faillog − display faillog records or set login failure limits


faillog [opcje]


faillog displays the contents of the failure log database (/var/log/faillog). It can also set the failure counters and limits. When faillog is run without arguments, it only displays the faillog records of the users who had a login failure.


Polecenie faillog posiada następujące opcje:

−a, −−all

Display (or act on) faillog records for all users having an entry in the faillog database.

The range of users can be restricted with the −u option.

In display mode, this is still restricted to existing users but forces the display of the faillog entries even if they are empty.

With the −l, −m, −r, −t options, the users' records are changed, even if the user does not exist on the system. This is useful to reset records of users that have been deleted or to set a policy in advance for a range of users.

−h, −−help

Wyświetlenie komunikatu pomocy i zakończenie działania.

−l, −−lock−secs SEC

Lock account for SEC seconds after failed login.

Write access to /var/log/faillog is required for this option.

−m, −−maximum MAX

Set the maximum number of login failures after the account is disabled to MAX.

Selecting a MAX value of 0 has the effect of not placing a limit on the number of failed logins.

The maximum failure count should always be 0 for root to prevent a denial of services attack against the system.

Write access to /var/log/faillog is required for this option.

−r, −−reset

Reset the counters of login failures.

Write access to /var/log/faillog is required for this option.

−R, −−root CHROOT_DIR

Apply changes in the CHROOT_DIR directory and use the configuration files from the CHROOT_DIR directory.

−t, −−time DNI

Display faillog records more recent than DAYS.

−u, −−user LOGIN|RANGE

Display faillog record or maintains failure counters and limits (if used with −l, −m or −r options) only for the specified user(s).

The users can be specified by a login name, a numerical user ID, or a RANGE of users. This RANGE of users can be specified with a min and max values (UID_MIN−UID_MAX), a max value (−UID_MAX), or a min value (UID_MIN−).

When none of the −l, −m, or −r options are used, faillog displays the faillog record of the specified user(s).


faillog only prints out users with no successful login since the last failure. To print out a user who has had a successful login since their last failure, you must explicitly request the user with the −u flag, or print out all users with the −a flag.



Failure logging file.


login(1), faillog(5).