefix_pattern, debug (default: disabled)

Exportable Methods

VersionMessage, "-message", "-msg", "-exitval", "-output", HelpMessage

Return values and Errors
Legacy

Default destinations
Alternative option starters
Configuration variables

Tips and Techniques

Pushing multiple values in a hash option

Troubleshooting

GetOptions does not return a false result when an option is not
supplied
GetOptions does not split the command line correctly
Undefined subroutine &main::GetOptions called
How do I put a "-?" option into a Getopt::Long?

AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMER

Getopt::Std - Process single-character switches with switch clustering
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

"--help" and "--version"

HTTP::Tiny - A small, simple, correct HTTP/1.1 client
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

new

get|head|put|post|delete
post_form
mirror
request
www_form_urlencode
can_ssl
connected

SSL SUPPORT
PROXY SUPPORT
LIMITATIONS
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT

Bugs / Feature Requests
Source Code

AUTHORS
CONTRIBUTORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

Hash::Util - A selection of general-utility hash subroutines
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Restricted hashes

lock_keys, unlock_keys

lock_keys_plus

lock_value, unlock_value

lock_hash, unlock_hash

lock_hash_recurse, unlock_hash_recurse

hashref_locked, hash_locked

hashref_unlocked, hash_unlocked

legal_keys, hidden_keys, all_keys, hash_seed, hash_value, bucket_info, bucket_stats, bucket_array

bucket_stats_formatted

hv_store, hash_traversal_mask, bucket_ratio, used_buckets, num_buckets
Operating on references to hashes.

lock_ref_keys, unlock_ref_keys, lock_ref_keys_plus, lock_ref_value, unlock_ref_value, lock_hashref, unlock_hashref, lock_hashref_recurse, unlock_hashref_recurse, hash_ref_unlocked, legal_ref_keys, hidden_ref_keys

CAVEATS
BUGS
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

Hash::Util::FieldHash - Support for Inside-Out Classes
SYNOPSIS
FUNCTIONS

id, id_2obj, register, idhash, idhashes, fieldhash, fieldhashes

DESCRIPTION

The Inside-out Technique
Problems of Inside-out
Solutions
More Problems
The Generic Object
How to use Field Hashes
Garbage-Collected Hashes

EXAMPLES

"init()", "first()", "last()", "name()", "Name_hash", "Name_id", "Name_idhash", "Name_id_reg", "Name_idhash_reg", "Name_fieldhash"
Example 1
Example 2

GUTS

The "PERL_MAGIC_uvar" interface for hashes
Weakrefs call uvar magic
How field hashes work
Internal function Hash::Util::FieldHash::_fieldhash

AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

I18N::Collate - compare 8-bit scalar data according to the current locale
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

I18N::LangTags - functions for dealing with RFC3066-style language tags
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

the function is_language_tag($lang1)

the function extract_language_tags($whatever)

the function same_language_tag($lang1, $lang2)

the function similarity_language_tag($lang1, $lang2)

the function is_dialect_of($lang1, $lang2)

the function super_languages($lang1)

the function locale2language_tag($locale_identifier)

the function encode_language_tag($lang1)

the function alternate_language_tags($lang1)

the function @langs = panic_languages(@accept_languages)

the function implicate_supers( ...languages... ), the function implicate_supers_strictly( ...languages... )
ABOUT LOWERCASING
ABOUT UNICODE PLAINTEXT LANGUAGE TAGS
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT
AUTHOR

I18N::LangTags::Detect - detect the user’s language preferences
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FUNCTIONS
ENVIRONMENT
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT
AUTHOR

I18N::LangTags::List -- tags and names for human languages
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
ABOUT LANGUAGE TAGS
LIST OF LANGUAGES

{ab} : Abkhazian, {ace} : Achinese, {ach} : Acoli, {ada} : Adangme, {ady} : Adyghe, {aa} : Afar, {afh} : Afrihili, {af} : Afrikaans, [{afa} : Afro-Asiatic (Other)], {ak} : Akan, {akk} : Akkadian, {sq} : Albanian, {ale} : Aleut, [{alg} : Algonquian languages], [{tut} : Altaic (Other)], {am} : Amharic, {i-ami} : Ami, [{apa} : Apache languages], {ar} : Arabic, {arc} : Aramaic, {arp} : Arapaho, {arn} : Araucanian, {arw} : Arawak, {hy} : Armenian, {an} : Aragonese, [{art} : Artificial (Other)], {ast} : Asturian, {as} : Assamese, [{ath} : Athapascan languages], [{aus} : Australian languages], [{map} : Austronesian (Other)], {av} : Avaric, {ae} : Avestan, {awa} : Awadhi, {ay} : Aymara, {az} : Azerbaijani, {ban} : Balinese, [{bat} : Baltic (Other)], {bal} : Baluchi, {bm} : Bambara, [{bai} : Bamileke languages], {bad} : Banda, [{bnt} : Bantu (Other)], {bas} : Basa, {ba} : Bashkir, {eu} : Basque, {btk} : Batak (Indonesia), {bej} : Beja, {be} : Belarusian, {bem} : Bemba, {bn} : Bengali, [{ber} : Berber (Other)], {bho} : Bhojpuri, {bh} : Bihari, {bik} : Bikol, {bin} : Bini, {bi} : Bislama, {bs} : Bosnian, {bra} : Braj, {br} : Breton, {bug} : Buginese, {bg} : Bulgarian, {i-bnn} : Bunun, {bua} : Buriat, {my} : Burmese, {cad} : Caddo, {car} : Carib, {ca} : Catalan, [{cau} : Caucasian (Other)], {ceb} : Cebuano, [{cel} : Celtic (Other)], [{cai} : Central American Indian (Other)], {chg} : Chagatai, [{cmc} : Chamic languages], {ch} : Chamorro, {ce} : Chechen, {chr} : Cherokee, {chy} : Cheyenne, {chb} : Chibcha, {ny} : Chichewa, {zh} : Chinese, {chn} : Chinook Jargon, {chp} : Chipewyan, {cho} : Choctaw, {cu} : Church Slavic, {chk} : Chuukese, {cv} : Chuvash, {cop} : Coptic, {kw} : Cornish, {co} : Corsican, {cr} : Cree, {mus} : Creek, [{cpe} : English-based Creoles and pidgins (Other)], [{cpf} : French-based Creoles and pidgins (Other)], [{cpp} : Portuguese-based Creoles and pidgins (Other)], [{crp} : Creoles and pidgins (Other)], {hr} : Croatian, [{cus} : Cushitic (Other)], {cs} : Czech, {dak} : Dakota, {da} : Danish, {dar} : Dargwa, {day} : Dayak, {i-default} : Default (Fallthru) Language, {del} : Delaware, {din} : Dinka, {dv} : Divehi, {doi} : Dogri, {dgr} : Dogrib, [{dra} : Dravidian (Other)], {dua} : Duala, {nl} : Dutch, {dum} : Middle Dutch (ca.1050-1350), {dyu} : Dyula, {dz} : Dzongkha, {efi} : Efik, {egy} : Ancient Egyptian, {eka} : Ekajuk, {elx} : Elamite, {en} : English, {enm} : Old English (1100-1500), {ang} : Old English (ca.450-1100), {i-enochian} : Enochian (Artificial), {myv} : Erzya, {eo} : Esperanto, {et} : Estonian, {ee} : Ewe, {ewo} : Ewondo, {fan} : Fang, {fat} : Fanti, {fo} : Faroese, {fj} : Fijian, {fi} : Finnish, [{fiu} : Finno-Ugrian (Other)], {fon} : Fon, {fr} : French, {frm} : Middle French (ca.1400-1600), {fro} : Old French (842-ca.1400), {fy} : Frisian, {fur} : Friulian, {ff} : Fulah, {gaa} : Ga, {gd} : Scots Gaelic, {gl} : Gallegan, {lg} : Ganda, {gay} : Gayo, {gba} : Gbaya, {gez} : Geez, {ka} : Georgian, {de} : German, {gmh} : Middle High German (ca.1050-1500), {goh} : Old High German (ca.750-1050), [{gem} : Germanic (Other)], {gil} : Gilbertese, {gon} : Gondi, {gor} : Gorontalo, {got} : Gothic, {grb} : Grebo, {grc} : Ancient Greek, {el} : Modern Greek, {gn} : Guarani, {gu} : Gujarati, {gwi} : Gwich’in, {hai} : Haida, {ht} : Haitian, {ha} : Hausa, {haw} : Hawaiian, {he} : Hebrew, {hz} : Herero, {hil} : Hiligaynon, {him} : Himachali, {hi} : Hindi, {ho} : Hiri Motu, {hit} : Hittite, {hmn} : Hmong, {hu} : Hungarian, {hup} : Hupa, {iba} : Iban, {is} : Icelandic, {io} : Ido, {ig} : Igbo, {ijo} : Ijo, {ilo} : Iloko, [{inc} : Indic (Other)], [{ine} : Indo-European (Other)], {id} : Indonesian, {inh} : Ingush, {ia} : Interlingua (International Auxiliary Language Association), {ie} : Interlingue, {iu} : Inuktitut, {ik} : Inupiaq, [{ira} : Iranian (Other)], {ga} : Irish, {mga} : Middle Irish (900-1200), {sga} : Old Irish (to 900), [{iro} : Iroquoian languages], {it} : Italian, {ja} : Japanese, {jv} : Javanese, {jrb} : Judeo-Arabic, {jpr} : Judeo-Persian, {kbd} : Kabardian, {kab} : Kabyle, {kac} : Kachin, {kl} : Kalaallisut, {xal} : Kalmyk, {kam} : Kamba, {kn} : Kannada, {kr} : Kanuri, {krc} : Karachay-Balkar, {kaa} : Kara-Kalpak, {kar} : Karen, {ks} : Kashmiri, {csb} : Kashubian, {kaw} : Kawi, {kk} : Kazakh, {kha} : Khasi, {km} : Khmer, [{khi} : Khoisan (Other)], {kho} : Khotanese, {ki} : Kikuyu, {kmb} : Kimbundu, {rw} : Kinyarwanda, {ky} : Kirghiz, {i-klingon} : Klingon, {kv} : Komi, {kg} : Kongo, {kok} : Konkani, {ko} : Korean, {kos} : Kosraean, {kpe} : Kpelle, {kro} : Kru, {kj} : Kuanyama, {kum} : Kumyk, {ku} : Kurdish, {kru} : Kurukh, {kut} : Kutenai, {lad} : Ladino, {lah} : Lahnda, {lam} : Lamba, {lo} : Lao, {la} : Latin, {lv} : Latvian, {lb} : Letzeburgesch, {lez} : Lezghian, {li} : Limburgish, {ln} : Lingala, {lt} : Lithuanian, {nds} : Low German, {art-lojban} : Lojban (Artificial), {loz} : Lozi, {lu} : Luba-Katanga, {lua} : Luba-Lulua, {lui} : Luiseno, {lun} : Lunda, {luo} : Luo (Kenya and Tanzania), {lus} : Lushai, {mk} : Macedonian, {mad} : Madurese, {mag} : Magahi, {mai} : Maithili, {mak} : Makasar, {mg} : Malagasy, {ms} : Malay, {ml} : Malayalam, {mt} : Maltese, {mnc} : Manchu, {mdr} : Mandar, {man} : Mandingo, {mni} : Manipuri, [{mno} : Manobo languages], {gv} : Manx, {mi} : Maori, {mr} : Marathi, {chm} : Mari, {mh} : Marshall, {mwr} : Marwari, {mas} : Masai, [{myn} : Mayan languages], {men} : Mende, {mic} : Micmac, {min} : Minangkabau, {i-mingo} : Mingo, [{mis} : Miscellaneous languages], {moh} : Mohawk, {mdf} : Moksha, {mo} : Moldavian, [{mkh} : Mon-Khmer (Other)], {lol} : Mongo, {mn} : Mongolian, {mos} : Mossi, [{mul} : Multiple languages], [{mun} : Munda languages], {nah} : Nahuatl, {nap} : Neapolitan, {na} : Nauru, {nv} : Navajo, {nd} : North Ndebele, {nr} : South Ndebele, {ng} : Ndonga, {ne} : Nepali, {new} : Newari, {nia} : Nias, [{nic} : Niger-Kordofanian (Other)], [{ssa} : Nilo-Saharan (Other)], {niu} : Niuean, {nog} : Nogai, {non} : Old Norse, [{nai} : North American Indian], {no} : Norwegian, {nb} : Norwegian Bokmal, {nn} : Norwegian Nynorsk, [{nub} : Nubian languages], {nym} : Nyamwezi, {nyn} : Nyankole, {nyo} : Nyoro, {nzi} : Nzima, {oc} : Occitan (post 1500), {oj} : Ojibwa, {or} : Oriya, {om} : Oromo, {osa} : Osage, {os} : Ossetian; Ossetic, [{oto} : Otomian languages], {pal} : Pahlavi, {i-pwn} : Paiwan, {pau} : Palauan, {pi} : Pali, {pam} : Pampanga, {pag} : Pangasinan, {pa} : Panjabi, {pap} : Papiamento, [{paa} : Papuan (Other)], {fa} : Persian, {peo} : Old Persian (ca.600-400 B.C.), [{phi} : Philippine (Other)], {phn} : Phoenician, {pon} : Pohnpeian, {pl} : Polish, {pt} : Portuguese, [{pra} : Prakrit languages], {pro} : Old Provencal (to 1500), {ps} : Pushto, {qu} : Quechua, {rm} : Raeto-Romance, {raj} : Rajasthani, {rap} : Rapanui, {rar} : Rarotongan, [{qaa - qtz} : Reserved for local use.], [{roa} : Romance (Other)], {ro} : Romanian, {rom} : Romany, {rn} : Rundi, {ru} : Russian, [{sal} : Salishan languages], {sam} : Samaritan Aramaic, {se} : Northern Sami, {sma} : Southern Sami, {smn} : Inari Sami, {smj} : Lule Sami, {sms} : Skolt Sami, [{smi} : Sami languages (Other)], {sm} : Samoan, {sad} : Sandawe, {sg} : Sango, {sa} : Sanskrit, {sat} : Santali, {sc} : Sardinian, {sas} : Sasak, {sco} : Scots, {sel} : Selkup, [{sem} : Semitic (Other)], {sr} : Serbian, {srr} : Serer, {shn} : Shan, {sn} : Shona, {sid} : Sidamo, {sgn-...} : Sign Languages, {bla} : Siksika, {sd} : Sindhi, {si} : Sinhalese, [{sit} : Sino-Tibetan (Other)], [{sio} : Siouan languages], {den} : Slave (Athapascan), [{sla} : Slavic (Other)], {sk} : Slovak, {sl} : Slovenian, {sog} : Sogdian, {so} : Somali, {son} : Songhai, {snk} : Soninke, {wen} : Sorbian languages, {nso} : Northern Sotho, {st} : Southern Sotho, [{sai} : South American Indian (Other)], {es} : Spanish, {suk} : Sukuma, {sux} : Sumerian, {su} : Sundanese, {sus} : Susu, {sw} : Swahili, {ss} : Swati, {sv} : Swedish, {syr} : Syriac, {tl} : Tagalog, {ty} : Tahitian, [{tai} : Tai (Other)], {tg} : Tajik, {tmh} : Tamashek, {ta} : Tamil, {i-tao} : Tao, {tt} : Tatar, {i-tay} : Tayal, {te} : Telugu, {ter} : Tereno, {tet} : Tetum, {th} : Thai, {bo} : Tibetan, {tig} : Tigre, {ti} : Tigrinya, {tem} : Timne, {tiv} : Tiv, {tli} : Tlingit, {tpi} : Tok Pisin, {tkl} : Tokelau, {tog} : Tonga (Nyasa), {to} : Tonga (Tonga Islands), {tsi} : Tsimshian, {ts} : Tsonga, {i-tsu} : Tsou, {tn} : Tswana, {tum} : Tumbuka, [{tup} : Tupi languages], {tr} : Turkish, {ota} : Ottoman Turkish (1500-1928), {crh} : Crimean Turkish, {tk} : Turkmen, {tvl} : Tuvalu, {tyv} : Tuvinian, {tw} : Twi, {udm} : Udmurt, {uga} : Ugaritic, {ug} : Uighur, {uk} : Ukrainian, {umb} : Umbundu, {und} : Undetermined, {ur} : Urdu, {uz} : Uzbek, {vai} : Vai, {ve} : Venda, {vi} : Vietnamese, {vo} : Volapuk, {vot} : Votic, [{wak} : Wakashan languages], {wa} : Walloon, {wal} : Walamo, {war} : Waray, {was} : Washo, {cy} : Welsh, {wo} : Wolof, {x-...} : Unregistered (Semi-Private Use), {xh} : Xhosa, {sah} : Yakut, {yao} : Yao, {yap} : Yapese, {ii} : Sichuan Yi, {yi} : Yiddish, {yo} : Yoruba, [{ypk} : Yupik languages], {znd} : Zande, [{zap} : Zapotec], {zen} : Zenaga, {za} : Zhuang, {zu} : Zulu, {zun} : Zuni

SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMER
AUTHOR

I18N::Langinfo - query locale information
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

For systems without "nl_langinfo"

"ERA", "CODESET", "YESEXPR", "YESSTR", "NOEXPR", "NOSTR", "D_FMT", "T_FMT", "D_T_FMT", "CRNCYSTR", "ALT_DIGITS", "ERA_D_FMT", "ERA_T_FMT", "ERA_D_T_FMT", "T_FMT_AMPM"

EXPORT

BUGS
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

IO - load various IO modules
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
DEPRECATED

IO::Compress::Base - Base Class for IO::Compress modules
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SUPPORT
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

IO::Compress::Bzip2 - Write bzip2 files/buffers
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Functional Interface

bzip2 $input_filename_or_reference => $output_filename_or_reference
[, OPTS ]

A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

Notes
Optional Parameters

"AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeIn => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle

Examples

OO Interface

Constructor

A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

Constructor Options

"AutoClose => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "BlockSize100K => number", "WorkFactor => number", "Strict => 0|1"

Examples

Methods

print
printf
syswrite
write
flush
tell

eof

seek
binmode
opened
autoflush
input_line_number
fileno
close
newStream([ OPTS ])

Importing

:all

EXAMPLES

Apache::GZip Revisited
Working with Net::FTP

SUPPORT
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

IO::Compress::Deflate - Write RFC 1950 files/buffers
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Functional Interface

deflate $input_filename_or_reference =>
$output_filename_or_reference [, OPTS ]

A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

Notes
Optional Parameters

"AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeIn => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle

Examples

OO Interface

Constructor

A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

Constructor Options

"AutoClose => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "Merge => 0|1", -Level, -Strategy, "Strict => 0|1"

Examples

Methods

print
printf
syswrite
write
flush
tell

eof

seek
binmode
opened
autoflush
input_line_number
fileno
close
newStream([ OPTS ])
deflateParams

Importing

:all, :constants, :flush, :level, :strategy

EXAMPLES

Apache::GZip Revisited
Working with Net::FTP

SUPPORT
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

IO::Compress::FAQ -- Frequently Asked Questions about IO::Compress
DESCRIPTION
GENERAL

Compatibility with Unix compress/uncompress.
Accessing .tar.Z files
How do I recompress using a different compression?

ZIP

What Compression Types do IO::Compress::Zip & IO::Uncompress::Unzip

support?

Store (method 0), Deflate (method 8), Bzip2 (method 12), Lzma (method 14)

Can I Read/Write Zip files larger the 4 Gig?
Can I write more that 64K entries is a Zip files?
Zip Resources

GZIP

Gzip Resources
Dealing with concatenated gzip files
Reading bgzip files with IO::Uncompress::Gunzip

ZLIB

Zlib Resources

Bzip2

Bzip2 Resources
Dealing with Concatenated bzip2 files
Interoperating with Pbzip2

HTTP & NETWORK

Apache::GZip Revisited
Compressed files and Net::FTP

MISC

Using "InputLength" to uncompress data embedded in a larger
file/buffer.

SUPPORT
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

IO::Compress::Gzip - Write RFC 1952 files/buffers
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Functional Interface

gzip $input_filename_or_reference => $output_filename_or_reference
[, OPTS ]

A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

Notes
Optional Parameters

"AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeIn => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle

Examples

OO Interface

Constructor

A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

Constructor Options

"AutoClose => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "Merge => 0|1", -Level, -Strategy, "Minimal => 0|1", "Comment => $comment", "Name => $string", "Time => $number", "TextFlag => 0|1", "HeaderCRC => 0|1", "OS_Code => $value", "ExtraField => $data", "ExtraFlags => $value", "Strict => 0|1"

Examples

Methods

print
printf
syswrite
write
flush
tell

eof

seek
binmode
opened
autoflush
input_line_number
fileno
close
newStream([ OPTS ])
deflateParams

Importing

:all, :constants, :flush, :level, :strategy

EXAMPLES

Apache::GZip Revisited
Working with Net::FTP

SUPPORT
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

IO::Compress::RawDeflate - Write RFC 1951 files/buffers
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Functional Interface

rawdeflate $input_filename_or_reference =>
$output_filename_or_reference [, OPTS ]

A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

Notes
Optional Parameters

"AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeIn => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle

Examples

OO Interface

Constructor

A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

Constructor Options

"AutoClose => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "Merge => 0|1", -Level, -Strategy, "Strict => 0|1"

Examples

Methods

print
printf
syswrite
write
flush
tell

eof

seek
binmode
opened
autoflush
input_line_number
fileno
close
newStream([ OPTS ])
deflateParams

Importing

:all, :constants, :flush, :level, :strategy

EXAMPLES

Apache::GZip Revisited
Working with Net::FTP

SUPPORT
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

IO::Compress::Zip - Write zip files/buffers
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

To use Bzip2 compression, the module "IO::Compress::Bzip2" must be installed, To use LZMA compression, the module "IO::Compress::Lzma" must be installed

Functional Interface

zip $input_filename_or_reference => $output_filename_or_reference
[, OPTS ]

A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

Notes
Optional Parameters

"AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeIn => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle

Examples

OO Interface

Constructor

A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

Constructor Options

"AutoClose => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "Name => $string", If the $input parameter is not a filename, the archive member name will be an empty string, "CanonicalName => 0|1", "FilterName => sub { ... }", "Efs => 0|1", "Minimal => 1|0", "Stream => 0|1", "Zip64 => 0|1", -Level, -Strategy, "BlockSize100K => number", "WorkFactor => number", "Preset => number", "Extreme => 0|1", "Time => $number", "ExtAttr => $attr", "exTime => [$atime, $mtime, $ctime]", "exUnix2 => [$uid, $gid]", "exUnixN => [$uid, $gid]", "Comment => $comment", "ZipComment => $comment", "Method => $method", "TextFlag => 0|1", "ExtraFieldLocal => $data", "ExtraFieldCentral => $data", "Strict => 0|1"

Examples

Methods

print
printf
syswrite
write
flush
tell

eof

seek
binmode
opened
autoflush
input_line_number
fileno
close
newStream([ OPTS ])
deflateParams

Importing

:all, :constants, :flush, :level, :strategy, :zip_method

EXAMPLES

Apache::GZip Revisited
Working with Net::FTP

SUPPORT
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

IO::Dir - supply object methods for directory handles
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

new ( [ DIRNAME ] ), open ( DIRNAME ), read (), seek ( POS ), tell (), rewind (), close (), tie %hash, ’IO::Dir’, DIRNAME [, OPTIONS ]

SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT

IO::File - supply object methods for filehandles
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CONSTRUCTOR

new ( FILENAME [,MODE [,PERMS]] ), new_tmpfile

METHODS

open( FILENAME [,MODE [,PERMS]] ), open( FILENAME, IOLAYERS ), binmode( [ LAYER ] )

NOTE
SEE ALSO
HISTORY

IO::Handle - supply object methods for I/O handles
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CONSTRUCTOR

new (), new_from_fd ( FD, MODE )

METHODS

$io->fdopen ( FD, MODE ), $io->opened, $io->getline, $io->getlines, $io->ungetc ( ORD ), $io->write ( BUF, LEN [, OFFSET ] ), $io->error, $io->clearerr, $io->sync, $io->flush, $io->printflush ( ARGS ), $io->blocking ( [ BOOL ] ), $io->untaint

NOTE
SEE ALSO
BUGS
HISTORY

IO::Pipe - supply object methods for pipes
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CONSTRUCTOR

new ( [ READER, WRITER ] )

METHODS

reader ([ ARGS ]), writer ([ ARGS ]), handles ()

SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT

IO::Poll - Object interface to system poll call
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

mask ( IO [, EVENT_MASK ] ), poll ( [ TIMEOUT ] ), events ( IO ), remove ( IO ), handles( [ EVENT_MASK ] )

SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT

IO::Seekable - supply seek based methods for I/O objects
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

$io->getpos, $io->setpos, $io->seek ( POS, WHENCE ), WHENCE=0 ( SEEK_SET ), WHENCE=1 ( SEEK_CUR ), WHENCE=2 ( SEEK_END ), $io->sysseek( POS, WHENCE ), $io->tell

SEE ALSO
HISTORY

IO::Select - OO interface to the select system call
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CONSTRUCTOR

new ( [ HANDLES ] )

METHODS

add ( HANDLES ), remove ( HANDLES ), exists ( HANDLE ), handles, can_read ( [ TIMEOUT ] ), can_write ( [ TIMEOUT ] ), has_exception ( [ TIMEOUT ] ), count (), bits(), select ( READ, WRITE, EXCEPTION [, TIMEOUT ] )

EXAMPLE
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT

IO::Socket - Object interface to socket communications
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CONSTRUCTOR ARGUMENTS

Blocking
Domain
Listen
Timeout
Type

CONSTRUCTORS

new

METHODS

accept
atmark
autoflush
bind
connected
getsockopt
listen
peername
protocol
recv
send
setsockopt
shutdown
sockdomain
socket
socketpair
sockname
sockopt
socktype
timeout

EXAMPLES
LIMITATIONS
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT

IO::Socket::INET - Object interface for AF_INET domain sockets
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CONSTRUCTOR

new ( [ ARGS ] )
METHODS

sockaddr (), sockport (), sockhost (), peeraddr (), peerport (), peerhost ()

SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT

IO::Socket::IP, "IO::Socket::IP" - Family-neutral IP socket supporting both IPv4 and IPv6
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
REPLACING
"IO::Socket" DEFAULT BEHAVIOUR
CONSTRUCTORS

$sock = IO::Socket::IP->new( %args )

PeerHost => STRING, PeerService => STRING, PeerAddr => STRING, PeerPort => STRING, PeerAddrInfo => ARRAY, LocalHost => STRING, LocalService => STRING, LocalAddr => STRING, LocalPort => STRING, LocalAddrInfo => ARRAY, Family => INT, Type => INT, Proto => STRING or INT, GetAddrInfoFlags => INT, Listen => INT, ReuseAddr => BOOL, ReusePort => BOOL, Broadcast => BOOL, Sockopts => ARRAY, V6Only => BOOL, MultiHomed, Blocking => BOOL, Timeout => NUM

$sock = IO::Socket::IP->new( $peeraddr )
METHODS

( $host, $service ) = $sock->sockhost_service( $numeric )
$addr = $sock->sockhost
$port = $sock->sockport
$host = $sock->sockhostname
$service = $sock->sockservice
$addr = $sock->sockaddr
( $host, $service ) = $sock->peerhost_service( $numeric )
$addr = $sock->peerhost
$port = $sock->peerport
$host = $sock->peerhostname
$service = $sock->peerservice
$addr = $peer->peeraddr
$inet = $sock->as_inet
NON-BLOCKING
"PeerHost" AND "LocalHost" PARSING

( $host, $port ) = IO::Socket::IP->split_addr( $addr )

$addr = IO::Socket::IP->join_addr( $host, $port )
"IO::Socket::INET" INCOMPATIBILITES
TODO
AUTHOR

IO::Socket::UNIX - Object interface for AF_UNIX domain sockets
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CONSTRUCTOR

new ( [ ARGS ] )

METHODS

hostpath(), peerpath()

SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT

IO::Uncompress::AnyInflate - Uncompress zlib-based (zip, gzip) file/buffer
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

RFC 1950, RFC 1951 (optionally), gzip ( RFC 1952 ), zip

Functional Interface

anyinflate $input_filename_or_reference =>
$output_filename_or_reference [, OPTS ]

A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

Notes
Optional Parameters

"AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeOut => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "MultiStream => 0|1", "TrailingData => $scalar"

Examples

OO Interface

Constructor

A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

Constructor Options

"AutoClose => 0|1", "MultiStream => 0|1", "Prime => $string", "Transparent => 0|1", "BlockSize => $num", "InputLength => $size", "Append => 0|1", "Strict => 0|1", "RawInflate => 0|1", "ParseExtra => 0|1" If the gzip FEXTRA header field is present and this option is set, it will force the module to check that it conforms to the sub-field structure as defined in RFC 1952

Examples

Methods

read
read
getline
getc
ungetc
inflateSync
getHeaderInfo
tell

eof

seek
binmode
opened
autoflush
input_line_number
fileno
close
nextStream
trailingData

Importing

:all

EXAMPLES

Working with Net::FTP

SUPPORT
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

IO::Uncompress::AnyUncompress - Uncompress gzip, zip, bzip2, xz, lzma, lzip, lzf or lzop file/buffer
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

RFC 1950, RFC 1951 (optionally), gzip ( RFC 1952 ), zip, bzip2, lzop, lzf, lzma, lzip, xz

Functional Interface

anyuncompress $input_filename_or_reference =>
$output_filename_or_reference [, OPTS ]

A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

Notes
Optional Parameters

"AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeOut => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "MultiStream => 0|1", "TrailingData => $scalar"

Examples

OO Interface

Constructor

A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

Constructor Options

"AutoClose => 0|1", "MultiStream => 0|1", "Prime => $string", "Transparent => 0|1", "BlockSize => $num", "InputLength => $size", "Append => 0|1", "Strict => 0|1", "RawInflate => 0|1", "UnLzma => 0|1"

Examples

Methods

read
read
getline
getc
ungetc
getHeaderInfo
tell

eof

seek
binmode
opened
autoflush
input_line_number
fileno
close
nextStream
trailingData

Importing

:all

EXAMPLES
SUPPORT
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

IO::Uncompress::Base - Base Class for IO::Uncompress modules
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SUPPORT
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

IO::Uncompress::Bunzip2 - Read bzip2 files/buffers
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Functional Interface

bunzip2 $input_filename_or_reference =>
$output_filename_or_reference [, OPTS ]

A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

Notes
Optional Parameters

"AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeOut => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "MultiStream => 0|1", "TrailingData => $scalar"

Examples

OO Interface

Constructor

A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

Constructor Options

"AutoClose => 0|1", "MultiStream => 0|1", "Prime => $string", "Transparent => 0|1", "BlockSize => $num", "InputLength => $size", "Append => 0|1", "Strict => 0|1", "Small => 0|1"

Examples

Methods

read
read
getline
getc
ungetc
getHeaderInfo
tell

eof

seek
binmode
opened
autoflush
input_line_number
fileno
close
nextStream
trailingData

Importing

:all

EXAMPLES

Working with Net::FTP

SUPPORT
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

IO::Uncompress::Gunzip - Read RFC 1952 files/buffers
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Functional Interface

gunzip $input_filename_or_reference =>
$output_filename_or_reference [, OPTS ]

A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

Notes
Optional Parameters

"AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeOut => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "MultiStream => 0|1", "TrailingData => $scalar"

Examples

OO Interface

Constructor

A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

Constructor Options

"AutoClose => 0|1", "MultiStream => 0|1", "Prime => $string", "Transparent => 0|1", "BlockSize => $num", "InputLength => $size", "Append => 0|1", "Strict => 0|1", "ParseExtra => 0|1" If the gzip FEXTRA header field is present and this option is set, it will force the module to check that it conforms to the sub-field structure as defined in RFC 1952

Examples

Methods

read
read
getline
getc
ungetc
inflateSync
getHeaderInfo

Name, Comment

tell

eof

seek
binmode
opened
autoflush
input_line_number
fileno
close
nextStream
trailingData

Importing

:all

EXAMPLES

Working with Net::FTP

SUPPORT
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

IO::Uncompress::Inflate - Read RFC 1950 files/buffers
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Functional Interface

inflate $input_filename_or_reference =>
$output_filename_or_reference [, OPTS ]

A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

Notes
Optional Parameters

"AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeOut => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "MultiStream => 0|1", "TrailingData => $scalar"

Examples

OO Interface

Constructor

A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

Constructor Options

"AutoClose => 0|1", "MultiStream => 0|1", "Prime => $string", "Transparent => 0|1", "BlockSize => $num", "InputLength => $size", "Append => 0|1", "Strict => 0|1"

Examples

Methods

read
read
getline
getc
ungetc
inflateSync
getHeaderInfo
tell

eof

seek
binmode
opened
autoflush
input_line_number
fileno
close
nextStream
trailingData

Importing

:all

EXAMPLES

Working with Net::FTP

SUPPORT
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

IO::Uncompress::RawInflate - Read RFC 1951 files/buffers
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Functional Interface

rawinflate $input_filename_or_reference =>
$output_filename_or_reference [, OPTS ]

A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

Notes
Optional Parameters

"AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeOut => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "MultiStream => 0|1", "TrailingData => $scalar"

Examples

OO Interface

Constructor

A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

Constructor Options

"AutoClose => 0|1", "MultiStream => 0|1", "Prime => $string", "Transparent => 0|1", "BlockSize => $num", "InputLength => $size", "Append => 0|1", "Strict => 0|1"

Examples

Methods

read
read
getline
getc
ungetc
inflateSync
getHeaderInfo
tell

eof

seek
binmode
opened
autoflush
input_line_number
fileno
close
nextStream
trailingData

Importing

:all

EXAMPLES

Working with Net::FTP

SUPPORT
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

IO::Uncompress::Unzip - Read zip files/buffers
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Functional Interface

unzip $input_filename_or_reference => $output_filename_or_reference
[, OPTS ]

A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An array reference, An Input FileGlob string, A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference, An Array Reference, An Output FileGlob

Notes
Optional Parameters

"AutoClose => 0|1", "BinModeOut => 0|1", "Append => 0|1", A Buffer, A Filename, A Filehandle, "MultiStream => 0|1", "TrailingData => $scalar"

Examples

OO Interface

Constructor

A filename, A filehandle, A scalar reference

Constructor Options

"Name => "membername"", "Efs => 0| 1", "AutoClose => 0|1", "MultiStream => 0|1", "Prime => $string", "Transparent => 0|1", "BlockSize => $num", "InputLength => $size", "Append => 0|1", "Strict => 0|1"

Examples

Methods

read
read
getline
getc
ungetc
inflateSync
getHeaderInfo
tell

eof

seek
binmode
opened
autoflush
input_line_number
fileno
close
nextStream
trailingData

Importing

:all

EXAMPLES

Working with Net::FTP
Walking through a zip file
Unzipping a complete zip file to disk

SUPPORT
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
MODIFICATION HISTORY
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

IO::Zlib - IO:: style interface to Compress::Zlib
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CONSTRUCTOR

new ( [ ARGS ] )

OBJECT METHODS

open ( FILENAME, MODE ), opened, close, getc, getline, getlines, print ( ARGS... ), read ( BUF, NBYTES, [ OFFSET ] ), eof, seek ( OFFSET, WHENCE ), tell, setpos ( POS ), getpos ( POS )

USING THE EXTERNAL GZIP
CLASS METHODS

has_Compress_Zlib, gzip_external, gzip_used, gzip_read_open, gzip_write_open

DIAGNOSTICS

IO::Zlib::getlines: must be called in list context, IO::Zlib::gzopen_external: mode ’...’ is illegal, IO::Zlib::import: ’...’ is illegal, IO::Zlib::import: ’:gzip_external’ requires an argument, IO::Zlib::import: ’gzip_read_open’ requires an argument, IO::Zlib::import: ’gzip_read’ ’...’ is illegal, IO::Zlib::import: ’gzip_write_open’ requires an argument, IO::Zlib::import: ’gzip_write_open’ ’...’ is illegal, IO::Zlib::import: no Compress::Zlib and no external gzip, IO::Zlib::open: needs a filename, IO::Zlib::READ: NBYTES must be specified, IO::Zlib::WRITE: too long LENGTH

SEE ALSO
HISTORY
COPYRIGHT

IPC::Cmd - finding and running system commands made easy
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CLASS METHODS

$ipc_run_version = IPC::Cmd->can_use_ipc_run( [ VERBOSE ] )

$ipc_open3_version = IPC::Cmd->can_use_ipc_open3( [ VERBOSE ] )
$bool = IPC::Cmd->can_capture_buffer
$bool = IPC::Cmd->can_use_run_forked
FUNCTIONS

$path = can_run( PROGRAM );

$ok | ($ok, $err, $full_buf, $stdout_buff, $stderr_buff) = run( command
=> COMMAND, [verbose => BOOL, buffer => \$SCALAR, timeout => DIGIT ] );

command, verbose, buffer, timeout, success, error message, full_buffer, out_buffer, error_buffer

$hashref = run_forked( COMMAND, { child_stdin => SCALAR, timeout =>
DIGIT,
stdout_handler => CODEREF, stderr_handler => CODEREF } );

"timeout", "child_stdin", "stdout_handler", "stderr_handler", "wait_loop_callback", "discard_output", "terminate_on_parent_sudden_death", "exit_code", "timeout", "stdout", "stderr", "merged", "err_msg"

$q = QUOTE
HOW IT WORKS

Global Variables

$IPC::Cmd::VERBOSE
$IPC::Cmd::USE_IPC_RUN
$IPC::Cmd::USE_IPC_OPEN3
$IPC::Cmd::WARN
$IPC::Cmd::INSTANCES
$IPC::Cmd::ALLOW_NULL_ARGS

Caveats

Whitespace and IPC::Open3 / system(), Whitespace and IPC::Run, IO Redirect, Interleaving STDOUT/STDERR

See Also
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
BUG REPORTS
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT

IPC::Msg - SysV Msg IPC object class
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

new ( KEY , FLAGS ), id, rcv ( BUF, LEN [, TYPE [, FLAGS ]] ), remove, set ( STAT ), set ( NAME => VALUE [, NAME => VALUE ... ] ), snd ( TYPE, MSG [, FLAGS ] ), stat

SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT

IPC::Open2 - open a process for both reading and writing using open2()
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
WARNING
SEE ALSO

IPC::Open3 - open a process for reading, writing, and error handling using open3()
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

See Also

IPC::Open2, IPC::Run

WARNING

IPC::Semaphore - SysV Semaphore IPC object class
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

new ( KEY , NSEMS , FLAGS ), getall, getncnt ( SEM ), getpid ( SEM ), getval ( SEM ), getzcnt ( SEM ), id, op ( OPLIST ), remove, set ( STAT ), set ( NAME => VALUE [, NAME => VALUE ... ] ), setall ( VALUES ), setval ( N , VALUE ), stat

SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT

IPC::SharedMem - SysV Shared Memory IPC object class
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

new ( KEY , SIZE , FLAGS ), id, read ( POS, SIZE ), write ( STRING, POS, SIZE ), remove, is_removed, stat, attach ( [ FLAG ] ), detach, addr

SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT

IPC::SysV - System V IPC constants and system calls
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

ftok( PATH ), ftok( PATH, ID ), shmat( ID, ADDR, FLAG ), shmdt( ADDR ), memread( ADDR, VAR, POS, SIZE ), memwrite( ADDR, STRING, POS, SIZE )

SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT

Internals - Reserved special namespace for internals related functions
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

FUNCTIONS

SvREFCNT( THING [, $value]), SvREADONLY( THING, [, $value]), hv_clear_placeholders(%hash)

AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

JSON::PP - JSON::XS compatible pure-Perl module.
SYNOPSIS
VERSION
DESCRIPTION
FUNCTIONAL INTERFACE

encode_json
decode_json
JSON::PP::is_bool

OBJECT-ORIENTED INTERFACE

new

ascii
latin1
utf8
pretty
indent
space_before
space_after
relaxed

list items can have an end-comma, shell-style ’#’-comments, C-style multiple-line ’/* */’-comments ( JSON::PP only), C ++ -style one-line ’//’-comments ( JSON::PP only), literal ASCII TAB characters in strings

canonical
allow_nonref
allow_unknown
allow_blessed
convert_blessed
allow_tags
boolean_values
filter_json_object
filter_json_single_key_object
shrink
max_depth
max_size
encode
decode
decode_prefix

FLAGS FOR JSON::PP ONLY

allow_singlequote
allow_barekey
allow_bignum
loose
escape_slash
indent_length
sort_by

INCREMENTAL PARSING

incr_parse
incr_text
incr_skip
incr_reset

MAPPING

JSON -> PERL

object, array, string, number, true, false, null, shell-style comments ("# text"), tagged values ("(tag)value")

PERL -> JSON

hash references, array references, other references, JSON::PP::true, JSON::PP::false, JSON::PP::null, blessed objects, simple scalars

OBJECT SERIALISATION

1. "allow_tags" is enabled and the object has a "FREEZE" method, 2. "convert_blessed" is enabled and the object has a "TO_JSON" method, 3. "allow_bignum" is enabled and the object is a "Math::BigInt" or "Math::BigFloat", 4. "allow_blessed" is enabled, 5. none of the above

ENCODING/CODESET FLAG NOTES

"utf8" flag disabled, "utf8" flag enabled, "latin1" or "ascii" flags enabled

BUGS
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
CURRENT MAINTAINER
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

JSON::PP::Boolean - dummy module providing JSON::PP::Boolean
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
AUTHOR
LICENSE

List::Util - A selection of general-utility list subroutines
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

LIST-REDUCTION FUNCTIONS
reduce
reductions

any

all

none
notall
first

max

maxstr

min

minstr
product

sum

sum0
KEY/VALUE PAIR LIST FUNCTIONS

pairs
unpairs
pairkeys
pairvalues
pairgrep
pairfirst
pairmap
OTHER FUNCTIONS

shuffle
sample
uniq
uniqint
uniqnum
uniqstr
head
tail
CONFIGURATION VARIABLES

$RAND

KNOWN BUGS

RT #95409
uniqnum()
on oversized bignums

SUGGESTED ADDITIONS
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT

List::Util::XS - Indicate if List::Util was compiled with a C compiler
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT

Locale::Maketext - framework for localization
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
QUICK OVERVIEW
METHODS

Construction Methods
The "maketext" Method

$lh->fail_with or $lh->fail_with( PARAM ), $lh->failure_handler_auto, $lh->blacklist(@list), $lh->whitelist(@list)

Utility Methods

$language->quant($number, $singular), $language->quant($number, $singular, $plural), $language->quant($number, $singular, $plural, $negative), $language->numf($number), $language->numerate($number, $singular, $plural, $negative), $language->sprintf($format, @items), $language->language_tag(), $language->encoding()

Language Handle Attributes and Internals

LANGUAGE CLASS HIERARCHIES
ENTRIES IN EACH LEXICON
BRACKET NOTATION
BRACKET NOTATION SECURITY
AUTO LEXICONS
READONLY LEXICONS
CONTROLLING LOOKUP FAILURE
HOW TO USE MAKETEXT
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMER
AUTHOR

Locale::Maketext::Cookbook - recipes for using Locale::Maketext
INTRODUCTION
ONESIDED LEXICONS
DECIMAL PLACES IN NUMBER FORMATTING

Locale::Maketext::Guts - Deprecated module to load Locale::Maketext utf8 code
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Locale::Maketext::GutsLoader - Deprecated module to load Locale::Maketext utf8 code
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Locale::Maketext::Simple - Simple interface to Locale::Maketext::Lexicon
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OPTIONS

Class
Path
Style
Export
Subclass
Decode
Encoding

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT

The " MIT" License

Locale::Maketext::TPJ13 -- article about software localization
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Localization and Perl: gettext breaks, Maketext fixes

A Localization Horror Story: It Could Happen To You
The Linguistic View
Breaking gettext
Replacing gettext
Buzzwords: Abstraction and Encapsulation
Buzzword: Isomorphism
Buzzword: Inheritance
Buzzword: Concision
The Devil in the Details
The Proof in the Pudding: Localizing Web Sites
References

MIME::Base64 - Encoding and decoding of base64 strings
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

encode_base64( $bytes ), encode_base64( $bytes, $eol );, decode_base64( $str ), encode_base64url( $bytes ), decode_base64url( $str ), encoded_base64_length( $bytes ), encoded_base64_length( $bytes, $eol ), decoded_base64_length( $str )

EXAMPLES
COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO

MIME::QuotedPrint - Encoding and decoding of quoted-printable strings
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

encode_qp( $str), encode_qp( $str, $eol), encode_qp( $str, $eol, $binmode ), decode_qp( $str )

COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO

Math::BigFloat - Arbitrary size floating point math package
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Input
Output

METHODS

Configuration methods

accuracy(), precision()

Constructor methods

from_hex(), from_oct(), from_bin(), from_ieee754(), bpi()

Arithmetic methods

bmuladd(), bdiv(), bmod(), bexp(), bnok(), bsin(), bcos(), batan(), batan2(), as_float(), to_ieee754()

ACCURACY AND PRECISION
Rounding

bfround ( +$scale ), bfround ( -$scale ), bfround ( 0 ), bround ( +$scale ), bround ( -$scale ) and bround ( 0 )

Autocreating constants

Math library
Using Math::BigInt::Lite

EXPORTS
CAVEATS

stringify, bstr(), brsft(), Modifying and =, precision() vs. accuracy()

BUGS
SUPPORT

RT: CPAN ’s request tracker, AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation, CPAN Ratings, MetaCPAN, CPAN Testers Matrix, The Bignum mailing list, Post to mailing list, View mailing list, Subscribe/Unsubscribe

LICENSE
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS

Math::BigInt - Arbitrary size integer/float math package
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Input
Output

METHODS

Configuration methods

accuracy(), precision(), div_scale(), round_mode(), upgrade(), downgrade(), modify(), config()

Constructor methods

new(), from_hex(), from_oct(), from_bin(), from_bytes(), from_base(), bzero(), bone(), binf(), bnan(), bpi(), copy(), as_int(), as_number()

Boolean methods

is_zero(), is_one( [ SIGN ]), is_finite(), is_inf( [ SIGN ] ), is_nan(), is_positive(), is_pos(), is_negative(), is_neg(), is_non_positive(), is_non_negative(), is_odd(), is_even(), is_int()

Comparison methods

bcmp(), bacmp(), beq(), bne(), blt(), ble(), bgt(), bge()

Arithmetic methods

bneg(), babs(), bsgn(), bnorm(), binc(), bdec(), badd(), bsub(), bmul(), bmuladd(), bdiv(), btdiv(), bmod(), btmod(), bmodinv(), bmodpow(), bpow(), blog(), bexp(), bnok(), buparrow(), uparrow(), backermann(), ackermann(), bsin(), bcos(), batan(), batan2(), bsqrt(), broot(), bfac(), bdfac(), bfib(), blucas(), brsft(), blsft()

Bitwise methods

band(), bior(), bxor(), bnot()

Rounding methods

round(), bround(), bfround(), bfloor(), bceil(), bint()

Other mathematical methods

bgcd(), blcm()

Object property methods

sign(), digit(), digitsum(), bdigitsum(), length(), mantissa(), exponent(), parts(), sparts(), nparts(), eparts(), dparts()

String conversion methods

bstr(), bsstr(), bnstr(), bestr(), bdstr(), to_hex(), to_bin(), to_oct(), to_bytes(), to_base(), as_hex(), as_bin(), as_oct(), as_bytes()

Other conversion methods

numify()

ACCURACY and PRECISION

Precision P
Accuracy A
Fallback F
Rounding mode R

’trunc’, ’even’, ’odd’, ’+inf’, ’-inf’, ’zero’, ’common’, Precision, Accuracy (significant digits), Setting/Accessing, Creating numbers, Usage, Precedence, Overriding globals, Local settings, Rounding, Default values, Remarks

Infinity and Not a Number

oct()/hex()

INTERNALS

MATH LIBRARY
SIGN

EXAMPLES
Autocreating constants
PERFORMANCE

Alternative math libraries

SUBCLASSING

Subclassing Math::BigInt

UPGRADING

Auto-upgrade

EXPORTS
CAVEATS

Comparing numbers as strings, int(), Modifying and =, Overloading -$x, Mixing different object types

BUGS
SUPPORT

RT: CPAN ’s request tracker, AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation, CPAN Ratings, MetaCPAN, CPAN Testers Matrix, The Bignum mailing list, Post to mailing list, View mailing list, Subscribe/Unsubscribe

LICENSE
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS

Math::BigInt::Calc - Pure Perl module to support Math::BigInt
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO

Math::BigInt::FastCalc - Math::BigInt::Calc with some XS for more speed
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
STORAGE
METHODS
BUGS
SUPPORT

RT: CPAN ’s request tracker, AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation, CPAN Ratings, Search CPAN, CPAN Testers Matrix, The Bignum mailing list, Post to mailing list, View mailing list, Subscribe/Unsubscribe

LICENSE
AUTHORS
SEE ALSO

Math::BigInt::Lib - virtual parent class for Math::BigInt libraries
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

General Notes

CLASS- >api_version(), CLASS- >_new( STR ), CLASS- >_zero(), CLASS- >_one(), CLASS- >_two(), CLASS- >_ten(), CLASS- >_from_bin( STR ), CLASS- >_from_oct( STR ), CLASS- >_from_hex( STR ), CLASS- >_from_bytes( STR ), CLASS- >_from_base( STR, BASE, COLLSEQ ), CLASS- >_add( OBJ1, OBJ2 ), CLASS- >_mul( OBJ1, OBJ2 ), CLASS- >_div( OBJ1, OBJ2 ), CLASS- >_sub( OBJ1, OBJ2, FLAG ), CLASS- >_sub( OBJ1, OBJ2 ), CLASS- >_dec( OBJ ), CLASS- >_inc( OBJ ), CLASS- >_mod( OBJ1, OBJ2 ), CLASS- >_sqrt( OBJ ), CLASS- >_root( OBJ, N ), CLASS- >_fac( OBJ ), CLASS- >_dfac( OBJ ), CLASS- >_pow( OBJ1, OBJ2 ), CLASS- >_modinv( OBJ1, OBJ2 ), CLASS- >_modpow( OBJ1, OBJ2, OBJ3 ), CLASS- >_rsft( OBJ, N, B ), CLASS- >_lsft( OBJ, N, B ), CLASS- >_log_int( OBJ, B ), CLASS- >_gcd( OBJ1, OBJ2 ), CLASS- >_lcm( OBJ1, OBJ2 ), CLASS- >_fib( OBJ ), CLASS- >_lucas( OBJ ), CLASS- >_and( OBJ1, OBJ2 ), CLASS- >_or( OBJ1, OBJ2 ), CLASS- >_xor( OBJ1, OBJ2 ), CLASS- >_sand( OBJ1, OBJ2, SIGN1, SIGN2 ), CLASS- >_sor( OBJ1, OBJ2, SIGN1, SIGN2 ), CLASS- >_sxor( OBJ1, OBJ2, SIGN1, SIGN2 ), CLASS- >_is_zero( OBJ ), CLASS- >_is_one( OBJ ), CLASS- >_is_two( OBJ ), CLASS- >_is_ten( OBJ ), CLASS- >_is_even( OBJ ), CLASS- >_is_odd( OBJ ), CLASS- >_acmp( OBJ1, OBJ2 ), CLASS- >_str( OBJ ), CLASS- >_to_bin( OBJ ), CLASS- >_to_oct( OBJ ), CLASS- >_to_hex( OBJ ), CLASS- >_to_bytes( OBJ ), CLASS- >_to_base( OBJ, BASE, COLLSEQ ), CLASS- >_as_bin( OBJ ), CLASS- >_as_oct( OBJ ), CLASS- >_as_hex( OBJ ), CLASS- >_as_bytes( OBJ ), CLASS- >_num( OBJ ), CLASS- >_copy( OBJ ), CLASS- >_len( OBJ ), CLASS- >_zeros( OBJ ), CLASS- >_digit( OBJ, N ), CLASS- >_digitsum( OBJ ), CLASS- >_check( OBJ ), CLASS- >_set( OBJ )

API version 2

CLASS- >_1ex(N), CLASS- >_nok( OBJ1, OBJ2 ), CLASS- >_alen( OBJ )

WRAP YOUR OWN
BUGS
SUPPORT

RT: CPAN ’s request tracker, AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation, CPAN Ratings, MetaCPAN, CPAN Testers Matrix, The Bignum mailing list, Post to mailing list, View mailing list, Subscribe/Unsubscribe

LICENSE
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

Math::BigRat - Arbitrary big rational numbers
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

MATH LIBRARY

METHODS

new(), numerator(), denominator(), parts(), numify(), as_int(), as_number(), as_float(), as_hex(), as_bin(), as_oct(), from_hex(), from_oct(), from_bin(), bnan(), bzero(), binf(), bone(), length(), digit(), bnorm(), bfac(), bround()/round()/bfround(), bmod(), bmodinv(), bmodpow(), bneg(), is_one(), is_zero(), is_pos()/is_positive(), is_neg()/is_negative(), is_int(), is_odd(), is_even(), bceil(), bfloor(), bint(), bsqrt(), broot(), badd(), bmul(), bsub(), bdiv(), bdec(), binc(), copy(), bstr()/bsstr(), bcmp(), bacmp(), beq(), bne(), blt(), ble(), bgt(), bge(), blsft()/brsft(), band(), bior(), bxor(), bnot(), bpow(), blog(), bexp(), bnok(), config()

BUGS
SUPPORT

RT: CPAN ’s request tracker, AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation, CPAN Ratings, Search CPAN, CPAN Testers Matrix, The Bignum mailing list, Post to mailing list, View mailing list, Subscribe/Unsubscribe

LICENSE
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS

Math::Complex - complex numbers and associated mathematical functions
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OPERATIONS
CREATION
DISPLAYING

CHANGED IN PERL 5.6

USAGE
CONSTANTS

PI

Inf

ERRORS DUE TO DIVISION BY ZERO OR LOGARITHM OF ZERO
ERRORS DUE TO INDIGESTIBLE ARGUMENTS
BUGS
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
LICENSE

Math::Trig - trigonometric functions
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
ANGLES
TRIGONOMETRIC FUNCTIONS

tan
ERRORS DUE TO DIVISION BY ZERO
SIMPLE
( REAL ) ARGUMENTS, COMPLEX RESULTS

PLANE ANGLE CONVERSIONS

deg2rad, grad2rad, rad2deg, grad2deg, deg2grad, rad2grad, rad2rad, deg2deg, grad2grad

RADIAL COORDINATE CONVERSIONS

COORDINATE SYSTEMS
3-D ANGLE CONVERSIONS

cartesian_to_cylindrical, cartesian_to_spherical, cylindrical_to_cartesian, cylindrical_to_spherical, spherical_to_cartesian, spherical_to_cylindrical

GREAT CIRCLE DISTANCES AND DIRECTIONS

great_circle_distance
great_circle_direction
great_circle_bearing
great_circle_destination
great_circle_midpoint
great_circle_waypoint

EXAMPLES

CAVEAT FOR GREAT CIRCLE FORMULAS
Real-valued asin and acos

asin_real, acos_real

BUGS
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
LICENSE

Memoize - Make functions faster by trading space for time
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
DETAILS
OPTIONS

INSTALL
NORMALIZER

"SCALAR_CACHE", "LIST_CACHE"

"MEMORY", "HASH", "TIE", "FAULT", "MERGE"

OTHER FACILITIES

"unmemoize"
"flush_cache"

CAVEATS
PERSISTENT CACHE SUPPORT
EXPIRATION SUPPORT
BUGS
MAILING LIST
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
THANK YOU

Memoize::AnyDBM_File - glue to provide EXISTS for AnyDBM_File for Storable use
DESCRIPTION

Memoize::Expire - Plug-in module for automatic expiration of memoized values
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
INTERFACE

 TIEHASH,  EXISTS,  STORE

ALTERNATIVES
CAVEATS
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

Memoize::ExpireFile - test for Memoize expiration semantics
DESCRIPTION

Memoize::ExpireTest - test for Memoize expiration semantics
DESCRIPTION

Memoize::NDBM_File - glue to provide EXISTS for NDBM_File for Storable use
DESCRIPTION

Memoize::SDBM_File - glue to provide EXISTS for SDBM_File for Storable use
DESCRIPTION

Memoize::Storable - store Memoized data in Storable database
DESCRIPTION

Module::CoreList - what modules shipped with versions of perl
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FUNCTIONS API

"first_release( MODULE )", "first_release_by_date( MODULE )", "find_modules( REGEX, [ LIST OF PERLS ] )", "find_version( PERL_VERSION )", "is_core( MODULE, [ MODULE_VERSION, [ PERL_VERSION ] ] )", "is_deprecated( MODULE, PERL_VERSION )", "deprecated_in( MODULE )", "removed_from( MODULE )", "removed_from_by_date( MODULE )", "changes_between( PERL_VERSION, PERL_VERSION )"

DATA STRUCTURES

%Module::CoreList::version, %Module::CoreList::delta, %Module::CoreList::released, %Module::CoreList::families, %Module::CoreList::deprecated, %Module::CoreList::upstream, %Module::CoreList::bug_tracker

CAVEATS
HISTORY
AUTHOR
LICENSE
SEE ALSO

Module::CoreList::Utils - what utilities shipped with versions of perl
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FUNCTIONS API

"utilities", "first_release( UTILITY )", "first_release_by_date( UTILITY )", "removed_from( UTILITY )", "removed_from_by_date( UTILITY )"

DATA STRUCTURES

%Module::CoreList::Utils::utilities

AUTHOR
LICENSE
SEE ALSO

Module::Load - runtime require of both modules and files
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Difference between "load" and "autoload"

FUNCTIONS

load, autoload, load_remote, autoload_remote

Rules
IMPORTS THE FUNCTIONS

"load","autoload","load_remote","autoload_remote", ’all’, ’’,’none’,undef

Caveats
SEE ALSO
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
BUG REPORTS
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT

Module::Load::Conditional - Looking up module information / loading at runtime
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Methods

$href = check_install( module => NAME [, version => VERSION,
verbose => BOOL ] );

module, version, verbose, file, dir, version, uptodate

$bool = can_load( modules => { NAME => VERSION [,NAME => VERSION ] },
[verbose => BOOL, nocache => BOOL, autoload => BOOL ] )

modules, verbose, nocache, autoload

@list = requires( MODULE );
Global Variables

$Module::Load::Conditional::VERBOSE
$Module::Load::Conditional::FIND_VERSION
$Module::Load::Conditional::CHECK_INC_HASH
$Module::Load::Conditional::FORCE_SAFE_INC
$Module::Load::Conditional::CACHE
$Module::Load::Conditional::ERROR
$Module::Load::Conditional::DEPRECATED

See Also
BUG REPORTS
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT

Module::Loaded - mark modules as loaded or unloaded
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FUNCTIONS

$bool = mark_as_loaded( PACKAGE );

$bool = mark_as_unloaded( PACKAGE );
$loc = is_loaded( PACKAGE );
BUG REPORTS
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT

Module::Metadata - Gather package and POD information from perl module files
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CLASS METHODS

"new_from_file($filename, collect_pod => 1, decode_pod => 1)"
"new_from_handle($handle, $filename, collect_pod => 1, decode_pod
=> 1)"
"new_from_module($module, collect_pod => 1, inc => \@dirs,
decode_pod => 1)"
"find_module_by_name($module, \@dirs)"
"find_module_dir_by_name($module, \@dirs)"
"provides( %options )"

version (required), dir, files, prefix

"package_versions_from_directory($dir, \@files?)"
"log_info (internal)"

OBJECT METHODS

"name()"
"version($package)"
"filename()"
"packages_inside()"
"pod_inside()"
"contains_pod()"
"pod($section)"
"is_indexable($package)" or "is_indexable()"

SUPPORT
AUTHOR
CONTRIBUTORS
COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

NDBM_File - Tied access to ndbm files
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

"O_RDONLY", "O_WRONLY", "O_RDWR"

DIAGNOSTICS

"ndbm store returned -1, errno 22, key "..." at ..."

SECURITY AND PORTABILITY
BUGS AND WARNINGS

NEXT - Provide a pseudo-class NEXT (et al) that allows method redispatch
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Enforcing redispatch
Avoiding repetitions
Invoking all versions of a method with a single call
Using "EVERY" methods

SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
BUGS AND IRRITATIONS
COPYRIGHT

Net::Cmd - Network Command class (as used by FTP, SMTP etc)
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
USER METHODS

debug ( VALUE ), message (), code (), ok (), status (), datasend ( DATA ), dataend ()

CLASS METHODS

debug_print ( DIR, TEXT ), debug_text ( DIR, TEXT ), command ( CMD [, ARGS, ... ]), unsupported (), response (), parse_response ( TEXT ), getline (), ungetline ( TEXT ), rawdatasend ( DATA ), read_until_dot (), tied_fh ()

PSEUDO RESPONSES

Initial value, Connection closed, Timeout

EXPORTS
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
LICENCE

Net::Config - Local configuration data for libnet
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

requires_firewall ( HOST )

NetConfig VALUES

nntp_hosts, snpp_hosts, pop3_hosts, smtp_hosts, ph_hosts, daytime_hosts, time_hosts, inet_domain, ftp_firewall, ftp_firewall_type, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, ftp_ext_passive, ftp_int_passive, local_netmask, test_hosts, test_exists

AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
LICENCE

Net::Domain - Attempt to evaluate the current host’s internet name and domain
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

hostfqdn (), domainname (), hostname (), hostdomain ()

AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
LICENCE

Net::FTP - FTP Client class
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OVERVIEW
CONSTRUCTOR

new ([ HOST ] [, OPTIONS ])

METHODS

login ([ LOGIN [,PASSWORD [, ACCOUNT ] ] ]), starttls (), stoptls (), prot ( LEVEL ), host (), account( ACCT ), authorize ( [ AUTH [, RESP ]]), site ( ARGS ), ascii (), binary (), type ( [ TYPE ] ), rename ( OLDNAME, NEWNAME ), delete ( FILENAME ), cwd ( [ DIR ] ), cdup (), passive ( [ PASSIVE ] ), pwd (), restart ( WHERE ), rmdir ( DIR [, RECURSE ]), mkdir ( DIR [, RECURSE ]), alloc ( SIZE [, RECORD_SIZE ] ), ls ( [ DIR ] ), dir ( [ DIR ] ), get ( REMOTE_FILE [, LOCAL_FILE [, WHERE ]] ), put ( LOCAL_FILE [, REMOTE_FILE ] ), put_unique ( LOCAL_FILE [, REMOTE_FILE ] ), append ( LOCAL_FILE [, REMOTE_FILE ] ), unique_name (), mdtm ( FILE ), size ( FILE ), supported ( CMD ), hash ( [ FILEHANDLE_GLOB_REF ],[ BYTES_PER_HASH_MARK ] ), feature ( NAME ), nlst ( [ DIR ] ), list ( [ DIR ] ), retr ( FILE ), stor ( FILE ), stou ( FILE ), appe ( FILE ), port ( [ PORT ] ), eprt ( [ PORT ] ), pasv (), epsv (), pasv_xfer ( SRC_FILE, DEST_SERVER [, DEST_FILE ] ), pasv_xfer_unique ( SRC_FILE, DEST_SERVER [, DEST_FILE ] ), pasv_wait ( NON_PASV_SERVER ), abort (), quit ()
Methods for the adventurous

quot ( CMD [,ARGS]), can_inet6 (), can_ssl ()

THE dataconn CLASS
UNIMPLEMENTED

SMNT , HELP , MODE , SYST , STAT , STRU , REIN

REPORTING BUGS
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
USE EXAMPLES

http://www.csh.rit.edu/~adam/Progs/

CREDITS
COPYRIGHT
LICENCE

Net::NNTP - NNTP Client class
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CONSTRUCTOR

new ( [ HOST ] [, OPTIONS ])

METHODS

host (), starttls (), article ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ], [ FH ] ), body ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ], [ FH ] ), head ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ], [ FH ] ), articlefh ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ] ), bodyfh ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ] ), headfh ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ] ), nntpstat ( [ MSGID|MSGNUM ] ), group ( [ GROUP ] ), help ( ), ihave ( MSGID [, MESSAGE ]), last (), date (), postok (), authinfo ( USER, PASS ), authinfo_simple ( USER, PASS ), list (), newgroups ( SINCE [, DISTRIBUTIONS ]), newnews ( SINCE [, GROUPS [, DISTRIBUTIONS ]]), next (), post ( [ MESSAGE ] ), postfh (), slave (), quit (), can_inet6 (), can_ssl ()
Extension methods

newsgroups ( [ PATTERN ] ), distributions (), distribution_patterns (), subscriptions (), overview_fmt (), active_times (), active ( [ PATTERN ] ), xgtitle ( PATTERN ), xhdr ( HEADER, MESSAGE-SPEC ), xover ( MESSAGE-SPEC ), xpath ( MESSAGE-ID ), xpat ( HEADER, PATTERN, MESSAGE-SPEC), xrover (), listgroup ( [ GROUP ] ), reader ()

UNSUPPORTED
DEFINITIONS

MESSAGE-SPEC, PATTERN, Examples, "[^]-]", *bdc, "[0-9a-zA-Z]", "a??d"

SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
LICENCE

Net::Netrc - OO interface to users netrc file
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
THE
.netrc FILE

machine name, default, login name, password string, account string, macdef name

CONSTRUCTOR

lookup ( MACHINE [, LOGIN ])

METHODS

login (), password (), account (), lpa ()

AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT
LICENCE

Net::POP3 - Post Office Protocol 3 Client class ( RFC1939 )
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CONSTRUCTOR

new ( [ HOST ] [, OPTIONS ] )

METHODS

host (), auth ( USERNAME, PASSWORD ), user ( USER ), pass ( PASS ), login ( [ USER [, PASS ]] ), starttls ( SSLARGS ), apop ( [ USER [, PASS ]] ), banner (), capa (), capabilities (), top ( MSGNUM [, NUMLINES ] ), list ( [ MSGNUM ] ), get ( MSGNUM [, FH ] ), getfh ( MSGNUM ), last (), popstat (), ping ( USER ), uidl ( [ MSGNUM ] ), delete ( MSGNUM ), reset (), quit (), can_inet6 (), can_ssl ()

NOTES
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
LICENCE

Net::Ping - check a remote host for reachability
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Functions

IPV6_USE_MIN_MTU IPV6_RECVPATHMTU ]) , $p->ping($host [, $timeout [, $family]]); , $p->source_verify( { 0 | 1 } ); , $p->service_check( { 0 | 1 } ); , $p->tcp_service_check( { 0 | 1 } ); , $p->hires( { 0 | 1 } ); , $p->time , $p->socket_blocking_mode( $fh, $mode ); , $p-> IPV6_USE_MIN_MTU , $p-> IPV6_RECVPATHMTU , $p-> IPV6_HOPLIMIT , $p-> IPV6_REACHCONF NYI , $p->bind($local_addr); , $p->message_type([$ping_type]); , $p->open($host); , $p->ack( [ $host ] ); , $p->nack( $failed_ack_host ); , $p->ack_unfork($host) , $p->ping_icmp([$host, $timeout, $family]) , $p->ping_icmpv6([$host, $timeout, $family]) NYI , $p->ping_stream([$host, $timeout, $family]) , $p->ping_syn([$host, $ip, $start_time, $stop_time]) , $p->ping_syn_fork([$host, $timeout, $family]) , $p->ping_tcp([$host, $timeout, $family]) , $p->ping_udp([$host, $timeout, $family]) , $p->ping_external([$host, $timeout, $family]) , $p->tcp_connect([$ip, $timeout]) , $p->tcp_echo([$ip, $timeout, $pingstring]) , $p->close(); , $p->port_number([$port_number]) , $p->mselect , $p->ntop , $p->checksum($msg) , $p->icmp_result , pingecho($host [, $timeout]); , wakeonlan($mac, [$host, [$port]])

Net::Ping->new([proto, timeout, bytes, device, tos, ttl, family,

host, port, bind, gateway, retrans, pingstring,

source_verify econnrefused dontfrag

NOTES
INSTALL
BUGS
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT

Net::SMTP - Simple Mail Transfer Protocol Client
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXAMPLES
CONSTRUCTOR

new ( [ HOST ] [, OPTIONS ] )

METHODS

banner (), domain (), hello ( DOMAIN ), host (), etrn ( DOMAIN ), starttls ( SSLARGS ), auth ( USERNAME, PASSWORD ), auth ( SASL ), mail ( ADDRESS [, OPTIONS ] ), send ( ADDRESS ), send_or_mail ( ADDRESS ), send_and_mail ( ADDRESS ), reset (), recipient ( ADDRESS [, ADDRESS, [...]] [, OPTIONS ] ), to ( ADDRESS [, ADDRESS [...]] ), cc ( ADDRESS [, ADDRESS [...]] ), bcc ( ADDRESS [, ADDRESS [...]] ), data ( [ DATA ] ), bdat ( DATA ), bdatlast ( DATA ), expand ( ADDRESS ), verify ( ADDRESS ), help ( [ $subject ] ), quit (), can_inet6 (), can_ssl ()

ADDRESSES
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
LICENCE

Net::Time - time and daytime network client interface
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

inet_time ( [ HOST [, PROTOCOL [, TIMEOUT ]]]), inet_daytime ( [ HOST [, PROTOCOL [, TIMEOUT ]]])

AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT
LICENCE

Net::hostent - by-name interface to Perl’s built-in gethost*() functions
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXAMPLES
NOTE
AUTHOR

Net::libnetFAQ, libnetFAQ - libnet Frequently Asked Questions
DESCRIPTION

Where to get this document
How to contribute to this document

Author and Copyright Information

Disclaimer

Obtaining and installing libnet

What is libnet ?
Which version of perl do I need ?
What other modules do I need ?
What machines support libnet ?
Where can I get the latest libnet release

Using Net::FTP

How do I download files from an FTP server ?
How do I transfer files in binary mode ?
How can I get the size of a file on a remote FTP server ?
How can I get the modification time of a file on a remote FTP
server ?
How can I change the permissions of a file on a remote server ?
Can I do a reget operation like the ftp command ?
How do I get a directory listing from an FTP server ?
Changing directory to "" does not fail ?
I am behind a SOCKS firewall, but the Firewall option does not work
?
I am behind an FTP proxy firewall, but cannot access machines
outside ?
My ftp proxy firewall does not listen on port 21
Is it possible to change the file permissions of a file on an FTP
server ?
I have seen scripts call a method message, but cannot find it
documented ?
Why does Net::FTP not implement mput and mget methods

Using Net::SMTP

Why can’t the part of an Email address after the @ be used as the
hostname ?
Why does Net::SMTP not do DNS MX lookups ?
The verify method always returns true ?

Debugging scripts

How can I debug my scripts that use Net::* modules ?

AUTHOR AND COPYRIGHT

Net::netent - by-name interface to Perl’s built-in getnet*() functions
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXAMPLES
NOTE
AUTHOR

Net::protoent - by-name interface to Perl’s built-in getproto*() functions
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
NOTE
AUTHOR

Net::servent - by-name interface to Perl’s built-in getserv*() functions
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXAMPLES
NOTE
AUTHOR

O - Generic interface to Perl Compiler backends
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CONVENTIONS
IMPLEMENTATION
BUGS
AUTHOR

ODBM_File - Tied access to odbm files
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

"O_RDONLY", "O_WRONLY", "O_RDWR"

DIAGNOSTICS

"odbm store returned -1, errno 22, key "..." at ..."

SECURITY AND PORTABILITY
BUGS AND WARNINGS

Opcode - Disable named opcodes when compiling perl code
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
NOTE
WARNING

Operator Names and Operator Lists

an operator name (opname), an operator tag name (optag), a negated opname or optag, an operator set (opset)

Opcode Functions

opcodes, opset ( OP, ... ), opset_to_ops ( OPSET ), opset_to_hex ( OPSET ), full_opset, empty_opset, invert_opset ( OPSET ), verify_opset ( OPSET, ... ), define_optag ( OPTAG, OPSET ), opmask_add ( OPSET ), opmask, opdesc ( OP, ... ), opdump ( PAT )

Manipulating Opsets
TO DO
(maybe)
Predefined Opcode Tags

:base_core, :base_mem, :base_loop, :base_io, :base_orig, :base_math, :base_thread, :default, :filesys_read, :sys_db, :browse, :filesys_open, :filesys_write, :subprocess, :ownprocess, :others, :load, :still_to_be_decided, :dangerous

SEE ALSO
AUTHORS

POSIX - Perl interface to IEEE Std 1003.1
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CAVEATS
FUNCTIONS

"_exit", "abort", "abs", "access", "acos", "acosh", "alarm", "asctime", "asin", "asinh", "assert", "atan", "atanh", "atan2", "atexit", "atof", "atoi", "atol", "bsearch", "calloc", "cbrt", "ceil", "chdir", "chmod", "chown", "clearerr", "clock", "close", "closedir", "cos", "cosh", "copysign", "creat", "ctermid", "ctime", "cuserid" [ POSIX.1-1988 ], "difftime", "div", "dup", "dup2", "erf", "erfc", "errno", "execl", "execle", "execlp", "execv", "execve", "execvp", "exit", "exp", "expm1", "fabs", "fclose", "fcntl", "fdopen", "feof", "ferror", "fflush", "fgetc", "fgetpos", "fgets", "fileno", "floor", "fdim", "fegetround", "fesetround", "fma", "fmax", "fmin", "fmod", "fopen", "fork", "fpathconf", "fpclassify", "fprintf", "fputc", "fputs", "fread", "free", "freopen", "frexp", "fscanf", "fseek", "fsetpos", "fstat", "fsync", "ftell", "fwrite", "getc", "getchar", "getcwd", "getegid", "getenv", "geteuid", "getgid", "getgrgid", "getgrnam", "getgroups", "getlogin", "getpayload", "getpgrp", "getpid", "getppid", "getpwnam", "getpwuid", "gets", "getuid", "gmtime", "hypot", "ilogb", "Inf", "isalnum", "isalpha", "isatty", "iscntrl", "isdigit", "isfinite", "isgraph", "isgreater", "isinf", "islower", "isnan", "isnormal", "isprint", "ispunct", "issignaling", "isspace", "isupper", "isxdigit", "j0", "j1", "jn", "y0", "y1", "yn", "kill", "labs", "lchown", "ldexp", "ldiv", "lgamma", "log1p", "log2", "logb", "link", "localeconv", "localtime", "log", "log10", "longjmp", "lseek", "lrint", "lround", "malloc", "mblen", "mbtowc", "memchr", "memcmp", "memcpy", "memmove", "memset", "mkdir", "mkfifo", "mktime", "modf", "NaN", "nan", "nearbyint", "nextafter", "nexttoward", "nice", "offsetof", "open", "opendir", "pathconf", "pause", "perror", "pipe", "pow", "printf", "putc", "putchar", "puts", "qsort", "raise", "rand", "read", "readdir", "realloc", "remainder", "remove", "remquo", "rename", "rewind", "rewinddir", "rint", "rmdir", "round", "scalbn", "scanf", "setgid", "setjmp", "setlocale", "setpayload", "setpayloadsig", "setpgid", "setsid", "setuid", "sigaction", "siglongjmp", "signbit", "sigpending", "sigprocmask", "sigsetjmp", "sigsuspend", "sin", "sinh", "sleep", "sprintf", "sqrt", "srand", "sscanf", "stat", "strcat", "strchr", "strcmp", "strcoll", "strcpy", "strcspn", "strerror", "strftime", "strlen", "strncat", "strncmp", "strncpy", "strpbrk", "strrchr", "strspn", "strstr", "strtod", "strtok", "strtol", "strtold", "strtoul", "strxfrm", "sysconf", "system", "tan", "tanh", "tcdrain", "tcflow", "tcflush", "tcgetpgrp", "tcsendbreak", "tcsetpgrp", "tgamma", "time", "times", "tmpfile", "tmpnam", "tolower", "toupper", "trunc", "ttyname", "tzname", "tzset", "umask", "uname", "ungetc", "unlink", "utime", "vfprintf", "vprintf", "vsprintf", "wait", "waitpid", "wctomb", "write"

CLASSES

"POSIX::SigAction"

"new", "handler", "mask", "flags", "safe"

"POSIX::SigRt"

%SIGRT, "SIGRTMIN", "SIGRTMAX"

"POSIX::SigSet"

"new", "addset", "delset", "emptyset", "fillset", "ismember"

"POSIX::Termios"

"new", "getattr", "getcc", "getcflag", "getiflag", "getispeed", "getlflag", "getoflag", "getospeed", "setattr", "setcc", "setcflag", "setiflag", "setispeed", "setlflag", "setoflag", "setospeed", Baud rate values, Terminal interface values, "c_cc" field values, "c_cflag" field values, "c_iflag" field values, "c_lflag" field values, "c_oflag" field values

PATHNAME CONSTANTS

Constants

POSIX CONSTANTS

Constants

RESOURCE CONSTANTS

Constants

SYSTEM CONFIGURATION

Constants

ERRNO

Constants

FCNTL

Constants

FLOAT

Constants

FLOATING-POINT ENVIRONMENT

Constants

LIMITS

Constants

LOCALE

Constants

MATH

Constants

SIGNAL

Constants

STAT

Constants, Macros

STDLIB

Constants

STDIO

Constants

TIME

Constants

UNISTD

Constants

WAIT

Constants, "WNOHANG", "WUNTRACED", Macros, "WIFEXITED", "WEXITSTATUS", "WIFSIGNALED", "WTERMSIG", "WIFSTOPPED", "WSTOPSIG"

WINSOCK

Constants

Params::Check - A generic input parsing/checking mechanism.
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Template

default, required, strict_type, defined, no_override, store, allow

Functions

check( \%tmpl, \%args, [$verbose] );

Template, Arguments, Verbose

allow( $test_me, \@criteria );

string, regexp, subroutine, array ref

last_error()
Global Variables

$Params::Check::VERBOSE
$Params::Check::STRICT_TYPE
$Params::Check::ALLOW_UNKNOWN
$Params::Check::STRIP_LEADING_DASHES
$Params::Check::NO_DUPLICATES
$Params::Check::PRESERVE_CASE
$Params::Check::ONLY_ALLOW_DEFINED
$Params::Check::SANITY_CHECK_TEMPLATE
$Params::Check::WARNINGS_FATAL
$Params::Check::CALLER_DEPTH

Acknowledgements
BUG REPORTS
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT

Parse::CPAN::Meta - Parse META .yml and META .json CPAN metadata files
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

load_file
load_yaml_string
load_json_string
load_string
yaml_backend
json_backend
json_decoder

FUNCTIONS

Load
LoadFile

ENVIRONMENT

CPAN_META_JSON_DECODER
CPAN_META_JSON_BACKEND
PERL_JSON_BACKEND
PERL_YAML_BACKEND

AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

Perl::OSType - Map Perl operating system names to generic types
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
USAGE

os_type()
is_os_type()

SEE ALSO
SUPPORT

Bugs / Feature Requests
Source Code

AUTHOR
CONTRIBUTORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

PerlIO - On demand loader for PerlIO layers and root of PerlIO::* name space
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Layers

:unix, :stdio, :perlio, :crlf, :utf8, :bytes, :raw, :pop, :win32

Custom Layers

:encoding, :mmap, :via, :scalar

Alternatives to raw
Defaults and how to override them
Querying the layers of filehandles

AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

PerlIO::encoding - encoding layer
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO

PerlIO::mmap - Memory mapped IO
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
IMPLEMENTATION NOTE

PerlIO::scalar - in-memory IO, scalar IO
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
IMPLEMENTATION NOTE

PerlIO::via - Helper class for PerlIO layers implemented in perl
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXPECTED METHODS

$class-> PUSHED ([$mode,[$fh]]), $obj-> POPPED ([$fh]), $obj-> UTF8 ($belowFlag,[$fh]), $obj-> OPEN ($path,$mode,[$fh]), $obj-> BINMODE ([$fh]), $obj-> FDOPEN ($fd,[$fh]), $obj-> SYSOPEN ($path,$imode,$perm,[$fh]), $obj-> FILENO ($fh), $obj-> READ ($buffer,$len,$fh), $obj-> WRITE ($buffer,$fh), $obj-> FILL ($fh), $obj-> CLOSE ($fh), $obj-> SEEK ($posn,$whence,$fh), $obj-> TELL ($fh), $obj-> UNREAD ($buffer,$fh), $obj-> FLUSH ($fh), $obj-> SETLINEBUF ($fh), $obj-> CLEARERR ($fh), $obj-> ERROR ($fh), $obj-> EOF ($fh)

EXAMPLES

Example - a Hexadecimal Handle

PerlIO::via::QuotedPrint - PerlIO layer for quoted-printable strings
SYNOPSIS
VERSION
DESCRIPTION
REQUIRED MODULES
SEE ALSO
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
COPYRIGHT

Pod::Checker - check pod documents for syntax errors
SYNOPSIS
OPTIONS/ARGUMENTS

podchecker()

-warnings => val, -quiet => val

DESCRIPTION
DIAGNOSTICS

Errors

empty =headn, =over on line N without closing =back, You forgot a ’=back’ before ’=headN’, =over is the last thing in the document?!, ’=item’ outside of any ’=over’, =back without =over, Can’t have a 0 in =over N, =over should be: ’=over’ or ’=over positive_number’, =begin TARGET without matching =end TARGET , =begin without a target?, =end TARGET without matching =begin, ’=end’ without a target?, ’=end TARGET ’ is invalid, =end CONTENT doesn’t match =begin TARGET , =for without a target?, unresolved internal link NAME , Unknown directive: CMD , Deleting unknown formatting code SEQ , Unterminated SEQ <> sequence, An E<...> surrounding strange content, An empty E<>, An empty "L<>", An empty X<>, A non-empty Z<>, Spurious text after =pod / =cut, =back doesn’t take any parameters, but you said =back ARGUMENT , =pod directives shouldn’t be over one line long!

Ignoring all N lines of content, =cut found outside a pod block, Invalid =encoding syntax: CONTENT

Warnings

nested commands CMD <... CMD <...>...>, multiple occurrences (N) of link target name, line containing nothing but whitespace in paragraph, =item has no contents, You can’t have =items (as at line N) unless the first thing after the =over is an =item, Expected ’=item EXPECTED VALUE ’, Expected ’=item *’, Possible =item type mismatch: ’x’ found leading a supposed definition =item, You have ’=item x’ instead of the expected ’=item N’, Unknown E content in E< CONTENT >, empty =over/=back block, empty section in previous paragraph, Verbatim paragraph in NAME section, =headn without preceding higher level

Hyperlinks

ignoring leading/trailing whitespace in link, alternative text/node ’%s’ contains non-escaped | or /

RETURN VALUE
EXAMPLES
SCRIPTS
INTERFACE

"Pod::Checker->new( %options )"

"$checker->poderror( @args )", "$checker->poderror( {%opts}, @args )"

"$checker->num_errors()"

"$checker->num_warnings()"

"$checker->name()"

"$checker->node()"

"$checker->idx()"

"$checker->hyperlinks()"

line()

type()

page()

node()
AUTHOR

Pod::Escapes - for resolving Pod E<...> sequences
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
GOODIES

e2char($e_content), e2charnum($e_content), $Name2character{name}, $Name2character_number{name}, $Latin1Code_to_fallback{integer}, $Latin1Char_to_fallback{character}, $Code2USASCII{integer}

CAVEATS
SEE ALSO
REPOSITORY
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Pod::Html - module to convert pod files to HTML
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FUNCTIONS

pod2html

backlink, cachedir, css, flush, header, help, htmldir, htmlroot, index, infile, outfile, poderrors, podpath, podroot, quiet, recurse, title, verbose

htmlify
anchorify

ENVIRONMENT
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT

Pod::Man - Convert POD data to formatted *roff input
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

center, date, errors, fixed, fixedbold, fixeditalic, fixedbolditalic, lquote, rquote, name, nourls, quotes, release, section, stderr, utf8

DIAGNOSTICS

roff font should be 1 or 2 chars, not "%s", Invalid errors setting "%s", Invalid quote specification "%s", POD document had syntax errors

ENVIRONMENT

PERL_CORE, POD_MAN_DATE, SOURCE_DATE_EPOCH

BUGS
CAVEATS
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
SEE ALSO

Pod::ParseLink - Parse an L<> formatting code in POD text
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
SEE ALSO

Pod::Perldoc - Look up Perl documentation in Pod format.
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Pod::Perldoc::BaseTo - Base for Pod::Perldoc formatters
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Pod::Perldoc::GetOptsOO - Customized option parser for Pod::Perldoc
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Call Pod::Perldoc::GetOptsOO::getopts($object, \@ARGV, $truth), Given -n, if there’s a opt_n_with, it’ll call $object->opt_n_with( ARGUMENT ) (e.g., "-n foo" => $object->opt_n_with(’foo’).

Ditto "-nfoo"), Otherwise (given -n) if there’s an opt_n, we’ll call it $object->opt_n($truth) (Truth defaults to 1), Otherwise we try calling $object->handle_unknown_option(’n’) (and we increment the error count by the return value of it), If there’s no handle_unknown_option, then we just warn, and then increment the error counter

SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Pod::Perldoc::ToANSI - render Pod with ANSI color escapes
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CAVEAT
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Pod::Perldoc::ToChecker - let Perldoc check Pod for errors
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Pod::Perldoc::ToMan - let Perldoc render Pod as man pages
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CAVEAT
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Pod::Perldoc::ToNroff - let Perldoc convert Pod to nroff
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CAVEAT
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Pod::Perldoc::ToPod - let Perldoc render Pod as ... Pod!
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Pod::Perldoc::ToRtf - let Perldoc render Pod as RTF
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Pod::Perldoc::ToTerm - render Pod with terminal escapes
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
PAGER FORMATTING
CAVEAT
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Pod::Perldoc::ToText - let Perldoc render Pod as plaintext
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CAVEAT
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Pod::Perldoc::ToTk - let Perldoc use Tk::Pod to render Pod
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR

Pod::Perldoc::ToXml - let Perldoc render Pod as XML
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Pod::Simple - framework for parsing Pod
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
MAIN METHODS

"$parser = SomeClass->new();", "$parser->output_fh( *OUT );", "$parser->output_string( \$somestring );", "$parser->parse_file( $some_filename );", "$parser->parse_file( *INPUT_FH );", "$parser->parse_string_document( $all_content );", "$parser->parse_lines( ...@lines..., undef );", "$parser->content_seen", "SomeClass->filter( $filename );", "SomeClass->filter( *INPUT_FH );", "SomeClass->filter( \$document_content );"

SECONDARY METHODS

"$parser->parse_characters( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->no_whining( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->no_errata_section( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->complain_stderr( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->source_filename", "$parser->doc_has_started", "$parser->source_dead", "$parser->strip_verbatim_indent( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->expand_verbatim_tabs( n )"

TERTIARY METHODS

"$parser->abandon_output_fh()", "$parser->abandon_output_string()", "$parser->accept_code( @codes )", "$parser->accept_codes( @codes )", "$parser->accept_directive_as_data( @directives )", "$parser->accept_directive_as_processed( @directives )", "$parser->accept_directive_as_verbatim( @directives )", "$parser->accept_target( @targets )", "$parser->accept_target_as_text( @targets )", "$parser->accept_targets( @targets )", "$parser->accept_targets_as_text( @targets )", "$parser->any_errata_seen()", "$parser->errata_seen()", "$parser->detected_encoding()", "$parser->encoding()", "$parser->parse_from_file( $source, $to )", "$parser->scream( @error_messages )", "$parser->unaccept_code( @codes )", "$parser->unaccept_codes( @codes )", "$parser->unaccept_directive( @directives )", "$parser->unaccept_directives( @directives )", "$parser->unaccept_target( @targets )", "$parser->unaccept_targets( @targets )", "$parser->version_report()", "$parser->whine( @error_messages )"

ENCODING
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Allison Randal "allison [AT] perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp [AT] cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler [AT] cpan.org", Karl Williamson "khw [AT] cpan.org", Gabor Szabo "szabgab [AT] gmail.com", Shawn H Corey "SHCOREY at cpan.org"

Pod::Simple::Checker -- check the Pod syntax of a document
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Allison Randal "allison [AT] perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp [AT] cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler [AT] cpan.org"

Pod::Simple::Debug -- put Pod::Simple into trace/debug mode
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CAVEATS
GUTS
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Allison Randal "allison [AT] perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp [AT] cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler [AT] cpan.org"

Pod::Simple::DumpAsText -- dump Pod-parsing events as text
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Allison Randal "allison [AT] perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp [AT] cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler [AT] cpan.org"

Pod::Simple::DumpAsXML -- turn Pod into XML
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Allison Randal "allison [AT] perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp [AT] cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler [AT] cpan.org"

Pod::Simple::HTML - convert Pod to HTML
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CALLING FROM THE COMMAND LINE
CALLING FROM PERL

Minimal code
More detailed example

METHODS

html_css
html_javascript
title_prefix
title_postfix
html_header_before_title
top_anchor
html_h_level
index
html_header_after_title
html_footer

SUBCLASSING
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
AUTHOR

Allison Randal "allison [AT] perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp [AT] cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler [AT] cpan.org"

Pod::Simple::HTMLBatch - convert several Pod files to several HTML files
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

FROM THE COMMAND LINE

MAIN METHODS

$batchconv = Pod::Simple::HTMLBatch->new;, $batchconv->batch_convert( indirs, outdir );, $batchconv->batch_convert( undef , ...);, $batchconv->batch_convert( q{@INC}, ...);, $batchconv->batch_convert( \@dirs , ...);, $batchconv->batch_convert( "somedir" , ...);, $batchconv->batch_convert( ’somedir:someother:also’ , ...);, $batchconv->batch_convert( ... , undef );, $batchconv->batch_convert( ... , ’somedir’ );
ACCESSOR METHODS

$batchconv->verbose( nonnegative_integer );, $batchconv->index( true-or-false );, $batchconv->contents_file( filename );, $batchconv->contents_page_start( HTML_string );, $batchconv->contents_page_end( HTML_string );, $batchconv->add_css( $url );, $batchconv->add_javascript( $url );, $batchconv->css_flurry( true-or-false );, $batchconv->javascript_flurry( true-or-false );, $batchconv->no_contents_links( true-or-false );, $batchconv->html_render_class( classname );, $batchconv->search_class( classname );

NOTES ON CUSTOMIZATION
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Allison Randal "allison [AT] perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp [AT] cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler [AT] cpan.org"

Pod::Simple::JustPod -- just the Pod, the whole Pod, and nothing but the Pod
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Allison Randal "allison [AT] perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp [AT] cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler [AT] cpan.org"

Pod::Simple::LinkSection -- represent "section" attributes of L codes
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Allison Randal "allison [AT] perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp [AT] cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler [AT] cpan.org"

Pod::Simple::Methody -- turn Pod::Simple events into method calls
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHOD CALLING
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Allison Randal "allison [AT] perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp [AT] cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler [AT] cpan.org"

Pod::Simple::PullParser -- a pull-parser interface to parsing Pod
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

my $token = $parser->get_token, $parser->unget_token( $token ), $parser->unget_token( $token1, $token2, ... ), $parser->set_source( $filename ), $parser->set_source( $filehandle_object ), $parser->set_source( \$document_source ), $parser->set_source( \@document_lines ), $parser->parse_file(...), $parser->parse_string_document(...), $parser->filter(...), $parser->parse_from_file(...), my $title_string = $parser->get_title, my $title_string = $parser->get_short_title, $author_name

= $parser->get_author, $description_name = $parser->get_description, $version_block = $parser->get_version

NOTE
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Allison Randal "allison [AT] perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp [AT] cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler [AT] cpan.org"

Pod::Simple::PullParserEndToken -- end-tokens from Pod::Simple::PullParser
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

$token->tagname, $token->tagname(somestring), $token->tag(...), $token->is_tag(somestring) or $token->is_tagname(somestring)

SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Allison Randal "allison [AT] perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp [AT] cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler [AT] cpan.org"

Pod::Simple::PullParserStartToken -- start-tokens from Pod::Simple::PullParser
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

$token->tagname, $token->tagname(somestring), $token->tag(...), $token->is_tag(somestring) or $token->is_tagname(somestring), $token->attr(attrname), $token->attr(attrname, newvalue), $token->attr_hash

SEE ALSO
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Allison Randal "allison [AT] perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp [AT] cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler [AT] cpan.org"

Pod::Simple::PullParserTextToken -- text-tokens from Pod::Simple::PullParser
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

$token->text, $token->text(somestring), $token->text_r()

SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Allison Randal "allison [AT] perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp [AT] cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler [AT] cpan.org"

Pod::Simple::PullParserToken -- tokens from Pod::Simple::PullParser
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

$token->type, $token->is_start, $token->is_text, $token->is_end, $token->dump

SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Allison Randal "allison [AT] perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp [AT] cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler [AT] cpan.org"

Pod::Simple::RTF -- format Pod as RTF
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FORMAT CONTROL ATTRIBUTES

$parser->head1_halfpoint_size( halfpoint_integer );, $parser->head2_halfpoint_size( halfpoint_integer );, $parser->head3_halfpoint_size( halfpoint_integer );, $parser->head4_halfpoint_size( halfpoint_integer );, $parser->codeblock_halfpoint_size( halfpoint_integer );, $parser->header_halfpoint_size( halfpoint_integer );, $parser->normal_halfpoint_size( halfpoint_integer );, $parser->no_proofing_exemptions( true_or_false );, $parser->doc_lang( microsoft_decimal_language_code )

SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Allison Randal "allison [AT] perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp [AT] cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler [AT] cpan.org"

Pod::Simple::Search - find POD documents in directory trees
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CONSTRUCTOR
ACCESSORS

$search->inc( true-or-false );, $search->verbose( nonnegative-number );, $search->limit_glob( some-glob-string );, $search->callback( \&some_routine );, $search->laborious( true-or-false );, $search->recurse( true-or-false );, $search->shadows( true-or-false );, $search->is_case_insensitive( true-or-false );, $search->limit_re( some-regxp );, $search->dir_prefix( some-string-value );, $search->progress( some-progress-object );, $name2path = $self->name2path;, $path2name = $self->path2name;

MAIN SEARCH METHODS

"$search->survey( @directories )"

"name2path", "path2name"

"$search->simplify_name( $str )"
"$search->find( $pod )"
"$search->find( $pod, @search_dirs )"
"$self->contains_pod( $file )"

SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Allison Randal "allison [AT] perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp [AT] cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler [AT] cpan.org"

Pod::Simple::SimpleTree -- parse Pod into a simple parse tree
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

Tree Contents
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Allison Randal "allison [AT] perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp [AT] cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler [AT] cpan.org"

Pod::Simple::Subclassing -- write a formatter as a Pod::Simple subclass
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Pod::Simple, Pod::Simple::Methody, Pod::Simple::PullParser, Pod::Simple::SimpleTree

Events

"$parser->_handle_element_start( element_name, attr_hashref )", "$parser->_handle_element_end( element_name )", "$parser->_handle_text(

text_string

)", events with an element_name of Document, events with an element_name of Para, events with an element_name of B, C, F, or I, events with an element_name of S, events with an element_name of X, events with an element_name of L, events with an element_name of E or Z, events with an element_name of Verbatim, events with an element_name of head1 .. head4, events with an element_name of encoding, events with an element_name of over-bullet, events with an element_name of over-number, events with an element_name of over-text, events with an element_name of over-block, events with an element_name of over-empty, events with an element_name of item-bullet, events with an element_name of item-number, events with an element_name of item-text, events with an element_name of for, events with an element_name of Data

More Pod::Simple Methods

"$parser->accept_targets( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->accept_targets_as_text( SOMEVALUE

)", "$parser->accept_codes( Codename, Codename... )", "$parser->accept_directive_as_data( directive_name )", "$parser->accept_directive_as_verbatim( directive_name )", "$parser->accept_directive_as_processed( directive_name )", "$parser->nbsp_for_S( BOOLEAN );", "$parser->version_report()", "$parser->pod_para_count()", "$parser->line_count()", "$parser->nix_X_codes( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->keep_encoding_directive( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->merge_text( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->code_handler( CODE_REF )", "$parser->cut_handler( CODE_REF )", "$parser->pod_handler( CODE_REF )", "$parser->whiteline_handler( CODE_REF )", "$parser->whine( linenumber, complaint string )", "$parser->scream( linenumber, complaint string )", "$parser->source_dead(1)", "$parser->hide_line_numbers( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->no_whining( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->no_errata_section( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->complain_stderr( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->bare_output( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->preserve_whitespace( SOMEVALUE )", "$parser->parse_empty_lists( SOMEVALUE )"

SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Allison Randal "allison [AT] perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp [AT] cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler [AT] cpan.org"

Pod::Simple::Text -- format Pod as plaintext
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Allison Randal "allison [AT] perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp [AT] cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler [AT] cpan.org"

Pod::Simple::TextContent -- get the text content of Pod
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Allison Randal "allison [AT] perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp [AT] cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler [AT] cpan.org"

Pod::Simple::XHTML -- format Pod as validating XHTML
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Minimal code

METHODS

perldoc_url_prefix
perldoc_url_postfix
man_url_prefix
man_url_postfix
title_prefix, title_postfix
html_css
html_javascript
html_doctype
html_charset
html_header_tags
html_h_level
default_title
force_title
html_header, html_footer
index
anchor_items
backlink

SUBCLASSING
handle_text
handle_code
accept_targets_as_html
resolve_pod_page_link
resolve_man_page_link
idify
batch_mode_page_object_init
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
AUTHOR

Allison Randal "allison [AT] perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp [AT] cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler [AT] cpan.org"

Pod::Simple::XMLOutStream -- turn Pod into XML
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
ABOUT EXTENDING POD
SEE ALSO
SUPPORT
COPYRIGHT AND DISCLAIMERS
AUTHOR

Allison Randal "allison [AT] perl.org", Hans Dieter Pearcey "hdp [AT] cpan.org", David E. Wheeler "dwheeler [AT] cpan.org"

Pod::Text - Convert POD data to formatted text
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

alt, code, errors, indent, loose, margin, nourls, quotes, sentence, stderr, utf8, width

DIAGNOSTICS

Bizarre space in item, Item called without tag, Can’t open %s for reading: %s, Invalid errors setting "%s", Invalid quote specification "%s", POD document had syntax errors

BUGS
CAVEATS
NOTES
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
SEE ALSO

Pod::Text::Color - Convert POD data to formatted color ASCII text
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
BUGS
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
SEE ALSO

Pod::Text::Overstrike - Convert POD data to formatted overstrike text
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
BUGS
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
SEE ALSO

Pod::Text::Termcap - Convert POD data to ASCII text with format escapes
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
SEE ALSO

Pod::Usage - print a usage message from embedded pod documentation
SYNOPSIS
ARGUMENTS

"-message" string, "-msg" string, "-exitval" value, "-verbose" value, "-sections" spec, "-output" handle, "-input" handle, "-pathlist" string, "-noperldoc", "-perlcmd", "-perldoc" path-to-perldoc, "-perldocopt" string
Formatting base class
Pass-through options

DESCRIPTION

Scripts

EXAMPLES

Recommended Use

CAVEATS
AUTHOR
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
SEE ALSO

SDBM_File - Tied access to sdbm files
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Tie

EXPORTS
DIAGNOSTICS

"sdbm store returned -1, errno 22, key "..." at ..."

SECURITY WARNING
BUGS AND WARNINGS

Safe - Compile and execute code in restricted compartments
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

a new namespace, an operator mask

WARNING
METHODS

permit ( OP, ... )
permit_only ( OP, ... )
deny ( OP, ... )
deny_only ( OP, ... )
trap ( OP, ... ), untrap ( OP, ... )
share ( NAME, ... )
share_from ( PACKAGE, ARRAYREF )
varglob ( VARNAME )
reval ( STRING, STRICT )
rdo ( FILENAME )
root ( NAMESPACE )
mask ( MASK )
wrap_code_ref ( CODEREF )
wrap_code_refs_within (...)

RISKS

Memory, CPU, Snooping, Signals, State Changes

AUTHOR

Scalar::Util - A selection of general-utility scalar subroutines
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FUNCTIONS FOR REFERENCES

blessed
refaddr
reftype
weaken
unweaken
isweak

OTHER FUNCTIONS

dualvar
isdual
isvstring
looks_like_number
openhandle
readonly
set_prototype
tainted

DIAGNOSTICS

Weak references are not implemented in the version of perl, Vstrings are not implemented in the version of perl

KNOWN BUGS
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT

Search::Dict - look - search for key in dictionary file
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

SelectSaver - save and restore selected file handle
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

SelfLoader - load functions only on demand
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

The __DATA__ token
SelfLoader autoloading
Autoloading and package lexicals
SelfLoader and AutoLoader
__DATA__, __END__, and the FOOBAR::DATA filehandle.
Classes and inherited methods.

Multiple packages and fully qualified subroutine names
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

a), b)

Socket, "Socket" - networking constants and support functions
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CONSTANTS
PF_INET, PF_INET6, PF_UNIX, ...
AF_INET, AF_INET6, AF_UNIX, ...
SOCK_STREAM, SOCK_DGRAM, SOCK_RAW, ...
SOCK_NONBLOCK. SOCK_CLOEXEC
SOL_SOCKET
SO_ACCEPTCONN, SO_BROADCAST, SO_ERROR, ...
IP_OPTIONS, IP_TOS, IP_TTL, ...
IP_PMTUDISC_WANT, IP_PMTUDISC_DONT, ...
IPTOS_LOWDELAY, IPTOS_THROUGHPUT, IPTOS_RELIABILITY, ...
MSG_BCAST, MSG_OOB, MSG_TRUNC, ...
SHUT_RD, SHUT_RDWR, SHUT_WR
INADDR_ANY, INADDR_BROADCAST, INADDR_LOOPBACK, INADDR_NONE
IPPROTO_IP, IPPROTO_IPV6, IPPROTO_TCP, ...
TCP_CORK, TCP_KEEPALIVE, TCP_NODELAY, ...
IN6ADDR_ANY, IN6ADDR_LOOPBACK
IPV6_ADD_MEMBERSHIP, IPV6_MTU, IPV6_V6ONLY, ...
STRUCTURE MANIPULATORS

$family = sockaddr_family $sockaddr
$sockaddr = pack_sockaddr_in $port, $ip_address
($port, $ip_address) = unpack_sockaddr_in $sockaddr
$sockaddr = sockaddr_in $port, $ip_address
($port, $ip_address) = sockaddr_in $sockaddr
$sockaddr = pack_sockaddr_in6 $port, $ip6_address, [$scope_id,
[$flowinfo]]
($port, $ip6_address, $scope_id, $flowinfo) = unpack_sockaddr_in6
$sockaddr
$sockaddr = sockaddr_in6 $port, $ip6_address, [$scope_id, [$flowinfo]]
($port, $ip6_address, $scope_id, $flowinfo) = sockaddr_in6 $sockaddr
$sockaddr = pack_sockaddr_un $path
($path) = unpack_sockaddr_un $sockaddr
$sockaddr = sockaddr_un $path
($path) = sockaddr_un $sockaddr
$ip_mreq = pack_ip_mreq $multiaddr, $interface
($multiaddr, $interface) = unpack_ip_mreq $ip_mreq
$ip_mreq_source = pack_ip_mreq_source $multiaddr, $source, $interface
($multiaddr, $source, $interface) = unpack_ip_mreq_source $ip_mreq
$ipv6_mreq = pack_ipv6_mreq $multiaddr6, $ifindex
($multiaddr6, $ifindex) = unpack_ipv6_mreq $ipv6_mreq
FUNCTIONS

$ip_address = inet_aton $string
$string = inet_ntoa $ip_address
$address = inet_pton $family, $string
$string = inet_ntop $family, $address
($err, @result) = getaddrinfo $host, $service, [$hints]

flags => INT, family => INT, socktype => INT, protocol => INT, family => INT, socktype => INT, protocol => INT, addr => STRING, canonname => STRING, AI_PASSIVE, AI_CANONNAME, AI_NUMERICHOST

($err, $hostname, $servicename) = getnameinfo $sockaddr, [$flags,
[$xflags]]

NI_NUMERICHOST, NI_NUMERICSERV, NI_NAMEREQD, NI_DGRAM, NIx_NOHOST, NIx_NOSERV

getaddrinfo() / getnameinfo() ERROR CONSTANTS

EAI_AGAIN, EAI_BADFLAGS, EAI_FAMILY, EAI_NODATA, EAI_NONAME, EAI_SERVICE

EXAMPLES

Lookup for connect()
Making a human-readable string out of an address
Resolving hostnames into IP addresses
Accessing socket options

AUTHOR

Storable - persistence for Perl data structures
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
MEMORY STORE
ADVISORY LOCKING
SPEED
CANONICAL REPRESENTATION
CODE REFERENCES
FORWARD COMPATIBILITY

utf8 data, restricted hashes, huge objects, files from future versions of Storable

ERROR REPORTING
WIZARDS ONLY

Hooks

"STORABLE_freeze" obj, cloning, "STORABLE_thaw" obj, cloning, serialized, .., "STORABLE_attach" class, cloning, serialized

Predicates

"Storable::last_op_in_netorder", "Storable::is_storing", "Storable::is_retrieving"

Recursion
Deep Cloning

Storable magic

$info = Storable::file_magic( $filename ), "version", "version_nv", "major", "minor", "hdrsize", "netorder", "byteorder", "intsize", "longsize", "ptrsize", "nvsize", "file", $info = Storable::read_magic( $buffer ), $info = Storable::read_magic( $buffer, $must_be_file )

EXAMPLES
SECURITY WARNING
WARNING
REGULAR EXPRESSIONS
BUGS

64 bit data in perl 5.6.0 and 5.6.1

CREDITS
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

Sub::Util - A selection of utility subroutines for subs and CODE references
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FUNCTIONS

prototype
set_prototype
subname
set_subname
AUTHOR

Symbol - manipulate Perl symbols and their names
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
BUGS

Sys::Hostname - Try every conceivable way to get hostname
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
AUTHOR

Sys::Syslog - Perl interface to the UNIX syslog(3) calls
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXPORTS
FUNCTIONS

openlog($ident, $logopt, $facility), syslog($priority, $message), syslog($priority, $format, @args), Note, setlogmask($mask_priority), setlogsock(), Note, closelog()

THE RULES OF SYS::SYSLOG
EXAMPLES
CONSTANTS

Facilities
Levels

DIAGNOSTICS

"Invalid argument passed to setlogsock", "eventlog passed to setlogsock, but no Win32 API available", "no connection to syslog available", "stream passed to setlogsock, but %s is not writable", "stream passed to setlogsock, but could not find any device", "tcp passed to setlogsock, but tcp service unavailable", "syslog: expecting argument %s", "syslog: invalid level/facility: %s", "syslog: too many levels given: %s", "syslog: too many facilities given: %s", "syslog: level must be given", "udp passed to setlogsock, but udp service unavailable", "unix passed to setlogsock, but path not available"

HISTORY
SEE ALSO

Other modules
Manual Pages
RFCs
Articles
Event Log

AUTHORS & ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
BUGS
SUPPORT

Perl Documentation, MetaCPAN, Search CPAN, AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation, CPAN Ratings, RT: CPAN ’s request tracker

COPYRIGHT
LICENSE

TAP::Base - Base class that provides common functionality to TAP::Parser and TAP::Harness
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

Class Methods

TAP::Formatter::Base - Base class for harness output delegates
VERSION
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
METHODS

Class Methods

"verbosity", "verbose", "timer", "failures", "comments", "quiet", "really_quiet", "silent", "errors", "directives", "stdout", "color", "jobs", "show_count"

TAP::Formatter::Color - Run Perl test scripts with color
VERSION
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
METHODS

Class Methods

TAP::Formatter::Console - Harness output delegate for default console output
VERSION
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS

"open_test"

TAP::Formatter::Console::ParallelSession - Harness output delegate for parallel console output
VERSION
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
METHODS

Class Methods

TAP::Formatter::Console::Session - Harness output delegate for default console output
VERSION
DESCRIPTION

"clear_for_close"
"close_test"
"header"
"result"

TAP::Formatter::File - Harness output delegate for file output
VERSION
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS

"open_test"

TAP::Formatter::File::Session - Harness output delegate for file output
VERSION
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

result

close_test

TAP::Formatter::Session - Abstract base class for harness output delegate
VERSION
METHODS

Class Methods

"formatter", "parser", "name", "show_count"

TAP::Harness - Run test scripts with statistics
VERSION
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
METHODS

Class Methods

"verbosity", "timer", "failures", "comments", "show_count", "normalize", "lib", "switches", "test_args", "color", "exec", "merge", "sources", "aggregator_class", "version", "formatter_class", "multiplexer_class", "parser_class", "scheduler_class", "formatter", "errors", "directives", "ignore_exit", "jobs", "rules", "rulesfiles", "stdout", "trap"

Instance Methods

the source name of a test to run, a reference to a [ source name, display name ] array
CONFIGURING

Plugins
"Module::Build"
"ExtUtils::MakeMaker"
"prove"

WRITING PLUGINS

Customize how TAP gets into the parser, Customize how TAP results are output from the parser

SUBCLASSING

Methods

"new", "runtests", "summary"

REPLACING
SEE ALSO

TAP::Harness::Beyond, Test::Harness::Beyond - Beyond make test
Beyond make test

Saved State
Parallel Testing
Non-Perl Tests
Mixing it up
Rolling My Own
Deeper Customisation
Callbacks
Parsing TAP
Getting Support

TAP::Harness::Env - Parsing harness related environmental variables where appropriate
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

create( \%args )

ENVIRONMENTAL VARIABLES

"HARNESS_PERL_SWITCHES", "HARNESS_VERBOSE", "HARNESS_SUBCLASS", "HARNESS_OPTIONS", "j<n>", "c", "a<file.tgz>", "fPackage-With-Dashes", "HARNESS_TIMER", "HARNESS_COLOR", "HARNESS_IGNORE_EXIT"

TAP::Object - Base class that provides common functionality to all "TAP::*" modules
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

Class Methods

Instance Methods

TAP::Parser - Parse TAP output
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

Class Methods

"source", "tap", "exec", "sources", "callback", "switches", "test_args", "spool", "merge", "grammar_class", "result_factory_class", "iterator_factory_class"

Instance Methods
INDIVIDUAL RESULTS

Result types

Version, Plan, Pragma, Test, Comment, Bailout, Unknown

Common type methods
"plan" methods
"pragma" methods
"comment" methods
"bailout" methods
"unknown" methods
"test" methods

TOTAL RESULTS

Individual Results

Pragmas
Summary Results
"ignore_exit"

Misplaced plan, No plan, More than one plan, Test numbers out of sequence
CALLBACKS

"test", "version", "plan", "comment", "bailout", "yaml", "unknown", "ELSE", "ALL", "EOF"

TAP GRAMMAR
BACKWARDS COMPATIBILITY

Differences

TODO plans, ’Missing’ tests

SUBCLASSING

Parser Components

option 1, option 2

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

Michael Schwern, Andy Lester, chromatic, GEOFFR, Shlomi Fish, Torsten Schoenfeld, Jerry Gay, Aristotle, Adam Kennedy, Yves Orton, Adrian Howard, Sean & Lil, Andreas J. Koenig, Florian Ragwitz, Corion, Mark Stosberg, Matt Kraai, David Wheeler, Alex Vandiver, Cosimo Streppone, Ville Skyttä

AUTHORS
BUGS
COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

TAP::Parser::Aggregator - Aggregate TAP::Parser results
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

Class Methods

Instance Methods
Summary methods

failed, parse_errors, passed, planned, skipped, todo, todo_passed, wait, exit

Failed tests, Parse errors, Bad exit or wait status
See Also

TAP::Parser::Grammar - A grammar for the Test Anything Protocol.
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

Class Methods

Instance Methods
TAP GRAMMAR
SUBCLASSING
SEE ALSO

TAP::Parser::Iterator - Base class for TAP source iterators
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

Class Methods
Instance Methods

SUBCLASSING

Example

SEE ALSO

TAP::Parser::Iterator::Array - Iterator for array-based TAP sources
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

Class Methods
Instance Methods

ATTRIBUTION
SEE ALSO

TAP::Parser::Iterator::Process - Iterator for process-based TAP sources
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

Class Methods
Instance Methods

ATTRIBUTION
SEE ALSO

TAP::Parser::Iterator::Stream - Iterator for filehandle-based TAP sources
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

Class Methods

Instance Methods
ATTRIBUTION
SEE ALSO

TAP::Parser::IteratorFactory - Figures out which SourceHandler objects to use for a given Source
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

Class Methods

Instance Methods
SUBCLASSING

Example

AUTHORS
ATTRIBUTION
SEE ALSO

TAP::Parser::Multiplexer - Multiplex multiple TAP::Parsers
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

Class Methods

Instance Methods
See Also

TAP::Parser::Result - Base class for TAP::Parser output objects
VERSION
SYNOPSIS

DESCRIPTION
METHODS

Boolean methods

"is_plan", "is_pragma", "is_test", "is_comment", "is_bailout", "is_version", "is_unknown", "is_yaml"

SUBCLASSING

Example

SEE ALSO

TAP::Parser::Result::Bailout - Bailout result token.
VERSION
DESCRIPTION
OVERRIDDEN METHODS

"as_string"

Instance Methods

TAP::Parser::Result::Comment - Comment result token.
VERSION
DESCRIPTION
OVERRIDDEN METHODS

"as_string"

Instance Methods

TAP::Parser::Result::Plan - Plan result token.
VERSION
DESCRIPTION
OVERRIDDEN METHODS

"as_string", "raw"

Instance Methods

TAP::Parser::Result::Pragma - TAP pragma token.
VERSION
DESCRIPTION
OVERRIDDEN METHODS

"as_string", "raw"

Instance Methods

TAP::Parser::Result::Test - Test result token.
VERSION
DESCRIPTION
OVERRIDDEN METHODS

Instance Methods

TAP::Parser::Result::Unknown - Unknown result token.
VERSION
DESCRIPTION
OVERRIDDEN METHODS

"as_string", "raw"

TAP::Parser::Result::Version - TAP syntax version token.
VERSION
DESCRIPTION
OVERRIDDEN METHODS

"as_string", "raw"

Instance Methods

TAP::Parser::Result::YAML - YAML result token.
VERSION
DESCRIPTION
OVERRIDDEN METHODS

"as_string", "raw"

Instance Methods

TAP::Parser::ResultFactory - Factory for creating TAP::Parser output objects
SYNOPSIS
VERSION
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

Class Methods
SUBCLASSING

Example

SEE ALSO

TAP::Parser::Scheduler - Schedule tests during parallel testing
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

Class Methods
Rules data structure

By default, all tests are eligible to be run in parallel. Specifying any of your own rules removes this one, "First match wins". The first rule that matches a test will be the one that applies, Any test which does not match a rule will be run in sequence at the end of the run, The existence of a rule does not imply selecting a test. You must still specify the tests to run, Specifying a rule to allow tests to run in parallel does not make the run in parallel. You still need specify the number of parallel "jobs" in your Harness object

Instance Methods

TAP::Parser::Scheduler::Job - A single testing job.
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

Class Methods

Instance Methods
Attributes

TAP::Parser::Scheduler::Spinner - A no-op job.
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

Class Methods

Instance Methods
SEE ALSO

TAP::Parser::Source - a TAP source & meta data about it
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

Class Methods

Instance Methods
AUTHORS
SEE ALSO

TAP::Parser::SourceHandler - Base class for different TAP source handlers
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

Class Methods

SUBCLASSING

Example

AUTHORS
SEE ALSO

TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::Executable - Stream output from an executable TAP source
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

Class Methods

SUBCLASSING

Example

SEE ALSO

TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::File - Stream TAP from a text file.
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

Class Methods

CONFIGURATION
SUBCLASSING
SEE ALSO

TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::Handle - Stream TAP from an IO::Handle or a GLOB.
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

Class Methods

SUBCLASSING
SEE ALSO

TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::Perl - Stream TAP from a Perl executable
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

Class Methods

SUBCLASSING

Example

SEE ALSO

TAP::Parser::SourceHandler::RawTAP - Stream output from raw TAP in a scalar/array ref.
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

Class Methods

SUBCLASSING
SEE ALSO

TAP::Parser::YAMLish::Reader - Read YAMLish data from iterator
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

Class Methods
Instance Methods

AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT

TAP::Parser::YAMLish::Writer - Write YAMLish data
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

Class Methods
Instance Methods

a reference to a scalar to append YAML to, the handle of an open file, a reference to an array into which YAML will be pushed, a code reference

AUTHOR
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT

Term::ANSIColor - Color screen output using ANSI escape sequences
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Supported Colors
Function Interface

color(ATTR[, ATTR ... ]), colored( STRING, ATTR[, ATTR ... ]), colored( ATTR-REF, STRING[, STRING... ]), uncolor( ESCAPE ), colorstrip(STRING[, STRING ... ]), colorvalid(ATTR[, ATTR ... ]), coloralias(ALIAS[, ATTR ... ])

Constant Interface
The Color Stack
Supporting CLICOLOR

DIAGNOSTICS

Bad color mapping %s, Bad escape sequence %s, Bareword "%s" not allowed while "strict subs" in use, Cannot alias standard color %s, Cannot alias standard color %s in %s, Invalid alias name %s, Invalid alias name %s in %s, Invalid attribute name %s, Invalid attribute name %s in %s, Name "%s" used only once: possible typo, No comma allowed after filehandle, No name for escape sequence %s

ENVIRONMENT

ANSI_COLORS_ALIASES, ANSI_COLORS_DISABLED, NO_COLOR

COMPATIBILITY
RESTRICTIONS
NOTES
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
SEE ALSO

Term::Cap - Perl termcap interface
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

METHODS

Tgetent, OSPEED, TERM

Tpad, $string, $cnt, $FH

Tputs, $cap, $cnt, $FH

Tgoto, $cap, $col, $row, $FH

Trequire
EXAMPLES
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

Term::Complete - Perl word completion module
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

<tab>, ^D, ^U, <del>, <bs>

DIAGNOSTICS
BUGS
AUTHOR

Term::ReadLine - Perl interface to various "readline" packages. If no real package is found, substitutes stubs instead of basic functions.
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Minimal set of supported functions

"ReadLine", "new", "readline", "addhistory", "IN", "OUT", "MinLine", "findConsole", Attribs, "Features"

Additional supported functions

"tkRunning", "event_loop", "ornaments", "newTTY"

EXPORTS
ENVIRONMENT

Test - provides a simple framework for writing test scripts
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
QUICK START GUIDE

Functions

"plan(...)", "tests => number", "todo => [1,5,14]", "onfail => sub { ... }", "onfail => \&some_sub"

_to_value

"ok(...)"

"skip(skip_if_true, args...)"
TEST TYPES

NORMAL TESTS, SKIPPED TESTS, TODO TESTS

ONFAIL
BUGS
and CAVEATS
ENVIRONMENT
NOTE
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR

Test2 - Framework for writing test tools that all work together.
DESCRIPTION

WHAT IS NEW ?

Easier to test new testing tools, Better diagnostics capabilities, Event driven, More complete API, Support for output other than TAP, Subtest implementation is more sane, Support for threading/forking

GETTING STARTED

Test2, This describes the namespace layout for the Test2 ecosystem. Not all the namespaces listed here are part of the Test2 distribution, some are implemented in Test2::Suite.
Test2::Tools::
Test2::Plugin::
Test2::Bundle::
Test2::Require::
Test2::Formatter::
Test2::Event::
Test2::Hub::
Test2::IPC::
Test2::Util::
Test2::API::
Test2::
SEE ALSO
CONTACTING US
SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::API - Primary interface for writing Test2 based testing tools.
***INTERNALS NOTE***
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS

WRITING A TOOL
TESTING YOUR TOOLS

The event from "ok(1, "pass")", The plan event for the subtest, The subtest event itself, with the first 2 events nested inside it as children

OTHER API FUNCTIONS

MAIN API EXPORTS

context(...)

$ctx = context(), $ctx = context(%params), level => $int, wrapped => $int, stack => $stack, hub => $hub, on_init => sub { ... }, on_release => sub { ... }

release($;$)

release $ctx;, release $ctx, ...;

context_do(&;@)
no_context(&;$)

no_context { ... };, no_context { ... } $hid;

intercept(&)
run_subtest(...)

$NAME, \&CODE, $BUFFERED or \%PARAMS, ’buffered’ => $bool, ’inherit_trace’ => $bool, ’no_fork’ => $bool, @ARGS, Things not effected by this flag, Things that are effected by this flag, Things that are formatter dependant

OTHER API EXPORTS

STATUS AND INITIALIZATION STATE

$bool = test2_init_done(), $bool = test2_load_done(), test2_set_is_end(), test2_set_is_end($bool), $bool = test2_get_is_end(), $stack = test2_stack(), $bool = test2_is_testing_done(), test2_ipc_disable, $bool = test2_ipc_diabled, test2_ipc_wait_enable(), test2_ipc_wait_disable(), $bool = test2_ipc_wait_enabled(), $bool = test2_no_wait(), test2_no_wait($bool), $fh = test2_stdout(), $fh = test2_stderr(), test2_reset_io()

BEHAVIOR HOOKS

test2_add_callback_exit(sub { ... }), test2_add_callback_post_load(sub { ... }), test2_add_callback_testing_done(sub { ... }), test2_add_callback_context_acquire(sub { ... }), test2_add_callback_context_init(sub { ... }), test2_add_callback_context_release(sub { ... }), test2_add_callback_pre_subtest(sub { ... }), @list = test2_list_context_acquire_callbacks(), @list = test2_list_context_init_callbacks(), @list = test2_list_context_release_callbacks(), @list = test2_list_exit_callbacks(), @list = test2_list_post_load_callbacks(), @list = test2_list_pre_subtest_callbacks(), test2_add_uuid_via(sub { ... }), $sub = test2_add_uuid_via()

IPC AND CONCURRENCY

$bool = test2_has_ipc(), $ipc = test2_ipc(), test2_ipc_add_driver($DRIVER), @drivers = test2_ipc_drivers(), $bool = test2_ipc_polling(), test2_ipc_enable_polling(), test2_ipc_disable_polling(), test2_ipc_enable_shm(), test2_ipc_set_pending($uniq_val), $pending = test2_ipc_get_pending(), $timeout = test2_ipc_get_timeout(), test2_ipc_set_timeout($timeout)

MANAGING FORMATTERS

$formatter = test2_formatter, test2_formatter_set($class_or_instance), @formatters = test2_formatters(), test2_formatter_add($class_or_instance)

OTHER EXAMPLES
SEE ALSO
MAGIC
SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::API::Breakage - What breaks at what version
DESCRIPTION
FUNCTIONS

%mod_ver = upgrade_suggested(), %mod_ver = Test2::API::Breakage->upgrade_suggested(), %mod_ver = upgrade_required(), %mod_ver = Test2::API::Breakage->upgrade_required(), %mod_ver = known_broken(), %mod_ver = Test2::API::Breakage->known_broken()

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::API::Context - Object to represent a testing context.
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
CRITICAL DETAILS

you MUST always use the context() sub from Test2::API, You MUST always release the context when done with it, You MUST NOT pass context objects around, You MUST NOT store or cache a context for later, You SHOULD obtain your context as soon as possible in a given tool

METHODS

$ctx->done_testing;, $clone = $ctx->snapshot(), $ctx->release(), $ctx->throw($message), $ctx->alert($message), $stack = $ctx->stack(), $hub = $ctx->hub(), $dbg = $ctx->trace(), $ctx->do_in_context(\&code, @args);, $ctx->restore_error_vars(), $! = $ctx->errno(), $? = $ctx->child_error(), $@ = $ctx->eval_error()
EVENT PRODUCTION METHODS

$event = $ctx->pass(), $event = $ctx->pass($name), $true = $ctx->pass_and_release(), $true = $ctx->pass_and_release($name), my $event = $ctx->fail(), my $event = $ctx->fail($name), my $event = $ctx->fail($name, @diagnostics), my $false = $ctx->fail_and_release(), my $false = $ctx->fail_and_release($name), my $false = $ctx->fail_and_release($name, @diagnostics), $event = $ctx->ok($bool, $name), $event = $ctx->ok($bool, $name, \@on_fail), $event = $ctx->note($message), $event = $ctx->diag($message), $event = $ctx->plan($max), $event = $ctx->plan(0, ’ SKIP ’, $reason), $event = $ctx->skip($name, $reason);, $event = $ctx->bail($reason), $event = $ctx->send_ev2(%facets), $event = $ctx->build_e2(%facets), $event = $ctx->send_ev2_and_release($Type, %parameters), $event = $ctx->send_event($Type, %parameters), $event = $ctx->build_event($Type, %parameters), $event = $ctx->send_event_and_release($Type, %parameters)

HOOKS

INIT HOOKS
RELEASE HOOKS

THIRD PARTY META-DATA
SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>, Kent Fredric <kentnl [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::API::Instance - Object used by Test2::API under the hood
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS

$pid = $obj->pid, $obj->tid, $obj->reset(), $obj->load(), $bool = $obj->loaded, $arrayref = $obj->post_load_callbacks, $obj->add_post_load_callback(sub { ... }), $hashref = $obj->contexts(), $arrayref = $obj->context_acquire_callbacks, $arrayref = $obj->context_init_callbacks, $arrayref = $obj->context_release_callbacks, $arrayref = $obj->pre_subtest_callbacks, $obj->add_context_init_callback(sub { ... }), $obj->add_context_release_callback(sub { ... }), $obj->add_pre_subtest_callback(sub { ... }), $obj->set_exit(), $obj->set_ipc_pending($val), $pending = $obj->get_ipc_pending(), $timeout = $obj->ipc_timeout;, $obj->set_ipc_timeout($timeout);, $drivers = $obj->ipc_drivers, $obj->add_ipc_driver($DRIVER_CLASS), $bool = $obj->ipc_polling, $obj->enable_ipc_polling, $obj->disable_ipc_polling, $bool = $obj->no_wait, $bool = $obj->set_no_wait($bool), $arrayref = $obj->exit_callbacks, $obj->add_exit_callback(sub { ... }), $bool = $obj->finalized, $ipc = $obj->ipc, $obj->ipc_disable, $bool = $obj->ipc_disabled, $stack = $obj->stack, $formatter = $obj->formatter, $bool = $obj->formatter_set(), $obj->add_formatter($class), $obj->add_formatter($obj), $obj->set_add_uuid_via(sub { ... }), $sub = $obj->add_uuid_via()

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::API::Stack - Object to manage a stack of Test2::Hub instances.
***INTERNALS NOTE***
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
METHODS

$stack = Test2::API::Stack->new(), $hub = $stack->new_hub(), $hub = $stack->new_hub(%params), $hub = $stack->new_hub(%params, class => $class), $hub = $stack->top(), $hub = $stack->peek(), $stack->cull, @hubs = $stack->all, $stack->clear, $stack->push($hub), $stack->pop($hub)

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::Event - Base class for events
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
METHODS

GENERAL

$trace = $e->trace, $bool_or_undef = $e->related($e2), $e->add_amnesty({tag => $TAG, details => $DETAILS});, $uuid = $e->uuid, $class = $e->load_facet($name), @classes = $e-> FACET_TYPES (), @classes = Test2::Event-> FACET_TYPES ()

NEW API

$hashref = $e->common_facet_data();, $hashref = $e->facet_data(), $hashref = $e->facets(), @errors = $e->validate_facet_data();, @errors = $e->validate_facet_data(%params);, @errors = $e->validate_facet_data(\%facets, %params);, @errors = Test2::Event->validate_facet_data(%params);, @errors = Test2::Event->validate_facet_data(\%facets, %params);, require_facet_class => $BOOL, about => {...}, assert => {...}, control => {...}, meta => {...}, parent => {...}, plan => {...}, trace => {...}, amnesty => [{...}, ...], errors => [{...}, ...], info => [{...}, ...]

LEGACY API

$bool = $e->causes_fail, $bool = $e->increments_count, $e->callback($hub), $num = $e->nested, $bool = $e->global, $code = $e->terminate, $msg = $e->summary, ($count, $directive, $reason) = $e->sets_plan(), $bool = $e->diagnostics, $bool = $e->no_display, $id = $e->in_subtest, $id = $e->subtest_id

THIRD PARTY META-DATA
SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::Event::Bail - Bailout!
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
METHODS

$reason = $e->reason

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::Event::Diag - Diag event type
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
ACCESSORS

$diag->message

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::Event::Encoding - Set the encoding for the output stream
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
METHODS

$encoding = $e->encoding

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::Event::Exception - Exception event
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
METHODS

$reason = $e->error

CAVEATS
SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::Event::Fail - Event for a simple failed assertion
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::Event::Generic - Generic event type.
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
METHODS

$e->facet_data($data), $data = $e->facet_data, $e->callback($hub), $e->set_callback(sub { ... }), $bool = $e->causes_fail, $e->set_causes_fail($bool), $bool = $e->diagnostics, $e->set_diagnostics($bool), $bool_or_undef = $e->global, @bool_or_empty = $e->global, $e->set_global($bool_or_undef), $bool = $e->increments_count, $e->set_increments_count($bool), $bool = $e->no_display, $e->set_no_display($bool), @plan = $e->sets_plan, $e->set_sets_plan(\@plan), $summary = $e->summary, $e->set_summary($summary_or_undef), $int_or_undef = $e->terminate, @int_or_empty = $e->terminate, $e->set_terminate($int_or_undef)

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::Event::Note - Note event type
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
ACCESSORS

$note->message

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::Event::Ok - Ok event type
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
ACCESSORS

$rb = $e->pass, $name = $e->name, $b = $e->effective_pass

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::Event::Pass - Event for a simple passing assertion
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::Event::Plan - The event of a plan
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
ACCESSORS

$num = $plan->max, $dir = $plan->directive, $reason = $plan->reason

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::Event::Skip - Skip event type
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
ACCESSORS

$reason = $e->reason

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::Event::Subtest - Event for subtest types
DESCRIPTION
ACCESSORS

$arrayref = $e->subevents, $bool = $e->buffered

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::Event::TAP::Version - Event for TAP version.
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
METHODS

$version = $e->version

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::Event::V2 - Second generation event.
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS

USING A CONTEXT
USING THE CONSTRUCTOR

METHODS

$fd = $e->facet_data(), $about = $e->about(), $trace = $e->trace()
MUTATION

$e->add_amnesty({...}), $e->add_hub({...}), $e->set_uuid($UUID), $e->set_trace($trace)

LEGACY SUPPORT METHODS

causes_fail, diagnostics, global, increments_count, no_display, sets_plan, subtest_id, summary, terminate

THIRD PARTY META-DATA
SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::Event::Waiting - Tell all procs/threads it is time to be done
DESCRIPTION
SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::EventFacet - Base class for all event facets.
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

$key = $facet_class->facet_key(), $bool = $facet_class->is_list(), $clone = $facet->clone(), $clone = $facet->clone(%replace)

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::EventFacet::About - Facet with event details.
DESCRIPTION
FIELDS

$string = $about->{details}, $string = $about->details(), $package = $about->{package}, $package = $about->package(), $bool = $about->{no_display}, $bool = $about->no_display(), $uuid = $about->{uuid}, $uuid = $about->uuid(), $uuid = $about->{eid}, $uuid = $about->eid()

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::EventFacet::Amnesty - Facet for assertion amnesty.
DESCRIPTION
NOTES
FIELDS

$string = $amnesty->{details}, $string = $amnesty->details(), $short_string = $amnesty->{tag}, $short_string = $amnesty->tag(), $bool = $amnesty->{inherited}, $bool = $amnesty->inherited()

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::EventFacet::Assert - Facet representing an assertion.
DESCRIPTION
FIELDS

$string = $assert->{details}, $string = $assert->details(), $bool = $assert->{pass}, $bool = $assert->pass(), $bool = $assert->{no_debug}, $bool = $assert->no_debug(), $int = $assert->{number}, $int = $assert->number()

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::EventFacet::Control - Facet for hub actions and behaviors.
DESCRIPTION
FIELDS

$string = $control->{details}, $string = $control->details(), $bool = $control->{global}, $bool = $control->global(), $exit = $control->{terminate}, $exit = $control->terminate(), $bool = $control->{halt}, $bool = $control->halt(), $bool = $control->{has_callback}, $bool = $control->has_callback(), $encoding = $control->{encoding}, $encoding = $control->encoding(), $phase = $control->{phase}, $phase = $control->phase()

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::EventFacet::Error - Facet for errors that need to be shown.
DESCRIPTION
NOTES
FIELDS

$string = $error->{details}, $string = $error->details(), $short_string = $error->{tag}, $short_string = $error->tag(), $bool = $error->{fail}, $bool = $error->fail()

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::EventFacet::Hub - Facet for the hubs an event passes through.
DESCRIPTION
FACET FIELDS

$string = $trace->{details}, $string = $trace->details(), $int = $trace->{pid}, $int = $trace->pid(), $int = $trace->{tid}, $int = $trace->tid(), $hid = $trace->{hid}, $hid = $trace->hid(), $huuid = $trace->{huuid}, $huuid = $trace->huuid(), $int = $trace->{nested}, $int = $trace->nested(), $bool = $trace->{buffered}, $bool = $trace->buffered()

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::EventFacet::Info - Facet for information a developer might care about.
DESCRIPTION
NOTES
FIELDS

$string_or_structure = $info->{details}, $string_or_structure = $info->details(), $structure = $info->{table}, $structure = $info->table(), $short_string = $info->{tag}, $short_string = $info->tag(), $bool = $info->{debug}, $bool = $info->debug(), $bool = $info->{important}, $bool = $info->important

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::EventFacet::Info::Table - Intermediary representation of a table.
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
ATTRIBUTES

$header_aref = $t->header(), $rows_aref = $t->rows(), $bool = $t->collapse(), $aref = $t->no_collapse(), $str = $t->as_string(), $href = $t->as_hash(), %args = $t->info_args()

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::EventFacet::Meta - Facet for meta-data
DESCRIPTION
METHODS AND FIELDS

$anything = $meta->{anything}, $anything = $meta->anything()

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::EventFacet::Parent - Facet for events contains other events
DESCRIPTION
FIELDS

$string = $parent->{details}, $string = $parent->details(), $hid = $parent->{hid}, $hid = $parent->hid(), $arrayref = $parent->{children}, $arrayref = $parent->children(), $bool = $parent->{buffered}, $bool = $parent->buffered()

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::EventFacet::Plan - Facet for setting the plan
DESCRIPTION
FIELDS

$string = $plan->{details}, $string = $plan->details(), $positive_int = $plan->{count}, $positive_int = $plan->count(), $bool = $plan->{skip}, $bool = $plan->skip(), $bool = $plan->{none}, $bool = $plan->none()

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::EventFacet::Render - Facet that dictates how to render an event.
DESCRIPTION
FIELDS

$string = $render->[#]->{details}, $string = $render->[#]->details(), $string = $render->[#]->{tag}, $string = $render->[#]->tag(), $string = $render->[#]->{facet}, $string = $render->[#]->facet(), $mode = $render->[#]->{mode}, $mode = $render->[#]->mode(), calculated, replace

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::EventFacet::Trace - Debug information for events
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
FACET FIELDS

$string = $trace->{details}, $string = $trace->details(), $frame = $trace->{frame}, $frame = $trace->frame(), $int = $trace->{pid}, $int = $trace->pid(), $int = $trace->{tid}, $int = $trace->tid(), $id = $trace->{cid}, $id = $trace->cid(), $uuid = $trace->{uuid}, $uuid = $trace->uuid()
DISCOURAGED HUB RELATED FIELDS

$hid = $trace->{hid}, $hid = $trace->hid(), $huuid = $trace->{huuid}, $huuid = $trace->huuid(), $int = $trace->{nested}, $int = $trace->nested(), $bool = $trace->{buffered}, $bool = $trace->buffered()

METHODS

$trace->set_detail($msg), $msg = $trace->detail, $str = $trace->debug, $trace->alert($MESSAGE), $trace->throw($MESSAGE), ($package, $file, $line, $subname) = $trace->call(), $pkg = $trace->package, $file = $trace->file, $line = $trace->line, $subname = $trace->subname, $sig = trace->signature

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::Formatter - Namespace for formatters.
DESCRIPTION
CREATING FORMATTERS

The number of tests that were planned, The number of tests actually seen, The number of tests which failed, A boolean indicating whether or not the test suite passed, A boolean indicating whether or not this call is for a subtest

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::Formatter::TAP - Standard TAP formatter
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
METHODS

$bool = $tap->no_numbers, $tap->set_no_numbers($bool), $arrayref = $tap->handles, $tap->set_handles(\@handles);, $encoding = $tap->encoding, $tap->encoding($encoding), $tap->write($e, $num)

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>, Kent Fredric <kentnl [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::Hub - The conduit through which all events flow.
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
COMMON TASKS

SENDING EVENTS
ALTERING OR REMOVING EVENTS
LISTENING FOR EVENTS

POST-TEST BEHAVIORS
SETTING THE FORMATTER

METHODS

$hub->send($event), $hub->process($event), $old = $hub->format($formatter), $sub = $hub->listen(sub { ... }, %optional_params), $hub->unlisten($sub), $sub = $hub->filter(sub { ... }, %optional_params), $sub = $hub->pre_filter(sub { ... }, %optional_params), $hub->unfilter($sub), $hub->pre_unfilter($sub), $hub->follow_op(sub { ... }), $sub = $hub->add_context_acquire(sub { ... });, $hub->remove_context_acquire($sub);, $sub = $hub->add_context_init(sub { ... });, $hub->remove_context_init($sub);, $sub = $hub->add_context_release(sub { ... });, $hub->remove_context_release($sub);, $hub->cull(), $pid = $hub->pid(), $tid = $hub->tid(), $hud = $hub->hid(), $uuid = $hub->uuid(), $ipc = $hub->ipc(), $hub->set_no_ending($bool), $bool = $hub->no_ending, $bool = $hub->active, $hub->set_active($bool)
STATE METHODS

$hub->reset_state(), $num = $hub->count, $num = $hub->failed, $bool = $hub->ended, $bool = $hub->is_passing, $hub->is_passing($bool), $hub->plan($plan), $plan = $hub->plan, $bool = $hub->check_plan

THIRD PARTY META-DATA
SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::Hub::Interceptor - Hub used by interceptor to grab results.
SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::Hub::Interceptor::Terminator - Exception class used by Test2::Hub::Interceptor
SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::Hub::Subtest - Hub used by subtests
DESCRIPTION
TOGGLES

$bool = $hub->manual_skip_all, $hub->set_manual_skip_all($bool)

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::IPC - Turn on IPC for threading or forking support.
SYNOPSIS

DISABLING IT

EXPORTS

cull()

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::IPC::Driver - Base class for Test2 IPC drivers.
SYNOPSIS
METHODS

$self->abort($msg), $self->abort_trace($msg)

LOADING DRIVERS
WRITING DRIVERS

METHODS SUBCLASSES MUST IMPLEMENT

$ipc->is_viable, $ipc->add_hub($hid), $ipc->drop_hub($hid), $ipc->send($hid, $event);, $ipc->send($hid, $event, $global);, @events = $ipc->cull($hid), $ipc->waiting()

METHODS SUBCLASSES MAY IMPLEMENT OR OVERRIDE

$ipc->driver_abort($msg)

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::IPC::Driver::Files - Temp dir + Files concurrency model.
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

T2_KEEP_TEMPDIR=0, T2_TEMPDIR_TEMPLATE=’test2-XXXXXX’

SEE ALSO
SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::Tools::Tiny - Tiny set of tools for unfortunate souls who cannot use Test2::Suite.
DESCRIPTION
USE
Test2::Suite INSTEAD
EXPORTS

ok($bool, $name), ok($bool, $name, @diag), is($got, $want, $name), is($got, $want, $name, @diag), isnt($got, $do_not_want, $name), isnt($got, $do_not_want, $name, @diag), like($got, $regex, $name), like($got, $regex, $name, @diag), unlike($got, $regex, $name), unlike($got, $regex, $name, @diag), is_deeply($got, $want, $name), is_deeply($got, $want, $name, @diag), diag($msg), note($msg), skip_all($reason), todo $reason => sub { ... }, plan($count), done_testing(), $warnings = warnings { ... }, $exception = exception { ... }, tests $name => sub { ... }, $output = capture { ... }

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::Transition - Transition notes when upgrading to Test2
DESCRIPTION
THINGS THAT BREAK

Test::Builder1.5/2 conditionals
Replacing the Test::Builder singleton
Directly Accessing Hash Elements
Subtest indentation

DISTRIBUTIONS THAT BREAK OR NEED TO BE UPGRADED

WORKS BUT TESTS WILL FAIL

Test::DBIx::Class::Schema, Device::Chip

UPGRADE SUGGESTED

Test::Exception, Data::Peek, circular::require, Test::Module::Used, Test::Moose::More, Test::FITesque, Test::Kit, autouse

NEED TO UPGRADE

Test::SharedFork, Test::Builder::Clutch, Test::Dist::VersionSync, Test::Modern, Test::UseAllModules, Test::More::Prefix

STILL BROKEN

Test::Aggregate, Test::Wrapper, Test::ParallelSubtest, Test::Pretty, Net::BitTorrent, Test::Group, Test::Flatten, Log::Dispatch::Config::TestLog, Test::Able

MAKE ASSERTIONS -> SEND EVENTS

LEGACY
TEST2

ok($bool, $name), diag(@messages), note(@messages), subtest($name, $code)

WRAP EXISTING TOOLS

LEGACY
TEST2

USING UTF8

LEGACY
TEST2

AUTHORS, CONTRIBUTORS AND REVIEWERS

Chad Granum ( EXODIST ) <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

SOURCE
MAINTAINER

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::Util - Tools used by Test2 and friends.
DESCRIPTION
EXPORTS

($success, $error) = try { ... }, protect { ... }, CAN_FORK, CAN_REALLY_FORK, CAN_THREAD, USE_THREADS, get_tid, my $file = pkg_to_file($package), $string = ipc_separator(), $string = gen_uid(), ($ok, $err) = do_rename($old_name, $new_name), ($ok, $err) = do_unlink($filename), ($ok, $err) = try_sig_mask { ... }, SIGINT, SIGALRM, SIGHUP, SIGTERM, SIGUSR1, SIGUSR2

NOTES && CAVEATS

Devel::Cover

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>, Kent Fredric <kentnl [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::Util::ExternalMeta - Allow third party tools to safely attach meta-data to your instances.
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
WHERE IS THE DATA STORED
?
EXPORTS

$val = $obj->meta($key), $val = $obj->meta($key, $default), $val = $obj->get_meta($key), $val = $obj->delete_meta($key), $obj->set_meta($key, $val)

META-KEY RESTRICTIONS
SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::Util::Facets2Legacy - Convert facet data to the legacy event API.
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS

AS METHODS
AS FUNCTIONS

NOTE ON CYCLES
EXPORTS

$bool = $e->causes_fail(), $bool = causes_fail($f), $bool = $e->diagnostics(), $bool = diagnostics($f), $bool = $e->global(), $bool = global($f), $bool = $e->increments_count(), $bool = increments_count($f), $bool = $e->no_display(), $bool = no_display($f), ($max, $directive, $reason) = $e->sets_plan(), ($max, $directive, $reason) = sets_plan($f), $id = $e->subtest_id(), $id = subtest_id($f), $string = $e->summary(), $string = summary($f), $undef_or_int = $e->terminate(), $undef_or_int = terminate($f), $uuid = $e->uuid(), $uuid = uuid($f)

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::Util::HashBase - Build hash based classes.
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
THIS IS A BUNDLED COPY OF HASHBASE
METHODS

PROVIDED BY HASH BASE

$it = $class->new(%PAIRS), $it = $class->new(\%PAIRS), $it = $class->new(\@ORDERED_VALUES)

HOOKS

$self->init()

ACCESSORS

READ/WRITE

foo(), set_foo(), FOO ()

READ ONLY

set_foo()

DEPRECATED SETTER

set_foo()

NO SETTER
NO READER
CONSTANT ONLY

SUBCLASSING
GETTING A LIST OF ATTRIBUTES FOR A CLASS

@list = Test2::Util::HashBase::attr_list($class), @list = $class->Test2::Util::HashBase::attr_list()

SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test2::Util::Trace - Legacy wrapper fro Test2::EventFacet::Trace.
DESCRIPTION
SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test::Builder - Backend for building test libraries
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Construction

new, create, subtest, name, reset

Setting up tests

plan, expected_tests, no_plan, done_testing, has_plan, skip_all, exported_to

Running tests

ok, is_eq, is_num, isnt_eq, isnt_num, like, unlike, cmp_ok

Other Testing Methods

BAIL_OUT , skip, todo_skip, skip_rest

Test building utility methods

maybe_regex, is_fh

Test style

level, use_numbers, no_diag, no_ending, no_header

Output

diag, note, explain, output, failure_output, todo_output, reset_outputs, carp, croak

Test Status and Info

no_log_results, current_test, is_passing, summary, details, todo, find_TODO, in_todo, todo_start, "todo_end", caller

EXIT CODES
THREADS
MEMORY
EXAMPLES
SEE ALSO

INTERNALS
LEGACY
EXTERNAL

AUTHORS
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test::Builder::Formatter - Test::Builder subclass of Test2::Formatter::TAP
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test::Builder::IO::Scalar - A copy of IO::Scalar for Test::Builder
DESCRIPTION
COPYRIGHT
and LICENSE
Construction

new [ ARGS... ]

open [ SCALARREF ]

opened

close
Input and output

flush

getc

getline

getlines

print ARGS..

read BUF, NBYTES, [ OFFSET ]

write BUF, NBYTES, [ OFFSET ]

sysread BUF, LEN, [ OFFSET ]

syswrite BUF, NBYTES, [ OFFSET ]
Seeking/telling and other attributes

autoflush

binmode

clearerr

eof

seek OFFSET, WHENCE

sysseek OFFSET, WHENCE

tell

 use_RS [YESNO]

setpos POS

getpos

sref
WARNINGS
VERSION
AUTHORS

Primary Maintainer
Principal author
Other contributors

SEE ALSO

Test::Builder::Module - Base class for test modules
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Importing

Builder
SEE ALSO

Test::Builder::Tester - test testsuites that have been built with Test::Builder
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Functions

test_out, test_err

test_fail

test_diag

test_test, title (synonym ’name’, ’label’), skip_out, skip_err

line_num

color
BUGS
AUTHOR
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

NOTES
SEE ALSO

Test::Builder::Tester::Color - turn on colour in Test::Builder::Tester
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
AUTHOR
BUGS
SEE ALSO

Test::Builder::TodoDiag - Test::Builder subclass of Test2::Event::Diag
DESCRIPTION
SYNOPSIS
SOURCE
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

AUTHORS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test::Harness - Run Perl standard test scripts with statistics
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FUNCTIONS

runtests( @test_files )

execute_tests( tests => \@test_files, out => \*FH )
EXPORT
ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES THAT TAP::HARNESS::COMPATIBLE SETS

"HARNESS_ACTIVE", "HARNESS_VERSION"

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES THAT AFFECT TEST::HARNESS

"HARNESS_PERL_SWITCHES", "HARNESS_TIMER", "HARNESS_VERBOSE", "HARNESS_OPTIONS", "j<n>", "c", "a<file.tgz>", "fPackage-With-Dashes", "HARNESS_SUBCLASS", "HARNESS_SUMMARY_COLOR_SUCCESS", "HARNESS_SUMMARY_COLOR_FAIL"

Taint Mode
SEE ALSO
BUGS
AUTHORS
LICENCE AND COPYRIGHT

Test::More - yet another framework for writing test scripts
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

I love it when a plan comes together

done_testing
Test names
I’m ok, you’re not ok.

ok

is, isnt

like

unlike

cmp_ok

can_ok

isa_ok

new_ok

subtest

pass, fail
Module tests

require_ok

use_ok
Complex data structures

is_deeply

Diagnostics

diag, note

explain
Conditional tests

SKIP: BLOCK

TODO: BLOCK , todo_skip

When do I use SKIP vs. TODO ?
Test control

BAIL_OUT

Discouraged comparison functions

eq_array

eq_hash

eq_set
Extending and Embedding Test::More

builder

EXIT CODES
COMPATIBILITY

subtests, "done_testing()", "cmp_ok()", "new_ok()" "note()" and "explain()"

CAVEATS and NOTES

utf8 / "Wide character in print", Overloaded objects, Threads

HISTORY
SEE ALSO

ALTERNATIVES
ADDITIONAL LIBRARIES
OTHER COMPONENTS
BUNDLES

AUTHORS
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

BUGS
SOURCE
COPYRIGHT

Test::Simple - Basic utilities for writing tests.
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

ok

EXAMPLE
CAVEATS
NOTES
HISTORY
SEE ALSO

Test::More

AUTHORS
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test::Tester - Ease testing test modules built with Test::Builder
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
HOW TO USE
( THE EASY WAY )
HOW TO USE
( THE HARD WAY )
TEST RESULTS

ok, actual_ok, name, type, reason, diag, depth

SPACES AND TABS
COLOUR
EXPORTED FUNCTIONS
HOW IT WORKS
CAVEATS
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
LICENSE

Test::Tester::Capture - Help testing test modules built with Test::Builder
DESCRIPTION
AUTHOR
LICENSE

Test::Tester::CaptureRunner - Help testing test modules built with Test::Builder
DESCRIPTION
AUTHOR
LICENSE

Test::Tutorial - A tutorial about writing really basic tests
DESCRIPTION

Nuts and bolts of testing.
Where to start?
Names
Test the manual
Sometimes the tests are wrong
Testing lots of values
Informative names
Skipping tests
Todo tests
Testing with taint mode.

FOOTNOTES
AUTHORS
MAINTAINERS

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT

Test::use::ok - Alternative to Test::More::use_ok
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO
MAINTAINER

Chad Granum <exodist [AT] cpan.org>

CC0 1.0 Universal

Text::Abbrev - abbrev - create an abbreviation table from a list
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXAMPLE

Text::Balanced - Extract delimited text sequences from strings.
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

General behaviour in list contexts

[0], [1], [2]

General behaviour in scalar and void contexts
A note about prefixes
"extract_delimited"
"extract_bracketed"
"extract_variable"

[0], [1], [2]

"extract_tagged"

"reject => $listref", "ignore => $listref", "fail => $str", [0], [1], [2], [3], [4], [5]

"gen_extract_tagged"
"extract_quotelike"

[0], [1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7], [8], [9], [10]

"extract_quotelike" and "here documents"

[0], [1], [2], [3], [4], [5], [6], [7..10]

"extract_codeblock"
"extract_multiple"
"gen_delimited_pat"
"delimited_pat"

DIAGNOSTICS

 C<Did not find a suitable bracket: "%s">,  C<Did not find prefix: /%s/>,
C<Did not find opening bracket after prefix: "%s">,  C<No quotelike
operator found after prefix: "%s">,  C<Unmatched closing bracket: "%c">,
C<Unmatched opening bracket(s): "%s">, C<Unmatched embedded quote (%s)>,
C<Did not find closing delimiter to match '%s'>,  C<Mismatched closing
bracket: expected "%c" but found "%s">,  C<No block delimiter found after
quotelike "%s">, C<Did not find leading dereferencer>, C<Bad identifier
after dereferencer>, C<Did not find expected opening bracket at %s>,
C<Improperly nested codeblock at %s>,  C<Missing second block for quotelike
"%s">, C<No match found for opening bracket>, C<Did not find opening tag:
/%s/>, C<Unable to construct closing tag to match: /%s/>, C<Found invalid
nested tag: %s>, C<Found unbalanced nested tag: %s>, C<Did not find closing
tag>

AUTHOR
BUGS AND IRRITATIONS
COPYRIGHT

Text::ParseWords - parse text into an array of tokens or array of arrays
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXAMPLES

0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

Text::Tabs - expand and unexpand tabs like unix expand(1) and unexpand(1)
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXPORTS

expand, unexpand, $tabstop

EXAMPLE
SUBVERSION
BUGS
LICENSE

Text::Wrap - line wrapping to form simple paragraphs
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
OVERRIDES
EXAMPLES
SUBVERSION
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
LICENSE

Thread - Manipulate threads in Perl (for old code only)
DEPRECATED
HISTORY
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FUNCTIONS

$thread = Thread->new(\&start_sub), $thread = Thread->new(\&start_sub, LIST ), lock VARIABLE, async BLOCK ;, Thread->self, Thread->list, cond_wait VARIABLE, cond_signal VARIABLE, cond_broadcast VARIABLE, yield

METHODS

join, detach, equal, tid, done

DEFUNCT

lock(\&sub), eval, flags

SEE ALSO

Thread::Queue - Thread-safe queues
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Ordinary scalars, Array refs, Hash refs, Scalar refs, Objects based on the above

QUEUE CREATION

->new(), ->new( LIST )

BASIC METHODS

->enqueue( LIST ), ->dequeue(), ->dequeue( COUNT ), ->dequeue_nb(), ->dequeue_nb( COUNT ), ->dequeue_timed( TIMEOUT ), ->dequeue_timed( TIMEOUT, COUNT ), ->pending(), ->limit, ->end()

ADVANCED METHODS

->peek(), ->peek( INDEX ), ->insert( INDEX, LIST ), ->extract(), ->extract( INDEX ), ->extract( INDEX, COUNT )

NOTES
LIMITATIONS
SEE ALSO
MAINTAINER
LICENSE

Thread::Semaphore - Thread-safe semaphores
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS

->new(), ->new( NUMBER ), ->down(), ->down( NUMBER ), ->down_nb(), ->down_nb( NUMBER ), ->down_force(), ->down_force( NUMBER ), ->down_timed( TIMEOUT ), ->down_timed( TIMEOUT, NUMBER ), ->up(), ->up( NUMBER )

NOTES
SEE ALSO
MAINTAINER
LICENSE

Tie::Array - base class for tied arrays
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

TIEARRAY classname, LIST, STORE this, index, value, FETCH this, index, FETCHSIZE this, STORESIZE this, count, EXTEND this, count, EXISTS this, key, DELETE this, key, CLEAR this, DESTROY this, PUSH this, LIST, POP this, SHIFT this, UNSHIFT this, LIST, SPLICE this, offset, length, LIST

CAVEATS
AUTHOR

Tie::File - Access the lines of a disk file via a Perl array
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

"recsep"
"autochomp"
"mode"
"memory"
"dw_size"
Option Format

Public Methods

"flock"
"autochomp"
"defer", "flush", "discard", and "autodefer"
"offset"

Tying to an already-opened filehandle
Deferred Writing

Autodeferring

CONCURRENT ACCESS TO FILES
CAVEATS
SUBCLASSING
WHAT ABOUT
"DB_File"?
AUTHOR
LICENSE
WARRANTY
THANKS
TODO

Tie::Handle - base class definitions for tied handles
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

TIEHANDLE classname, LIST, WRITE this, scalar, length, offset, PRINT this, LIST, PRINTF this, format, LIST, READ this, scalar, length, offset, READLINE this, GETC this, CLOSE this, OPEN this, filename, BINMODE this, EOF this, TELL this, SEEK this, offset, whence, DESTROY this

MORE INFORMATION
COMPATIBILITY

Tie::Hash, Tie::StdHash, Tie::ExtraHash - base class definitions for tied hashes
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

TIEHASH classname, LIST, STORE this, key, value, FETCH this, key, FIRSTKEY this, NEXTKEY this, lastkey, EXISTS this, key, DELETE this, key, CLEAR this, SCALAR this

Inheriting from Tie::StdHash
Inheriting from Tie::ExtraHash
"SCALAR", "UNTIE" and "DESTROY"
MORE INFORMATION

Tie::Hash::NamedCapture - Named regexp capture buffers
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO

Tie::Memoize - add data to hash when needed
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Inheriting from Tie::Memoize
EXAMPLE
BUGS
AUTHOR

Tie::RefHash - use references as hash keys
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXAMPLE
THREAD SUPPORT
STORABLE SUPPORT
RELIC SUPPORT
LICENSE
MAINTAINER
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

Tie::Scalar, Tie::StdScalar - base class definitions for tied scalars
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

TIESCALAR classname, LIST, FETCH this, STORE this, value, DESTROY this
Tie::Scalar vs Tie::StdScalar

MORE INFORMATION

Tie::StdHandle - base class definitions for tied handles
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Tie::SubstrHash - Fixed-table-size, fixed-key-length hashing
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CAVEATS

Time::HiRes - High resolution alarm, sleep, gettimeofday, interval timers
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

gettimeofday (), usleep ( $useconds ), nanosleep ( $nanoseconds ), ualarm ( $useconds [, $interval_useconds ] ), tv_interval, time (), sleep ( $floating_seconds ), alarm ( $floating_seconds [, $interval_floating_seconds ] ), setitimer ( $which, $floating_seconds [, $interval_floating_seconds ] ), getitimer ( $which ), clock_gettime ( $which ), clock_getres ( $which ), clock_nanosleep ( $which, $nanoseconds, $flags = 0), clock(), stat, stat FH, stat EXPR, lstat, lstat FH, lstat EXPR, utime LIST

EXAMPLES
C API
DIAGNOSTICS

useconds or interval more than ...
negative time not invented yet
internal error: useconds < 0 (unsigned ... signed ...)
useconds or uinterval equal to or more than 1000000
unimplemented in this platform

CAVEATS
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

Time::Local - Efficiently compute time from local and GMT time
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
FUNCTIONS

"timelocal_modern()" and "timegm_modern()"
"timelocal()" and "timegm()"
"timelocal_nocheck()" and "timegm_nocheck()"
Year Value Interpretation
Limits of time_t
Ambiguous Local Times ( DST )
Non-Existent Local Times ( DST )
Negative Epoch Values

IMPLEMENTATION
AUTHORS EMERITUS
BUGS
SOURCE
AUTHOR
CONTRIBUTORS
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

Time::Piece - Object Oriented time objects
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
USAGE

Local Locales
Date Calculations
Truncation
Date Comparisons
Date Parsing
YYYY-MM-DDThh:mm:ss
Week Number
Global Overriding

CAVEATS

Setting $ENV{ TZ } in Threads on Win32
Use of epoch seconds

AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
SEE ALSO
BUGS

Time::Seconds - a simple API to convert seconds to other date values
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
METHODS
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

Bugs

Time::gmtime - by-name interface to Perl’s built-in gmtime() function
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
NOTE
AUTHOR

Time::localtime - by-name interface to Perl’s built-in localtime() function
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
NOTE
AUTHOR

Time::tm - internal object used by Time::gmtime and Time::localtime
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
AUTHOR

UNIVERSAL - base class for ALL classes (blessed references)
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

"$obj->isa( TYPE )", "CLASS->isa( TYPE )", "eval { VAL->isa( TYPE ) }", "TYPE", $obj, "CLASS", "VAL", "$obj->DOES( ROLE )", "CLASS->DOES( ROLE )", "$obj->can( METHOD )", "CLASS->can( METHOD )", "eval { VAL->can( METHOD ) }", "VERSION ( [ REQUIRE ] )"

WARNINGS
EXPORTS

Unicode::Collate - Unicode Collation Algorithm
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Constructor and Tailoring

UCA_Version, alternate, backwards, entry, hangul_terminator, highestFFFF, identical, ignoreChar, ignoreName, ignore_level2, katakana_before_hiragana, level, long_contraction, minimalFFFE, normalization, overrideCJK, overrideHangul, overrideOut, preprocess, rearrange, rewrite, suppress, table, undefChar, undefName, upper_before_lower, variable

Methods for Collation

"@sorted = $Collator->sort(@not_sorted)", "$result = $Collator->cmp($a, $b)", "$result = $Collator->eq($a, $b)", "$result = $Collator->ne($a, $b)", "$result = $Collator->lt($a, $b)", "$result = $Collator->le($a, $b)", "$result = $Collator->gt($a, $b)", "$result = $Collator->ge($a, $b)", "$sortKey = $Collator->getSortKey($string)", "$sortKeyForm = $Collator->viewSortKey($string)"

Methods for Searching

"$position = $Collator->index($string, $substring[, $position])", "($position, $length) = $Collator->index($string, $substring[, $position])", "$match_ref = $Collator->match($string, $substring)", "($match) = $Collator->match($string, $substring)", "@match = $Collator->gmatch($string, $substring)", "$count = $Collator->subst($string, $substring, $replacement)", "$count = $Collator->gsubst($string, $substring, $replacement)"

Other Methods

"%old_tailoring = $Collator->change(%new_tailoring)", "$modified_collator = $Collator->change(%new_tailoring)", "$version = $Collator->version()", "UCA_Version()", "Base_Unicode_Version()"

EXPORT
INSTALL
CAVEATS

Normalization, Conformance Test

AUTHOR, COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
SEE ALSO

Unicode Collation Algorithm - UTS #10, The Default Unicode Collation Element Table ( DUCET ), The conformance test for the UCA, Hangul Syllable Type, Unicode Normalization Forms - UAX #15, Unicode Locale Data Markup Language ( LDML ) - UTS #35

Unicode::Collate::CJK::Big5 - weighting CJK Unified Ideographs for Unicode::Collate
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO

CLDR - Unicode Common Locale Data Repository, Unicode Locale Data Markup Language ( LDML ) - UTS #35, Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Collate::Locale

Unicode::Collate::CJK::GB2312 - weighting CJK Unified Ideographs for Unicode::Collate
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CAVEAT
SEE ALSO

CLDR - Unicode Common Locale Data Repository, Unicode Locale Data Markup Language ( LDML ) - UTS #35, Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Collate::Locale

Unicode::Collate::CJK::JISX0208 - weighting JIS KANJI for Unicode::Collate
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO

Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Collate::Locale

Unicode::Collate::CJK::Korean - weighting CJK Unified Ideographs for Unicode::Collate
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
SEE ALSO

CLDR - Unicode Common Locale Data Repository, Unicode Locale Data Markup Language ( LDML ) - UTS #35, Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Collate::Locale

Unicode::Collate::CJK::Pinyin - weighting CJK Unified Ideographs for Unicode::Collate
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CAVEAT
SEE ALSO

CLDR - Unicode Common Locale Data Repository, Unicode Locale Data Markup Language ( LDML ) - UTS #35, Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Collate::Locale

Unicode::Collate::CJK::Stroke - weighting CJK Unified Ideographs for Unicode::Collate
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CAVEAT
SEE ALSO

CLDR - Unicode Common Locale Data Repository, Unicode Locale Data Markup Language ( LDML ) - UTS #35, Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Collate::Locale

Unicode::Collate::CJK::Zhuyin - weighting CJK Unified Ideographs for Unicode::Collate
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CAVEAT
SEE ALSO

CLDR - Unicode Common Locale Data Repository, Unicode Locale Data Markup Language ( LDML ) - UTS #35, Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Collate::Locale

Unicode::Collate::Locale - Linguistic tailoring for DUCET via Unicode::Collate
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Constructor
Methods

"$Collator->getlocale", "$Collator->locale_version"

A list of tailorable locales
A list of variant codes and their aliases

INSTALL
CAVEAT

Tailoring is not maximum, Collation reordering is not supported
Reference

AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

Unicode Collation Algorithm - UTS #10, The Default Unicode Collation Element Table ( DUCET ), Unicode Locale Data Markup Language ( LDML ) - UTS #35, CLDR - Unicode Common Locale Data Repository, Unicode::Collate, Unicode::Normalize

Unicode::Normalize - Unicode Normalization Forms
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Normalization Forms

"$NFD_string = NFD($string)", "$NFC_string = NFC($string)", "$NFKD_string = NFKD($string)", "$NFKC_string = NFKC($string)", "$FCD_string = FCD($string)", "$FCC_string = FCC($string)", "$normalized_string = normalize($form_name, $string)"

Decomposition and Composition

"$decomposed_string = decompose($string [, $useCompatMapping])", "$reordered_string = reorder($string)", "$composed_string = compose($string)", "($processed, $unprocessed) = splitOnLastStarter($normalized)", "$processed = normalize_partial($form, $unprocessed)", "$processed = NFD_partial($unprocessed)", "$processed = NFC_partial($unprocessed)", "$processed = NFKD_partial($unprocessed)", "$processed = NFKC_partial($unprocessed)"

Quick Check

"$result = checkNFD($string)", "$result = checkNFC($string)", "$result = checkNFKD($string)", "$result = checkNFKC($string)", "$result = checkFCD($string)", "$result = checkFCC($string)", "$result = check($form_name, $string)"

Character Data

"$canonical_decomposition = getCanon($code_point)", "$compatibility_decomposition = getCompat($code_point)", "$code_point_composite = getComposite($code_point_here, $code_point_next)", "$combining_class = getCombinClass($code_point)", "$may_be_composed_with_prev_char = isComp2nd($code_point)", "$is_exclusion = isExclusion($code_point)", "$is_singleton = isSingleton($code_point)", "$is_non_starter_decomposition = isNonStDecomp($code_point)", "$is_Full_Composition_Exclusion = isComp_Ex($code_point)", "$NFD_is_NO = isNFD_NO($code_point)", "$NFC_is_NO = isNFC_NO($code_point)", "$NFC_is_MAYBE = isNFC_MAYBE($code_point)", "$NFKD_is_NO = isNFKD_NO($code_point)", "$NFKC_is_NO = isNFKC_NO($code_point)", "$NFKC_is_MAYBE = isNFKC_MAYBE($code_point)"

EXPORT
CAVEATS

Perl’s version vs. Unicode version, Correction of decomposition mapping, Revised definition of canonical composition

AUTHOR
LICENSE
SEE ALSO

<http://www.unicode.org/reports/tr15/>;, <http://www.unicode.org/Public/UNIDATA/CompositionExclusions.txt>;, <http://www.unicode.org/Public/UNIDATA/DerivedNormalizationProps.txt>;, <http://www.unicode.org/Public/UNIDATA/NormalizationCorrections.txt>;, <http://www.unicode.org/review/pr-29.html>;, <http://www.unicode.org/notes/tn5/>;

Unicode::UCD - Unicode character database
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

code point argument

charinfo()

code, name, category, combining, bidi, decomposition, decimal, digit, numeric, mirrored, unicode10, comment, upper, lower, title, block, script

charprop()

Block, Decomposition_Mapping, Name_Alias, Numeric_Value, Script_Extensions

charprops_all()
charblock()
charscript()
charblocks()
charscripts()
charinrange()
general_categories()
bidi_types()
compexcl()
casefold()

code, full, simple, mapping, status, * If you use this "I" mapping, * If you exclude this "I" mapping, turkic

all_casefolds()
casespec()

code, lower, title, upper, condition

namedseq()
num()
prop_aliases()
prop_values()
prop_value_aliases()
prop_invlist()
prop_invmap()

"s", "sl", "correction", "control", "alternate", "figment", "abbreviation", "a", "al", "ae", "ale", "ar", "n", "ad"

search_invlist()
Unicode::UCD::UnicodeVersion
Blocks versus Scripts
Matching Scripts and Blocks

Old-style versus new-style block names
Use with older Unicode versions
AUTHOR

User::grent - by-name interface to Perl’s built-in getgr*() functions
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
NOTE
AUTHOR

User::pwent - by-name interface to Perl’s built-in getpw*() functions
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

System Specifics

NOTE
AUTHOR
HISTORY

March 18th, 2000

XSLoader - Dynamically load C libraries into Perl code
VERSION
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION

Migration from "DynaLoader"
Backward compatible boilerplate

Order of initialization: early load()

The most hairy case

DIAGNOSTICS

"Can't find '%s' symbol in %s", "Can't load '%s' for module %s: %s", "Undefined symbols present after loading %s: %s"

LIMITATIONS
KNOWN BUGS
BUGS
SEE ALSO
AUTHORS
COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

AUXILIARY DOCUMENTATION

Here should be listed all the extra programs’ documentation, but they don’t all have manual pages yet:
h2ph
h2xs
perlbug
pl2pm
pod2html
pod2man
splain
xsubpp

AUTHOR

Larry Wall <larry [AT] wall.org>, with the help of oodles of other folks.

COMMENTS