gpsctl - control the modes of a GNSS receiver
gpsctl [OPTIONS] [serial-port]
gpsctl can switch a dual-mode GNSS receiver between NMEA and vendor-binary modes. It can also be used to set the device baud rate. Note: Not all devices have these capabilities.
If you have only one GNSS receiver attached to your machine, and gpsd is running, it is not necessary to specify the device; gpsctl does its work through gpsd, which will locate it for you.
When gpsd is running, gpsctl may be run as any user, or as root.
When gpsd is not running, the device specification is required, and you will need to be running as root or be a member of the device’s owning group in order to have write access to the device. On many Unix variants the owning group will be named 'dialout'.
Running under sudo will cause some loss of functionality.
The program accepts the following options:
-?, -h, --help
Display program usage and exit.
Put the GNSS receiver into native (binary) mode.
-c RATE, --rate RATE
Change the receivers’s cycle time. Units are seconds. Note, most receivers have a fixed cycle time of 1 second.
-D LVL, --debug LVL
Set level of debug messages.
Generate the packet from any other arguments specified and ship it to standard output instead of the device. This switch can be used with the -t option without specifying a device. Note: the packet data for a binary prototype will be raw, not ASCII-ized in any way.
Force low-level, direct, access (not through the daemon).
List a table showing which option switches can be applied to which device types, and exit.
Put the GNSS receiver into NMEA mode.
Reset the GNSS receiver. Device port and type must be specified.
Remove the GPSD shared-memory segment used for SHM export. This option will normally only be of interest to GPSD developers.
-s SPEED, --speed SPEED
Set the baud rate at which the receiver emits packets.
Use the -s option with caution. On USB and Bluetooth GPSes it is also possible for serial mode setting to fail either because the serial adaptor chip does not support non-8N1 modes or because the device firmware does not properly synchronize the serial adaptor chip with the UART on the GPS chipset when the speed changes. These failures can hang your device, possibly requiring a GPS power cycle or (in extreme cases) physically disconnecting the NVRAM backup battery.
-t TYPE, --type TYPE
Force the device type.
-T TIMEOUT, --timeout TIMEOUT
Change the sampling timeout. Defaults to 8 seconds, which should always be sufficient to get an identifying packet from a device emitting at the normal rate of 1 per second.
Display program version and exit.
-x STR, --ship STR
Send the specified control string to the GNSS receiver. C-style backslash escapes in the string are decoded. Use \xNN for hex, \e will be replaced with ESC.
In normal mode,
through _gpsd_, the decoded string is passed through,
unchanged top _gpsd_ which in turns sends it to the receiver. Headers,
checksums, and suffffices must be provided.
(direct) mode *gpsctl* will provide packet headers and
trailers and checksum as appropriate for binary packet types, and
whatever checksum and trailer is required for text packet types.
(You must include the leading $ for NMEA packets.) When sending to a
UBX device, the first two bytes of the string supplied will become
the message class and type, and the remainder the payload. When
sending to a Navcom NCT or Trimble TSIP device, the first byte is
interpreted as the command ID and the rest as payload. When sending
to a Zodiac device, the first two bytes are used as a message ID of
type little-endian short, and the remainder as payload in byte pairs
interpreted as little-endian short. For all other supported binary
GPSes (notably including SiRF) the string is taken as the entire
message payload and wrapped with appropriate header, trailer and
The argument of the forcing option, -t, should be a string which is contained in exactly one of the known driver names; for a list, do gpsctl -l.
Forcing the device type behaves somewhat differently depending on whether this tool is going through the daemon or not. In high-level mode, if the device that daemon selects for you doesn’t match the driver you specified, gpsctl exits with a warning. (This may be useful in scripts.)
In low-level mode, if the device identifies as a Generic NMEA, use the selected driver instead. This will be useful if you have a GPS device of known type that is in NMEA mode and not responding to probes. (This option was originally implemented for talking to SiRFStar I chips, which don’t respond to the normal SiRF ID probe.)
If no options are given, the program will display a message identifying the GPS type of the selected device and exit.
Reset (-r) operations must stand alone; others can be combined. gpsctl will execute multiple options in this order: mode change (-b or -n) first, speed changes (-s) second, cycle rate (-c) third and control strings (-x) last.
By setting the environment variable GPSD_SHM_KEY, you can control the key value used to designate the shared-memory segment removed with the -R option. This will be useful mainly when isolating test instances of gpsd from production ones.
Attempt to identify the device on USB serial device 0. Time out after the default number of seconds. Adding the -f will force low-level access and suppress the normal complaint when this tool can’t find a GPSD to work through.
gpsctl -f -n -s 9600 /dev/ttyUSB0
Use low-level operations (not going through a gpsd instance) to switch a GPS to NMEA mode at 9600bps. The tool will identify the GPS type itself.
gpsctl -x '\xb5\x62\x0a\x04\x00\x00\x0e\x34'
Send a request for UBX-MON-VER to a gpsd connected GNSS receiver.
SiRF GPSes can only be identified by the success of an attempt to flip them into SiRF binary mode. Thus, the process of probing one of these running in NMEA will change its behavior.
Baud rate and mode changes work in direct mode but are not reliable in client mode. This will be fixed in a future release.
Project web site: <https://gpsd.io/>
This file is
Copyright 2013 by the GPSD project
Eric S. Raymond