Manpages

NAME

FBB::Exec − Runs external programs

SYNOPSIS

#include <bobcat/exec>
Linking option: −lbobcat

DESCRIPTION

The FBB::Exec class offers a basic interface for calling external programs (so−called child processes). The standard streams of the child processes are not handled by ttExec) objects: the parent’s standard streams are used by the child process. The PATH environment variable is not used when calling child processes: child process programs must be specified using paths.

Exec objects may repeatedly be used to execute the same or different child processes. Before starting the next child process, the current child process must have finished.

Arguments passed to child processes may be surrounded by double or single quotes. Arguments surrounded by double quotes have their double quotes removed, while interpreting any escape−sequences that may have been used within. Arguments surrounded by single quotes have their single quotes removed, while accepting their contents as−is. In addition unquoted escape−sequences may be specified: those escape sequences are evaluated and replaced by their intended characters (e.g., \100 is converted to @).

NAMESPACE

FBB
All constructors, members, operators and manipulators, mentioned in this man−page, are defined in the namespace FBB.

INHERITS FROM

FBB::Fork

CONSTRUCTOR

Only the default constructor is supported.

MEMBERS

o

bool execute(std::string const &cmd):

The argument specifies the command to execute: the command itself must be specified as a path (the PATH environment variable isn’t used). The member returns true if the child process’s exit value equals 0. Otherwise false is returned. Once execute has returned it can be called again, either using the same or another command. The class Exec does not offer facilities to forcefully terminate child processes: parent processes are suspended until the child processes have completed. Arguments passed to the program to be executed as child process may optionall be specified using single or double quotes, as described in this man−page’s DESCRIPTION section.

o

int ret() const:

Once execute has returned this member provides the actual exit code of the child process. Its value equals −1 before the first exectue call.

EXAMPLE

#include <iostream>
#include <bobcat/execfork>

using namespace std;
using namespace FBB;

int main()
{
ExecFork ef;

if (ef.execute("/bin/cp driver.cc /tmp"))
cout << "driver.cc now copied to /tmp\n";
else
cout << "could not copy driver.cc to /tmp\n";

cout << "Again:\n";

if (ef.execute("/bin/cp driver.cc /tmp"))
cout << "driver.cc now copied to /tmp\n";
else
cout << "could not copy driver.cc to /tmp\n";

}

FILES

bobcat/exec − provides the class interface

SEE ALSO

bobcat(7), cerrextractor(3bobcat), cininserter(3bobcat), coutextractor(3bobcat), execl(3), fork(3bobcat), process(3bobcat), stdextractor(3bobcat).

BUGS

None reported.

DISTRIBUTION FILES

o

bobcat_4.08.06−x.dsc: detached signature;

o

bobcat_4.08.06−x.tar.gz: source archive;

o

bobcat_4.08.06−x_i386.changes: change log;

o

libbobcat1_4.08.06−x_*.deb: debian package holding the libraries;

o

libbobcat1−dev_4.08.06−x_*.deb: debian package holding the libraries, headers and manual pages;

o

http://sourceforge.net/projects/bobcat: public archive location;

BOBCAT

Bobcat is an acronym of ’Brokken’s Own Base Classes And Templates’.

COPYRIGHT

This is free software, distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License (GPL).

AUTHOR

Frank B. Brokken (f.b.brokken [AT] rug.nl).

COMMENTS